The New Science of Strong Materials

Why isn't steel stronger? Why does glass sometimes shatter and sometimes bend like spring? Why do ships break in half? What is a liquid and is treacle one? All these are questions about the nature of materials.

The New Science of Strong Materials

Author: J E Gordon

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141927704

Page: 288

View: 529

Why isn't wood weaker that it is? Why isn't steel stronger? Why does glass sometimes shatter and sometimes bend like spring? Why do ships break in half? What is a liquid and is treacle one? All these are questions about the nature of materials. All of them are vital to engineers but also fascinating as scientific problems. During the 250 years up to the 1920s and 1930s they had been answered largely by seeing how materials behaved in practice. But materials continued to do things that they "ought" not to have done. Only in the last 40 years have these questions begun to be answered by a new approach. Material scientists have started to look more deeply into the make-up of materials. They have found many surprises; above all, perhaps, that how a material behaves depends on how perfectly - or imperfectly - its atoms are arranged. Using both SI and imperial units, Professor Gordon's account of material science is a demonstration of the sometimes curious and entertaining ways in which scientists isolate and solve problems.

Structures

In "The New Science of Strong Materials" the author made plain the secrets of materials science. In this volume he explains the importance and properties of different structures.

Structures

Author: J E Gordon

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141927690

Page: 400

View: 580

In "The New Science of Strong Materials" the author made plain the secrets of materials science. In this volume he explains the importance and properties of different structures.

Essentials of Polymer Science and Engineering

FIGURE 13-29 The tensile strength of glass fibers versus fiber thickness [redrawn
from a figure in J. E. Gordon, The New Science of Strong Materials, Penguin
Books (1991)]. glass fibers were probably surface cracks. In the poly(diacetylene)
 ...

Essentials of Polymer Science and Engineering

Author: Paul C. Painter

Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc

ISBN: 1932078754

Page: 525

View: 911

T his book is at once an introduction to polymers and an imaginative invitation to the field of polymer science and engineering as a whole, including plastics and plastics processing. Created by two of the best-known scientists in America, the text explains and helps students as well as professionals appreciate all major topics in polymer chemistry and engineering: polymerization synthesis and kinetics, applications of probability theory, structure and morphology, thermal and solution properties, mechanical properties, biological properties and plastics processing methods. Essentials of Polymer Science and Engineering, designed to supercede many standard texts (including the authors'), is unique in a number of ways. Special attention has been paid to explaining fundamentals and providing high-level visuals. In addition, the text is replete with engaging profiles of polymer chemists and their discoveries. The book explains the science of polymer engineering, and at the same time, tells the story of the field from its beginnings to the present, indicating when and how polymer discoveries have played a role in history and society. The book comes well equipped with study questions and problems and is suitable for a one- or two-semester course for chemistry students at the undergraduate and graduate levels.

Comparative Biomechanics

On such matters I can't go further without announcing my enthusiasm for two
books by the late James Gordon—The New Science of Strong Materials (1976)
and Structures (1978). Not only are they germane to the next few chapters, but
also I ...

Comparative Biomechanics

Author: Steven Vogel

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691155666

Page: 640

View: 751

Why do you switch from walking to running at a specific speed? Why do tall trees rarely blow over in high winds? And why does a spore ejected into air at seventy miles per hour travel only a fraction of an inch? Comparative Biomechanics is the first and only textbook that takes a comprehensive look at the mechanical aspects of life--covering animals and plants, structure and movement, and solids and fluids. An ideal entry point into the ways living creatures interact with their immediate physical world, this revised and updated edition examines how the forms and activities of animals and plants reflect the materials available to nature, considers rules for fluid flow and structural design, and explores how organisms contend with environmental forces. Drawing on physics and mechanical engineering, Steven Vogel looks at how animals swim and fly, modes of terrestrial locomotion, organism responses to winds and water currents, circulatory and suspension-feeding systems, and the relationship between size and mechanical design. He also investigates links between the properties of biological materials--such as spider silk, jellyfish jelly, and muscle--and their structural and functional roles. Early chapters and appendices introduce relevant physical variables for quantification, and problem sets are provided at the end of each chapter. Comparative Biomechanics is useful for physical scientists and engineers seeking a guide to state-of-the-art biomechanics. For a wider audience, the textbook establishes the basic biological context for applied areas--including ergonomics, orthopedics, mechanical prosthetics, kinesiology, sports medicine, and biomimetics--and provides materials for exhibit designers at science museums. Problem sets at the ends of chapters Appendices cover basic background information Updated and expanded documentation and materials Revised figures and text Increased coverage of friction, viscoelastic materials, surface tension, diverse modes of locomotion, and biomimetics

Biomimetics for NASA Langley Research Center Year 2000 Report of Findings From a Six Month Survey

SE3 . Vincent , J. , Structural Biomaterials , Princeton : Princeton University Press
, 1982 . SE4 . Gordon , J.E. The New Science of Strong Materials or Why You
Don't Fall Through the Floor , Princeton : Princeton University Press , 1968 . SE5 .

