The Gettysburg Campaign

This book contends that Gettyburg was a crucial Union victory, primarily because of the effective leadership of Union forces—not, as has often been said, only because the North was the beneficiary of Lee's mistakes.

The Gettysburg Campaign

Author: Edwin B. Coddington

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0684845695

Page: 866

View: 694

The Battle of Gettyburg remains one of the most controversial military actions in America's history, and one of the most studied. Professor Coddington's is an analysis not only of the battle proper, but of the actions of both Union and Confederate armies for the six months prior to the battle and the factors affecting General Meade’s decision not to pursue the retreating Confederate forces. This book contends that Gettyburg was a crucial Union victory, primarily because of the effective leadership of Union forces—not, as has often been said, only because the North was the beneficiary of Lee's mistakes.

African Americans and the Gettysburg Campaign

The Gettysburg Gospel: the Lincoln Speech That Nobody Knows by Gabor Boritt (Simon & Schuster Lincoln Library, 2008) / 432 pages / 6 x 9 / $28.00 (cloth); $16.00 (paper) PubAlley: (cloth): 1,989 units; $55,709.27; (paper): 393 units; $6,291 ...

African Americans and the Gettysburg Campaign

Author: James M. Paradis

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 0810883368

Page: 182

View: 625

The Gettysburg Gospel: the Lincoln Speech That Nobody Knows by Gabor Boritt (Simon & Schuster Lincoln Library, 2008) / 432 pages / 6 x 9 / $28.00 (cloth); $16.00 (paper) PubAlley: (cloth): 1,989 units; $55,709.27; (paper): 393 units; $6,291.43 WorldCat: 1152 records The Colors of Courage: Gettysburg's Hidden History: Immigrants, Women, and African-Americans in the Civil War's Defining Battle by Margaret S. Creighton (Basic Books, 2006) / 360 pages / 6 x 9 / $26.00 (cloth); $17.50 (paper) PubAlley: (cloth): 1,466 units; $38,110.30; (paper): 291 units; $5,091.95 WorldCat: 742 records An African American History of the Civil War in Hampton Roads (VA) by Cassandra Newby-Alexander (The History Press, 2010) / 128 pages / 5.5 x 8.5 / $19.99 (paper) PubAlley: (paper): 85 units; $1,709.77 WorldCat: 72 records

The Gettysburg Campaign in Numbers and Losses

The raw data provided in The Gettysburg Campaign in Numbers and Losses should stimulate more detailed analysis of when, how, and why infantry, artillery and cavalry units sustained casualties in this campaign... this is a must-have book for ...

