The Intellectual Origins of Modernity

This book attests the importance of reason, which remains a powerful critical weapon of humankind against the idols that have come out of modernity: totalitarianism, fundamentalism, the golem of technology, genetic engineering and a ...

The Intellectual Origins of Modernity

Author: David Ohana

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351110500

Page: 240

View: 361

The Intellectual Origins of Modernity explores the long and winding road of modernity from Rousseau to Foucault and its roots, which are not to be found in a desire for enlightenment or in the idea of progress but in the Promethean passion of Western humankind. Modernity is the Promethean passion, the passion of humans to be their own master, to use their insight to make a world different from the one that they found, and to liberate themselves from their immemorial chains. This passion created the political ideologies of the nineteenth century and made its imprint on the totalitarian regimes that arose in their wake in the twentieth. Underlying the Promethean passion there was modernity—humankind's project of self-creation—and enlightenment, the existence of a constant tension between the actual and the desirable, between reality and the ideal. Beneath the weariness, the exhaustion and the skepticism of post-modernist criticism is a refusal to take Promethean horizons into account. This book attests the importance of reason, which remains a powerful critical weapon of humankind against the idols that have come out of modernity: totalitarianism, fundamentalism, the golem of technology, genetic engineering and a boundless will to power. Without it, the new Prometheus is liable to return the fire to the gods.

A Revolution of the Mind

"This book succeeds beautifully. Written with confidence and concision, it lays out Jonathan Israel's central ideas about the Radical Enlightenment and its fundamental importance in shaping the values of democratic modernity.

A Revolution of the Mind

Author: Jonathan Israel

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691152608

Page: 276

View: 455

Declaration of Human Rights.

Modern Mind

Peter Watson has produced a fluent and engaging narrative of the intellectual tradition of the twentieth century, and the men and women who created it.

Modern Mind

Author: Peter Watson

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0060084383

Page: 864

View: 457

From Freud to Babbitt, from Animal Farm to Sartre to the Great Society, from the Theory of Relativity to counterculture to Kosovo, The Modern Mind is encyclopedic, covering the major writers, artists, scientists, and philosophers who produced the ideas by which we live. Peter Watson has produced a fluent and engaging narrative of the intellectual tradition of the twentieth century, and the men and women who created it.

Whither China

... Benjamin Constant and the Making of Modern Liberalism (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1984). 29 See Pierre Manent, An Intellectual History of ...

Whither China

Author: John David Kadvany

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

ISBN:

Page: 391

View: 599

DIVChinese cultural and intellectual politics waned after the Tiananmen Square incident. This volume explores their revitalization in the 1990s./div

Modernist Impulses in the Human Sciences 1870 1930

My view of historicism follows one usage common in intellectual history and ... Calinescu, Five Faces of Modernity, pt. ij Renato Poggioli, The Theory of ...

Modernist Impulses in the Human Sciences  1870 1930

Author: Dorothy Ross

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 379

View: 577

Modernism is currently at the center of debate in intellectual history and throughout the humanities, a debate generated in part by the advent of postmodernism. While much has been written about the modernist movement in the arts at the turn of the century, this is the first book since H. Stuart Hughes's Consciousness and Society to examine modernism in the human sciences and adjacent areas of philosophy and natural science. It is also the first book to explore that history in light of the contemporary debate.

Cuban Counterpoint Tobacco and Sugar

... most important books of Latin American and Caribbean intellectual history. ... shows Ortiz to be newly relevant to contemporary debates about modernity ...

Cuban Counterpoint  Tobacco and Sugar

Author: Fernando Ortiz

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 312

View: 424

First published in 1940 and long out of print, Fernando Ortiz’s classic work, Cuban Counterpoint is recognized as one of the most important books of Latin American and Caribbean intellectual history. Ortiz’s examination of the impact of sugar and tobacco on Cuban society is unquestionably the cornerstone of Cuban studies and a key source for work on Caribbean culture generally. Though written over fifty years ago, Ortiz’s study of the formation of a national culture in this region has significant implications for contemporary postcolonial studies. Ortiz presents his understanding of Cuban history in two complementary sections written in contrasting styles: a playful allegorical tale narrated as a counterpoint between tobacco and sugar and a historical analysis of their development as the central agricultural products of the Cuban economy. Treating tobacco and sugar both as agricultural commodities and as social characters in a historical process, he examines changes in their roles as the result of transculturation. His work shows how transculturation, a critical category Ortiz developed to grasp the complex transformation of cultures brought together in the crucible of colonial and imperial histories, can be used to illuminate not only the history of Cuba, but, more generally, that of America as well. This new edition includes an introductory essay by Fernando Coronil that provides a contrapuntal reading of the relationship between Ortiz’s book and its original introduction by the renowned anthropologist Bronislaw Malinowski. Arguing for a distinction between theory production and canon formation, Coronil demonstrates the value of Ortiz’s book for anthropology as well as Cuban, Caribbean, and Latin American studies, and shows Ortiz to be newly relevant to contemporary debates about modernity, postmodernism, and postcoloniality.

An Intellectual History of Modern Europe

With the unifying theme of the Enlightenment tradition and two introductory chapters on the evolution of Western intellectual tradition, the text provides students with the framework and background they need to understand the history of ...

An Intellectual History of Modern Europe

Author: Marvin Perry

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin College Division

ISBN: 9780395653487

Page: 503

View: 474

With the unifying theme of the Enlightenment tradition and two introductory chapters on the evolution of Western intellectual tradition, the text provides students with the framework and background they need to understand the history of modern European thought. The nineteenth and the first half of the twentieth centuries are examined in relation to the Enlightenment.