Biomimetics for NASA Langley Research Center  Year 2000 Report of Findings From a Six Month Survey

Author: Emilie J. Siochi

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 95

View: 348

This report represents an attempt to see if some of the techniques biological systems use to maximize their efficiency can be applied to the problems NASA faces in aeronautics and space exploration. It includes an internal survey of resources available at NASA Langley Research Center for biomimetics research efforts, an external survey of state of the art in biomimetics covering the Materials, Structures, Aerodynamics, Guidance and Controls areas.

Phillips Science of Dental Materials eBook

... strong affinity for water. The complete removal of water would require the
heating of enamel and dentin to an unacceptable temperature. ... Gordon JE: The
New Science of Strong Materials, or Why You Don't Fall Through the Floor? 2nd
ed.

Phillips  Science of Dental Materials   eBook

Author: Kenneth J. Anusavice

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 143772549X

Page: 832

View: 651

The 11th edition of this leading reference is an outstanding, scientifically based source of information in the field of dental materials science. It presents up-to-date information on materials that are used in the dental office and laboratory every day, emphasizing practical, clinical use, as well as the physical, chemical, and biological properties of materials. Extensive new clinical photographs in this edition illustrate the topics, and color plates are integrated close to related concepts as they're discussed in each chapter. A new glossary of key terms found at the beginning of every chapter defines terms in the appropriate context of the chapter's discussion. Also in this edition, critical thinking questions throughout the book stimulate the readers' curiosity on specific topics, test their existing knowledge, and heighten their awareness of important or controversial subjects. Content outlines at the beginning of each chapter provide a quick reference for specific topics. The roles played by key organizations in ensuring the safety and efficacy of dental materials and devices are described - such as the American Dental Association, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the International Organization for Standardization, and the Fédération Dentaire Internationale. Up-to-date Selected Readings are presented at the end of each chapter to direct readers to supplemental literature on each topic. Numerous boxes and tables throughout summarize and illustrate key concepts and compare characteristics and properties of various dental materials. Distinguished contributors lend their credibility and experience to the text. Content has been completely updated to include information on the most current dental materials available. Glossaries at the beginning of each chapter define key terms used within the context of that chapter. Revised artwork gives this edition a fresh look, with high-quality illustrations and clinical photos to aid in the visualization of materials and procedures described. Reorganization and consolidation of chapters into four major book parts presents the material in a more efficient way: Part I describes the principles of materials science that control the performance of dental materials in dental laboratories, research laboratories, student dental clinics, public health clinics, and private practice clinics. Part II focuses on impression materials, gypsum products, dental waxes, casting investments and procedures, and finishing and polishing abrasives and procedures. Part III provides an updated scientific and applied description of the composition, manipulation principles, properties, and clinical performance of bonded restorations, restorative resins, dental cements, dental amalgams, and direct-filling golds. Part IV presents a basic and applied description of materials that are processed in a laboratory or dental clinic. Critical thinking questions appear in every chapter to stimulate thinking and classroom discussion. The overall design has been improved to provide a more visually appealing format.

Construction Materials

Proceedings of the International Workshop on Duration of Load in Lumber and
Wood Products, held at Richmond, BC, Canada, 1985. Special publication ... The
new science of strong materials, 2nd edition, Penguin, 269 pages. Hearmon RFS
 ...

Construction Materials

Author: Peter Domone

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203927571

Page: 568

View: 978

So far in the twenty-first century, there have been many developments in our understanding of materials’ behaviour and in their technology and use. This new edition has been expanded to cover recent developments such as the use of glass as a structural material. It also now examines the contribution that material selection makes to sustainable construction practice, considering the availability of raw materials, production, recycling and reuse, which all contribute to the life cycle assessment of structures. As well as being brought up-to-date with current usage and performance standards, each section now also contains an extra chapter on recycling. Covers the following materials: metals concrete ceramics (including bricks and masonry) polymers fibre composites bituminous materials timber glass. This new edition maintains our familiar and accessible format, starting with fundamental principles and continuing with a section on each of the major groups of materials. It gives you a clear and comprehensive perspective on the whole range of materials used in modern construction. A must have for Civil and Structural engineering students, and for students of architecture, surveying or construction on courses which require an understanding of materials.

Fundamentals of Amorphous Solids

Trachenko, K., and Brazhkin, V.V. (2009) Understanding the problem of glass
transition on the basis of elastic waves in a liquid. Proceedings of the Royal
Society A, 376–396. The New Science of Strong Materials. 2nd edn, Pittman Pub.

