The Secret of Our Success

This is a remarkable book."--Matt Ridley, author of The Rational Optimist and The Evolution of Everything "In this accessible, authoritative book, Joseph Henrich explains why culture is essential for understanding human evolution.

The Secret of Our Success

Author: Joseph Henrich

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691178437

Page: 464

View: 812

How our collective intelligence has helped us to evolve and prosper Humans are a puzzling species. On the one hand, we struggle to survive on our own in the wild, often failing to overcome even basic challenges, like obtaining food, building shelters, or avoiding predators. On the other hand, human groups have produced ingenious technologies, sophisticated languages, and complex institutions that have permitted us to successfully expand into a vast range of diverse environments. What has enabled us to dominate the globe, more than any other species, while remaining virtually helpless as lone individuals? This book shows that the secret of our success lies not in our innate intelligence, but in our collective brains—on the ability of human groups to socially interconnect and learn from one another over generations. Drawing insights from lost European explorers, clever chimpanzees, mobile hunter-gatherers, neuroscientific findings, ancient bones, and the human genome, Joseph Henrich demonstrates how our collective brains have propelled our species' genetic evolution and shaped our biology. Our early capacities for learning from others produced many cultural innovations, such as fire, cooking, water containers, plant knowledge, and projectile weapons, which in turn drove the expansion of our brains and altered our physiology, anatomy, and psychology in crucial ways. Later on, some collective brains generated and recombined powerful concepts, such as the lever, wheel, screw, and writing, while also creating the institutions that continue to alter our motivations and perceptions. Henrich shows how our genetics and biology are inextricably interwoven with cultural evolution, and how culture-gene interactions launched our species on an extraordinary evolutionary trajectory. Tracking clues from our ancient past to the present, The Secret of Our Success explores how the evolution of both our cultural and social natures produce a collective intelligence that explains both our species' immense success and the origins of human uniqueness.

Selfie

—Joseph Henrich writes that the 'cultural learning': The Secret of our Success, Joseph Henrich (Princeton University Press, 2016), p. 36. —A basic cue we look for is 'self-similarity': The Secret of our Success, Joseph Henrich ...

Selfie

Author: Will Storr

Publisher: Abrams

ISBN: 1468315900

Page: 416

View: 715

“An intriguing odyssey” though the history of the self and the rise of narcissism (The New York Times). Self-absorption, perfectionism, personal branding—it wasn’t always like this, but it’s always been a part of us. Why is the urge to look at ourselves so powerful? Is there any way to break its spell—especially since it doesn’t necessarily make us better or happier people? Full of unexpected connections among history, psychology, economics, neuroscience, and more, Selfie is a “terrific” book that makes sense of who we have become (NPR’s On Point). Award-winning journalist Will Storr takes us from ancient Greece, through the Christian Middle Ages, to the self-esteem evangelists of 1980s California, the rise of the “selfie generation,” and the era of hyper-individualism in which we live now, telling the epic tale of the person we all know so intimately—because it’s us. “It’s easy to look at Instagram and selfie-sticks and shake our heads at millennial narcissism. But Will Storr takes a longer view. He ignores the easy targets and instead tells the amazing 2,500-year story of how we’ve come to think about our selves. A top-notch journalist, historian, essayist, and sleuth, Storr has written an essential book for understanding, and coping with, the 21st century.” —Nathan Hill, New York Times-bestselling author of The Nix “This fascinating psychological and social history . . . reveals how biology and culture conspire to keep us striving for perfection, and the devastating toll that can take.”—The Washington Post “Ably synthesizes centuries of attitudes and beliefs about selfhood, from Aristotle, John Calvin, and Freud to Sartre, Ayn Rand, and Steve Jobs.” —USA Today “Eminently suitable for readers of both Yuval Noah Harari and Daniel Kahneman, Selfie also has shades of Jon Ronson in its subversive humor and investigative spirit.” —Bookseller “Storr is an electrifying analyst of Internet culture.” —Financial Times “Continually delivers rich insights . . . captivating.” —Kirkus Reviews

The Open Society and Its Complexities

17 18 23 27 28 29 15 Henrich, The Secret of Our Success, pp. 102ff. 16 Henrich and Henrich, “The Evolution of Cultural Adaptations.” Henrich, The Secret of Our Success, p. 101. Hayek, The Political Order of a Free People, p.

