This pioneering study charts the one-way traffic of cultural and historical objects during five centuries of European colonialism. Former colonies consider this as a historical injustice that has not been undone.
Author: Jos van Beurden
This pioneering study charts the one-way traffic of cultural and historical objects during five centuries of European colonialism. It presents abundant examples of disappeared colonial objects and systematizes these into war booty, confiscations by missionaries and contestable acquisitions by private persons and other categories. Former colonies consider this as a historical injustice that has not been undone. Former colonial powers have kept most of the objects in their custody. In the 1970s the Netherlands and Belgium returned objects to their former colonies Indonesia and DR Congo; but their number was considerably smaller than what had been asked for. Nigeria's requests for the return of some Benin objects, confiscated by British soldiers in 1897, are rejected. As there is no consensus on how to deal with colonial objects, disputes about other categories of contestable objects are analyzed. For Nazi-looted artworks the 1998 Washington Conference Principles have been widely accepted. Although non-binding, they promote fair and just solutions and help people to reclaim art works that they lost involuntarily. To promote solutions for colonial objects, nine Principles for Dealing with Colonial Cultural and Historical Objects are presented, based on the Washington Conference Principles. The nine are part of a model to facilitate mediation in disputes about them. This model can help to break the impasse in negotiations between former colonizers and colonies. Europe, the former colonizers, should do more pro-active provenance research into the acquisitions from the colonial era, both in public institutions and private collections. "This is a very commendable treatise which has painstakingly and with detachment explored the emotive issue of the return of cultural objects removed in colonial times to the metropolis. He has looked at the issues from every continent with clarity and perspicuity." Prof. Folarin Shyllon (University of Ibadan) "Momumentaal werk van hoge kwaliteit. Het hoofdstuk over Congo is bijzonder goed gedocumenteerd en leerrijk" Dr. Guido Gryseels (Director-General of the Royal Museum for Central Africa in Tervuren) CLUES is an international scientific series covering research in the field of culture, history and heritage which have been written by, or were performed under the supervision of members of the research institute CLUE+.
Gold and silver treasures , secret records , and sacred genealogical tablets of the
Empire were taken . ... such legislative , administrative , or • Jos van Beurden ,
Treasures in Trusted Hands : Negotiating the Future of Colonial Cultural Objects
Author: Francesco Francioni
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This Handbook provides a cutting edge study of the fast developing field of international law on the protection of cultural heritage by taking stock of the recent developments and of the core concepts and current challenges. The legal protection of cultural heritage has come under renewed focus from the international community and states since the 1990s. This is evidenced by the adoption of a range of international instruments. Countries are also enacting cultural heritage legislation or overhauling existing laws within their own national territory. Contributions address the protection of immovable and movable, tangible and intangible cultural heritage in peacetime and in the event of armed conflict as well as the interaction between specific regimes of cultural heritage protection with other fields of international law, including international criminal law, human rights and humanitarian law, environmental law, international trade, investments, and intellectual property. The last part of the Handbook covers diverse regional systems of heritage protection.
130 Jos van Beurden, “Treasures in Trusted Hands: 112 113 114 115 116 117
118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 Dutch-Indonesian Cooperation
Changed Remarkably Little after Diplomatic Rupture (Amsterdam: Het Spinhuis,
Author: Cynthia Scott
Cultural Diplomacy and the Heritage of Empire analyzes the history of the negotiations that led to the atypical return of colonial-era cultural property from the Netherlands to Indonesia in the 1970s. By doing so, the book shows that competing visions of post-colonial redress were contested throughout the era of post-World War II decolonization. Considering the danger this precedent posed to other countries, the book looks beyond the Dutch-Indonesian case to the “Elgin (Parthenon) Marbles” and “Benin Bronzes” controversies, as well as recent developments relating to returns in France and the Netherlands. Setting aside the “universalism versus nationalism” debate, Scott asserts that the deeper meaning of post-colonial cultural property disputes in European history has more to do with how officials of former colonial powers negotiated decolonization, while also creating contemporary understandings of their nations’ pasts. As a whole, the book expands the field of cultural restitution studies and offers a more nuanced understanding of the connections drawn between postcolonial national identity making and the extension of cultural diplomacy. Cultural Diplomacy and the Heritage of Empire offers a new perspective on the international influence of the UNGA and UNESCO on the return debate. As such, the book will be of interest to scholars, students and practitioners engaged in the study of cultural property diplomacy and law, museum and heritage studies, modern European history, post-colonial studies and historical anthropology.