The Gettysburg Campaign in Numbers and Losses

Author: J. David Petruzzi

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781611210804

Page: 210

View: 322

The Gettysburg Campaign in Numbers and Losses is a full-color, master work decades in the making. Presented for the first time in print are comprehensive orders of battle for more than three dozen engagements both large and small waged during the five weeks of the Gettysburg Campaign (June 9 - July 14, 1863). Each presentation includes a synopsis of the engagement, photos of the commanders, an original full page map of the fighting, an order of battle with numbers and losses (including killed, wounded, captured, and missing), charts and graphs of relative strengths and losses, a conclusion of how the fighting affected each side and the course of the campaign, and a brief suggested reading list. J. David Petruzzi and Steven Stanley use a staggering array of primary resources to compile the text and craft the original maps, including the Official Records, soldier letters and diaries, period newspapers, regimental histories, reminiscences, muster rolls, and other published and unpublished sources. For the first time students of the campaign can turn page-by-page to read, visualize, and understand blow-by-blow how the unfolding action affected the individual corps, divisions, brigades, and regiments, and by extension influenced decision-making at the highest levels of command. The Gettysburg Campaign in Numbers and Losses: Synopses, Orders of Battle, Strengths, Casualties, and Maps, June 9 - July 14, 1863 is a stunning original presentation destined to become a constant companion for anyone interested in this always fascinating slice of Civil War history. About the Authors: J. David Petruzzi is an award-winning Civil War cavalry historian. He is the author of many articles for a wide variety of publications, and has written or co-authored several books including: (with Eric Wittenberg) Plenty of Blame to Go Around: Jeb Stuart's Controversial Ride to Gettysburg (Savas Beatie, 2006); (with Wittenberg and Michael F. Nugent) One Continuous Fight: The Retreat from Gettysburg and the Pursuit of Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, July 4-14, 1863 (Savas Beatie, 2008); and (with Steven Stanley) The Complete Gettysburg Guide: Walking and Driving Tours of the Battlefield, Town, Cemeteries, Field Hospital Sites, and other Topics of Historical Interest (Savas Beatie, 2009), winner of the U.S. Army Historical Foundation's 2009 Distinguished Writing Award, Reference Category. With Stanley, he also produced The Complete Gettysburg Guide: Audio Driving and Walking Tour, Volume One: The Battlefield (Savas Beatie, 2010). Steven Stanley lives in Gettysburg and is a graphic artist specializing in historical map design and battlefield photography. His maps, considered among the best in historical cartography, have been a longtime staple of the Civil War Trust and have helped raise millions of dollars for the Trust through their preservation appeals and interpretation projects. Steve's maps have appeared in a wide variety of publications. Co-authored by J. David Petruzzi, Steve produced the maps and the complete design of The Complete Gettysburg Guide: Walking and Driving Tours of the Battlefield, Town, Cemeteries, Field Hospital Sites, and other Topics of Historical Interest (Savas Beatie, 2009), the winner of the U.S. Army Historical Foundation's 2009 Distinguished Writing Award, Reference Category, as well as The Complete Gettysburg Guide: Audio Driving and Walking Tour, Volume One: The Battlefield (Savas Beatie, 2010). REVIEWS Veteran Gettysburg authors Petruzzi and Stanley (The Complete Gettysburg Guide) here provide a wealth of statistical information on the campaign. They used every source available to compile the most detailed presentation yet possible of the casualties suffered between June 9 and July 14, 1863. The book's 20 chapters provide summaries of over 40 battles, skirmishes, and sieges related to operations around Gettysburg. Included are itemized orders of battle for each engagement, charts showing the strength and losses of each side broken down by unit type, and maps of geography and maneuvers. Summaries of each skirmish or battle analyze casualties suffered and the impact of such losses on subsequent engagements.VERDICT The authors have met their stated purpose well. Anyone interested in the Gettysburg campaign, either in terms of the troops who served or the various battles and skirmishes related to it, should find this a useful source. Civil War historians will appreciate it as a valuable reference tool.--Matthew Wayman, Pennsylvania State Univ. Lib., Schuylkill Haven "J. David Petruzzi and Steven Stanley have produced a brilliant, cutting-edge book on the Gettysburg Campaign... Petruzzi's decades of research and Stanley's cartographic skills have been combined into a single volume that constitutes the authoritative source on Gettysburg casualty information and provides lucid maps of most of the Gettysburg Campaign... The raw data provided in The Gettysburg Campaign in Numbers and Losses should stimulate more detailed analysis of when, how, and why infantry, artillery and cavalry units sustained casualties in this campaign... this is a must-have book for anyone with a serious interest in the Gettysburg Campaign or the study of casualties in the Civil War. It is very highly recommended." - Civil War News "Anyone interested in the Gettysburg campaign, either in terms of the troops who served or the various battles and skirmishes related to it, should find this a useful source. Civil War historians will appreciate it as a valuable reference tool." - Library Journal "This volume is an indispensable addition to any Gettysburg reference collection. This is one of those rare books that will be equally useful to both amateur historians, who will find it an accessible guide, and seasoned scholars, who will wrestle with its implications for decades. When I am not carting it out to the battlefield, it will occupy a prominent place in my personal library." - Civil War Monitor

Last Chance For Victory

Last Chance for Victory addresses these issues by studying Lee's decisions and the military intelligence he possessed when each was made.Packed with new information and original research, Last Chance for Victory draws alarming conclusions ...

Last Chance For Victory

Author: Scott Bowden

Publisher: Da Capo Press

ISBN: 9780306812613

Page: 640

View: 816

Long after nearly fifty thousand soldiers shed their blood there, serious misunderstandings persist about Robert E. Lee's generalship at Gettysburg. What were Lee's choices before, during, and after the battle? What did he know that caused him to act as he did? Last Chance for Victory addresses these issues by studying Lee's decisions and the military intelligence he possessed when each was made.Packed with new information and original research, Last Chance for Victory draws alarming conclusions to complex issues with precision and clarity. Readers will never look at Robert E. Lee and Gettysburg the same way again.

