This volume casts a critical gaze on current practices and on the wider relationship of bicycling to other forms of urban mobility, especially within the context of sustainable and livable cities.
Author: Cox, Peter
Publisher: Policy Press
This volume casts a critical gaze on current practices and on the wider relationship of bicycling to other forms of urban mobility, especially within the context of sustainable and livable cities. The book's international contributors provide an interdisciplinary critical analysis of policy and practice.
Using qualitative interviews, this thesis examines bicycle and car politics in Toronto, Canada to understand: (i) how automobility affects those engaged in contesting and supporting cycling initiatives; (ii) why the installation of cycling ...
Author: Jennifer Tannis Hill
Using qualitative interviews, this thesis examines bicycle and car politics in Toronto, Canada to understand: (i) how automobility affects those engaged in contesting and supporting cycling initiatives; (ii) why the installation of cycling infrastructure has been politicized; and (iii) whether strategies used by cycling activists are effective. The paper concludes that contemporary cultural and economic values surrounding automobility are visible in those engaged in bicycle and car politics. Findings suggest that the politicization of efforts to install cycling infrastructure arise due to how these values manifest themselves in the political realm, and the interrelationship between a lack of coherent transportation policy, the institutionalization of automobiles in planning and a ward-based decision-making system that entrenches suburban and urban biases. Activist strategies could be more effective by moving away from a focus on cycling lanes to address cultural norms associated with automobiles and bicycles and by focusing on a 'complete streets' approach.
Explores the reasons for difficulties in making cycling mainstream in many cultures, despite its claims for being one of the most sustainable forms of transport.
Author: John Parkin
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
Explores the reasons for difficulties in making cycling mainstream in many cultures, despite its claims for being one of the most sustainable forms of transport. This title examines the cultural development of cycling in countries with high use and the differences in use between different sub-groups of the population.
Urban cycling has been gaining momentum for decades, yet the need to upgrade infrastructure to accommodate cycling has never been greater.
Author: Rebecca Mayers
Urban cycling has been gaining momentum for decades, yet the need to upgrade infrastructure to accommodate cycling has never been greater. Urban development in North America continues to privilege car usage, despite growing threats of climate change and resource depletion. To better adapt to these challenges, cities are responding by encouraging alternate modes of transportation through bike-friendly design and planning which reduces an individual's carbon footprint. Nevertheless, the politics of approving such initiatives remain contentious, even though evidence reveals bikeable cities are beneficial in a variety of ways. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to expose how seemingly bike-friendly policies serves to disadvantage urban cyclists and further privilege car culture. Concentrating on cyclists' experiences in the Region of Waterloo, this study engaged with local cyclists directly to understand how regional initiatives and policies aimed at improving cycling left cyclists feeling devalued and under-resourced. Informed by a critical urban lens, this qualitative study collected 16 participants stories through semi-structured interviews to address the following research questions: How do cyclists experience so-called bike-friendly policies and infrastructure in the Region of Waterloo?; how do cyclists' lived experiences reflect their right to the city?; and (3) how do bike-friendly policies and infrastructure privilege car culture? Five themes were identified from the data collected and consist of: (1) identification as a cyclist; (2) rationale for riding; (3) riding in a car-centric city; (4) lived experience with so called “bicycle-friendly” infrastructure and (5) the representation of politics of Waterloo cycling. The discussion of findings prompted five themes to help better synthesize cyclists' experiences: Identity, tangibilize the intangible, build it well and they will come, (4) keeping up with the culture shift, and changing minds to changing modes. This research brings to light narratives from cyclists lives that provoke further research on the topic of cycling to broadening our understanding and how to influence positive change through practice.
Grounding its analysis in both regional political economy and neighborhood-based ethnography, this book ultimately uses the bicycle as a lens to view major shifts in today’s American city.
