The Making of Salafism

Henri Lauzière builds his history on the transnational networks of Taqi al-Din al-Hilali (1894–1987), a Moroccan Salafi who, with his associates, participated in the development of Salafism as both a term and a movement.

The Making of Salafism

Author: Henri Lauzière

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231540175

Page: 336

View: 755

Some Islamic scholars hold that Salafism is an innovative and rationalist effort at Islamic reform that emerged in the late nineteenth century but gradually disappeared in the mid twentieth. Others argue Salafism is an anti-innovative and antirationalist movement of Islamic purism that dates back to the medieval period yet persists today. Though they contradict each other, both narratives are considered authoritative, making it hard for outsiders to grasp the history of the ideology and its core beliefs. Introducing a third, empirically based genealogy, The Making of Salafism understands the concept as a recent phenomenon projected back onto the past, and it sees its purist evolution as a direct result of decolonization. Henri Lauzière builds his history on the transnational networks of Taqi al-Din al-Hilali (1894–1987), a Moroccan Salafi who, with his associates, participated in the development of Salafism as both a term and a movement. Traveling from Rabat to Mecca, from Calcutta to Berlin, al-Hilali interacted with high-profile Salafi scholars and activists who eventually abandoned Islamic modernism in favor of a more purist approach to Islam. Today, Salafis tend to claim a monopoly on religious truth and freely confront other Muslims on theological and legal issues. Lauzière's pathbreaking history recognizes the social forces behind this purist turn, uncovering the popular origins of what has become a global phenomenon.

The Making of a Salafi Muslim Woman

And why do they become Salafi in the first place? Anabel Inge has gained unprecedented access to Salafi women's groups in the United Kingdom to provide the first in-depth account of their lives.

The Making of a Salafi Muslim Woman

Author: Anabel Inge

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190611677

Page: 303

View: 310

The spread of Salafism - often called "Wahhabism" - in the West has intrigued and alarmed observers since 9/11. Many see it as a fundamentalist interpretation of Islam that subjugates women and fuels Jihadist extremism. According to this view, Salafi women are the unwilling victims of apatriarchal, fanatical version of Islam. Yet, in Britain, growing numbers of educated women - often converts or from less conservative Muslim backgrounds - are actively choosing to embrace Salafism's literalist beliefs and strict guidelines, including full veiling, wifely obedience, and seclusionfrom non-related men. How do these young women reconcile these demands with their desire for fulfilling careers, university degrees and suitable husbands? How do their beliefs affect their love lives and other relationships? And why do they become Salafis in the first place?Anabel Inge has gained unprecedented access to Salafi women's groups in the UK to provide the first in-depth and vivid account of their lives. Drawing on more than two years of ethnographic fieldwork and interviews in London, she probes the reasons for Salafism's appeal among young Somalis,Afro-Caribbean converts, and women from other backgrounds. She also reveals how the women's lives are fraught with personal dilemmas. This ground-breaking, lucid, and richly detailed contribution will be of interest to policy-makers, journalists, scholars, and general readers.

Tatar Empire

Rorlich, Volga Tatars, 104–41; James H. Meyer, Turks across Empires: Making
Muslim Identity in the Russian Ottoman ... Henri Lauzière, The Making of Salafism
: Islamic Reform in the Twentieth Century (New York: Columbia University Press,
 ...

Tatar Empire

Author: Danielle Ross

Publisher:

ISBN: 0253045738

Page: 288

View: 917

In the 1700s, Kazan Tatar (Muslim scholars of Kazan) and scholarly networks stood at the forefront of Russia's expansion into the South Urals, western Siberia, and the Kazakh steppe. It was there that the Tatars worked with Russian agents, established settlements, and spread their own religious and intellectual cuture that helped shaped their identity in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Kazan Tatars profited economically from Russia's commercial and military expansion to Muslim lands and began to present themselves as leaders capable of bringing Islamic modernity to the rest of Russia's Muslim population. Danielle Ross bridges the history of Russia's imperial project with the history of Russia's Muslims by exploring the Kazan Tatars as participants in the construction of the Russian empire. Ross focuses on Muslim clerical and commercial networks to reconstruct the ongoing interaction among Russian imperial policy, nonstate actors, and intellectual developments within Kazan's Muslim community and also considers the evolving relationship with Central Asia, the Kazakh steppe, and western China. Tatar Empire offers a more Muslim-centered narrative of Russian empire building, making clear the links between cultural reformism and Kazan Tatar participation in the Russian eastward expansion.