The Maps of Gettysburg

Paired with each map is a fully detailed text describing the units, personalities, movements, and combat it depicts—including quotes from eyewitnesses—all of which bring the Gettysburg story to life.

The Maps of Gettysburg

Author: Bradley M. Gottfried

Publisher: Savas Beatie

ISBN: 1611210259

Page: 384

View: 747

A comprehensive collection of Civil War maps and battle plans that brought Union and Confederate forces to the largest battle ever fought on American soil. Thousands of books and articles have been written about Gettysburg—but the military operation itself remains one of the most complex and difficult to understand. Here, Bradley M. Gottfried gives readers a unique and thorough study of the campaign that decided the fate of a nation. Enriched with 144 detailed, full-page color maps comprising the entire campaign, The Maps of Gettysburg shows the action as it happened—down to the regimental and battery level, including the marches to and from the battlefield, and virtually every significant event in-between. Paired with each map is a fully detailed text describing the units, personalities, movements, and combat it depicts—including quotes from eyewitnesses—all of which bring the Gettysburg story to life. Perfect for the armchair historian or first-hand visitor to the hallowed ground, “no academic library can afford not to include The Maps of Gettysburg as part of their American Civil War Reference collections” (Midwest Book Review).

The Last Road North

This book takes the reader to sites associated with the Gettysburg Campaign by providing a stop-by-stop tour based on the Civil War Trails system.

The Last Road North

Author: Dan Welch

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781611212433

Page: 192

View: 151

Spies Scouts and Secrets in the Gettysburg Campaign

Everyone will appreciate reading about a familiar historic event from a perspective that is both new and enjoyable. One thing is certain: no one will close this book and look at the Gettysburg Campaign in the same way again.

Spies  Scouts  and Secrets in the Gettysburg Campaign

Author: Thomas J. Ryan

Publisher: Savas Beatie

ISBN: 1611211786

Page: 432

View: 718

As intelligence experts have long asserted, ÒInformation in regard to the enemy is the indispensable basis of all military plans.Ó Despite the thousands of books and articles written about Gettysburg, Tom RyanÕs groundbreaking Spies, Scouts, and Secrets in the Gettysburg Campaign: How the Critical Role of Intelligence Impacted the Outcome of LeeÕs Invasion of the North, June - July 1863 is the first to offer a unique and incisive comparative study of intelligence operations during what many consider the warÕs decisive campaign. Based upon years of indefatigable research, the author evaluates how Gen. Robert E. Lee used intelligence resources, including cavalry, civilians, newspapers, and spies to gather information about Union activities during his invasion of the North in June and July 1863, and how this information guided LeeÕs decision-making. Simultaneously, Ryan explores the effectiveness of the Union Army of the PotomacÕs intelligence and counterintelligence operations. Both Maj. Gens. Joe Hooker and George G. Meade relied upon cavalry, the Signal Corps, and an intelligence staff known as the Bureau of Military Information that employed innovative concepts to gather, collate, and report vital information from a variety of sources. The result is an eye-opening, day-by-day analysis of how and why the respective army commanders implemented their strategy and tactics, with an evaluation of their respective performance as they engaged in a battle of wits to learn the enemyÕs location, strength, and intentions. Spies, Scouts, and Secrets in the Gettysburg Campaign is grounded upon a broad foundation of archival research and a firm understanding of the theater of operations that specialists will especially value. Everyone will appreciate reading about a familiar historic event from a perspective that is both new and enjoyable. One thing is certain: no one will close this book and look at the Gettysburg Campaign in the same way again.

New Jersey Troops in the Gettysburg Campaign from June 5 to July 31 1863

This 19th-century book is a history of the New Jersey regiments involved in the engagements before, during and after the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863.

New Jersey Troops in the Gettysburg Campaign from June 5 to July 31  1863

Author: Samuel Toombs

Publisher: BIG BYTE BOOKS

ISBN:

Page: 406

View: 240

This 19th-century book is a history of the New Jersey regiments involved in the engagements before, during and after the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863.

The Gettysburg Campaign

"The Battle of Gettysburg attained a special aura that has distinguished it ever since.

