The Culture of Military Organizations

Examines how military culture forms and changes, as well as its impact on the effectiveness of military organizations.

The Culture of Military Organizations

Author: Peter R. Mansoor

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108485731

Page: 450

View: 613

Examines how military culture forms and changes, as well as its impact on the effectiveness of military organizations.

Understanding Military Culture

The book concludes that while the culture of the Canadian Forces has been Americanized to a certain extent, the culture of the US armed forces, due to changes in their personnel and roles, has experienced a certain degree of Canadianization ...

Understanding Military Culture

Author: Allan Douglas English

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773527157

Page: 198

View: 853

Examines military culture from a theoretical and a practical point of view Considers conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq that have highlighted the importance of culture as a concept in analyzing the ability of military organizations to perform certain tasks Culture has been described as the bedrock of military effectiveness because it influences everything an armed service does. The recent conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq have highlighted the importance of culture as a concept in analyzing the ability of military organizations to perform certain tasks. In fact, a military's culture may determine its preferred way of fighting and dealing with other challenges, like incorporating new technologies, more than its doctrine or organizational structure. of view. It focuses on the Canadian and American military cultures, and it provides the first detailed examination of the culture of the Canadian Forces. It also compares their culture to that of the US armed forces. The book concludes that while the culture of the Canadian Forces has been Americanized to a certain extent, the culture of the US armed forces, due to changes in their personnel and roles, has experienced a certain degree of Canadianization at the end of the 20th and the beginning of the 21st centuries.

The Culture of Military Innovation

This book studies the impact of cultural factors on the course of military innovations.

The Culture of Military Innovation

Author: Dima Adamsky

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804773807

Page: 248

View: 857

This book studies the impact of cultural factors on the course of military innovations. One would expect that countries accustomed to similar technologies would undergo analogous changes in their perception of and approach to warfare. However, the intellectual history of the Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA) in Russia, the US, and Israel indicates the opposite. The US developed technology and weaponry for about a decade without reconceptualizing the existing paradigm about the nature of warfare. Soviet 'new theory of victory' represented a conceptualization which chronologically preceded technological procurement. Israel was the first to utilize the weaponry on the battlefield, but was the last to develop a conceptual framework that acknowledged its revolutionary implications. Utilizing primary sources that had previously been completely inaccessible, and borrowing methods of analysis from political science, history, anthropology, and cognitive psychology, this book suggests a cultural explanation for this puzzling transformation in warfare. The Culture of Military Innovation offers a systematic, thorough, and unique analytical approach that may well be applicable in other perplexing strategic situations. Though framed in the context of specific historical experience, the insights of this book reveal important implications related to conventional, subconventional, and nonconventional security issues. It is therefore an ideal reference work for practitioners, scholars, teachers, and students of security studies.

The Sources of Military Change

In varying circumstances, military organizations around the world are undergoing major restructuring. This book explores why, and how, militaries change.

The Sources of Military Change

Author: Theo Farrell

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers

ISBN: 9781555879754

Page: 301

View: 915

In varying circumstances, military organizations around the world are undergoing major restructuring. This book explores why, and how, militaries change.

War and the Cultural Turn

In this stimulating new text, renowned military historian Jeremy Black unpacks the concept of culture as a descriptive and analytical approach to the history of warfare.

War and the Cultural Turn

Author: Jeremy Black

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745656382

Page: 200

View: 732

In this stimulating new text, renowned military historian Jeremy Black unpacks the concept of culture as a descriptive and analytical approach to the history of warfare. Black takes the reader through the limits and prospects of culture as a tool for analyzing war, while also demonstrating the necessity of maintaining the context of alternative analytical matrices, such as technology. Black sets out his unique approach to culture and warfare without making his paradigm into a straightjacket. He goes on to demonstrate the flexibility of his argument through a series of case studies which include the contexts of rationale (Gloire), strategy (early modern Britaisn), organizations (the modern West), and ideologies (the Cold War). These case studies drive home the point at the core of the book: culture is not a bumper sticker; it is a survival mechanism. Culture is not immutable; it is adaptable. Wide-ranging, international and always provocative, War and the Cultural Turn will be required reading for all students of military history and security studies.

Culture and the Soldier

Through case studies from Europe and North America, this volume offers provocative insights into how culture can be deployed to improve armed forces at home and in military engagements abroad.