Incitement

These include: Global Salafism: Islam's New Religious Movement, ed. Roel
Meijer (London: Hurst, 2009); Shiraz Maher, Salafi-Jihadism: The History of an
Idea (London: Hurst, 2016); Henri Lauzière, The Making of Salafism: Islamic
Reform in ...

Incitement

Author: Alexander Meleagrou-Hitchens

Publisher:

ISBN: 0674979508

Page: 352

View: 208

This is the definitive account of the career of Anwar al-Awlaki, the most influential Western exponent of violent jihad. Drawing on extensive research among al-Awlaki's followers, including interviews with convicted terrorists, Alexander Meleagrou-Hitchens explains how the radical preacher established his network and why his message resonated.

Boko Haram

Salafis strive to emulate those early Muslims, but like other Muslims, they make
choices about which aspects of the early ... See The Making of Salafism: Islamic
Reform in the Twentieth Century (New York: Columbia University Press, 2015).

Boko Haram

Author: Alexander Thurston

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691172242

Page: 352

View: 146

A comprehensive history of one of the world's deadliest jihadist groups Boko Haram is one of the world’s deadliest jihadist groups. It has killed more than twenty thousand people and displaced more than two million in a campaign of terror that began in Nigeria but has since spread to Chad, Niger, and Cameroon as well. This is the first book to tell the full story of this West African affiliate of the Islamic State, from its beginnings in the early 2000s to its most infamous violence, including the 2014 kidnapping of 276 Nigerian schoolgirls. Drawing on sources in Arabic and Hausa, rare documents, propaganda videos, press reports, and interviews with experts in Nigeria, Cameroon, and Niger, Alexander Thurston sheds new light on Boko Haram’s development. He shows that the group, far from being a simple or static terrorist organization, has evolved in its worldview and ideology in reaction to events. Chief among these has been Boko Haram’s escalating war with the Nigerian state and civilian vigilantes. The book closely examines both the behavior and beliefs that are the keys to understanding Boko Haram. Putting the group’s violence in the context of the complex religious and political environment of Nigeria and the Lake Chad region, the book examines how Boko Haram relates to states, politicians, Salafis, Sufis, Muslim civilians, and Christians. It also probes Boko Haram’s international connections, including its loose former ties to al-Qaida and its 2015 pledge of allegiance to ISIS. An in-depth account of a group that is menacing Africa’s most populous and richest country, the book also illuminates the dynamics of civil war in Africa and jihadist movements in other parts of the world.

Revival from Below

For an overview, see Bernard Haykel, “On the Nature of Salafi Thought and
Action,” in Global Salafism: Islam's New Religious ... Henri Lauzière, The Making
of Salafism: Islamic Reform in the Twentieth Century (New York: Columbia
University ...

Revival from Below

Author: Brannon D. Ingram

Publisher: University of California Press

ISBN: 0520298004

Page: 328

View: 827

The Deoband movement—a revivalist movement within Sunni Islam that quickly spread from colonial India to Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and even the United Kingdom and South Africa—has been poorly understood and sometimes feared. Despite being one of the most influential Muslim revivalist movements of the last two centuries, Deoband’s connections to the Taliban have dominated the attention it has received from scholars and policy-makers alike. Revival from Below offers an important corrective, reorienting our understanding of Deoband around its global reach, which has profoundly shaped the movement’s history. In particular, the author tracks the origins of Deoband’s controversial critique of Sufism, how this critique travelled through Deobandi networks to South Africa, as well as the movement’s efforts to keep traditionally educated Islamic scholars (`ulama) at the center of Muslim public life. The result is a nuanced account of this global religious network that argues we cannot fully understand Deoband without understanding the complex modalities through which it spread beyond South Asia.

Salafism Goes Global

Salafist socialization differs significantly from such an approach in that the
individual reference, organizing the wish for its own success, is at the core of ...
27 Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr, Mawdudi and the Making of Postmodern
Socialization 173.