Author: John G. Stehlin
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
A critical look at the political economy of urban bicycle infrastructure in the United States Not long ago, bicycling in the city was considered a radical statement or a last resort, and few cyclists braved the inhospitable streets of most American cities. Today, however, the urban cyclist represents progress and the urban “renaissance.” City leaders now undertake ambitious new bicycle infrastructure plans and bike share schemes to promote the environmental, social, and economic health of the city and its residents. Cyclescapes of the Unequal City contextualizes and critically examines this new wave of bicycling in American cities, exploring how bicycle infrastructure planning has become a key symbol of—and site of conflict over—uneven urban development. John G. Stehlin traces bicycling’s rise in popularity as a key policy solution for American cities facing the environmental, economic, and social contradictions of the previous century of sprawl. Using in-depth case studies from San Francisco, Philadelphia, and Detroit, he argues that the mission of bicycle advocacy has converged with, and reshaped, the urban growth machine around a model of livable, environmentally friendly, and innovation-based urban capitalism. While advocates envision a more sustainable city for all, the deployment of bicycle infrastructure within the framework of the neoliberal city in many ways intensifies divisions along lines of race, class, and space. Cyclescapes of the Unequal City speaks to a growing interest in bicycling as an urban economic and environmental strategy, its role in the politics of gentrification, and efforts to build more diverse coalitions of bicycle advocates. Grounding its analysis in both regional political economy and neighborhood-based ethnography, this book ultimately uses the bicycle as a lens to view major shifts in today’s American city.
This book examines emerging debates and questions around cycling to critically analyse and challenge dominant framings and prevalent conventions of ‘good cycling’.
Author: Dennis Zuev
This book examines emerging debates and questions around cycling to critically analyse and challenge dominant framings and prevalent conventions of ‘good cycling’. Cycling Societies brings to light the plurality of voices and forms of cycling in other societies, revealing the diversity and complexity of cycling across different socio-political regimes, geographies and cultures. It presents case studies from five continents and demonstrates the need of thinking comparatively about cycling and urban environments. The book pivots around the three themes of innovations, inequalities and governance and engages a diversity of voices: world-renowned academics in the field of cycling and urban mobility, cycling activists and transportation consultants. Synthesising academic contributions with policy briefs, this innovative book will be of great interest to students, scholars and practitioners of sustainable transportation, urban planning and mobility studies.
The power of the bicycle to impact mobility, technology, urban space and everyday life.
Author: Zack Furness
Publisher: Temple University Press
The power of the bicycle to impact mobility, technology, urban space and everyday life.
This book will appeal to upper-level undergraduates and graduates in urban geography, city planning, transportation, environmental studies, as well as transportation advocates, urban policy-makers, and anyone concerned about climate change ...
Author: Jason Henderson
With 29 percent of all trips made by bicycle, Copenhagen is considered a model of green transport. This book considers the underlying political conditions that enabled cycling to appeal to such a wide range of citizens in Copenhagen and asks how this can be replicated elsewhere. Despite Copenhagen’s global reputation, its success has been a result of a long political struggle and is far from completely secure. Car use in Denmark is increasing, including in Copenhagen's suburbs, and new developments in Copenhagen include more parking for cars. There is a political tension in Copenhagen over the spaces for cycling, the car, and public transit. In considering examples of backlashes and conflicts over street space in Copenhagen, this book argues that the kinds of debates happening in Copenhagen are very similar to the debates regularly occurring in cities throughout the world. This makes Copenhagen more, not less, comparable to many cities around the world, including cities in the United States. This book will appeal to upper-level undergraduates and graduates in urban geography, city planning, transportation, environmental studies, as well as transportation advocates, urban policy-makers, and anyone concerned about climate change and looking to identify paths forward in their own cities and localities.
The impacts of the new bicycle infrastructure on cycling levels, public health, and the economy were dramatic. As can be seen in table 19.2, the volume of ...
