Computer-mediated Communication and Cyber Islamic Environments Gary R.
Bunt. Introduction A ' virtual world ' is one created by digital illusion to provide a
spatial sense of time and place containing phenomena that may or may not have
Author: Gary R. Bunt
An intriguing study of the way in which multimedia material is used by the Muslim community to reach and influence a wider audience, thus promoting the fastest-growing religion in the world.
... a fact that speaks to Āshiṭī's standing as a scholar.89 Indeed, there were a
number of his students who became accomplished ʿulamāʾ in their own right.90
Āshiṭī's madrasa, like virtually all Islamic institutions in the empire, was
Author: Nathan Spannaus
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
The end of the eighteenth century was a transformational period for the Muslim communities of the Russian Empire and their relationship with the tsarist state. Though they had been under Russian rule since the sixteenth century, it was at this time that they were incorporated into the imperial bureaucracy, most significantly through the founding of an official hierarchy for the Islamic religious scholars in 1788. The introduction of a state-backed structure for Muslim religious institutions altered Islamic religious authority and, in turn, religious discourse. One of the major figures to emerge from this new context was Abu Nasr Qursawi (1776-1812). A controversial figure who was condemned for heresy in Bukhara in 1808, Qursawi put forward a sweeping reform of the Islamic scholarly tradition. Focusing on taqlid, the principle of conformity to established doctrine, Qursawi argued that its overuse had weakened scholarship in the areas of Islamic law (fiqh) and theology (kalam) and undermined scholars' ability to serve as religious guides. In Preserving Islamic Tradition, Nathan Spannaus presents the first detailed analysis of Qursawi's reformist project, both in its contours and broad historical setting. Spannaus shows how state control of Muslim institutions impacted religious discourse, but also how it altered the entire religious environment into the twentieth century. Addressing issues of modernity, secularity, tradition, and intellectual history, Preserving Islamic Tradition demonstrates how the interaction with a European imperial state transformed the Islamic tradition, both directly and indirectly, and elicited new forms of religious thought and discourse.
Chapter 1 16 SUNNIS' CRITIQUE OF SHIA ISLAM Sunni Muslims reject virtually
every aspect of the Shias' beliefs regarding all twelve of the Shia Imams,
including virtually all of the Shias' beliefs about the Twelfth Imam, his sacred
hiding, and ...
Author: Jon Armajani
Publisher: Lexington Books
This book argues that ever since Iran’s Islamic Revolution in 1979, which established a Shia Islamic government in Iran, that country’s religious and political leaders, have used Shia Islam as a crucial way of expanding Iran’s objectives in the Middle East and beyond. Since 1979, Iran’s religious and political leaders have been concerned about Iran’s security in the face of the hostility and expansionism of the United States and other western countries, and the threats from powerful neighboring Sunni leaders and countries. While Iran’s government has attempted to align itself with Shia Muslims in various countries, such as Iraq and Lebanon, against American and Sunni expansionism, the Iranian government has attempted to religiously nourish and politically mobilize those Shias as a matter of principle, not only because of the Iranian government’s desires to protect Iran from external threats. The book analyzes Shia Islam and politics in Iraq, Iraq, and Lebanon which have among the largest proportional Shia populations in the Middle East and are vibrant centers of Shia intellectual life. The book's clear and jargon-free approach make it especially accessible for students and general readers who would like an introduction to the book's topics.
Bunt , Gary R. Islam in the Digital Age : E - Jihad , Online Fatwas and Cyber
Islamic Environments . Sterling , Virginia : Pluto Press , 2003 . Virtually Islamic :
Computer - Mediated Communication and Cyber Islamic Environments . Cardiff ...
Author: Jocelyne Cesari
Some scholars believe that the influence of Islam in the United States can be traced back to Thomas Jefferson. Today, Islam and American Muslim populations are growing in importance in this country, and demand for information about them is high, especially in the aftermath of September 11, 2001. This A-to-Z encyclopedia will help students and other readers get a fast grip on pertinent holidays, terms, beliefs, practices, notables, and sects of the Islamic faith and Muslim practitioners in the United States. The accompanying primary documents volume provides 93 crucial articles, speeches, essays, poems, songs, and more to flesh out the encyclopedia entries. This encyclopedia and primary documents set, the first on the topic and for the general reader, is a must-have for every library. The primary focus is contemporary but the entries are historically contextualized, so the fuller picture of origins outside the country and practice now in the United States is clear. Further reading suggestions accompany each entry. The primary documents volume enhances the encyclopedic entries with annotated selections such as an article from an entry on a leading Muslim American magazine or an essay by a Muslim American scholar to illuminate an entry on her. This will be a boon for students doing reports on Islam and for non-Muslims looking to learn about Muslims in an objective, broad way. It is clearly and authoritatively written and compiled by a host of scholars, primarily from Harvard University's Center for Middle Eastern Studies. An introduction, chronology, selected bibliography, set index, and photos round out the set. Sample entries: African Americans; Bush, George W.; Calendar; Dietary Rules; Dress; Gulf War; Hate Crimes; Iranian Hostage Crisis; Media Coverage; The Message International Magazine; Mosques; Music; Muslim Students Association; Nation of Islam; Native Americans; New York City; Poetry; Prisons; Shi'a Communities; Sufism; World Trade Center; Young Professionals. Sample documents: Salah Al-Sawy, The Assembly of Muslim Jurists in America Fatwa Against the Danish Media and Government over the Cartoon Crisis, from The Assembly of Muslim Jurists in America; Michael Wolfe, Michael Wolfe, United States, 1990, from One Thousand Roads to Mecca: Ten Centuries of Travelers Writing about the Muslim Pilgrimage; Waris and Wajid Syed, Top 10 Muslim Hip-Hop Lyrics, from Warbux Records, beliefnet.com
20 See Bunt , Virtually Islamic , pp . 95 – 99 and Islam in the Digital Age , pp . 48
– 49 ; Hamas at http : / / www . palestine - info . co . uk and Television al - Manar
at http : / / www . manartv . com . 21 See Bunt , Virtually Islamic , pp . 68 – 69 and
Author: Erik Borgman
Publisher: SCM Press
An international journal of theology; a catholic journal in the widest sense: rooted in Roman Catholicism yet open to other Christian traditions and the worlds faiths. Promotes discussion in the spirit of Vatican II. Annual subscriptions available.
