This book offers a critical examination of existing cycling structures and the current policy and practices used to promote cycling.
Author: Koglin, Till
Publisher: Policy Press
This book examines existing cycling structures and the current policy and practices used to promote cycling in Europe. An international range of contributors provide an interdisciplinary analysis of the complex cultural politics of infrastructural provision and interrogate the pervasive bias against cyclists in city planning and transport systems across the globe. Infrastructural planning is revealed to be an intensely political act and its meaning variable according to larger political processes and contexts. The book also considers questions surrounding safety and risk, urban space wars and sustainable futures, connecting this to broader questions about citizenship and justice in contemporary cities.
This volume casts a critical gaze on current practices and on the wider relationship of bicycling to other forms of urban mobility, especially within the context of sustainable and livable cities.
Author: Till Koglin
This book examines existing cycling structures and the current policies and practices used to promote cycling in Europe. Its interdisciplinary analysis considers the cultural politics of infrastructural provision and connects this to questions of sustainability, citizenship and justice in cities.
The book makes clear that successful promotion of city cycling depends on coordinating infrastructure, programs, and government policies.
Author: John Pucher
Publisher: MIT Press
A guide to today's urban cycling renaissance, with information on cycling's health benefits, safety, bikes and bike equipment, bike lanes, bike sharing, and other topics. Bicycling in cities is booming, for many reasons: health and environmental benefits, time and cost savings, more and better bike lanes and paths, innovative bike sharing programs, and the sheer fun of riding. City Cycling offers a guide to this urban cycling renaissance, with the goal of promoting cycling as sustainable urban transportation available to everyone. It reports on cycling trends and policies in cities in North America, Europe, and Australia, and offers information on such topics as cycling safety, cycling infrastructure provisions including bikeways and bike parking, the wide range of bike designs and bike equipment, integration of cycling with public transportation, and promoting cycling for women and children. City Cycling emphasizes that bicycling should not be limited to those who are highly trained, extremely fit, and daring enough to battle traffic on busy roads. The chapters describe ways to make city cycling feasible, convenient, and safe for commutes to work and school, shopping trips, visits, and other daily transportation needs. The book also offers detailed examinations and illustrations of cycling conditions in different urban environments: small cities (including Davis, California, and Delft, the Netherlands), large cities (including Sydney, Chicago, Toronto and Berlin), and “megacities” (London, New York, Paris, and Tokyo). These chapters offer a closer look at how cities both with and without historical cycling cultures have developed cycling programs over time. The book makes clear that successful promotion of city cycling depends on coordinating infrastructure, programs, and government policies.
Bicycling and the Politics of Automobility Zack Furness ... These spaces, as well
as the community bicycle organizations they house, have become integral parts
of the cycling infrastructure in an increasing number of cities, and perhaps more ...
Author: Zack Furness
Publisher: Temple University Press
The power of the bicycle to impact mobility, technology, urban space and everyday life.
Explores the reasons for difficulties in making cycling mainstream in many cultures, despite its claims for being one of the most sustainable forms of transport.
Author: John Parkin
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
Explores the reasons for difficulties in making cycling mainstream in many cultures, despite its claims for being one of the most sustainable forms of transport. This title examines the cultural development of cycling in countries with high use and the differences in use between different sub-groups of the population.
One of the major issues is the incompatibility of structural infrastructure lifetimes
and political cycles . Because of this incompatibility between long - term benefits
of life - cycle analysis and immediate rewards consistent with political success ...
Author: Paulo J. S. Cruz
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
With contributions from leading experts, this book addresses all major aspects of bridge maintenance, safety, and management and delineates the state of the art in bridge maintenance and safety. It offers advice for decision making in bridge maintenance, safety, management, and cost for the purpose of enhancing the welfare of society. Topics include deterioration modeling, emerging technologies, field testing, financial planning, health monitoring, high-performance materials, innovations, load capacity assessment, maintenance strategies, new technology and materials, nondestructive testing, future traffic demands, reliability and risk, sustainable materials, whole-life costing, and more.