Salafism Goes Global

Author: Mohamed-Ali Adraoui

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0190062460

Page:

View: 186

"Salafism has emerged as one of the most visible and questioned faces to contemporary Islam. In many countries from the East to the West, this fundamentalist vision seeking to restore a vision of Islam that is supposed to be pure and unchanged is increasingly successful. This is the case in France where thousands of Muslims are now dedicated to living this puritanical and fundamentalist religiosity. In connection with some Islamic countries, starting with Saudi Arabia, they appeal to a transnational narrative through which they promote a new face of globalization today. Reacting both political Islam and Jihadism, they prefer becoming entrepreneurs in order to seek for economic success. Splitting from the rest of the society, they prefer building a counter-narrative on behalf of which they represent the purest form of the Islamic identity nowadays. Through a prolonged immersion in French Salafist communities for several years, this book sheds light on the lifestyle, representations, profiles, and trajectories of these communities. By focusing on quietist Salafism and its formative ties with several Gulf countries, especially with Saudi Arabia, this book is also an attempt to understand contemporary religious globalizations. Besides this political globalization of Salafism, this also sheds light on a dynamic that is less centred on formal political entities, and which primarily refers to a globalization taking place in the margins that have been little studied for too long"--

The Making of a Terrorist

The Salafi Dimension The term Salafi has been frequently used interchangeably
with Wahhabi to describe the militant and puritanical interpretation of Islam. Salafi
adherents are viewed as potential supporters of global terror. Salafism is ...

The Making of a Terrorist

Author: James J. F. Forest

Publisher: Praeger Security International

ISBN: 9780275985431

Page: 1280

View: 523

Global terrorism has become a frightening reality. From New York City and Washington, D.C., to Bali, Moscow, and Madrid, ordinary citizens throughout the civilized world live with increasing fear of a deadly attack from unknown individuals, for reasons many of us cannot fathom. National and international security forces are on constant alert, desperate to prevent the next catastrophe, and yet many observers agree that our military and intelligence services are spread too thin and face insurmountable hurdles in the global war on terrorism. The situation calls for greater engagement with the public, as the necessary eyes and ears of the global anti-terrorism coalition. However, to be effective the public must be equipped with the knowledge of how, why, and where an individual becomes a terrorist. This is the primary goal of this set, which seeks to answer one central question: What do we currently know about the transformation through which an individual becomes a terrorist? Overall, we have learned that the transformation through which an individual becomes a terrorist involves a variety of complex and intertwined issues. A single contributing factor--such as personal religious conviction, widespread poverty, or an oppressive government--may not necessarily lead to the formation of terrorist organizations. However, the current body of research on terrorism suggests that a combination of factors will, in most cases, result in some form of terrorism. This combination differs widely by region, and at minimum involves motivations, opportunities, contexts, processes, personal disposition, and preparation. Volume I deals with recruitment means and methods, and includes discussions of psychological, social, ideological, and religious dimensions of recruitment. Volume II addresses the training of terrorists, including teaching tools and training manuals, and it includes fascinating case studies from Al Qaeda, Hezbollah, Aum Shinrikyo, Christian militias, and other groups. Volume III is devoted to root causes, including their political, religious, and socioeconomic dimensions. Appendices to these volumes feature profiles of terrorist organizations, samples of terrorist training manuals, and recommended resources for the study of terrorism.

The Making of a Terrorist Recruitment

The Salafi Dimension The term Salafi has been frequently used interchangeably
with Wahhabi to describe the militant and puritanical interpretation of Islam .
Salafi adherents are viewed as potential supporters of global terror . Salafism is ...

The Making of a Terrorist  Recruitment

Author: James J. F. Forest

Publisher: Praeger

ISBN:

Page: 446

View: 436

Global terrorism has become a frightening reality. The situation calls for greater engagement with the public, as the necessary eyes and ears of the global anti-terrorism coalition. However, to be effective the public must be equipped with the knowledge of how, why, and where an individual becomes a terrorist. This is the primary goal of this set, which seeks to answer one central question: What do we currently know about the transformation through which an individual becomes a terrorist?

Sufis and Salafis in the Contemporary Age

3 Richard Gauvain (2013), Salafi Ritual Purity, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. ...
London: Saqi Books; For Mawdudi see Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr (1996), Mawdudi
and the Making of Islamic Revivalism, Oxford: New York University Press.

