Virtual Arguments

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Virtual Arguments

Author: Bart Verheij

Publisher: T.M.C. Asser Press

ISBN: 9789067041904

Page: 272

View: 691

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Inventing Arguments

For virtual reality applications, the nanobots will take up positions next to every nerve fiber coming from all five of our senses.

Inventing Arguments

Author: John Mauk

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305560604

Page: 608

View: 999

Organized around common rhetorical situations that occur all around us, INVENTING ARGUMENTS shows students that argument is a living process rather than a form to be modeled. The text's focus on invention teaches students to recognize the rhetorical elements of any argumentative situation and apply the tools of argument effectively in their own writing. Students are introduced to the basic layers of argument in early chapters, with material arranged into increasingly sophisticated topics beginning with the most obvious or explicit layers (claims) and moving to the more implied layers of assumptions, values, beliefs, and ideology. By the time they finish Part I, your students will have a thorough understanding of argument, which they can then apply to the invention projects in Chapters 7−12. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Inventing Arguments Brief

to enter a specific virtual environment, the nanobots will suppress the signals coming from our real senses and replace them with new, virtual ones.

Inventing Arguments  Brief

Author: John Mauk

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305804406

Page: 528

View: 717

Organized around common rhetorical situations that occur all around us, INVENTING ARGUMENTS shows students that argument is a living process rather than a form to be modeled. The text's focus on invention teaches students to recognize the rhetorical elements of any argumentative situation and apply the tools of argument effectively in their own writing. Students are introduced to the basic layers of argument in early chapters, with material arranged into increasingly sophisticated topics beginning with the most obvious or explicit layers (claims) and moving to more implied or “hidden” layers (assumptions, values, beliefs, ideology). By the time they finish Part 1, your students will have a thorough understanding of argument, which they can then apply to the invention projects in Chapters 7−12. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Inventing Arguments Brief Edition 2016 MLA Update

30 35 40 45 Analyzing Argument 4. Explain how the opening scenario. to enter a specific virtual environment, the nanobots will suppress the signals coming ...

Inventing Arguments Brief Edition  2016 MLA Update

Author: John Mauk

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1337517801

Page: 528

View: 678

Organized around common rhetorical situations that occur all around us, INVENTING ARGUMENTS shows students that argument is a living process rather than a form to be modeled. The text's focus on invention teaches students to recognize the rhetorical elements of any argumentative situation and apply the tools of argument effectively in their own writing. Students are introduced to the basic layers of argument in early chapters, with material arranged into increasingly sophisticated topics beginning with the most obvious or explicit layers (claims) and moving to more implied or hidden layers (assumptions, values, beliefs, ideology). By the time they finish Part 1, your students will have a thorough understanding of argument, which they can then apply to the invention projects in Chapters 7−12. This edition has been updated to reflect guidelines from the 2016 MLA HANDBOOK, Eighth Edition. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Arguments Stories and Criminal Evidence

Verheij, B. (2005b) Virtual Arguments: On the Design of Argument Assistants for Lawyers and Other Arguers, T.M.C. Asser Press, Den Haag.

Arguments  Stories and Criminal Evidence

Author: Floris J. Bex

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400701403

Page: 292

View: 219

In this book a theory of reasoning with evidence in the context of criminal cases is developed. The main subject of this study is not the law of evidence but rather the rational process of proof, which involves constructing, testing and justifying scenarios about what happened using evidence and commonsense knowledge. A central theme in the book is the analysis of ones reasoning, so that complex patterns are made more explicit and clear. This analysis uses stories about what happened and arguments to anchor these stories in evidence. Thus the argumentative and the narrative approaches from the research in legal philosophy and legal psychology are combined. Because the book describes its subjects in both an informal and a formal style, it is relevant for scholars in legal philosophy, AI, logic and argumentation theory. The book can also appeal to practitioners in the investigative and legal professions, who are interested in the ways in which they can and should reason with evidence.

Technology of Object oriented Languages and Systems

arguments can be distinguished from normal function arguments by prefixing them with the keyword virtual , producing virtual arguments .

Technology of Object oriented Languages and Systems

Author: Raimund K. Ege

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 561

View: 797

Reflecting the work of many of the leading participants of the TOOLS USA conference held in Santa Barbara in August 1994, this fourteenth TOOLS volume offers a variety of articles of interest to the object-oriented community.