percent of bicyclist fatalities , and when bike crashes involve cars , cyclists
quadruple their probability of hospitalization . ... In this view , a democratic
demand for car - oriented streets and policy transcends the need for cyclist
Author: Michael Maniates
Publisher: Mit Press
Politicians, the media, and many environmentalists assume that well-off populations won't make sacrifices now for future environmental benefits and won't change their patterns and perceptions of consumption to make ecological room for the world's three billion or so poor eager to improve their standard of living. Challenges these assumptions, arguing that they limit our policy options, weaken our ability to imagine bold action for change, and blind us to the ways sacrifice already figures in everyday life. The chapters bring a variety of disciplinary perspectives to the topic. Contributors offer alternatives to the conventional wisdom on sacrifice; identify connections between sacrifice and human fulfillment in everyday life, finding such concrete examples as parents' sacrifices in raising children, religious practice, artists' pursuit of their art, and soldiers and police officers who risk their lives to do their jobs; and examine particular policies and practices that shape our understanding of environmental problems, including the carbon tax, incentives for cyclists, and the perils of green consumption.
There were also several initiatives aiming to make it more attractive to travel by
bike – for instance through investments in a coherent cycle infrastructure locally
and regionally. At the regional level, the focus on sustainable transport is ...
Author: Jonathan Crush
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
The ways in which the rapid urbanization of the Global South is transforming food systems and food supply chains, and the food security of urban populations is an often neglected topic. This international group of authors addresses this profound transformation from a variety of different perspectives and disciplinary lenses, providing an important corrective to the dominant view that food insecurity is a rural problem requiring increases in agricultural production.
The political economy of investment allocation The allocation of infrastructure
investments over time and space is an enduring ... The short political cycle
motivates politicians to focus on short - term infrastructure projects and leads to
Author: A. M. Balisacan
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
A decade and a half since the Philippines embarked on a major program of decentralization, the authors of this book have undertaken a detailed examination of all aspects of the nation's regional dynamics and policies. Their analysis extends to comparable experiences in East Asia, particularly China and Indonesia. The lessons of this book are relevant not only for an audience interested in the Philippines - a large developing nation with a population soon to exceed 100 million people - but also for many other developing countries now embarking on decentralization programs. The book therefore has broad international appeal.The contributors focus on three main issues:* Centre-region relations. While the decentralization program in the Philippines has been reasonably successful, they argue there is an urgent need for a clear, predictable, and stable regulatory environment that governs centre-region administrative and financial relations.* Infrastructure. This is arguably the most important policy tool in shaping regional development patterns, yet decision-makers are rarely able to develop these investments on the basis of a coherent and integrated policy framework. * The conflict in Mindanao. This deep and protracted conflict must be resolved for the benefit of the local and national population.This enlightening and topical book will appeal to postgraduate students of economic development, regional development/science, rural development, and Asian Studies. It will also attract the interest of researchers and practitioners in international development agencies, NGOs, and policymakers and legislators in developing countries.
Via the BMP, the government gave significant financial support to the
improvement of cycling facilities and conditions in line ... for bicycle traffic, sent a
clear signal that the Ministry of Transport believed bicycle infrastructure to be of
Author: European Conference of Ministers of Transport
Publisher: OECD Publishing
National Policies to Promote Cycling brings together the experience of 21 countries and 7 municipalities in developing and implementing policies and measures to promote cycling as a means of travel.
Municipalities and departments also negotiated investments for cycling
infrastructure as part of successive regional mobility ... and mobility plans also
sparked heated debate about transport across levels of government and political
Author: Diane E. Davis
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Transforming Urban Transport brings into focus the origins and implementation pathways of significant urban transport innovations that have recently been adopted in major, democratically governed world cities that are seeking to advance sustainability aims. It documents how proponents of new transportation initiatives confronted a range of administrative, environmental, fiscal, and political obstacles by using a range of leadership skills, technical resources, and negotiation capacities to move a good idea from the drawing board to implementation. The book's eight case studies focus on cities of great interest across the globe--Los Angeles, Mexico City, New York, Paris, San Francisco, Seoul, Stockholm, and Vienna--many of which are known for significant mayor leadership and efforts to rescale power from the nation to the city. The cases highlight innovations likely to be of interest to transport policy makers from all corners, such as strengthening public transportation services, vehicle and traffic management measures, repurposing roads and other urban spaces away from their initial function as vehicle travel corridors, and turning sidewalks and city streets into more pedestrian-friendly places for walking, cycling, and leisure. Aside from their transformative impacts in transportation terms, many of the policy innovations examined here have altered planning institutions, public-private sector relations, civil society commitments, and governance mandates in the course of implementation. In bringing these cases to the fore, Transforming Urban Transport advances understanding of the conditions under which policy interventions can expand institutional capacities and governance mandates, particularly linked to urban sustainability. As such, it is an essential contribution to larger debates about what it takes to make cities more environmentally sustainable and the types of strategies and tactics that best advance progress on these fronts in both the short- and the long-term.
