When Andrea Louise Campbell’s sister-in-law, Marcella Wagner, was run off the freeway by a hit-and-run driver, she was seven-and-a-half months pregnant.
Author: Andrea Louise Campbell
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
When Andrea Louise Campbell’s sister-in-law, Marcella Wagner, was run off the freeway by a hit-and-run driver, she was seven-and-a-half months pregnant. She survived—and, miraculously, the baby was born healthy. But that’s where the good news ends. Marcella was left paralyzed from the chest down. This accident was much more than just a physical and emotional tragedy. Like so many Americans—50 million, or one-sixth of the country’s population—neither Marcella nor her husband, Dave, who works for a small business, had health insurance. On the day of the accident, she was on her way to class for the nursing program through which she hoped to secure one of the few remaining jobs in the area with the promise of employer-provided insurance. Instead, the accident plunged the young family into the tangled web of means-tested social assistance. As a social policy scholar, Campbell thought she knew a lot about means-tested assistance programs. What she quickly learned was that missing from most government manuals and scholarly analyses was an understanding of how these programs actually affect the lives of the people who depend on them. Using Marcella and Dave’s situation as a case in point, she reveals their many shortcomings in Trapped in America’s Safety Net. Because American safety net programs are designed for the poor, Marcella and Dave first had to spend down their assets and drop their income to near-poverty level before qualifying for help. What’s more, to remain eligible, they will have to stay under these strictures for the rest of their lives, meaning they are barred from doing many of the things middle-class families are encouraged to do: Save for retirement. Develop an emergency fund. Take advantage of tax-free college savings. And, while Marcella and Dave’s story is tragic, the financial precariousness they endured even before the accident is all too common in America, where the prevalence of low-income work and unequal access to education have generated vast—and growing—economic inequality. The implementation of Obamacare has cut the number of uninsured and underinsured and reduced some of the disparities in coverage, but it continues to leave too many people open to tremendous risk. Behind the statistics and beyond the ideological battles are human beings whose lives are stunted by policies that purport to help them. In showing how and why this happens, Trapped in America’s Safety Net offers a way to change it.
The Public Reputation Crisis in America (And What We Can Do to Fix It) Amy E.
Lerman ... Presidents, Public Opinion and Manipulation by James N. Druckman
and Lawrence R. Jacobs Trapped in America's Safety Net: One Family's Struggle
Author: Amy E. Lerman
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
American government is in the midst of a reputation crisis. An overwhelming majority of citizens—Republicans and Democrats alike—hold negative perceptions of the government and believe it is wasteful, inefficient, and doing a generally poor job managing public programs and providing public services. When social problems arise, Americans are therefore skeptical that the government has the ability to respond effectively. It’s a serious problem, argues Amy E. Lerman, and it will not be a simple one to fix. With Good Enough for Government Work, Lerman uses surveys, experiments, and public opinion data to argue persuasively that the reputation of government is itself an impediment to government’s ability to achieve the common good. In addition to improving its efficiency and effectiveness, government therefore has an equally critical task: countering the belief that the public sector is mired in incompetence. Lerman takes readers through the main challenges. Negative perceptions are highly resistant to change, she shows, because we tend to perceive the world in a way that confirms our negative stereotypes of government—even in the face of new information. Those who hold particularly negative perceptions also begin to “opt out” in favor of private alternatives, such as sending their children to private schools, living in gated communities, and refusing to participate in public health insurance programs. When sufficient numbers of people opt out of public services, the result can be a decline in the objective quality of public provision. In this way, citizens’ beliefs about government can quickly become a self-fulfilling prophecy, with consequences for all. Lerman concludes with practical solutions for how the government might improve its reputation and roll back current efforts to eliminate or privatize even some of the most critical public services.
“Building a Progressive Center: Political Strategy and Demographic Change in
America.” Center for American Progress. Buchanan, James M. 1988. ... Trapped
in America's Safety Net. University of Chicago Press. Campbell, John L., John A.