Author: Ralph Buehler
Publisher: MIT Press
How to make city cycling--the most sustainable form of urban transportation--safe, practical, and convenient for all cyclists. Cycling is the most sustainable mode of urban transportation, practical for most short- and medium-distance trips--commuting to and from work or school, shopping, visiting friends, going to the doctor's office. It's good for your health, spares the environment a trip's worth of auto emissions, and is economical for both public and personal budgets. Cycling, with all its benefits, should not be reserved for the fit, the spandex-clad, and the daring. Cycling for Sustainable Cities shows how to make city cycling safe, practical, and convenient for all cyclists.
But as in infrastructure asset management goals often are derived from the public interest, this narrow focus of regular asset management can hamper an ...
Author: Jaap Bakker
Publisher: CRC Press
This volume contains the papers presented at IALCCE2016, the fifth International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering (IALCCE2016), to be held in Delft, The Netherlands, October 16-19, 2016. It consists of a book of extended abstracts and a DVD with full papers including the Fazlur R. Khan lecture, keynote lectures, and technical papers from all over the world. All major aspects of life-cycle engineering are addressed, with special focus on structural damage processes, life-cycle design, inspection, monitoring, assessment, maintenance and rehabilitation, life-cycle cost of structures and infrastructures, life-cycle performance of special structures, and life-cycle oriented computational tools. The aim of the editors is to provide a valuable source for anyone interested in life-cycle of civil infrastructure systems, including students, researchers and practitioners from all areas of engineering and industry.
Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering (IALCCE'12), Vienna, Austria, October 3-6, 2012 Alfred Strauss, ...
Author: Alfred Strauss
Publisher: CRC Press
Life-Cycle and Sustainability of Civil Infrastructure Systems contains the lectures and papers presented at the Third International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering (IALCCE 2012) held in one of Vienna‘s most famous venues, the Hofburg Palace, October 3rd-6th, 2012. This volume consists of a book of extended abstracts (516 pp) and a DVD-ROM
"A guide to all things cycling: present and future, local and global"--
Author: Ralph Buehler
Publisher: Urban and Industrial Environment
"A guide to all things cycling: present and future, local and global"--
In How Cycling Can Save the World, Walker takes readers on a tour of cities like Copenhagen and Utrecht, where everyday cycling has taken root, demonstrating cycling’s proven effect on reducing smog and obesity, and improving quality of ...
Author: Peter Walker
Peter Walker—reporter at the Guardian and curator of its popular bike blog—shows how the future of humanity depends on the bicycle. Car culture has ensnared much of the world—and it's no wonder. Convenience and comfort (as well as some clever lobbying) have made the car the transportation method of choice for generations. But as the world evolves, the high cost of the automobile is made clearer—with its dramatic effects on pollution, the way it cuts people off from their communities, and the alarming rate at which people are injured and killed in crashes. Walker argues that the simplest way to tackle many of these problems at once is with one of humankind's most perfect inventions—the bicycle. In How Cycling Can Save the World, Walker takes readers on a tour of cities like Copenhagen and Utrecht, where everyday cycling has taken root, demonstrating cycling’s proven effect on reducing smog and obesity, and improving quality of life and mental health. Interviews with public figures—such as Janette Sadik-Khan, who led the charge to create more pedestrian- and cyclist- friendly infrastructure in New York City—provide case studies on how it can be done, and prove that you can make a big change with just a few cycling lanes and a paradigm shift. Meticulously researched and incredibly inspiring, How Cycling Can Save the World delivers on its lofty promise and leads readers to the realization that cycling could not only save the world, but have a lasting and positive impact on their own lives.
It may be infrastructuredriven, that is, promoted by the infrastructure to advance along the learning cycle while the politics cluster remains neutral.