The Gettysburg Campaign

Author: Carol Reardon

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 63

View: 918

"The Battle of Gettysburg attained a special aura that has distinguished it ever since. Boston journalist Charles Carleton Coffin dubbed it "the high water mark" of the rebellion, while others described it as the "turning point of the war." But it was President Lincoln who most eloquently expressed Gettysburg's significance. On 19 November 1863, Lincoln delivered "a few appropriate remarks" at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery that became known as the Gettysburg Address: "We here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain-that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom-and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth." --p. 61.

Cashtown During the Gettysburg Campaign 1863

Most of Geenral Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia marched through here. This is the story of this small community and its people during one of the most critical military campaigns in American history.

Cashtown During the Gettysburg Campaign  1863

Author: Suzanne Youngblood

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780615838793

Page: 78

View: 734

During the 1863 Gettysburg Campaign, Cashtown, Pennsylvania found itself in the middle of events. Most of Geenral Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia marched through here. This is the story of this small community and its people during one of the most critical military campaigns in American history

The Louisiana Tigers in the Gettysburg Campaign June July 1863

Appendices include an order of battle for East Cemetery Hill, a recap of the weather during the entire Gettysburg Campaign, a day-by-day chronology of the Tigers' movements and campsites, and the text of the official reports from General ...

The Louisiana Tigers in the Gettysburg Campaign  June July 1863

Author: Scott L. Mingus, Sr.

Publisher: LSU Press

ISBN: 0807159131

Page: 336

View: 809

Previous works on Confederate brigadier general Harry T. Hays's First Louisiana Brigade -- better known as the "Louisiana Tigers" -- have tended to focus on just one day of the Tigers' service -- their role in attacking East Cemetery Hill at Gettysburg on July 2, 1863 -- and have touched only lightly on the brigade's role at the Second Battle of Winchester, an important prelude to Gettysburg. In this commanding study, Scott L. Mingus, Sr., offers the first significant detailed exploration of the Louisiana Tigers during the entirety of the 1863 Gettysburg Campaign. Mingus begins by providing a sweeping history of the Louisiana Tigers; their predecessors, Wheat's Tigers; the organizational structure and leadership of the brigade in 1863; and the personnel that made up its ranks. Covering the Tigers' movements and battle actions in depth, he then turns to the brigade's march into the Shenandoah Valley and the Tigers' key role in defeating the Federal army at the Second Battle of Winchester. Combining soldiers' reminiscences with contemporary civilian accounts, Mingus breaks new ground by detailing the Tigers' march into Pennsylvania, their first trip to Gettysburg in the week before the battle, their two-day occupation of York, Pennsylvania -- the largest northern town to fall to the Confederate army -- and their march back to Gettysburg. He offers the first full-scale discussion of the Tigers' interaction with the local population during their invasion of Pennsylvania and includes detailed accounts of the citizens' reactions to the Tigers -- many not published since appearing in local newspapers over a century ago. Mingus explores the Tigers' actions on the first two days of the Battle of Gettysburg and meticulously recounts their famed assault on East Cemetery Hill, one of the pivotal moments of the battle. He closes with the Tigers' withdrawal from Gettysburg and their retreat into Virginia. Appendices include an order of battle for East Cemetery Hill, a recap of the weather during the entire Gettysburg Campaign, a day-by-day chronology of the Tigers' movements and campsites, and the text of the official reports from General Hays for Second Winchester and Gettysburg. Comprehensive and engaging, Mingus's exhaustive work constitutes the definitive account of General Hays's remarkable brigade during the critical summer of 1863.

Those Damned Black Hats

Those Damned Black Hats! is the first book-length account of their experiences during that fateful summer of 1863.