And they made me sit down at table beside them, poured me out a glass of wine,
filled my hands with raisins, and all three, one after the other, and each with a
bow, drank my good ... “I did think I could have trusted Hands,” added the captain.
Author: Robert Louis Stevenson
Publisher: Courier Corporation
Classic adventure story of a perilous sea journey, a mutiny led by the infamous Long John Silver, and a lethal scramble for buried treasure — seen through the eyes of cabin boy Jim Hawkins.
She trusted this man—even now, when his life lay in ruins. Elihu turned on her,
raging. “His blood is on your hands . . . woman!” Dinah suddenly realized that this
young man didn't even know her name. His anger wasn't aimed at the usual ...
Author: Mesu Andrews
Publisher: Baker Books
Readers often think of Job sitting on the ash heap, his life in shambles. But how did he get there? What was Job's life like before tragedy struck? What did he think as his world came crashing down around him? And what was life like after God restored his wealth, health, and family? Through painstaking research and a writer's creative mind, Mesu Andrews weaves an emotional and stirring account of this well-known story told through the eyes of the women who loved him. Drawing together the account of Job with those of Esau's tribe and Jacob's daughter Dinah, Love Amid the Ashes breathes life, romance, and passion into the classic biblical story of suffering and steadfast faith.
Others might base their hope upon laboriously acquired spiritual treasures —
Thérèse's illimitable trust bubbled up solely ... Empty hands are God's delight ; All
our losses are His winnings ; All our ends prove , in His sight , To be our radiant ...
Author: Ida Friederike Görres
An extensive psychological and biographical study of the famous Carmelite saint and her spiritual vision.
Trade is in their hands , and many of them are to be trusted with the greatest
confidence .... ' 52 However , in a letter to North African scholars seeking a legal
opinion ( fatwa ) on whether local Jews should be allowed to maintain a
Author: John O. Hunwick
Draws on centuries-old historical manuscripts to document the epic trade journeys to legendary Timbuktu, profiling the city as a major center of Islamic literary culture and scholarship while offering insight into fifteenth-century perspectives on a wide range of topics, from commerce and taxation to marriage and prostitution.
You warn other unsuspecting collectors , thus per petuating the notion that
runners are not to be trusted . ... from the ART TREASURES FROM AFRICAN
RUNNERS remote areas into the hands ART TREASURES FROM AFRICAN
Author: John R. Rohner
This stunning collection of African art provides an insightful view of the people and cultures involved in the African art trade. African 'runners' appeared on the Western art scene shortly after the 1967-1970 Biafran Civil War when they began exporting artefacts to Europe and America. These native-born dealers, who procure art in Africa through family or business connections, are the molar sources to overseas customers of old tribal art, the supply of which is rapidly dwindling. This book features an eclectic collection of more than nine hundred never-before-published photographs of African art and describes the methods of the runners who brought these objects to America. A collector with hands-on knowledge of the African art trade, John R. Rohner presents African art from a fresh angle, offering a fascinating portrait of cultural contrast as he defines the differences between African and Western art dealers and details his own experiences with runners.
Hands. BY JOYCE LANDORF HEATHERLEY Now , God be prais'd , that to
believing souls gives light in darkness , comfort in despair ! -WILLIAM ... The dark
thing still scares me , but my hand is safe inside a larger one . My Heavenly
Father is ...
Author: Lynn D. Morrissey
Publisher: Starburst Pub
Join the best-selling editor of easons of a Woman's Heart in this touching sequel where she unlocks the treasures of a women and glorifies God with scriptures, reflection, and a compilation of stories.