The Iranian Talmud reexamines the Babylonian Talmud—one of Judaism's most central texts—in the light of Persian literature and culture, providing an unprecedented and accessible overview to the vibrant world of pre-Islamic Iran that ...
Author: Shai Secunda
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
The Iranian Talmud reexamines the Babylonian Talmud—one of Judaism's most central texts—in the light of Persian literature and culture, providing an unprecedented and accessible overview to the vibrant world of pre-Islamic Iran that shaped the Bavli.
In the final chapter of my previous monograph, The Iranian Talmud. Reading the
Bavli in its Sasanian Context, I offer an approach to this problem.” First, I note that
decades spent sharpening philological skills have given Talmudists the ability ...
Author: Shai Secunda
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
The Talmud's Red Fence explores how rituals and beliefs concerning menstruation in the Babylonian Talmud and neighboring Sasanian religious texts were animated by difference and differentiation. It argues that the practice and development of menstrual rituals in Babylonian Judaism was a product of the religious terrain of the Sasanian Empire, where groups like Syriac Christians, Mandaeans, Zoroastrians, and Jews defined themselves in part based on how they approached menstrual impurity. It demonstrates that menstruation was highly charged in Babylonian Judaism and Sasanian Zoroastrian, where menstrual discharge was conceived of as highly productive female seed yet at the same time as stemming from either primordial sin (Eve eating from the tree) or evil (Ahrimen's kiss). It argues that competition between rabbis and Zoroastrians concerning menstrual purity put pressure on the Talmudic system, for instance in the unusual development of an expert diagnostic system of discharges. It shows how Babylonian rabbis seriously considered removing women from the home during the menstrual period, as Mandaeans and Zoroastrians did, yet in the end deemed this possibility too "heretical." Finally, it examines three cases of Babylonian Jewish women initiating menstrual practices that carved out autonomous female space. One of these, the extension of menstrual impurity beyond the biblically mandated seven days, is paralleled in both Zoroastrian Middle Persian and Mandaic texts. Ultimately, Talmudic menstrual purity is shown to be driven by difference in its binary structure of pure and impure; in gendered terms; on a social axis between Jews and Sasanian non-Jewish communities; and textually in the way the Palestinian and Babylonian Talmuds took shape in late antiquity.
2013. The Iranian Talmud: Reading the Bavli in Its Sasanian Context.
Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. Simon-Shoshan, Moshe. 2012.
Stories of the Law: Narrative Discourse and the Construction of Authority in the
Author: Jordan D. Rosenblum
Publisher: University of California Press
Though ancient rabbinic texts are fundamental to analyzing the history of Judaism, they are also daunting for the novice to read. Rabbinic literature presumes tremendous prior knowledge, and its fascinating twists and turns in logic can be disorienting. Rabbinic Drinking helps learners at every level navigate this brilliant but mystifying terrain by focusing on rabbinic conversations about beverages, such as beer and wine, water, and even breast milk. By studying the contents of a drinking vessel—including the contexts and practices in which they are imbibed—Rabbinic Drinking surveys key themes in rabbinic literature to introduce readers to the main contours of this extensive body of historical documents. Features and Benefits: Contains a broad array of rabbinic passages, accompanied by didactic and rich explanations and contextual discussions, both literary and historical Thematic chapters are organized into sections that include significant and original translations of rabbinic texts Each chapter includes in-text references and concludes with a list of both referenced works and suggested additional readings
International conference proceedings, 2007, UCLA.
Author: Carol Bakhos
Publisher: Mohr Siebrek Ek
Scholars of rabbinics and Iranists are increasingly turning to the orbit of Iranian civilization in order to explore the extent to which the Babylonian Talmud was exposed to the theological and liturgical discourse of the Zoroastrian religion, as well as Sasanian legal practices. Here possibly for the first time, scholars within these fields are brought together in concert to examine the interaction between Jewish and Iranian cultures in terms of legal exegesis, literature, and religious thought. The implications of this groundbreaking effort are vastly significant for Jewish and Iranian Studies. With contributions by: Yaakov Elman, David Goodblatt, Geoffrey Herman, Richard Kalmin, Maria Macuch, Jason Sion Mokhtarian, Shai Secunda, Shaul Shaked, Prods Oktor SkjAervo, Yuhan Sohrab-Dinshaw Vevaina
Since Babylon was a part of the Iranian world and , as one scholar has noted , “
Iranian cultural influences are manifest ” in it , the Babylonian Talmud might
without too much exaggeration be called an “ Iranian Talmud . ” Many of these ...
Author: Richard Foltz
Publisher: Oneworld Publications Limited
Tells the story of Iran's shaping and transmitting of the world's religions, starting with the Iranian merchants and missionaries who brought, not only Islam but also Christianity, Judaism, and Buddhism to China.
... north of the Holy Land , the ten lost tribes were forced to go to the east , toward
Persia . Babylon , the former hub of Judaism , was an Iranian province for more
than a thousand years , including the period during which the Talmud was written
Author: Habib Lavi
Publisher: Mazda Pub
"This book, the first comprehensive source on an important topic, not only describes briefly the history of Jews in ancient Iran (Persia) but covers all periods, particularly the 19th and 20th centuries."--BOOK JACKET.
This work will help us understand the social and religious history of the Iranshahr (Realm of the Iranians) and their interaction with the Jewish population of late antiquity.”—Touraj Daryaee, Maseeh Chair in Persian Studies and Culture ...
Author: Jason Sion Mokhtarian
Publisher: Univ of California Press
"Rabbis, Sorcerers, Kings, and Priests brings into mutual fruition the fields of Talmudic Studies and Ancient Iranology, two historically distinct disciplines. Mokhtarian offers a revisionist history of the rabbis of late antique Persia who produced the Babylonian Talmud, perhaps the most important corpus in the Jewish sacred canon. While most research on the Talmud assumes that the rabbis were an insular group isolated from the cultural horizon outside of the rabbinic academies, this book contextualizes the rabbis and Talmud within a broader socio-cultural orbit by drawing from a wide range of sources from Sasanian Iran, including Middle Persian Zoroastrian literature, archaeological evidence, and the Jewish Aramaic magical bowls"--Provided by publisher.
The Roman Empire was on a gold standard , after the reforms of Diocletian ; the
Iranian Empires were on a silver standard of currency.35 The large fair , so
prominent a feature of Roman economic life , was unknown in Babylon . 3. This
Author: Louis Jacobs
Provides four detailed understandings of the nature and scope of the Babylonian Talmud, outlining the state-of-the-art studies of the subject as well as some problems still awaiting solution, such as who were the actual editors of the Bavli and how they went about their work. This is followed by seven comprehensive examinations of the Talmudic method as seen from the complete unit of the Talmud, the Sugya. The concluding section of the books deals with Rabbinics, the works of post-Talmudic scholars who sought to bring the Talmudic discussions to life in the Jewish community.
This book surveys the references to a Jewish government in writings concerning Babylonian Jewry in late antiquity.
Author: Jacob Neusner
This book surveys the references to a Jewish government in writings concerning Babylonian Jewry in late antiquity. It draws together the diverse sources that tell stories about the Jewish administration of its minority in the region. Most of these derive from the Babylonian Talmud, the writings of the sages, or rabbis, who served as clerks in the Jewish court-government of the Jewish nation in the Iranian empire. This volume presents in condensed form the pertinent chapters of the former series History of the Jews in Babylonia originally published by E.J. Brill. Co-published with Studies in Judaism.