Those Damned Black Hats

Author: Lance J. Herdegen

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781932714838

Page: 323

View: 273

"I promise, you will know a lot more about Gettysburg when you finish reading Those Damned Black Hats!"---Midwest Book Review The Iron Brigade, an all-Western outfit famously branded as The Iron Brigade of the West, served entirely in the Eastern Theater. Hardy men were these soldiers from Indiana, Wisconsin, and Michigan, who waged war beneath their unique black Hardee Hats from Brawner's Farm during the Second Bull Run Campaign all the way to Appomattox. In between were memorable combats at South Mountain, Antietam, Chancellorsville, Mine Run, the Overland Campaign, and the grueling fighting around Petersburg. None of these battles compared with the "four long hours" of July 1, 1863, at Gettysburg, where the Iron Brigade was all but wrecked. Those Damned Black Hats! is the first book-length account of their experiences during that fateful summer of 1863. Drawing upon a wealth of sources, including dozens of unpublished or unused accounts, Herdegen details for the first time the exploits of the 2nd, 6th, and 9th Wisconsin, 19th Indiana, and 24th Michigan regiments during the entire campaign. On July I, the Westerners stood line-to-line and often face-to-face with their adversaries, who later referred to them as "those damned Black Hats." With the help of other comrades, the Hoosiers, Badgers, and Wolverines helped save the Army of the Potomac's defensive position west of town. Their heroics above Willoughby Run, along the Chambersburg Pike, and at the Railroad Cut helped define the opposing lines for the rest of the battle. Herdegen's account is much more than a battle study. The story of the fighting at the "Bloody Railroad Cut" is well known, but the attack and defense of McPherson's Ridge, the final stand at Seminary Ridge, the occupation of Culp's Hill, and the final pursuit of the Confederate Army has never been explored in sufficient depth or with such story telling ability. Herdegen completes the journey of the Black Hats with an account of the reconciliation at the 50th Anniversary Reunion and the Iron Brigade's place in Civil War history.

The Last Road North

Based on the Gettysburg Civil War Trails, and packed with dozens of lesser-known sites related to the Gettysburg Campaign, The Last Road North: A Guide to the Gettysburg Campaign offers the ultimate Civil War road trip.

The Last Road North

Author: Dan Welch

Publisher: Savas Beatie

ISBN: 1611212448

Page: 192

View: 715

"“I thought my men were invincible,” admitted Robert E. Lee. A string of battlefield victories through 1862 had culminated in the spring of 1863 with Lee’s greatest victory yet: the battle of Chancellorsville. Propelled by the momentum of that supreme moment, confident in the abilities of his men, Lee decided to once more take the fight to the Yankees and launched this army on another invasion of the North. An appointment with destiny awaited in the little Pennsylvania college town of Gettysburg. Historian Dan Welch follows in the footsteps of the Army of Northern Virginia and the Army of the Potomac as the two foes cat-and-mouse their way northward, ultimately clashing in the costliest battle in North American history. Based on the Gettysburg Civil War Trails, and packed with dozens of lesser-known sites related to the Gettysburg Campaign, The Last Road North: A Guide to the Gettysburg Campaign offers the ultimate Civil War road trip.

The Gettysburg Campaign

"The Battle of Gettysburg attained a special aura that has distinguished it ever since.

The Gettysburg Campaign

Author: Carol Reardon

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 63

View: 471

"The Battle of Gettysburg attained a special aura that has distinguished it ever since. Boston journalist Charles Carleton Coffin dubbed it "the high water mark" of the rebellion, while others described it as the "turning point of the war." But it was President Lincoln who most eloquently expressed Gettysburg's significance. On 19 November 1863, Lincoln delivered "a few appropriate remarks" at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery that became known as the Gettysburg Address: "We here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain-that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom-and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth." --p. 61.

Last Chance For Victory

Last Chance for Victory: Robert E. Lee and the Gettysburg Campaign addresses these issues by studying Lee's choices before, during, and after the battle, the information he possessed at the time and each decision that was made, and why he ...

Last Chance For Victory

Author: Scott Bowden

Publisher: Da Capo Press, Incorporated

ISBN:

Page: 624

View: 357

A groundbreaking and controversial reappraisal of the most written-about battle in American history

Imboden s Brigade in the Gettysburg Campaign

Steve French's Imboden's Brigade in the Gettysburg Campaign, the winner of the 2008 Bachelder-Coddington Award, the Gettysburg Civil War Round Table Book Award, and the Jefferson Davis Historical Gold Medal, is the first full-length book to ...