Culture and the Soldier

Author: H. Christian Breede

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 077486088X

Page: 248

View: 731

Countries have instituted policies to make their armed forces more inclusive, and soldiers now undergo cultural awareness training before seeing active duty. Policy makers and military organizations agree that culture is important. But what does “culture” mean in practice, and how is it important? Culture and the Soldier answers these questions by examining how culture both shapes the military and can be wielded by it, to good or ill effect. Through case studies from Europe and North America, this volume offers provocative insights into how culture can be deployed to improve armed forces at home and in military engagements abroad.

Society Culture and Military System

MILITARY ORGANIZATION AND SOCIAL BACKGROUND OF SOLDIERS In this
chapter we have tried to show the structure of military organization . The different
role structure of officers , their duties and special reference to infantry soldiers ...

Society  Culture  and Military System

Author: Leena Parmar

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 204

View: 252

Study on the military sociology in India.

Military Culture and Mission Command auftragstaktik

The purpose of the current thesis was to examine the adoption and adaptation process of mission command (Auftragstaktik) in modem military organizations.

Military Culture and Mission Command  auftragstaktik

Author: Eitan Shamir

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 702

View: 929

The purpose of the current thesis was to examine the adoption and adaptation process of mission command (Auftragstaktik) in modem military organizations. This concept denotes a system wherein superiors dictate their intent and allow subordinates to formulate their operational plans independently. The research first examined organizational theory's perspective on this system and then traced its origins in the historic Prussian-German army. Having established a yardstick for comparison, the research investigated the American, British and Israeli armies which have endeavoured to emulate the system. While all three have officially incorporated mission command into doctrine and training, they have been less successful in utilizing it in operational situations. It was found that the gap was due partially to ongoing transformations in military affairs such as the Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA) and the spread of low-intensity conflicts and operations other than war. A comparison between the three case-studies also demonstrated how different military cultures interpret, articulate and exercise mission command. -- The research focused on questions such as: Why was the adoption of mission command more successful in some cases? What variants of mission command have developed in the adaptation process? How does command and control technology impact mission command? What are the cultural factors that create the gap between doctrine and behaviour? What is the impact of mission command on a host culture? Having examined these questions, the thesis illustrated how military cultures affect the adoption of innovative but foreign concepts promising to increase operational capabilities.

The Royal Navy in the Falklands Conflict and the Gulf War

This book suggests that institutional culture can account for a great deal of the activities and rationale of the Royal Navy.

The Royal Navy in the Falklands Conflict and the Gulf War

Author: Alastair Finlan

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780714654799

Page: 214

View: 334

This book suggests that institutional culture can account for a great deal of the activities and rationale of the Royal Navy. War highlights the role of culture in military organizations and as such acts as a spotlight by which this phenomenon can be assessed seperately and then in comparison in order to demonstrate the influence of institutional culture on strategy.

Post cold War Manpower and Readiness Declines

Using well-developed theories of organizational culture and its affects on attraction, retention and performance this dissertation examines cultural causes for the personnel deficit currently being experienced by the Armed Services (Cable & ...

Post cold War Manpower and Readiness Declines

Author: Aaron James Ard

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 109

View: 848

Using well-developed theories of organizational culture and its affects on attraction, retention and performance this dissertation examines cultural causes for the personnel deficit currently being experienced by the Armed Services (Cable & Judge, 1996; Galbraith & Kazanjian, 1986; Judge & Cable, 1997; Nadler & Tushman, 1980; Schneider et al., 1995; Semler, 1997). These theories linking culture and organizational success where tested using survey data from 2040 civilian and 2851 military leaders stationed throughout the U.S.

Behavior in Organizations

In your opinion , how is the culture of a business organization similar to and
different from the culture found in the military ? 3. In what ways does the culture of
military organizations support the mission of military organizations ? Explain .

Behavior in Organizations

Author: Jerald Greenberg

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN:

Page: 775

View: 654

This book provides managers with basic information about people and their behavior within the context of a business environment. This new edition reflects recent changes in the field of organizational behavior, and has more of a hands-on orientation than previous editions. By examining factors that contribute to an ever-changing business world, it will teach managers to develop, train, and motivate high-performance employees. This book covers such topics as motivation, feedback, influence, and stress-coping techniques, as well as culture, creativity and innovation, developing work teams, work-related attitudes, and organizational structure, design and technology. For human resources managers, general managers, team-builders, and personnel specialists.

Counterinsurgency and the Global War on Terror

Placing the war against al Qaeda and its allied groups and organizations in the context of a global insurgency, Cassidy presents implications for doctrine, interagency coordination, and military cultural change.

Counterinsurgency and the Global War on Terror

Author: Robert M. Cassidy (Ph.D.)

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275989903

Page: 211

View: 642

Placing the war against al Qaeda and its allied groups and organizations in the context of a global insurgency, Cassidy presents implications for doctrine, interagency coordination, and military cultural change.

