Oceans and Climate Change

"Planet Earth is warming, causing climates to change. In [this book], learn how climate change is causing higher water temperatures, chemical changes to the oceans, and sea level rise." -- Back cover.

Oceans and Climate Change

Author: David Dreier

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780716627708

Page: 45

View: 235

"Planet Earth is warming, causing climates to change. In [this book], learn how climate change is causing higher water temperatures, chemical changes to the oceans, and sea level rise." -- Back cover.

Climate and the Oceans

The book moves smoothly from fundamental principles to topics of current research interest, including natural climate variability, such as El Ni o, and the daunting challenge of man-made climate change, or global warming.

Climate and the Oceans

Author: Geoffrey K. Vallis

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691150281

Page: 231

View: 658

Explores climate and oceans, providing a look at the basics of climate, a descriptive overview of the oceans, a brief introduction to dynamics, and coverage of other related topics.

Ocean Circulation and Climate

This book presents the views of leading scientists on the knowledge of the global ocean circulation following the completion of the observational phase of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment.

Ocean Circulation and Climate

Author: Gerold Siedler

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780126413519

Page: 715

View: 792

This book presents the views of leading scientists on the knowledge of the global ocean circulation following the completion of the observational phase of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment. WOCE's in situ physical and chemical measurements together with satellite altimetry have produced a data set which provides for development of ocean and coupled ocean-atmosphere circulation models used for understanding ocean and climate variability and projecting climate change. This book guides the reader through the analysis, interpretation, modelling and synthesis of this data.

Climate Change and the Oceans

This detailed work draws together informed opinion from a range of disciplines to examine the impacts of climate change on marine and coastal areas and review legal and policy responses to the rapidly changing ocean environment.

Climate Change and the Oceans

Author: Robin Warner

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781006164

Page: 274

View: 753

Climate Change and the Oceans investigates the effects of climate change on the ocean environment and its implications for maritime activities, both globally and within the Asia Pacific region. This detailed work draws together informed opinion from a range of disciplines to examine the impacts of climate change on marine and coastal areas and review legal and policy responses to the rapidly changing ocean environment. Issues including the effects on fisheries and marine biodiversity in the Asia Pacific region, maritime security, global shipping, marine jurisdiction and marine geo-engineering are also explored. Examining the multiple impacts of climate change on the oceans and ocean based solutions to mitigate the adverse impacts of climate change, this thought-provoking book will prove invaluable to academics, researchers and students in the fields of law, environment, ecology and political science. Oceans and marine environmental policymakers will also find this to be an essential resource.

The Ocean Carbon Cycle and Climate

Our desire to understand the global carbon cycle and its link to the climate system represents a huge challenge.

The Ocean Carbon Cycle and Climate

Author: Mick Follows

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402020872

Page: 395

View: 161

Our desire to understand the global carbon cycle and its link to the climate system represents a huge challenge. These overarching questions have driven a great deal of scientific endeavour in recent years: What are the basic oceanic mechanisms which control the oceanic carbon reservoirs and the partitioning of carbon between ocean and atmosphere? How do these mechanisms depend on the state of the climate system and how does the carbon cycle feed back on climate? What is the current rate at which fossil fuel carbon dioxide is absorbed by the oceans and how might this change in the future? To begin to answer these questions we must first understand the distribution of carbon in the ocean, its partitioning between different ocean reservoirs (the "solubility" and "biological" pumps of carbon), the mechanisms controlling these reservoirs, and the relationship of the significant physical and biological processes to the physical environment. The recent surveys from the JGOFS and WOCE (Joint Global Ocean Flux Study and World Ocean Circulation Ex periment) programs have given us a first truly global survey of the physical and biogeochemical properties of the ocean. These new, high quality data provide the opportunity to better quantify the present oceans reservoirs of carbon and the changes due to fossil fuel burning. In addition, diverse process studies and time-series observations have clearly revealed the complexity of interactions between nutrient cycles, ecosystems, the carbon-cycle and the physical envi ronment.

Atmosphere Ocean and Climate Dynamics

The combination of observations, theory and accompanying illustrative laboratory experiments sets this text apart by making it accessible to students with no prior training in meteorology or oceanography. * Written at a mathematical level ...