Encyclopedia of American Cultural Intellectual History

Modernity demanded — after the organized Left had collapsed at any rate — scholarly attention to sex, gender, and race as well as social class.

Encyclopedia of American Cultural   Intellectual History

Author: Gale Group

Publisher: Macmillan Reference USA

ISBN:

Page: 873

View: 237

A study of American thought and culture throughout history examines the individuals and documents that revealed significant ideas, issues, and movements.

Confucian Traditions in East Asian Modernity

For a general account of Confucianism in modern Japan, see Warren W. Smith, ... in Modern Japan: A Study of Conservatism in Japanese Intellectual History ...

Confucian Traditions in East Asian Modernity

Author: Weiming Tu

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 418

View: 389

How Confucian traditions have shaped styles of being modern in Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore presents a particular challenge to the intellectual community. Explorations of Confucian network capitalism, meritocratic democracy, and liberal education have practical implications for a sense of self, community, economy, and polity. Seventeen scholars, of varying fields of study, here bring their differing perspectives to a consideration of the Confucian role in industrial East Asia. Confucian concerns such as self-cultivation, regulation of the family, social civility, moral education, well-being of the people, governance of the state, and universal peace provide a general framework for the study. The Confucian Problematik--how a fiduciary community can come into being through exemplary teaching and moral transformation--underlies much of the discussion. The contributors question all unexamined assumptions about the rise of industrial East Asia, at the same time exploring the ideas, norms, and values that underlie the moral fabric of East Asian societies. Is Confucian ethics a common discourse in industrial East Asia? The answer varies according to academic discipline, regional specialization, and personal judgment. Although there are conflicting interpretations and diverging perspectives, this study represents the current thinking of some of the most sophisticated minds on this vital and intriguing subject.

Continuity

Notes on the Contributors Erving E. Beauregard, Professor of History at University of ... West Germany, is a specialist in Medieval intellectual history.

Continuity

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 575

Louisiana History

However, a host of other ghosts, some as familiar as T. S. Eliot, and others not often noted outside the intellectual history of modernity, are evoked in an ...

Louisiana History

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 348

Basque Nationalism and Political Violence

The Ideological and Intellectual Origins of ETA Cameron Watson ... a country whose problematic transition to modernity in the nineteenth and twentieth ...

Basque Nationalism and Political Violence

Author: Cameron Watson

Publisher: Basque Studies Program/322

ISBN:

Page: 330

View: 223

This text examines the relationship between ideas and action through a historical account of how images of violence and warfare pervaded the discourse of Basque nationalism. Watson argues that a culture of political violence emerged within the Basque nationalist movement that eventually resulted in the 1959 creation of ETA.

The Intellectual Origins of Modernity

Habermas does not see the identification of modernity with enlightenment as self-evident but updates the Enlightenment to the end of the twentieth century ...

The Intellectual Origins of Modernity

Author: David Ohana

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351110497

Page: 246

View: 109

The Intellectual Origins of Modernity explores the long and winding road of modernity from Rousseau to Foucault and its roots, which are not to be found in a desire for enlightenment or in the idea of progress but in the Promethean passion of Western humankind. Modernity is the Promethean passion, the passion of humans to be their own master, to use their insight to make a world different from the one that they found, and to liberate themselves from their immemorial chains. This passion created the political ideologies of the nineteenth century and made its imprint on the totalitarian regimes that arose in their wake in the twentieth. Underlying the Promethean passion there was modernity—humankind's project of self-creation—and enlightenment, the existence of a constant tension between the actual and the desirable, between reality and the ideal. Beneath the weariness, the exhaustion and the skepticism of post-modernist criticism is a refusal to take Promethean horizons into account. This book attests the importance of reason, which remains a powerful critical weapon of humankind against the idols that have come out of modernity: totalitarianism, fundamentalism, the golem of technology, genetic engineering and a boundless will to power. Without it, the new Prometheus is liable to return the fire to the gods.

An Intellectual History of Liberalism

In Machiavelli modernity found an interpretation of itself that determined the orientation of the European mind, and hence of European political history, ...

An Intellectual History of Liberalism

Author: Pierre Manent

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691207194

Page: 152

View: 303

Highlighting the social tensions that confront the liberal tradition, Pierre Manent draws a portrait of what we, citizens of modern liberal democracies, have become. For Manent, a discussion of liberalism encompasses the foundations of modern society, its secularism, its individualism, and its conception of rights. The frequent incapacity of the morally neutral, democratic state to further social causes, he argues, derives from the liberal stance that political life does not serve a higher purpose. Through quick-moving, highly synthetic essays, he explores the development of liberal thinking in terms of a single theme: the decline of theological politics. The author traces the liberal stance to Machiavelli, who, in seeking to divorce everyday life from the pervasive influence of the Catholic church, separated politics from all notions of a cosmological order. What followed, as Manent demonstrates in his analyses of Locke, Hobbes, Rousseau, Guizot, and Constant, was the evolving concept of an individual with no goals outside the confines of the self and a state with no purpose but to prevent individuals from dominating one another. Weighing both the positive and negative effects of such a political arrangement, Manent raises important questions about the fundamental political issues of the day, among them the possibility of individual rights being reconciled with the necessary demands of political organization, and the desirability of a government system neutral about religion but not about public morals.