The Open Society and Its Complexities

Author: Gerald Gaus

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190648996

Page: 288

View: 283

A mere two decades ago it was widely assumed that liberal democracy and the Open Society it created had decisively won their century-long struggle against authoritarianism. Although subsequent events have shocked many, F.A. Hayek would not have been surprised that we are in many ways disoriented by the society we have created. As he understood it, the Open Society was a precarious achievement in many ways at odds with our deepest moral sentiments. His path-breaking analyses argued that the Open Society runs against our evolved attraction to "tribalism" that the Open Society is too complex for moral justification; and that its self-organized complexity defies attempts at democratic governance. In his final, wide-ranging book, Gerald Gaus critically reexamines Hayek's analyses. Drawing on diverse work in social and moral science, Gaus argues that Hayek's program was manifestly prescient and strikingly sophisticated, always identifying real and pressing problems. Yet, Gaus maintains, Hayek underestimated the resources of human morality and the Open Society to cope with the challenges he perceived. Gaus marshals formal models and empirical evidence to show that our Open Society is grounded on moral foundations of human cooperation originating in our distant evolutionary past, but has built upon them a complex and diverse society that requires us to rethink both the nature of moral justification and the meaning of democratic self-governance. In these fearful, angry and inwardly-looking times, when political philosophy has itself become a hostile exchange between ideological camps, The Open Society and Its Complexities shows how moral and ideological diversity, so far from being the enemy of a free and open society, can be its foundation.

The Weirdest People in the World

Joseph Henrich, who developed the game-changing concept of WEIRD, uses leading-edge research in anthropology, psychology, economics and evolutionary biology to explore how changing family structures, marriage practices and religious beliefs ...

The Weirdest People in the World

Author: Joseph Henrich

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 1846147972

Page: 704

View: 143

'A landmark in social thought. Henrich may go down as the most influential social scientist of the first half of the twenty-first century' MATTHEW SYED Do you identify yourself by your profession or achievements, rather than your family network? Do you cultivate your unique attributes and goals? If so, perhaps you are WEIRD: raised in a society that is Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich and Democratic. Unlike most who have ever lived, WEIRD people are highly individualistic, nonconformist, analytical and control-oriented. How did WEIRD populations become so psychologically peculiar? What part did these differences play in our history, and what do they mean for our collective identity? Joseph Henrich, who developed the game-changing concept of WEIRD, uses leading-edge research in anthropology, psychology, economics and evolutionary biology to explore how changing family structures, marriage practices and religious beliefs in the Middle Ages shaped the Western mind, laying the foundations for the world we know today. Brilliant, provocative, engaging and surprising, this landmark study will revolutionize your understanding of who - and how - we are now. 'Phenomenal ... The only theory I am aware of that attempts to explain broad patterns of human psychology on a global scale' Washington Post 'You will never look again in the same way at your own seemingly universal values' Uta Frith, Professor of Cognitive Development, University College London

A Different Kind of Animal

But in this compelling book, Robert Boyd argues that culture--our ability to learn from each other--has been the essential ingredient of our remarkable success.

A Different Kind of Animal

Author: Robert Boyd

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691195900

Page: 248

View: 820

How our ability to learn from each other has been the essential ingredient to our remarkable success as a species Human beings have evolved to become the most dominant species on Earth. This astonishing transformation is usually explained in terms of cognitive ability—people are just smarter than all the rest. But Robert Boyd argues that culture—our ability to learn from each other—has been the essential ingredient of our remarkable success. He shows how a unique combination of cultural adaptation and large-scale cooperation has transformed our species and assured our survival—making us the different kind of animal we are today. Based on the Tanner Lectures delivered at Princeton University, A Different Kind of Animal features challenging responses by biologist H. Allen Orr, philosopher Kim Sterelny, economist Paul Seabright, and evolutionary anthropologist Ruth Mace, as well as an introduction by Stephen Macedo.

Secrets to Success

'The secret of our success comes down to our simple promise,' says John, the company's CEO, 'that we will get our customers' letter, document, parcel or package to its destination, anywhere on the planet, on time and on budget.