Computer Applications for Handling Legal Evidence Police Investigation and Case Argumentation

That article discussed appropriate argument structures for reasoning about ... another line at a junction marked by an X. In his book Virtual Arguments, ...

Computer Applications for Handling Legal Evidence  Police Investigation and Case Argumentation

Author: Ephraim Nissan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 904818990X

Page: 1340

View: 756

This book provides an overview of computer techniques and tools — especially from artificial intelligence (AI) — for handling legal evidence, police intelligence, crime analysis or detection, and forensic testing, with a sustained discussion of methods for the modelling of reasoning and forming an opinion about the evidence, methods for the modelling of argumentation, and computational approaches to dealing with legal, or any, narratives. By the 2000s, the modelling of reasoning on legal evidence has emerged as a significant area within the well-established field of AI & Law. An overview such as this one has never been attempted before. It offers a panoramic view of topics, techniques and tools. It is more than a survey, as topic after topic, the reader can get a closer view of approaches and techniques. One aim is to introduce practitioners of AI to the modelling legal evidence. Another aim is to introduce legal professionals, as well as the more technically oriented among law enforcement professionals, or researchers in police science, to information technology resources from which their own respective field stands to benefit. Computer scientists must not blunder into design choices resulting in tools objectionable for legal professionals, so it is important to be aware of ongoing controversies. A survey is provided of argumentation tools or methods for reasoning about the evidence. Another class of tools considered here is intended to assist in organisational aspects of managing of the evidence. Moreover, tools appropriate for crime detection, intelligence, and investigation include tools based on link analysis and data mining. Concepts and techniques are introduced, along with case studies. So are areas in the forensic sciences. Special chapters are devoted to VIRTOPSY (a procedure for legal medicine) and FLINTS (a tool for the police). This is both an introductory book (possibly a textbook), and a reference for specialists from various quarters.

A Critical Assessment of Contemporary Cosmological Arguments

objeCtions relAted to Koons' Argument Let us now have a closer look at some of ... The main worry is that according to quantum mechanics socalled 'virtual ...

A Critical Assessment of Contemporary Cosmological Arguments

Author: Emanuel Rutten

Publisher:

ISBN: 9081960806

Page: 203

View: 670

Ever since Plato, philosophers have developed rational arguments for the existence of God. In the last decades the philosophical interest in these arguments has grown again significantly. In this book cosmological arguments are investigated. A cosmological argument derives the existence of God from the fact that there exist caused things. In the first part of this book the author argues that these arguments show that it is plausible that the cosmos was brought about by a necessarily existing conscious, free being. However, as is shown as well, it does not follow that this being is also the first cause of the whole of reality, something typically said of God. In the second part of the book a new argument for the existence of a first cause is presented, based on the premises of atomism and causalism. Subsequently, the author proposes a new modal-epistemic argument for the existence of a conscious, free being who is the first cause of reality. Objections to both new arguments are evaluated and refuted. The book concludes with the observation that these arguments can be combined with cosmological arguments in order to arrive at a renewed case for theism.

Social and Virtual Space

“less”; this should not be confused with theoretical arguments about the conceptualization of the notions of space and time, where the argument often turns ...

Social and Virtual Space

Author: Laura Chernaik

Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press

ISBN: 0838640699

Page: 208

View: 191

This volume is a material and semiotic study of transnationalsim, analyzed in terms of race, class, gender, and sexuality. The objects of analysis range from the aftermath of the U.S.-led war in Iraq, to science fiction by Pat Cadigan, CJ Cherryh, and Samuel Delaney, to material-semiotic feminist theory by Donna Harraway, to the neo-Marxist historical geography of Mike Davis and David Harvey. The book is centrally concerned with the social and cultural change brought about by the rise of the new social movements in the United States, such as the women's movement and the lesbian, gay, queer, and transgendered movements, and the backlash by the American new right against this change. Ethical and political concerns are central to the arguments, which is framed in terms of Emmanuel Levinas's notion of radical, non-reciprocal responsibility. Laura Chernaik is a free-lance writer.

Argumentation Methods for Artificial Intelligence in Law

... 93 , 478-484 Toulmin Stephen ( 1958 ) The Uses of Argument , Cambridge ... 11 , 167-195 Verheij Bart ( 2005 ) Virtual Arguments : On the Design of ...