Atmosphere  Ocean and Climate Dynamics

Author: John Marshall

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080954493

Page: 344

View: 373

For advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in atmospheric, oceanic, and climate science, Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics is an introductory textbook on the circulations of the atmosphere and ocean and their interaction, with an emphasis on global scales. It will give students a good grasp of what the atmosphere and oceans look like on the large-scale and why they look that way. The role of the oceans in climate and paleoclimate is also discussed. The combination of observations, theory and accompanying illustrative laboratory experiments sets this text apart by making it accessible to students with no prior training in meteorology or oceanography. * Written at a mathematical level that is appealing for undergraduates and beginning graduate students * Provides a useful educational tool through a combination of observations and laboratory demonstrations which can be viewed over the web * Contains instructions on how to reproduce the simple but informative laboratory experiments * Includes copious problems (with sample answers) to help students learn the material.

Ocean Circulation and Climate

The oceans play a crucial role in the Earth’s climate system due largely to their ability to store and transport heat.

Ocean Circulation and Climate

Author: Stefan Rahmstorf

Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters

ISBN: 012805851X

Page: 904

View: 886

The oceans play a crucial role in the Earth’s climate system due largely to their ability to store and transport heat. The instrumental record, spanning an order of magnitude of 100 years, is short compared with some of the important timescales of climate variability. To understand the oceans’ role in these long-term changes, proxy data from sediments, ice cores, and corals must be used. Using these proxy data, we examine the evidence for past ocean circulation and sea-level changes before instrumental oceanographic measurements began. We discuss what paleoclimatic data can tell us about past ocean states and what can be learned from ocean and climate models. Particular foci of the chapter are the ocean circulation and sea-level changes during the Quaternary and the Cretaceous, two particularly interesting periods in Earth’s history. The Quaternary covers the past 2.5 million years and is characterized by periodic glaciations, while the Cretaceous, reaching back around 100 million years, had a warm greenhouse climate with a weak temperature gradient between the tropics and the poles.

Oceans and Marine Resources in a Changing Climate

This book provides an assessment of scientific knowledge of the current and projected impacts of climate change and ocean acidification on the physical, chemical, and biological components and human uses of marine ecosystems under U.S. ...

Oceans and Marine Resources in a Changing Climate

Author: Roger Griffis

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610914805

Page: 288

View: 533

Prepared for the 2013 National Climate Assessment and a landmark study in terms of its breadth and depth of coverage, Oceans and Marine Resources in a Changing Climate is the result of a collaboration among numerous local, state, federal, and nongovernmental agencies to develop a comprehensive, state of the art look at the effects of climate change on the oceans and marine ecosystems under U.S. jurisdiction. This book provides an assessment of scientific knowledge of the current and projected impacts of climate change and ocean acidification on the physical, chemical, and biological components and human uses of marine ecosystems under U.S. jurisdiction. It also provides assessment of the international implications for the U.S. due to climate impacts on ocean ecosystems and of efforts to prepare for and adapt to climate and acidification impacts on ocean ecosystem, including · Climate-Driven Physical and Chemical Changes in Marine Ecosystems · Impacts of Climate Change on Marine Organisms · Impacts of Climate Change on Human Uses of the Ocean · International Implications of Climate Change · Ocean Management Challenges, Adaptation Approaches, and Opportunities in a Changing Climate · Sustaining the Assessment of Climate Impacts on Oceans and Marine Resources Rich in science and case studies, it examines the latest climate change impacts, scenarios, vulnerabilities, and adaptive capacity and offers decision makers and stakeholders a substantial basis from which to make informed choices that will affect the well-being of the region’s inhabitants in the decades to come.

Physical Oceanography and Climate

An engaging and accessible textbook focusing on climate dynamics from the perspective of the ocean, specifically interactions between the atmosphere and ocean.

Physical Oceanography and Climate

Author: Kris Karnauskas

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108423868

Page: 350

View: 423

An engaging and accessible textbook focusing on climate dynamics from the perspective of the ocean, specifically interactions between the atmosphere and ocean. It describes the fundamental physics and dynamics governing the behaviour of the ocean, and provides numerous end-of-chapter questions and access to online data sets.

Climate Change and Ocean Governance

Offers a multidisciplinary edited volume on policy dimensions of climate change for the world's oceans, for researchers, policymakers and activists.

Climate Change and Ocean Governance

Author: Paul G. Harris

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108422489

Page: 450

View: 426

Multidisciplinary edited volume on policy dimensions of climate change for the world's oceans, for researchers, policymakers and activists.

Research Handbook on Climate Change Oceans and Coasts

This topical Research Handbook examines the legal intersections of climate change, oceans and coasts across multiple scales and sectors, covering different geographies and regions.