Fundamentals of Amorphous Solids

Author: Zbigniew H. Stachurski

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527682198

Page: 272

View: 779

Long awaited, this textbook fills the gap for convincing concepts to describe amorphous solids. Adopting a unique approach, the author develops a framework that lays the foundations for a theory of amorphousness. He unravels the scientific mysteries surrounding the topic, replacing rather vague notions of amorphous materials as disordered crystalline solids with the well-founded concept of ideal amorphous solids. A classification of amorphous materials into inorganic glasses, organic glasses, glassy metallic alloys, and thin films sets the scene for the development of the model of ideal amorphous solids, based on topology- and statistics-governed rules of three-dimensional sphere packing, which leads to structures with no short, mid or long-range order. This general model is then concretized to the description of specific compounds in the four fundamental classes of amorphous solids, as well as amorphous polyethylene and poly(methyl)methacrylate, emphasizing its versatility and descriptive power. Finally, he includes example applications to indicate the abundance of amorphous materials in modern-day technology, thus illustrating the importance of a better understanding of their structure and properties. Equally ideal as supplementary reading in courses on crystallography, mineralogy, solid state physics, and materials science where amorphous materials have played only a minor role until now.

This Cold House

Better known by the brand name Styrofoam , this material was developed by the
Dow Chemical Company in the 1940s ... There is an amusing story in The New
Science of Strong Materials , by J . E . Gordon ( 1968 ) , from the early days of this
 ...

This Cold House

Author: Colin Smith

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801886225

Page: 248

View: 704

Does turning the thermostat down on a winter's night offset the costs of reheating the house in the morning? What will best prevent energy loss: new windows or insulation in the attic? Is heating oil cheaper than natural gas? Blending science with anecdote and example, Colin Smith answers questions like these, providing an insightful guide to creating an environmentally friendly home without sacrificing comfort. This Cold House helps homeowners identify heating and cooling priorities and choose the most appropriate methods, tools, and equipment. Basic equations allow you to estimate possible savings in annual heating and cooling bills and determine payback times for improvement projects. Practical and entertaining, This Cold House illuminates the concepts behind energy efficiency and translates them into ideas you can use, whether you live in a castle, igloo, or house. -- Dan Holohan

The Journal of Materials Education

Materials Science and Engineering in the 1990s ( National Academy Press ,
Washington , DC , 1989 ) . 4 . F . Jeglitsch , Advanced Materials 9 ... Press , New
York , 1996 ) . 17 . J . E . Gordon , The New Science of Strong Materials , or Why ...

The Journal of Materials Education

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 458

The Aha Moment

H. A. C. MacKay, Chemistry and Industry (28 Nov. 1964): 1978. 5. David E. H.
Jones, Nature (19 July 2001): 292. Chapter 14. Literary Information 1. J. E.
Gordon, The New Science of Strong Materials , Penguin, 1991, 141. 2. David
E. H. Jones ...

The Aha  Moment

Author: David Jones

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421404060

Page: 280

View: 514

This book is about having ideas and�a much longer haul�making them work. David Jones, best known for his Daedalus column, tells a multitude of stories about creators and their creations, including his own fantastical-seeming contributions to mainstream science such as the unrideable bicycle and chemical gardens in space. His theory of creativity endows each of us with a Random-Ideas Generator, a Censor, and an Observer-Reasoner. Jones applies his theory to a wide range of weird scientific experiments that he has conducted for serious scientific papers, for challenging printed expositions, and for presentations to a TV audience. He even suggests new ones, not yet tried! Creativity is as essential to science as curiosity, physical intuition, and shrewd deduction from well-planned experiments. But, says Jones, ingenuity is very uncertain. Even for the greatest inventors, about 80 percent of ideas fail. Jokiness can help, and so can lots of random data. Jones has plenty of clever advice that will help spark that madly brilliant private thought in the first place�and will encourage you to take it further. Neither dense nor demanding, The Aha! Moment is engrossing, edifying, and scientifically serious; yet it is lightly written and asks lots of silly questions. As Jones shows, it can often pay to take an absurd idea seriously.

Forensic Biomechanics

Figure 2.16 Schematic representation of tumbling of a stable bullet (a) through
soft tissue, as opposed to a yawing bullet (b). Deformation or fragmentation of the
bullet. The depth of ... The New Science of Strong Materials. Penguin Books ...