Argumentation Methods for Artificial Intelligence in Law

Author: Douglas Walton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540251873

Page: 270

View: 390

Use of argumentation methods applied to legal reasoning is a relatively new field of study. The book provides a survey of the leading problems, and outlines how future research using argumentation-based methods show great promise of leading to useful solutions. The problems studied include not only these of argument evaluation and argument invention, but also analysis of specific kinds of evidence commonly used in law, like witness testimony, circumstantial evidence, forensic evidence and character evidence. New tools for analyzing these kinds of evidence are introduced.

Contemporary Arguments in Natural Theology

Objection 3: virtual particles Physicists tell us that “virtual” particles can randomly appear without any explanation. If virtual particles appear uncaused ...

Contemporary Arguments in Natural Theology

Author: Colin Ruloff

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1350093866

Page: 352

View: 319

In recent years there has been a bold revival in the field of natural theology, where “natural theology” can be understood as the attempt to demonstrate that God exists by way of reason, evidence, and argument without the appeal to divine revelation. Today's practitioners of natural theology have not only revived and recast all of the traditional arguments in the field, but, by drawing upon the findings of contemporary cosmology, chemistry, and biology, have also developed a range of fascinating new ones. Contemporary Arguments in Natural Theology brings together twenty experts working in the field today. Together, they practice natural theology from a wide range of perspectives, and show how the field of natural theology is practiced today with a degree of diversity and confidence not seen since the Middle Ages. Aimed primarily at advanced undergraduates and graduate students, the volume will also be of interest to researchers in philosophy, theology, biblical studies, and religious studies, as an indispensable resource on contemporary theistic proofs.

Arguments Cognition and Science

So, while there are skeptical arguments that might destroy our ability to ... be a person with a brain directly linked to a virtual world (Hillis 1999).

Arguments  Cognition  and Science

Author: André C R Martins

Publisher:

ISBN: 1786615088

Page: 220

View: 288

Our reasoning evolved not for finding the truth, but for social bonding and convincing. This book highlights the consequences of these facts for scientific practice, and suggests how to correct the mistakes we still make.

Research Handbook on the Law of Virtual and Augmented Reality

Whether or not sexual sensation implicates the First Amendment depends on both the argument that it has communicative value and the theoretical ...

Research Handbook on the Law of Virtual and Augmented Reality

Author: Woodrow Barfield

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1786438593

Page: 712

View: 184

Virtual and augmented reality raise significant questions for law and policy. When should virtual world activities or augmented reality images count as protected First Amendment ‘speech’, and when are they instead a nuisance or trespass? When does copying them infringe intellectual property laws? When should a person (or computer) face legal consequences for allegedly harmful virtual acts? The Research Handbook on the Law of Virtual and Augmented Reality addresses these questions and others, drawing upon free speech doctrine, criminal law, issues of data protection and privacy, legal rights for increasingly intelligent avatars, and issues of jurisdiction within virtual and augmented reality worlds.

Making a Game Demo

Push any function parameters, for example a number, to the Lua virtual stack with lua_pushnumber. Arguments are passed to the stack in direct order, ...

Making a Game Demo

Author: Chad Gregory Walker

Publisher: Wordware Publishing, Inc.

ISBN: 1556220480

Page: 400

View: 804

Making a Game Demo: From Concept to Demo Gold provides a detailed and comprehensive guide to getting started in the computer game industry. Written by professional game designers and developers, this book combines the fields of design, art, scripting, and programming in one book to help you take your first steps toward creating a game demo.Discover how the use of documentation can help you organize the game design process; understand how to model and animate a variety of objects, including human characters; explore the basics of scripting with Lua; learn about texturing, vertex lighting, light mapping, motion capture, and collision checking.The companion CD contains all the code and other files needed for the tutorials, the Ka3D game engine, the Zax demo, all the images in the book, demo software, and more!

C Primer

Like any other function, a virtual function can have default arguments. As usual, the value, if any, of a default argument used in a given call is ...

C   Primer

Author: Stanley B. Lippman

Publisher: Addison-Wesley

ISBN: 0672334046

Page: 912

View: 840

This popular tutorial introduction to standard C++ has been completely updated, reorganized, and rewritten to help programmers learn the language faster and use it in a more modern, effective way. Just as C++ has evolved since the last edition, so has the authors' approach to teaching it. They now introduce the C++ standard library from the beginning, giving readers the means to write useful programs without first having to master every language detail. Highlighting today's best practices, they show how to write programs that are safe, can be built quickly, and yet offer outstanding performance. Examples that take advantage of the library, and explain the features of C++, also show how to make the best use of the language. As in its previous editions, the book's authoritative discussion of fundamental C++ concepts and techniques makes it a valuable resource even for more experienced programmers. Program Faster and More Effectively with This Rewritten Classic Restructured for quicker learning, using the C++ standard library Updated to teach the most current programming styles and program design techniques Filled with new learning aids that emphasize important points, warn about common pitfalls, suggest good programming practices, and provide general usage tips Complete with exercises that reinforce skills learned Authoritative and comprehensive in its coverage The source code for the book's extended examples is available on the Web at the address below.