Secrets to Success

Author: Sean Gallagher

Publisher: Mercier Press Ltd

ISBN: 1781175268

Page: 352

View: 205

Drawn from articles Sean has written for the ‘Sunday Independent’, ‘Secrets to Success’ is a compilation of inspiring stories of successful Irish-based entrepreneurs and business leaders including: Voxpro, Tayto Park/Largo Foods, One4All, Realex Payments, Wallace Myers International, Teelings Whiskey and Flahavans. It teaches valuable lessons from entrepreneurs about their journey from start-up to success. We learn about their backgrounds and what shaped them, how they came up with their killer business ideas, as well as the challenges that confronted them along the way and while they have enjoyed the sweet taste of victory, all, without exception, have known times of bitter defeat. Sean is convinced that what can be learned from Ireland’s microcosm of entrepreneurial endeavour can be applied anywhere in the world.

Rebel Ideas

38 Joseph Henrich , The Secret of Our Success . 39 Joseph Henrich and Michael Muthukrishna ... and past performance , and can copy trading ideas if they think it will increase their own profits . Pentland and his colleagues collected ...

Rebel Ideas

Author: Matthew Syed

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1473613930

Page: 288

View: 470

'I like listening to people who know things that I don't,' Gareth Southgate told me. 'That's how you learn.' Former Olympian and best-selling author Matthew Syed is one of the advisors Gareth Southgate engaged from outside football in order to find new ways of working as a team. In Rebel Ideas, discover how Southgate 'the man with the plan' replaced 50 years of hurt with two major tournament semi-finals in three years.' Matthew Syed's phenomenal bestseller will change the way you think about success - for ever. 'Syed is a superb storyteller. I couldn't put the book down, and I learned so much. A stunning achievement' Tim Harford, author of The Undercover Economist Rebel Ideas examines the power of 'cognitive diversity' - the ability to think differently about the world around us. It explains how to harness our unique perspectives, pool our collective intelligence and tackle the greatest challenges of our age - from climate change to terrorism. It draws on a dazzling range of case studies, including the catastrophic failings of the CIA before 9/11, a fatal communication breakdown on top of Mount Everest and a moving tale of deradicalisation in America's Deep South. Rebel Ideas will strengthen any team or organisation, but has dozens of individual applications, too: from the art of reinvention to the remarkable benefits of personalised nutrition. It shows us how to become more creative, how to collaborate in a world becoming more interconnected, and how to break free of echo chambers that surround us all. Now updated with a new chapter on the Covid-19 crisis 'A gripping read, full of intelligence and perspective' James Dyson 'Will change the way you think about success and even about life' Judy Murray 'A master of the genre' The Times

Why Secret Intelligence Fails

However, the public does not know, largely because intelligence officials are reluctant to talk about intelligence successes—often claiming, “the secret of our success is the secret of our success.” These people also shy away from ...

Why Secret Intelligence Fails

Author: Michael A. Turner

Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.

ISBN: 1612343074

Page: 217

View: 639

Michael Turner argues that the root causes of failures in American intelligence can be found in the way it is organized and in the intelligence process itself. Intelligence that has gone awry affects national decision making and, ultimately, American national security. Intelligence officials are reluctant to talk about intelligence successes, claiming "the secret of our success is the secret of our success." But these officials also shy away from talking about failures, largely because doing so would expose the failings of American intelligence and have an impact on policy consumers who may become more reluctant to accept and act on the intelligence they receive. Rather than focusing on case studies, the book takes a holistic approach, beginning with structural issues and all dysfunctions that emanate from them. Turner explores each step of the intelligence cycle--priority setting, intelligence collection, analysis, production, and dissemination--to identify the "inflection points" within each stage that contribute to intelligence failures. Finally, he examines a variety of plans that, if implemented, would reduce the likelihood of intelligence failures. While examining the causes of intelligence failures, Turner also explores intelligence as a critical governmental activity, making the book an excellent primer on secret intelligence. Turner writes in jargon-free prose for the informed reader interested in foreign policy and national security policy matters and brings enough depth to his subject that even experts will find this a must-read.

The Secret of Success

I have often thought that our disappointments in this life , are in exact ratio to the foolishness or extravagance of our calculations , and that our success will generally be found the least satisfactory , in those instances where our ...

The Secret of Success

Author: John P. Darden

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 356

View: 279

Social Construction of Law

Probably over a million years ago, members of our evolutionary lineage began learning from each other in such a way that ... and crucial for our purposes in searching for a natural core to law, 51 Henrich, The Secret of Our Success, ...

Social Construction of Law

Author: Michael Giudice

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1839103221

Page: 160

View: 890

This illuminating book explores the theme of social constructionism in legal theory. It questions just how much freedom and power social groups really have to construct and reconstruct law.