Sufis and Salafis in the Contemporary Age

Author: Lloyd Ridgeon

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472532236

Page: 312

View: 418

Sufis and Salafis in the Contemporary Age explores the dynamics at play between what are usually understood as two very different forms of Islam, namely Sufism and Salafism. Sufism is commonly understood as the peaceful and mystical dimension of Islam whereas Salafism is perceived as strictly pietistic and moralist, and for some it conjures up images of violent manifestations of Islam. Of course these generalisations require more nuanced investigation, and this book provides a number of case studies from around the Islamic world to unpack the intricate relationship between the two. The diversity of the case studies that focus on Islamic groups in India, Iraq, Egypt, Morocco, Turkey and South East Europe reflect the multiplicity of relationships that exist between the Salafis and Sufis. The specific case studies are framed by an introduction that provides essential historical background and definitions of the terms, and also by general studies of the Sufi–Salafi relationship which enable the reader to focus on the large picture. This will be the first book to investigate the relationship between Sufism and Salafism in such a wide fashion, and includes chapters on "traditional" Sufis, as well as from those who consider that Sufism and Salafism are not necessarily contradictory.

Localising Salafism

... encompassing developments and represents an era when religious changes
at the regional, national and global level were making impacts in a wide array of
localities. Not only did this affect the ways Salafism was practised and adhered to
, ...

Localising Salafism

Author: Terje Østebø

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004217495

Page: 408

View: 143

With a particular focus on the role of situated actors, this book sheds light on the emergence and expansion of Salafism in Bale, Ethiopia from the late 1960s, through the Marxist period (1974-1991) before discussing the rapid expansion and fragmentation of the movement in the 1990s until 2006.

Salafism in Lebanon

Marked by compromise and political horse-trading, the movement's confessional
politics entailed making bargains with both Hezbollah and Salafists, not in the
least for maintaining the leadership of the country and leading the Sunni ...

Salafism in Lebanon

Author: Robert G. Rabil

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 1626161178

Page: 304

View: 658

Salafism, comprised of fundamentalist Islamic movements whose adherents consider themselves the only “saved” sect of Islam, has been little studied, remains shrouded in misconceptions, and has provoked new interest as Salafists have recently staked a claim to power in some Arab states while spearheading battles against “infidel” Arab regimes during recent rebellions in the Arab world. Robert G. Rabil examines the emergence and development of Salafism into a prominent religious movement in Lebanon, including the ideological and sociopolitical foundation that led to the three different schools of Salafism in Lebanon: quietist Salafists, Haraki (active) Salafists; and Salafi Jihadists. Emphasizing their manhaj (methodology) toward politics, the author surveys Salafists’ ideological transformation from opponents to supporters of political engagement. Their antagonism to Hezbollah, which they denounce as the party of Satan, has risen exponentially following the party’s seizure of Beirut in 2008 and support of the tyrannical Syrian regime. Salafism in Lebanon also demonstrates how activists and jihadi Salafists, in response to the political weakness of Sunni leadership, have threatened regional and international security by endorsing violence and jihad. Drawing on field research trips, personal interviews, and Arabic primary sources, the book explores the relationship between the ideologies of the various schools of Salafism and their praxis in relation to Lebanese politics. The book should interest students and scholars of Islamic movements, international affairs, politics and religion, and radical groups and terrorism.

The Terrorist Perspectives Project

Sageman , Understanding Terror Networks , 7 , Vincenzo Oliveti , Terror's Source
: The Ideology of Wahhabi - Salafism and Its ... Abd Samad Moussaoui with
Florcen Bouquillat , Zacarias Moussaoui : The Making of a Terrorist , trans .

The Terrorist Perspectives Project

Author: Mark Stout

Publisher: Naval Inst Press

ISBN:

Page: 261

View: 205

"[This] book synthesizes the perspectives of Osama bin Laden and his fellow Salafi jihadists on how to wage war on their enemies. Initiated by a team of experts from the Institute for Defense Analyses, [this book] provides raw insights to help U.S. military and civilian policymakers, planners, and educators better understand the minds of terrorists. In assembling strategic and operational perspectives of al Qaida and Associated Movements (AQAM), the authors focus on the Salafi jihadists' intellectual leadership and many of their followers, who constitute the vanguard of the global jihad and share a common enemy-- the United States"--Page 4 of cover.