Warfare and Military Organizations Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.oxfordbibliographies.com.

Warfare and Military Organizations  Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Oxford University Press

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199809646

Page: 38

View: 206

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of Islamic studies find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Renaissance and Reformation, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of European history and culture between the 14th and 17th centuries. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.oxfordbibliographies.com.

The Soul of Armies

In The Soul of Armies, Austin Long compares and contrasts counterinsurgency operations during the Cold War and in recent years by three organizations: the US Army, the US Marine Corps, and the British Army.

The Soul of Armies

Author: Austin Long

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501703900

Page: 288

View: 487

For both the United States and United Kingdom counterinsurgency was a serious component of security policy during the Cold War and, along with counterterrorism, has been the greatest security challenge after September 11, 2001. In The Soul of Armies, Austin Long compares and contrasts counterinsurgency operations during the Cold War and in recent years by three organizations: the US Army, the US Marine Corps, and the British Army. Long argues that the formative experiences of these three organizations as they professionalized in the nineteenth century has produced distinctive organizational cultures that shape operations. Combining archival research on counterinsurgency campaigns in Vietnam and Kenya with the author’s personal experience as a civilian advisor to the military in Iraq and Afghanistan, The Soul of Armies demonstrates that the US Army has persistently conducted counterinsurgency operations in a very different way from either the US Marine Corps or the British Army. These differences in conduct have serious consequences, affecting the likelihood of success, the potential for civilian casualties and collateral damage, and the ability to effectively support host nation governments. Long concludes counterinsurgency operations are at best only a partial explanation for success or failure.

Societies and Military Power

He concludes that the comparative study of strategic behavior and military organization has lacked a sound foundation, which the social-structural explanation offered in this book begins to provide.

Societies and Military Power

Author: Stephen Peter Rosen

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801432101

Page: 280

View: 550

A work with broad implications for theories of comparative strategic behavior and civil-military relations, Societies and Military Power uses the long history of the armies of India as a basis for analyzing whether the character of a given society affects the amount of military power that can be generated by the armies that emerge from that society. By examining the changing relationship between ruling elites in the Indian subcontinent and their armed forces, the book shows that divisions within society are mirrored within the military, even within the contemporary professional military. Stephen Peter Rosen explores the proposition that cultural explanations don't sufficiently account for changes in military power, whereas social structure does. He suggests also that the dynamics of civil-military relations in a non-Western setting are not explicable without social-structural insight. He concludes that the comparative study of strategic behavior and military organization has lacked a sound foundation, which the social-structural explanation offered in this book begins to provide.

World Affairs

In contrast , the American army was unable to change its counterinsurgency
doctrine or prac - tice during twenty - five years of fighting in Southeast Asia , from
1950 through 1975 . I have argued elsewhere that it was the organizational
culture ...

World Affairs

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 172

Includes the Annual report of the American Peace Society.

Battle and Culture

Along with chapter four , it stressed the cultural and social dimensions of military
organization as well as its interaction with the wider social context . Chapter three
focused on ethnicity . Rather than conceiving ethnic identity as fixed and given ...

Battle and Culture

Author: Tarak Karim Barkawi

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 604

View: 750

The Norms of War

Seeking to explain this paradox - to uncover the motivations at the core of warring communities - Theo Farrell explores the cultural forces that have shaped modern Western conflict.

The Norms of War

Author: Theo Farrell

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub

ISBN: 9781588263612

Page: 225

View: 528

Although the horrors of war are manifest, academic debate is dominated by accounts that reinforce the concept of warfare as a rational project. Seeking to explain this paradox?to uncover the motivations at the core of warring communities?Theo Farrell explores the cultural forces that have shaped modern Western conflict.Farrell finds that the norms of war?shared beliefs about what is right and what works?are created and embraced not only by polities and military organizations, but also by constituencies throughout civil society. Culture, he demonstrates, accounts for all core areas of military activity and at every level, sometimes with puzzling results. Tracing the lineage of the modern military and ranging from historical examples to charged contemporary issues, this provocative book goes to the heart of the relationship between society and war.Theo Farrell is senior lecturer in international security at the University of Exeter. He is author of Weapons Without a Cause: The Politics of Weapons Acquisition in the United States and co-editor (with Terry Terriff) of The Sources of Military Change: Culture, Politics, Technology.Contents: The Norms of War. Transnational Culture and the Modern Military. Memory, Imagination, and Mass Industrialized War. U.S. Norms and Nuclear Weapons. Legal Norms and Humanitarian War. The Changing Culture of War.