In this edition an introduction outlines the historical background, and there is a valuable survey of the subsequent discussions of the problem of space and time in the philosophy of science.
Author: Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz
Publisher: Manchester University Press
In 1715 the German philosopher Leibniz warned his friend the Princess of Wales of the dangers posed to religion by Newton's ideas. This book presents extracts from Leibniz's letters to Newtonian scientist Samuel Clarke.
This penetrating book is the first to offer a comprehensive overview and commentary on the Leibniz-Clarke correspondence.
Author: Ezio Vailati
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The correspondence between Leibniz and Samuel Clarke was the most influential philosophical exchange of the eighteenth century, and indeed one of the most significant such exchanges in the history of philosophy. Carried out in 1715 and 1716, the debate focused on the clash between Newtonian and Leibnizian world systems, involving disputes in physics, theology, and metaphysics. The letters ranged over an extraordinary array of topics, including divine immensity and eternity, the relation of God to the world, free will, gravitation, the existence of atoms and the void, and the size of the universe. This penetrating book is the first to offer a comprehensive overview and commentary on the Leibniz-Clarke correspondence. Building his narrative around general subjects covered in the exchange--God, the soul, space and time, miracles and nature, matter and force--Ezio Vailati devotes special attention to a question crucial for Leibniz and Clarke alike. Both philosophers, worried by the advance of naturalism and its consequences for morality, devised complex systems to counter naturalism and reinforce natural religion. However, they not only deeply disagreed on how to answer the naturalist threat, but they ended up seeing in each other's views the germs of naturalism itself. Vailati rigorously tracks the twists and turns of this argument, shedding important new light on a critical moment in modern philosophy. Lucid, taut, and energetically written, this book not only examines the Leibniz-Clarke debate in unprecedented depth but also situates the views advanced by the two men in the context of their principal writings. An invaluable reference to a fascinating exchange of ideas, Leibniz and Clarke makes vital reading for philosophers and historians of science and theology.
After Leibniz's death in 1716, Clarke published an edition of their philosophical correspondence--a wide-ranging discussion of the nature of God, human souls, free will and indifference of choice, space and time, the vacuum, miracles, and ...
Author: Gottfried Wilhelm Freiherr von Leibniz
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
After Leibniz's death in 1716, Clarke published an edition of their philosophical correspondence--a wide-ranging discussion of the nature of God, human souls, free will and indifference of choice, space and time, the vacuum, miracles, and matter and force. Clarke included his own letters, his translations of Leibniz's letters, and some translated passages from Leibniz's French and Latin works that helped to illuminate their exchanges.
10 Leibniz argues that the identity of indiscernibles follows from the principle of
sufficient reason. He concedes that the ... 10 Leibniz's Fourth Paper to Clarke (
Gerhardt, 7:372; The Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence, 37). 11 Leibniz's Fifth
Author: Antonia LoLordo
Publisher: Oxford Philosophical Concepts
What is a person? Why do we count certain beings as persons and others not? How is the concept of a person distinct from the concept of a human being, or from the concept of the self? When and why did the concept of a person come into existence? What is the relationship between moral personhood and metaphysical personhood? How has their relationship changed over the last two millennia? This volume presents a genealogy of the concept of a person. It demonstrates how personhood--like the other central concepts of philosophy, law, and everyday life--has gained its significance not through definition but through the accretion of layers of meaning over centuries. We can only fully understand the concept by knowing its history. Essays show further how the concept of a person has five main strands: persons are particulars, roles, entities with special moral significance, rational beings, and selves. Thus, to count someone or something as a person is simultaneously to describe it--as a particular, a role, a rational being, and a self--and to prescribe certain norms concerning how it may act and how others may act towards it. A group of distinguished thinkers and philosophers here untangle these and other insights about personhood, asking us to reconsider our most fundamental assumptions of the self.
... in Mendelssohn's background is that of Leibniz, and Leibniz was famous,
especially in the mid-eighteenth century, when such late publications as the
Monadology and the Leibniz-Clarke correspondence were the best-known of his
Author: Paul Guyer
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Reason and Experience in Mendelssohn and Kant provides the first in-depth examination of the lifelong intellectual relationship between two of the greatest figures of the European Enlightenment, Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) and Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786). Both were engaged in a common project of striking the right balance between rationalism and empiricism. They sometimes borrowed from one another, often disagreed with one another, and can usefully be compared even when they did not directly interact. Guyer examines a series of comparisons and contrasts: their arguments and conclusions on a range of metaphysical issues, including proofs of the existence of God, immortality, and idealism; their shared interests in aesthetics; and their path-breaking work on the "religion of reason" and the separation of church and state. Setting the work of both philosophers in historical context, Guyer shows that, where Kant sometimes provides deeper insight into the underlying structure of human thought, Mendelssohn is often the deeper student of the variety of human experience. This is evident above all in their treatments of aesthetics and religion: Mendelssohn recognizes more deeply than Kant the emotional impact of art, and while Kant imagines that organized religion will one day be superseded by pure morality, Mendelssohn argued that organized religion in all its varieties seems here to stay, and so toleration for religious variety is an inescapable requirement of human morality. Based on an exhaustive study of a wide range of texts, this study demonstrates the on-going relevance of Kant and Mendelssohn to modern thought.