Imboden s Brigade in the Gettysburg Campaign

Author: Steve French

Publisher: Savas Publishing

ISBN: 1940669022

Page: 262

View: 113

John Daniel Imboden carved out one of the most unique and fascinating careers of the Civil War. In 1859, the lawyer and politician was commissioned a captain in the Staunton (Va.) Artillery. When war broke out in 1861, he served with his battery at Harpers Ferry and First Manassas. In 1862, Imboden raised the 1st Virginia Partisan Rangers and fought in Stonewall Jackson's famed Shenandoah Valley Campaign. A promotion to brigadier general followed in early 1863, as did daring cavalry raids. Imboden served until the end of the war, but it was his service during the Gettysburg Campaign for which he is best remembered. Steve French's Imboden's Brigade in the Gettysburg Campaign, the winner of the 2008 Bachelder-Coddington Award, the Gettysburg Civil War Round Table Book Award, and the Jefferson Davis Historical Gold Medal, is the first full-length book to tell the story of the general's "finest hour." The brigadier and his 1400-man Northwestern Virginia brigade, which included artillery, infantry and cavalry, spent most of the early days of the campaign raiding along the B&O Railroad in western Virginia, before guarding ammunition and supply trains in the rear of Lee's Army of Northern Virginia during the three-day (July 1-3, 1863) Battle of Gettysburg. The sharp Confederate defeat forced a hasty retreat , and Lee put Imboden in charge of escorting the wagons filled with thousands of wounded safely back to Virginia. After a harrowing journey beset by heavy rain and attacks by roving bands of Union cavalry, Imboden's seventeen-mile-long "wagon train of misery" finally reached Williamsport, Maryland, where the flooding Potomac River trapped them. On July 5-6, Imboden established a strong defensive position on a ridge outside of town and cobbled together a force of soldiers that included his own brigade, various Confederate units on their way to join the army, 600 teamsters, many walking wounded and over twenty cannons. Demonstrating sound judgment and outstanding bravery, this hastily organized force beat back attacks by two Union cavalry divisions in the "Wagoners Fight." Imboden's efforts saved the wagon train and thousands of men who would otherwise have been captured or killed. General Lee praised Imboden and reported that he "gallantly repulsed" the enemy troopers. French's Imboden's Brigade in the Gettysburg Campaign is based on scores of archival sources, newspaper accounts, and an excellent understanding of the terrain. The dozens of maps, photos, and illustrations, coupled with French's smooth prose, tells in riveting detail the full story of the often forgotten but absolutely critical role Imboden and his men played during the final fateful days of the Gettysburg Campaign.

The Complete Human Interest Stories of the Gettysburg Campaign

Using primary sources including diaries, pension records, historical collections, official records, journals, newspapers, and books, award-winning author Scott L. Mingus, Sr., presents features in chronological order.

The Complete Human Interest Stories of the Gettysburg Campaign

Author: Kevin Drake

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780983863182

Page: 160

View: 384

"THE COMPLETE HUMAN INTEREST STORIES OF THE GETTYSBURG CAMPAIGN" WRITTEN BY AWARD WINNING AUTHOR, SCOTT MINGUS,SR.We have taken the the best stories of volume one and two and added new stories and photos to make this issue "The Complete edition" of Scott's hard work and research. Taken from primary sources, including, diaries, pension records, historical collections, official records, journals,newspapers and books, presented in chronological order. The Complete Human Interest Stories of the Gettysburg Campaign will resonate with all those who have an interest in those fascinating stories, some humorous, some tragic, as seen through the eyes of the soldiers and civilians. 160 pages

Beneath a Northern Sky

This new edition makes use of new primary source material and augments the coverage of regiments other than the 20th Maine.

Beneath a Northern Sky

Author: Steven E. Woodworth

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Incorporated

ISBN:

Page: 229

View: 833

Of all the places and events in this nation's history, Gettysburg may well be the name best known to Americans. In Beneath a Northern Sky, eminent Civil War historian Steven E. Woodworth offers a balanced and thorough overview of the entire battle, its drama, and its meaning. From Lee's decision to take his heretofore successful Army of Northern Virginia across the Potomac and into Pennsylvania to the withdrawal of the battle-battered Confederate's back across the river into Virginia, Woodworth paints a vivid picture of this pivotal campaign. Instead of focusing on only one aspect of the Gettysburg Campaign as most other books do, Beneath a Northern Sky tells the tale of the entire battle in a richly detailed but swiftly moving narrative. This new edition makes use of new primary source material and augments the coverage of regiments other than the 20th Maine.