the infrastructure and opportunities for using this mode can help to create cities
and towns that are conducive to walking and cycling , and in the process
significantly cut motorised vehicle travel and associated emissions . Cycling
Cycling is the ...
Author: International Energy Agency
Publisher: Organization for Economic
Car ownership is set to triple by 2050, trucking activity will double and air travel could increase fourfold. This book examines how to enable mobility without accelerating climate change. it finds that if changes are made to the way people travel, adoption of technologies to improve vehicle efficiency and a shift to low-CO2 fuels, it is possible to move onto a different pathway where transport CO2 emissions by 2050 are far below current levels, at costs that are lower than many assume. the report discusses the prospects for shifting more travel to the most efficient modes and reducing travel growth rates, improving vehicle fuel efficiency by up to 50% using cost-effective, incremental technologies, and moving toward electricity, hydrogen, and advanced biofuels to achieve a more secure and sustainable transport future. If governments implement strong policies to achieve this scenario, transport can play its role and dramatically reduce CO2 emissions by 2050.
Authorities ' spending on cycling infrastructure was £ 28.7 million in 2001–02 and
£ 39.7 million for 2002–03 , which was a ... We are also targeting the travel - to -
work sector and the Government are urging employers to develop travel plans .
Author: Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons
Contains the 4th session of the 28th Parliament through the session of the Parliament.
IMPLEMENTATION IMS application in this pay - off stage of infrastructure
management is limited but offers considerable ... actual field conditions and
computer files that the next planning / programming cycle will proceed on a real -
time basis .
Author: Robert E. Baumgardner
Publisher: Amer Society of Civil Engineers
This collection contains five papers on improving infrastructure management in local governments presented at a session of the ASCE National Convention, held in Seattle, Washington, April 9, 1986.
It is hoped that, by bringing together relevant advice in a single document, this guide will make it easier for local authorities to decide what provision, if any, is required to encourage more people to cycle.
Author: Great Britain. Department for Transport
Publisher: Stationery Office/Tso
Encouraging more people to cycle is increasingly being seen as a vital part of any local authority plan to tackle congestion, improve air quality, promote physical activity and improve accessibility. This design guide brings together and updates guidance previously available in a number of draft Local Transport Notes and other documents. Although the focus is the design of cycle infrastructure, parts of its advice are equally appropriate to improving conditions for pedestrians. Individual chapters cover: general design parameters; signing issues; network management; reducing vehicle speeds on cycle routes; bus and tram routes; cycle lanes; off-road cycle routes; junctions; cycle track crossings; cycle parking; public transport integration. A list of references and an appendix of related publications complete the book. It is hoped that, by bringing together relevant advice in a single document, this guide will make it easier for local authorities to decide what provision, if any, is required to encourage more people to cycle.
Section 2 below spells out the model and discusses potential extensions ,
Section 3 presents the data and the empirical evidence , and Section 4
concludes . 2 Theory : Government - led Renegotiations 2 . 1 Political Cycle To
account for the ...
Author: J. Luis Guasch
The authors complement the existing knowledge in the renegotiation literature on infrastructure concessions by analyzing government-led renegotiations. They first propose a multiple-period theoretical framework in which both Pareto-improving and rent-shifting renegotiations at the initiative of the government can occur. They then perform an empirical analysis based on a sample of 307 water and transport projects in five Latin American countries between 1989 and 2000. While some of the main insights from the previous literature are unchanged, for example concerning the importance of having a regulator in place when awarding concessions and the fragility of price cap regulatory schemes, there are also significant differences as predicted by the model, in particular with respect to the effect of investment and financing, as well as the corruption variables. The authors provide additional evidence showing that a good regulatory framework is especially important in contexts with weak governance and political opportunism.