Research Handbook on Climate Change  Oceans and Coasts

Author: Jan McDonald

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1788112237

Page: 544

View: 495

This topical Research Handbook examines the legal intersections of climate change, oceans and coasts across multiple scales and sectors, covering different geographies and regions. With expert contributions from Europe, Australasia, the Pacific, North America and Asia, it includes insightful chapters on issues ranging across the impacts of climate change on marine and coastal environments. It assesses institutional responses to climate change in ocean and marine governance regimes, adaptation to climate impacts on ocean and coastal systems and communities, and climate change mitigation in marine and coastal environments. Through a plurality of voices, disciplinary and geographical perspectives, this Research Handbook explores cross-cutting themes of institutional complexity, fragmentation, scale and design trade-offs.

Managing Ocean Environments in a Changing Climate

What distinguishes this book most from previous works is that this book begins with a holistic, global-scale focus for the first several chapters and then provides an example of how this approach can be applied on a regional scale, for the ...

Managing Ocean Environments in a Changing Climate

Author: Kevin J. Noone

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0124076610

Page: 376

View: 461

Managing Ocean Environments in a Changing Climate summarizes the current state of several threats to the global oceans. What distinguishes this book most from previous works is that this book begins with a holistic, global-scale focus for the first several chapters and then provides an example of how this approach can be applied on a regional scale, for the Pacific region. Previous works usually have compiled local studies, which are essentially impossible to properly integrate to the global scale. The editors have engaged leading scientists in a number of areas, such as fisheries and marine ecosystems, ocean chemistry, marine biogeochemical cycling, oceans and climate change, and economics, to examine the threats to the oceans both individually and collectively, provide gross estimates of the economic and societal impacts of these threats, and deliver high-level recommendations. Nominated for a Katerva Award in 2012 in the Economy category State of the science reviews by known marine experts provide a concise, readable presentation written at a level for managers and students Links environmental and economic aspects of ocean threats and provides an economic analysis of action versus inaction Provides recommendations for stakeholders to help stimulate the development of policies that would help move toward sustainable use of marine resources and services

Climate Change and the Oceans

Based on extensive research, this book dramatises the changes in our weather and climate in the near future. This is the book that your children hope you will read.

Climate Change and the Oceans

Author: John Slade

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781893617193

Page: 238

View: 705

Climate Change and the Oceans tells seven stories, set in seven locations around the world, today, and twenty years from now. Based on extensive research, this book dramatises the changes in our weather and climate in the near future. This is the book that your children hope you will read.

Fundamentals of Ocean Climate Models

This book sets forth the physical, mathematical, and numerical foundations of computer models used to understand and predict the global ocean climate system.

Fundamentals of Ocean Climate Models

Author: Stephen Griffies

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691187126

Page:

View: 610

This book sets forth the physical, mathematical, and numerical foundations of computer models used to understand and predict the global ocean climate system. Aimed at students and researchers of ocean and climate science who seek to understand the physical content of ocean model equations and numerical methods for their solution, it is largely general in formulation and employs modern mathematical techniques. It also highlights certain areas of cutting-edge research. Stephen Griffies presents material that spans a broad spectrum of issues critical for modern ocean climate models. Topics are organized into parts consisting of related chapters, with each part largely self-contained. Early chapters focus on the basic equations arising from classical mechanics and thermodynamics used to rationalize ocean fluid dynamics. These equations are then cast into a form appropriate for numerical models of finite grid resolution. Basic discretization methods are described for commonly used classes of ocean climate models. The book proceeds to focus on the parameterization of phenomena occurring at scales unresolved by the ocean model, which represents a large part of modern oceanographic research. The final part provides a tutorial on the tensor methods that are used throughout the book, in a general and elegant fashion, to formulate the equations.

The Oceans and Climate

THE OCEANS AND CLIMATE CHANGE : A BACKGROUND 70'N 70 ° N 60 ° N
60 ° N. FOREWORD This document examines the current state of knowledge of
the ocean's role in climate as well as our present capability to monitor , predict
and ...

The Oceans and Climate

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 40

View: 539

Climate Change Impacts on Ocean and Coastal Law

Climate Change Impacts on Ocean and Coastal Law effectively brings together the two worlds of climate change and ocean and coastal management.

Climate Change Impacts on Ocean and Coastal Law

Author: Randall S. Abate

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199368740

Page: 699

View: 358

Ocean and coastal law has grown rapidly in the past three decades as a specialty area within natural resources law and environmental law. This book unites the two worlds of climate change regulation and ocean and coastal management. It raises important questions about whether and how ocean and coastal law will respond to the regulatory challenges that climate change presents to resources in the oceans and coasts of the United States and the world.