Global and Local Televangelism

... the making ofapublicspace for fundamentalist groups touse these collective
anxieties asa pretextformobilizing members, developing bureaucratic
organizations,and formulating policy alternatives (Entelis 1999).
Salafisbelievethat Islam ...

Global and Local Televangelism

Author: P. Thomas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137264810

Page: 250

View: 965

An exploration of the many faces of televangelism in our world today, including Christian, Islamic and Hindu. The collection analyses the correspondences and major differences between global and local televangelism, focusing on the main individuals involved in televangelism, their practices and the social and cultural impact of their ministries.

Resurrection and Renewal

The Making of the Babi Movement in Iran, 1844-1850 Abbas Amanat ... Yet it
would be wrong to believe that the Salafi mindset — of return to the ways of the
pious forebears of early Islamic generations — was a monopoly of the Sunni
world .

Resurrection and Renewal

Author: Abbas Amanat

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781890688424

Page: 461

View: 946

Political Islam Case studies Africa Iran Europe Asia

In addition to France , sizeable communities that follow the tenets of Salafism are
found in Belgium , the Netherlands ... In August 1998 , Hattab's followers joined
the GSPC , making it not only the main Algerian terrorist group , but also the main
 ...

Political Islam  Case studies   Africa  Iran  Europe  Asia

Author: Barry M. Rubin

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780415421348

Page: 416

View: 402

Organized into sections, this book discusses the origins and world view of political Islam and its relationship with issues of terrorism and democracy. This three-volume collection also includes case studies that examine the ideas, strategy, tactics, leadership and opposition to the movement both in the Middle East and in other parts of the world.

Europe s Angry Muslims

Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr, Mawdudi and the Making of Islamic Revivalism (Oxford:
Oxford University Press, 1996), 31 ... Old Salafism meant to compete socially,
economically, politically, and ideologically with the West; new Salafism ignores ...

Europe s Angry Muslims

Author: Robert Leiken

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199752621

Page: 368

View: 562

Europe's Angry Muslims traces the routes, expectations and destinies of immigrant parents and the plight of their children, transporting both the general reader and specialist from immigrants' ancestral villages to their new enclaves in Europe. It guides readers through Islamic nomenclature, chronicles the motive force of the Islamist narrative, offers them lively portraits of jihadists, and takes them inside radical mosques and into the minds of suicide bombers. Through interviews of former radicals and security agents and examination of the sermons of radical imams, Robert Leiken presents an unsentimental yet compassionate account of Islam's growing presence in the West. His nuanced and authoritative analysis-historical, sociological, theological and anthropological-warns that conflating rioters and Islamists, folk and fundamentalist Muslims, pietists and jihadis, and immigrants and their children is the method of strategic incoherence. Now with a new preface analyzing the rise of ISIL, this book offers a cogent overview of how global terror and its responding foreign policy interacts with the lives of Muslim, first-and second generation immigrants in Europe.

Die Welt des Islams

YŪSUF AL - ' UYAIRĪ AND THE MAKING OF A REVOLUTIONARY SALAFI
PRAXIS BY ROEL MEIJER Nijmegen Abstract Yūsuf al - ' Uyairī was the first
leader of al - Qaeda on the Arabian Peninsula . Besides being part of the al -
Qaeda ...

Die Welt des Islams

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 885

Impact International

Though they may not be listened to for the time being , the point they are making
is bound have its own impact , in course of ... Furthermore , salafism Farid
Zakariya , approvingly quoting believed in the rational explanation of Stephen
Schwartz ...

Impact International

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 348

Fault Lines in Global Jihad

The second stream in al-Qa'ida is that of Salafism, a puritanical theological
movement that insists first and foremost on purifying the creedal beliefs and
practices of errant Muslims.1 The Salafis are intent on making distinctions
between those ...

Fault Lines in Global Jihad

Author: Assaf Moghadam

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136710582

Page: 288

View: 901

This book deals with the causes, nature, and impact of the divisions within the jihadi movement, and the splits between jihadis and other Islamic groups.