In Islam im Internet , Neue Formen der Religion im Cyberspace , edited by
Rüdiger Lohlker . ... Virtually Islamic . Cardiff : University of Wales Press , 2000 .
Derrickson , Krystina . " Second Life and The Sacred : Islamic Space in a Virtual
Author: Johanna Pink
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Pub
The papers in this anthology present innovative approaches to a wide range of issues that have, so far, barely received scholarly attention. The topics range from the changing spaces of consumption to Islamic branding, from the marketing of religious music to the consumption patterns of Muslim minority groups.
He has also been active in various initiatives on Islam in higher education at the
national and global levels . Dr Bunt's publications include Virtually Islamic (
Cardiff , 2000 ) , Islam in the Digital Age ( London , 2003 ) and i - Muslims (
Author: Amyn Sajoo
Publisher: I.B. Tauris
What exactly is the Qur'an? How does this extraordinary document -- literally "recitation" -- relate to the life and times of the Prophet Muhammad? And why did the religion of the Prophet, which came to be called "Islam" (or submission to God's will), at the center of which lies the Qur'an, give birth to a legacy so richly diverse in faith, law and civilization? This immaculately researched, but at the same time thoroughly accessible, book offers a journey into the full range of experience -- past and present, secular and sacred -- of the peoples and cultures that share in Islamic tradition. The volume examines a broad diversity of themes and topics. Poets, cities and the architecture of mosques are as much a part of its exploration as the role of science in belief, ways of reading scripture, the relationship of women to the faith and the emergence of a "digital community" of believers. In the aftermath of 9/11, the so-called "war on terror" and a new global geopolitics defined by reaction and response to the perils of fundamentalism and extremism, it is imperative to understand -- across all its frontiers -- what Islam is about and what Muslims believe. A Companion to the Muslim World comprises an attractive and coherent attempt by distinguished scholars to contibute towards that vital process of comprehension.
The Veil and the Male Elite : A Feminist Interpretation of Women ' s Rights in
Islam . Translated by Mary Jo Lakeland . Cambridge : Perseus Books , 1987 .
Bunt , Gary R . Virtually Islamic : Computer - Mediated Communication and Cyber
Author: Carl W. Ernst
"Originally published by the University of North Carolina Press under the title Following Muhammad."--T.p. verso.
timing for collective protest for all regime opponents, even though those uprisings
made virtually no religious demands ... In other words, we would expect the
discourse or frame used (“Islam") to acquire more meaning if it appears
Author: Mohammed A. Bamyeh
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Sociologically speaking, Islam is what Muslims do. From this premise, the book elaborates a sociology of Islam in three major chapters. They show Islam has operated as a cluster of practical orientations ("lifeworlds") that established it as a presence in three fields of social life: global networks, public philosophies, and participatory ethics. The book argues that all three are poorly understood in recent literature, which tends to focus on one specific problem or another, and then in isolation from global and historical contexts. The book argues that the larger preoccupations of ordinary Muslims--how to imagine a global society; how to guide life in the manner of a total philosophy; and how to relate to the world of daily struggles in forums and social movements--are neither unique to the present period nor to religious life. But the career of a particular religion offers a focused empirical lens through which we may offer meaningful propositions about the more general form of these concerns.
( 1998a ) , “ Islam , islamisme et question minoritaire : le cas kurde " in Les
Annales de l ' Autre Islam , no 1 , Paris , Inalco ... 353 - 362 - ( 2000 ) , Virtually
Islamic Computer - mediated , Communication and Cyber Islamic Environments ,
Author: Brigitte Maréchal
Publisher: Brill Academic Pub
Based on extensive bibliographical research, field studies and specific contributions of scholars, this volume provides a useful overall review of the presence of Islam in Europe.