Author: Lane Kenworthy
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
What configuration of institutions and policies is most conducive to human flourishing? The historical and comparative evidence suggests that the answer is social democratic capitalism - a democratic political system, a capitalist economy, good elementary and secondary schooling, a big welfare state, pro-employment public services, and moderate regulation of product and labor markets. In Social Democratic Capitalism, Lane Kenworthy shows that this system improves living standards for the least well-off, enhances economic security, and boosts equality of opportunity. And it does so without sacrificing other things we want in a good society, from liberty to economic growth to health and happiness. Its chief practitioners have been the Nordic nations. The Nordics have gone farther than other rich democratic countries in coupling a big welfare state with public services that promote high employment and modest product- and labor-market regulations. Many believe this system isn't transferable beyond Scandinavia, but Kenworthy shows that social democratic capitalism and its successes can be replicated in other affluent nations, including the United States. Today, the U.S. lags behind other countries in economic security, opportunity, and shared prosperity. If the U.S. were to expand its existing social programs and add some additional ones, many ordinary Americans would have better lives. Kenworthy argues that, despite formidable political obstacles, the U.S. is likely to move toward social democratic capitalism in coming decades. As a country gets richer, he explains, it becomes more willing to spend more in order to safeguard against risk and enhance fairness. With social democratic capitalism as his blueprint, he lays out a detailed policy agenda that could alleviate many of America's problems.
New York: Oxford University Press. Campbell, Andrea Louise. 2014. Trapped in
America's Safety Net: One Family's Struggle. Chicago: University of Chicago
Press. Campbell, Angus, Philip E. Converse, Warren E. Miller, and E. Donald.
Author: Meghan Condon
"There is a puzzling disconnect between rising income inequality and public opinion in the United States. One might think-and many politicians argue-- that as inequality increases the public on the losing side of the inequality divide would demand more redistributive action from government. But many Americans have not demanded these policies. Indeed, Americans have trouble identifying their own positions in the changing economic hierarchy; the public's appetite for economic redistribution has remained relatively unchanged; and the American social safety net has not become more generous. The authors argue that this cannot be explained solely by voter ignorance or ideological commitments. Instead they contend that American are increasingly insulated from the reality of inequality by increasing geographical segregation from the rich. And, as their economic anxiety increases, in an effort to feel better about themselves, they tend to compare themselves not to the rich but to those who are lower down on the socio-economic scale"--
Mexico: Editora Aguilar. Campbell, Andrea Louise. 2015. “Family Story as
Political Science: Reflections on Writing Trapped in America's Safety Net.”
Perspectives on Politics 13 (4): 1043– 1052. Carbado, Devon. 2005. “Racial
Author: Adrián Félix
Publisher: Studies in Subaltern Latina/O
As the United States hardens its border with Mexico, how do migrants make transnational claims of citizenship in both nation-states? By enacting citizenship in both countries, Mexican migrants are challenging the meaning of membership and belonging from the margins of both citizenship regimes. With their incessant border-shattering political practices, Mexican migrants have become the embodiment of transnational citizenship on both sides of the divide. Drawing on his experiences leading citizenship classes for Mexican migrants and working with cross-border activists, Adrián Félix examines the political lives (and deaths) of Mexican migrants in Specters of Belonging. Tracing transnationalism across the different stages of the migrant political life cycle - beginning with the so-called political baptism of naturalization and ending with the practice by which migrant bodies are repatriated to Mexico for burial after death - Félix reveals the varied ways in which Mexican transnational subjects practice citizenship in the United States as well as Mexico. As such, Félix unearths how Mexican migrants' specters of belonging perennially haunt the political projects of nationalism, citizenship, and democracy on both sides of the border.
In this Reflections essay, I consider these challenges in light of what other social scientists have said about the issues of close work with individual, sometimes vulnerable, research subjects.
Abstract : Intimate ethnography presents a number of challenges: How could I write about my own family in a way that was true to their experience but also an "objective" report? How could I convey telling details without robbing my family of their privacy? How could I rein in my emotions to report their story, and did I pick and choose facts to protect them or to make them more sympathetic? How could I generalize from their experience to that of millions of social assistance recipients? In this Reflections essay, I consider these challenges in light of what other social scientists have said about the issues of close work with individual, sometimes vulnerable, research subjects.
Energy Policy and Public Administration . Lexington , MA : Heath , 1980 . La
Jeunesse , William . “ Welfare Moms Trapped in State ' Safety Net ' , " The Arizona
Republic , April 28 , 1985 . Landau , Martin , and Russell Stout . “ To Manage Is
Author: Dennis J. Palumbo
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
Ideal as a primary text for courses in Public Policy or as a supplementary text for courses in American Government. This text offers an innovative two-part organization. Part I details each aspect of the policy cycle, while Part II applies the policy cycle to such issues as health, welfare, crime, education, energy, and the environment.