Author: Thorsten Benner
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Peace operations are the UN ́s flagship activity. Over the past decade, UN blue helmets have been dispatched to ever more challenging environments from the Congo to Timor to perform an expanding set of tasks. From protecting civilians in the midst of violent conflict to rebuilding state institutions after war, a new range of tasks has transformed the business of the blue helmets into an inherently knowledge-based venture. But all too often, the UN blue helmets, policemen, and other civilian officials have been "flying blind" in their efforts to stabilize countries ravaged by war. The UN realized the need to put knowledge, guidance and doctrine, and reflection on failures and successes at the center of the institution. Building on an innovative multi-disciplinary framework, this study provides a first comprehensive account of learning in peacekeeping. Covering the crucial past decade of expansion in peace operations, it zooms into a dozen cases of attempted learning across four crucial domains: police assistance, judicial reform, reintegration of former combatants, and mission integration. Throughout the different cases, the study analyzes the role of key variables as enablers and stumbling blocks for learning: bureaucratic politics, the learning infrastructure, leadership as well as power and interests of member states. Building on five years of research and access to key documents and decision-makers, the book presents a vivid portrait of an international bureaucracy struggling to turn itself into a learning organization. Aimed at policy-makers, diplomats, and a wide academic audience (including those working in international relations, peace research, political science, public administration, and organizational sociology), the book is an indispensable resource for anyone interested in the evolution of modern peace operations.
Building the Cycling City examines the triumphs and challenges of the Dutch while also presenting stories of North American cities already implementing lessons from across the Atlantic.
Author: Melissa Bruntlett
Publisher: Island Press
The world is rediscovering the bicycle as a multi-pronged solution to acute, 21st-century problems, including affordability, obesity, congestion, climate change, inequity, and social isolation. The Netherlands has built an accessible cycling culture that cities around the world can learn from. Chris and Melissa Bruntlett share the incredible success of the Netherlands through engaging interviews with local experts and stories of their own delightful experiences riding in five Dutch cities. Building the Cycling City examines the triumphs and challenges of the Dutch while also presenting stories of North American cities already implementing lessons from across the Atlantic. Discover how Dutch cities inspired Atlanta to look at its transit-bike connection in a new way and showed Seattle how to teach its residents to realize the freedom of biking, along with other encouraging examples.
This study was undertaken in order to understand the employment impacts of bicycle and pedestrian infrastructure.
Author: Heidi Garrett-Peltier
This study was undertaken in order to understand the employment impacts of bicycle and pedestrian infrastructure. In January 2009 the Political Economy Research Institute (PERI) published a study analyzing the needs and job creation effects of public investments in a wide variety of infrastructure projects, including energy, water, and transportation.1 However, the transportation infrastructure we considered in that study did not specifically include cycling or walking infrastructure that could be used for commuting as well as recreational purposes. In searching through the literature, we discovered that there were no studies which specifically addressed the job creation that results from building infrastructure such as bike lanes, multi-use trails, and pedestrian facilities. This study, the first of its kind, was developed to fill this need.
This is done partly in relation to these issues of risk and health, but also from the broader perspective of behavioural response to the changing nature of cycling.
Author: Professor Regine Gerike
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Tensions at the heart of the nature of cycling remain: on the one hand cycling is frequently viewed as being a risky activity, while on the other hand it is seen as being a way of allowing populations to live healthier lives. Reviewing this dichotomy, the authors in this book consider the ways that cycling is planned and promoted. This is done partly in relation to these issues of risk and health, but also from the broader perspective of behavioural response to the changing nature of cycling. A section on methodologies is also included which outlines the current state-of-the art and points a way to future research.
Results of Analysis of the Supra-Local Revitalisation Programme of Cittaslow Towns for Its Cycling Infrastructure Planning (First Programme from 2015, ...
Author: Szymon Szewrański
This Special Issue explores the cross-disciplinary approaches, methodologies, and applications of socio-environmental vulnerability assessment that can be incorporated into sustainable management. The volume comprises 20 different points of view, which cover environmental protection and development, urban planning, geography, public policymaking, participation processes, and other cross-disciplinary fields. The articles collected in this volume come from all over the world and present the current state of the world’s environmental and social systems at a local, regional, and national level. New approaches and analytical tools for the assessment of environmental and social systems are studied. The practical implementation of sustainable development as well as progressive environmental and development policymaking are discussed. Finally, the authors deliberate about the perspectives of social–environmental systems in a rapidly changing world.