Dynamics of The Tropical Atmosphere and Oceans

This book presents a unique and comprehensive view of the fundamental dynamical and thermodynamic principles underlying the large circulations of the coupled ocean-atmosphere system Dynamics of The Tropical Atmosphere and Oceans provides a ...

Dynamics of The Tropical Atmosphere and Oceans

Author: Peter J. Webster

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470662565

Page: 536

View: 706

This book presents a unique and comprehensive view of the fundamental dynamical and thermodynamic principles underlying the large circulations of the coupled ocean-atmosphere system Dynamics of The Tropical Atmosphere and Oceans provides a detailed description of macroscale tropical circulation systems such as the monsoon, the Hadley and Walker Circulations, El Niño, and the tropical ocean warm pool. These macroscale circulations interact with a myriad of higher frequency systems, ranging from convective cloud systems to migrating equatorial waves that attend the low-frequency background flow. Towards understanding and predicting these circulation systems. A comprehensive overview of the dynamics and thermodynamics of large-scale tropical atmosphere and oceans is presented using both a “reductionist” and “holistic” perspectives of the coupled tropical system. The reductionist perspective provides a detailed description of the individual elements of the ocean and atmospheric circulations. The physical nature of each component of the tropical circulation such as the Hadley and Walker circulations, the monsoon, the incursion of extratropical phenomena into the tropics, precipitation distributions, equatorial waves and disturbances described in detail. The holistic perspective provides a physical description of how the collection of the individual components produces the observed tropical weather and climate. How the collective tropical processes determine the tropical circulation and their role in global weather and climate is provided in a series of overlapping theoretical and modelling constructs. The structure of the book follows a graduated framework. Following a detailed description of tropical phenomenology, the reader is introduced to dynamical and thermodynamical constraints that guide the planetary climate and establish a critical role for the tropics. Equatorial wave theory is developed for simple and complex background flows, including the critical role played by moist processes. The manner in which the tropics and the extratropics interact is then described, followed by a discussion of the physics behind the subtropical and near-equatorial precipitation including arid regions. The El Niño phenomena and the monsoon circulations are discussed, including their covariance and predictability. Finally, the changing structure of the tropics is discussed in terms of the extent of the tropical ocean warm pool and its relationship to the intensity of global convection and climate change. Dynamics of the Tropical Atmosphere and Oceans is aimed at advanced undergraduate and early career graduate students. It also serves as an excellent general reference book for scientists interested in tropical circulations and their relationship with the broader climate system.

Ocean Circulation and Climate

The remoteness and hostility of the oceans and their opaqueness to
electromagnetic radiation together pose tremendous challenges to those who
seek to observe the oceans. Our ability to address ocean and climate research
questions is ...

Ocean Circulation and Climate

Author:

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123918537

Page: 904

View: 897

The book represents all the knowledge we currently have on ocean circulation. It presents an up-to-date summary of the state of the science relating to the role of the oceans in the physical climate system. The book is structured to guide the reader through the wide range of world ocean circulation experiment (WOCE) science in a consistent way. Cross-references between contributors have been added, and the book has a comprehensive index and unified reference list. The book is simple to read, at the undergraduate level. It was written by the best scientists in the world who have collaborated to carry out years of experiments to better understand ocean circulation. Presents in situ and remote observations with worldwide coverage Provides theoretical understanding of processes within the ocean and at its boundaries to other Earth System components Allows for simulating ocean and climate processes in the past, present and future using a hierarchy of physical-biogeochemical models

The Oceans and Climate

This book examines the complex and multi-faceted interaction between the oceans and the atmosphere (and hence the climate), describing how physical, biological and chemical processes combine in the oceans to affect climatic change in the ...

The Oceans and Climate

Author: Grant R. Bigg

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780521582681

Page: 266

View: 578

Comprehensive textbook on ocean climate interaction for undergraduates studying earth and environmental sciences, oceanography, meteorology and climatology.

Planning for a Changing Climate and Its Impacts on Wildlife and Oceans

State and Federal Efforts and Needs; and H.R. 4455, Wildlife Without Borders
Authorization Act : Oversight and Legislative Hearing Before the Subcommittee
on Fisheries, Wildlife and Oceans of the Committee on Natural Resources, U.S. ...

Planning for a Changing Climate and Its Impacts on Wildlife and Oceans

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Natural Resources. Subcommittee on Fisheries, Wildlife, and Oceans

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 103

View: 229