With fresh insight from new co-author Andrea Campbell, We the People, Twelfth Edition, once again sets the standard for showing students how government impacts their lives and why it matters who participates.
Author: Benjamin Ginsberg
Publisher: W. W. Norton
With fresh insight from new co-author Andrea Campbell, We the People, Twelfth Edition, once again sets the standard for showing students how government impacts their lives and why it matters who participates. Campbell relates true, personal stories of how government affects ordinary citizens. This focus is reinforced by the book's signature "Who Are Americans?" and "Who Participates?" features which motivate critical thinking about how Americans experience and shape politics. Learning goals ensure that students maintain consistent focus on core concepts in the text, in its companion InQuizitive learning tool, and in supporting critical-thinking exercises.
... carry particular weight among female voters — especially single mothers
dependent on the social safety nets cast by ... 2 indicates , Dole did quite well
among the small number of voters still trapped in the cold war rubric — especially
the 4 ...
Author: William J. Crotty
This multicolor volume provides a review and analysis of the 1996 election campaign by a team of political scientists, each an expert in his or her area.
Tourism dried up , as many villas and the main hotel were trapped in the volcano
exclusion zone . ... the loss of social support networks , the Government has
developed a comprehensive welfare system as a safety net for vulnerable groups
Author: Pan American Health Organization
Publisher: Pan Amer Health Org
The 2007 edition of Health in the Americas offers two major innovations. The first provides in addition to the present iteration of past trends in the Region a vision of the future of health in the Americas. The second is a series of highlighted profiles on health challenges in each of the countries and how the respective national health sector is responding to those challenges. Public health conditions evolve in and are determined by a larger context of social political economic demographic and epidemiological circumstances; thus this publication includes-in both the regional and the country volumes-an analysis of the general context of those health determinants. Next the Region's and the countries' health status is viewed from the perspectives of specific populations-age ethnic gender and other groups-and of specific health conditions- communicable diseases chronic diseases disasters and the like. Finally the publication elaborates on the health sector's response to those conditions-health policies and legislation health services and systems human resources scientific and technological approaches to the solution of health problems and international collaboration.
... poorer residents are in a disadvantageous position relative to buyers because
their absolute poverty has trapped them ... Miraflores residents , however ,
envision not a state limited to the administration of targeted and transitional safety
Author: Lynn Horton
In recent years, sustainable development has emerged as a central goal of the World Bank and grassroots activists alike. In Grassroots Struggles for Sustainability in Central America, Lynn R. Horton explores the implications of this new, often contested discourse and related policies for Central America's rural and indigenous poor. Drawing on the testimony of leaders and residents of three communities in Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama, Horton explores grassroots assumptions, values, and practices of sustainable development and, in particular, the ways in which they overlap with or challenge international financial institutions' discourse of sustainability. With a comparative, empirical approach, Horton also analyzes dominant practices linked to sustainable development - neoliberal reforms, project interventions, and environmental protection. She reveals how these practices support or undermine economic, cultural, and political opportunities for the rural and indigenous poor and impact these communities' advancement of their own visions of sustainability. Finally, the author explores processes of empowerment that enable communities to articulate and put into practice local visions of sustainability, which contribute toward broader social and structural transformations. Grassroots Struggles for Sustainability in Central America will interest sociologists, anthropologists, and others who study the theory and practice of sustainable development.
A Safety Net for Those " Trapped ” in Poverty There is a group of rural poor that
will not be able to benefit from ... In their analysis using CEPAL data for nine
countries in Latin America , de Janvry and Sadoulet ( 2000 ) conclude that the ...
Author: Alberto Valdés
Publisher: World Bank Publications
This approach involves agricultural intensification in the small farm sector, dynamism in the commercial agricultural sector, rural non-farm employment stimulation, youth migration, and safety net provisions."--Jacket.
Author: United States. Congress
The Congressional Record is the official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States Congress. It is published daily when Congress is in session. The Congressional Record began publication in 1873. Debates for sessions prior to 1873 are recorded in The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States (1789-1824), the Register of Debates in Congress (1824-1837), and the Congressional Globe (1833-1873)