Forensic Biomechanics

Author: Jules Kieser

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111840422X

Page: 176

View: 227

Biomechanics is the application of mechanical principles to living organisms, and it is one of the most exciting and fastest growing research areas. In forensic science, it is biomechanics that explains trauma to the body at a crime scene or the fracture of fibers and textiles, and helps interpret blood spatter. Forensic Biomechanics is a comprehensive overview of the role of biomechanics in forensics. Well-illustrated with real-life case studies, and using a multidisciplinary approach, this unique book is an invaluable reference for practicing forensic scientists, lawyers, and researchers.

Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology Part 3

Z . D . Jastrzebski , The Nature and Properties of Engineering Materials , 2nd ed .
, John Wiley & Sons , Inc . , New York , 1977 . 81 . J . E . Gordon , The New
Science of Strong Materials , 2nd ed . , Princeton University Press , Princeton , N .
J .

Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology  Part 3

Author: Herman F. Mark

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: 9780471287803

Page: 3580

View: 945

This third Edition is a completely new version in a new century of the Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology. The new edition will bring the state-of-the-art up to the 21st century, with coverage of nanotechnology, new imaging and analytical techniques, new methods of controlled polymer architecture, biomimetics, and more. New topics covered include nanotechnology, AFM, MALDI, biomimetics, and genetic methods, of increasing importance since 1990 and will also bring up-to-date coverage of traditional topics of continuing interest. This edition will publish in 3 Parts of 4 volumes each. Each Part will be an A-Z selection of the newest articles available in the online edition of this encyclopedia. A list of the titles to appear in Part I can be viewed by clicking "What's New" at www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/epst. Titles for Parts II and III will appear there as well when available.

Philips Technical Review

5 Boron filament : a light , stiff and strong material A. C. van Maaren , O. Schob
and W. Westerveld Philips produce tungsten wire in large quantities for their ... [ 1
] J. E. Gordon , The new science of strong materials , Penguin Books , 1968 ...

Philips Technical Review

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 276

Includes section "Abstracts of recent scientific publications of the N.V. Philips' Gloeilampenfabrieken."

American Plastic

transcript , 6 , R & H . Both Swedlow and Kline ( for the National Bureau of
Standards ) took credit for multiaxial ... s reputation see Perry , Modern Wood
Adhesives , 58 ; J . E . Gordon , The New Science of Strong Materials or Why You
Don ...

American Plastic

Author: Jeffrey L. Meikle

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813522357

Page: 403

View: 950

"(Meikle) traces the course of plastics from 19th-century celluloid and the first wholly synthetic bakelite, in 1907, through the proliferation of compounds (vinyls, acrylics, nylon, etc.) and recent ecological concerns".--PUBLISHERS WEEKLY. Winner of the 1996 Dexter Prize from the Society for the History of Technology and a 1996 CHOICE Oustanding Academic Book. 70 illustrations.

Iron Steelmaker

3. J.E. Gordon , The New Science of Strong Materials , Penguin Books , 1991 , p .
103 . 4. Ibid . , pp . 101-102 . 5. American Society for Metals , Metals Handbook ,
8th Edition , Volume 1 , “ The selection of steel for notch toughness , " p . 225 . 6.

Iron   Steelmaker

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 306

Branches

Ghatak, A., and Mahadevan, L., 'Crack street: the cycloidal wake of a cylinder
tearing through a thin sheet', Physical Review Letters 91 (2003): 215507.
Goehring ... Gordon, J. E., The New Science of Strong Materials (London:
Penguin, 1991).

Branches

Author: Philip Ball

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191579831

Page: 240

View: 205

As part of a trilogy of books exploring the science of patterns in nature, acclaimed science writer Philip Ball here looks at the form and growth of branching networks in the natural world, and what we can learn from them. Many patterns in nature show a branching form - trees, river deltas, blood vessels, lightning, the cracks that form in the glazing of pots. These networks share a peculiar geometry, finding a compromise between disorder and determinism, though some, like the hexagonal snowflake or the stones of the Devil's Causeway fall into a rigidly ordered structure. Branching networks are found at every level in biology - from the single cell to the ecosystem. Human-made networks too can come to share the same features, and if they don't, then it might be profitable to make them do so: nature's patterns tend to arise from economical solutions.

Strength and Fracture of Engineering Solids

3 , Properties and Selection : Stainless Steels , Tool Materials and Special
Purpose Metals , 1980 . Vol . 8 , Mechanical ... Gordon , J . E . , The New Science
of Strong Materials – Or Why You Don ' t Fall Through the Floor . London :
Penguin ...

Strength and Fracture of Engineering Solids

Author: David K. Felbeck

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN:

Page: 535

View: 831

The second- or third-year engineering student who has completed a materials science course now requires a firm grounding on the principles and applications of the origins of mechanical properties of engineering materials. This book provides essential knowledge of mechanical properties, in a systematic sequence from the simple to the complex, so that the student can apply this knowledge to the design and manufacturing courses that follow.