Virtual Geographies

They shift back and forth between language, arguments, examples and claims that seem to belong to the philosophy of history, and language, claims, ...

Virtual Geographies

Author: Mike Crang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134703740

Page: 336

View: 555

This book examines the interrelationship between telecommunications and tourism in shaping the nature of space, place and the urban at the end of the twentieth century. They discuss how these agents are instrumental in the production of homogenous world-spaces, and how htese, in turn, presuppose new kinds of political and cultural identity. Virtual Geographies explores how new communication technologies are being used to produce new geographies and new types of space. Leading contributors from a wide range of disciplines including geography, sociology, philosophy and literature: * investigate how visions of cyberspace have been constructed * offer a critical assessment of the status of virtual environments and geographies * explore how virtual environments reshape the way we think and write about the world. This book sets recent technological developments in a historical and geographical perspective to offer a clearer view of the new vistas ahead.

Evaluating Measurement Accuracy

Furthermore, because the arguments are independent of each other, the probability of each virtual observation of the measurand then becomes 1=N, ...

Evaluating Measurement Accuracy

Author: Semyon G Rabinovich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461467179

Page: 313

View: 788

“Evaluating Measurement Accuracy, 2nd Edition” is intended for those who are concerned with measurements in any field of science or technology. It reflects the latest developments in metrology and offers new results, but is designed to be accessible to readers at different levels: scientists who advance the field of metrology, engineers and experimental scientists who use measurements as tool in their professions, students and graduate students in natural sciences and engineering, and, in parts describing practical recommendations, technicians performing mass measurements in industry, quality control, and trade. This book presents material from the practical perspective and offers solutions and recommendations for problems that arise in conducting real-life measurements. This new edition adds a method for estimating accuracy of indirect measurements with independent arguments, whose development Dr. Rabinovich was able to complete very recently. This method, which is called the Method of Enumeration, produces estimates that are no longer approximate, similar to the way the method of reduction described in the first edition removed approximation in estimating uncertainty of indirect measurements with dependent arguments. The method of enumeration completes addressing the range of problems whose solutions signify the emergence of the new theory of accuracy of measurements. A new method is added for building a composition of histograms, and this method forms a theoretical basis for the method of enumeration.Additionally, as a companion to this book, a concise practical guide that assembles simple step-by-step procedures for typical tasks the practitioners are likely to encounter in measurement accuracy estimation is available at SpringerLink.

Programming Flash Communication Server

Virtual host administrators have the capability to manage only a single virtual ... This method requires two arguments and can accept additional optional ...

Programming Flash Communication Server

Author: Brian Lesser

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 9780596005047

Page: 816

View: 640

With the advent of Flash Communication Server MX (FCS), Macromedia believes that it's on the edge of a breakthrough in how people think about the Internet. FCS has been designed to provide web developers with the means to add polished interactive audio and video features to their sites, the sort of features that users have come to expect. Naturally, the process of efficiently integrating rich media into applications, web sites, and web content is a complex one, to say the least. That's where Programming Flash Communication Server factors in. As the foremost reference on FCS, it helps readers understand how FCS can facilitate: Video on demand Live webcasts Video chat and messaging Shared desktop conferences Live auctions Interactive whiteboard presentations Workflow collaboration Multi-user games Programming Flash Communication Server not only explains how to use the pre-built FCS components to construct a simple application, it also explains the architecture so that developers can program custom components to make even more advanced applications. In addition, the book explains how to truly optimize performance, and talks about considerations for networked applications as well as the media issues pertaining to FCS. Programming Flash Communication Server gives developers a sorely needed leg up on this potentially intimidating technology. It lets users develop cool web applications ranging from direct dating experiences with real-time video, to pre-recorded corporate presentations, to news services with video and audio, and much more. At last, the ability to build web sites with rich interactive features--minus the complex downloads and installation hassles--is a reality. And now, with Programming Flash Communication Server from O'Reilly by your side, you can do more quickly and easily than you ever dreamed possible.