Essentials of Strategic Intelligence

Even an effort to learn more about their experiences was cut short by the pressure to achieve quick convictions to show that the government was moving swiftly against ... “The secret of our success is the secret of our success.

Essentials of Strategic Intelligence

Author: Loch K. Johnson

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440832285

Page: 498

View: 273

A highly valuable resource for students of intelligence studies, strategy and security, and foreign policy, this volume provides readers with an accessible and comprehensive exploration of U.S. espionage activities that addresses both the practical and ethical implications that attend the art and science of spying. • Provides a comprehensive, up-to-date examination of all aspects of intelligence by experts in the field, from collection-and-analysis and counterintelligence to covert action and accountability • Probes into how the United States' intelligence agencies attempt to protect the nation from cyberattacks by foreign nations and terrorist groups—and documents the successes and failures • Documents the involvement of the National Security Agency (NSA) in bulk "metadata" collection of information on the telephone records and social media communications of American citizens • Examines the effects that have resulted from major leaks in the U.S. government, from Wikileaks to the NSA Snowden leaks

Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government Water Resources and Power Report

This is the secret of our success , I think , in my opinion . When the city made a contract with TVA to buy power from TVA , TVA had stipulated in their power contract 4 or 5 different places where the money was to go after we took it ...

Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government  Water Resources and Power Report

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Operations. Special Subcommittee on Water Resources and Power

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 479

Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government

This is the secret of our success , I think , in my opinion . When the city made a contract with TVA to buy power from TVA , TVA had stipulated in their power contract 4 or 5 different places where the money was to go after we took it ...

Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Operations

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 3036

View: 716

From His Lips Back From His Missions

I want to tell you that you are the secret of my success and you will be the secret of our success. Brethren, that is our story. We cannot be better there. God has given us grace. God has given us grace. Telling people that someone has ...

From His Lips  Back From His Missions

Author: Zacharias Tanee Fomum

Publisher: ZTF Books Online

ISBN: 1370515731

Page:

View: 376

Fellowship in the Lord and fellowship in the work and fellowship around the vision; was one of the strong points Professor Zacharias Tanee Fomum’s leadership. By means of this, he carried along the many young co-workers that God had entrusted to him, and built up a fused team of those who, together with him, were fired by the vision. Come along with us into fellowship with Professor Fomum in the service of the Gospel. Come along with us and savour the growth process of a global movement. Enter into the secrets of the fellowship that gave birth to a phenomenon – a cohesive World Conquest team.

The ICCA Handbook on Corporate Social Responsibility

This is what distinguishes us from others and this is the secret of our success. This corporate culture is the result of hard work. It cannot be prescribed – rather it must be lived out. This is a management task.

The ICCA Handbook on Corporate Social Responsibility

Author: Judith Hennigfeld

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470057874

Page: 456

View: 736

The world's leading companies have realized that success in the long term requires them not only to make an economic profit, but also to contribute to the societies in which they operate. As a result Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has moved to the top of the business agenda. Yet questions remain. Sceptics ask whether, provided an organization's activities conform to legislation, there is a business case for going beyond this. This unique Handbook from the Institute for Corporate Culture Affairs (ICCA) offers an invaluable combination of lessons learned and best practice for the future. It explores the general concept of CSR, investigates approaches to implementation and provides first-hand insights from well-known CEOs, academics and organizations. Above all it stresses the fact that CSR must spring from a corporate culture, implying values and norms which in themselves endorse sustainable ways of doing business. Without this shift of emphasis from shareholder returns to sustainable value, CSR can never be more than a diversion. Featuring contributions from Ben Verwaayen (CEO, BT Group), Fujio Mitarai (President and CEO, Canon), Sir Geoffrey Chandler (Founder, Amnesty International Business Group) and Yoshio Shirai (Managing Director, Toyota), as well as experiences from inside leading organizations like Volkswagen, Credit Suisse, The Body Shop and the UK Government, The ICCA Handbook of Corporate Social Responsibility showcases CEOs and companies that have seized the opportunities offered by CSR. It is intended to stimulate further exchange and development in the field. For now, it captures the state of the CSR art. The Board of Editors who have worked on this book include Katja Böhmer, Aron Ghebremariam, Judith Hennigfeld, Sandra S. Huble, Dirk Matten, Manfred Pohl, Nick Tolhurst & Wayne Visser