The correspondence between Leibniz and Samuel Clarke (1715-??) was probably the most famous and influential philosophical exchange of the eighteenth century.
Author: Ezio Vailati
The correspondence between Leibniz and Samuel Clarke (1715-??) was probably the most famous and influential philosophical exchange of the eighteenth century. It focused on the clash between the Newtonian and Leibnizian world systems, involving disputes in physics, theology, and metaphysics. The letters ranged over an extraordinary array of topics: divine immensity and eternity, the relation of God to the world, the soul and its relation to the body, free will, space and time, the nature of miracles, the nature of matter, the existence of atoms and the void, the size of the universe, and the nature of motive force. Vailati's book provides a comprehensive overview and commentary on this important body of letters. He not only identifies and evaluates the various arguments, but situates the views advanced by the correspondents in the context of their principal writings.
Abraham Anderson. principle of Descartes, Locke, and Clarke. This consists in
the fact that ... Al-Azm claims to have found the source of the theses and
antitheses in the Antinomy in the Leibniz-Clarke correspondence. In citing Al-
Azm, I am not ...
Author: Abraham Anderson
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
"Kant, Hume, and the Interruption of Dogmatic Slumber argues that Hume inspired Kant's Critique of Pure Reason not by challenging empirical knowledge, but by attacking metaphysics and the proofs of the existence of God. It shows that both Kant and Hume were primarily interested not in scepticism about science or ordinary experience but in a question of much greater existential and political importance: whether the belief in God can be based on proof. It thereby helps us see the problem of knowledge in Kant and Hume as champions of the Enlightenment in its struggle with superstition"--
Alexander, ed., The Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence, 22 C ii, sec. 6 and 7 (my
emphasis). 88. See, for example, Gerhardt, Die philosophischen Schriften, 357f.
L ii: “La simple production de tout marqueroit bien la puissance de Dieu; mais
Author: Antje Jackelen
Publisher: Templeton Foundation Press
What is time? Is there a link between objective knowledge about time and subjective experience of time? And what is eternity? Does religion have the answer? Does science? Antje Jackelén investigates the problem and concept of time. Her analysis of the subject includes: The notion of time and eternity as it is narrated through Christian hymn books stemming from Germany, Sweden, and the English-speaking world, with insights into changes of the concept and understanding of time in Christian spirituality over the past few decades; Theological approaches to time and eternity, as well as a look at Trinitarian theology and its relation to time; The discussion of scientific theories of time, including Newtonian, relativistic, quantum, and chaos theories; The formulation of a "theology of time," a theological-mathematical model incorporating relational thinking oriented towards the future, the doctrine of trinity, and the notion of eschatology. --From publisher's description.
DOMENICO BERTOLONI MELI 16 Newton and the Leibniz - Clarke
correspondence INTRODUCTION Between 1715 and 1716 Gottfried Wilhelm
Leibniz and Samuel Clarke were engaged in a theological and philosophical
dispute mediated ...
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Newton's philosophical analysis of space and time /Robert Disalle --Newton's concepts of force and mass, with notes on the Laws of Motion /I. Bernard Cohen --Curvature in Newton's dynamics /J. Bruce Brackenridge and Michael Nauenberg --Methodology of the Principia /George E. Smith --Newton's argument for universal gravitation /William Harper --Newton and celestial mechanics /Curtis Wilson --Newton's optics and atomism /Alan E. Shapiro --Newton's metaphysics /Howard Stein --Analysis and synthesis in Newton's mathematical work /Niccolò Guicciardini --Newton, active powers, and the mechanical philosophy /Alan Gabbey --Background to Newton's chymistry /William Newman --Newton's alchemy /Karin Figala --Newton on prophecy and the Apocalypse /Maurizio Mamiani --Newton and eighteenth-century Christianity /Scott Mandelbrote --Newton versus Leibniz : from geomentry to metaphysics /A. Rupert Hall --Newton and the Leibniz-Clarke correspondence /Domenico Bertoloni Meli.