This book considers the unexpected problems organizations (and the individuals in them) face when they rely on experience to adapt, improve, and survive.
Author: James G. March
Publisher: Cornell University Press
The first component of intelligence involves effective adaptation to an environment. In order to adapt effectively, organizations require resources, capabilities at using them, knowledge about the worlds in which they exist, good fortune, and good decisions. They typically face competition for resources and uncertainties about the future. Many, but possibly not all, of the factors determining their fates are outside their control. Populations of organizations and individual organizations survive, in part, presumably because they possess adaptive intelligence; but survival is by no means assured. The second component of intelligence involves the elegance of interpretations of the experiences of life. Such interpretations encompass both theories of history and philosophies of meaning, but they go beyond such things to comprehend the grubby details of daily existence. Interpretations decorate human existence. They make a claim to significance that is independent of their contribution to effective action. Such intelligence glories in the contemplation, comprehension, and appreciation of life, not just the control of it.—from The Ambiguities of Experience In The Ambiguities of Experience, James G. March asks a deceptively simple question: What is, or should be, the role of experience in creating intelligence, particularly in organizations? Folk wisdom both trumpets the significance of experience and warns of its inadequacies. On one hand, experience is described as the best teacher. On the other hand, experience is described as the teacher of fools, of those unable or unwilling to learn from accumulated knowledge or the teaching of experts. The disagreement between those folk aphorisms reflects profound questions about the human pursuit of intelligence through learning from experience that have long confronted philosophers and social scientists. This book considers the unexpected problems organizations (and the individuals in them) face when they rely on experience to adapt, improve, and survive. While acknowledging the power of learning from experience and the extensive use of experience as a basis for adaptation and for constructing stories and models of history, this book examines the problems with such learning. March argues that although individuals and organizations are eager to derive intelligence from experience, the inferences stemming from that eagerness are often misguided. The problems lie partly in errors in how people think, but even more so in properties of experience that confound learning from it. "Experience," March concludes, "may possibly be the best teacher, but it is not a particularly good teacher."
The second is the ambiguity of power . How powerful is the president ? What can
he accomplish ? The third is the ambiguity of experience . What is to be learned
from the events of the presidency ? How does the president make inferences ...
Author: M. Christopher Brown
Publisher: Pearson Learning Solutions
Organization and Governance in Higher Education is one of the primary teaching and research references in the study and practice of post secondary education. Research in higher education has provided new insights and recommendations for the management of postsecondary institutions. In addition to maintaining the strength and integrity of prior readers by continuing the coverage of classical theories and traditional models, the Fifth Edition provides updated reading to broaden the scope of the reader. New selections include current perspective on campus governance and institutional change. Because of the complex nature of the postsecondary institution, this reader creates eight subject area lenses. Each lens allows the reader to engage the specific paradigms and phenomena related to that aspect of higher education. The areas are arranged in the following order: classic organization theory, traditional administrative and governance models, campus climate and culture, leadership analysis, management principles, institutional change and assessment, perspectives on race and gender, and critical approaches to organizational governance. Features include: New sections on organization change, diversity, and postmodern critique Blends traditional "core" readings with numerous contemporary readings. Readings aid in understanding the multiple nuances of how colleges are organized, governed and administered Readings aid in understanding the multiple nuances of how colleges are organized, governed and administered Serves as a single-volume resource on higher education governance for both students and practitioners
Ambiguities. of. Anarchy. The college president faces four fundamental
ambiguities . The first is the ambiguity of purpose . In what terms can ... When
experience is ambiguous , ordinary theories of learning and adaptation become
Author: Marvin W. Peterson
Publisher: Ginn Press
Articles emphasize conceptual topics rather than practical issues or implications. Divided into three sections: Organization Theory and Models; Governance and Management Processes and Leadership Perspectives.
There is an ambiguity of experience because in conditions of uncertainty leaders
may not be able to learn from the consequences of their actions . In a
straightforward situation leaders choose from a range of alternatives and assess
Author: Tony Bush
Publisher: Paul Chapman Educational Publishing
This book provides some conceptual frameworks to guide the practice of educational managers. There has been extensive research linking theory to practice in schools and colleges, and these studies are reflected in this book. The author presents a complex body of theory in clear straightforward terms and illustrates the models with examples of management in educational institutions. In making the relevant theory more accessible to practitioners, the author's intention is to promote greater understanding of the concepts underlying effective management practice and to develop the capability of senior and middle managers in schools and colleges.
model of religion described by Dupré is a passive form of experience
characterized by feeling and a direct encounter with ... In this model of religious
assent , aptly called “ faith , ” the believer “ reflects upon certain ambiguous
experiences and ...
A speculative quarterly review.
... the paradoxes of inexperience and the ambiguity of experiences incapable of
bearing demonstrative witness to God . Faced with these paradoxes and
ambiguities , we are moved , not to resign ourselves to failure , but to reorganize
Author: Jean-Yves Lacoste
Publisher: Perspectives in Continental Ph
Does the philosophy of Martin Heidegger represent the emergence of a secular anthropology that requires religious thought to redefine the religious dimension in human existence? In this critical response, Lacoste confronts the ultimate definition of human nature, the humanity of the human. He explores that definition through an analysis of the "absolute" as a phenomenological datum. Lacoste establishes a conception of human nature that opens possibilities for religious experience and religious identity in view of Heidegger's profound challenge. He develops a phenomenology of the liturgy, and subjects the categories of "experience," "place," and "human existence" to careful examination. Making a strong case for the affective nature of religious experience, he sides with Schleiermacher against Hegel in associating religion with affectivity rather than logic. Such affectivity, he claims, can be more rational than reason as framed in Hegelian logic.
Using narrative descriptions of the author's own lived-experience of her ethnic heritage, Martinez offers a systematic interrogation of the social and cultural norms by which certain aspects of her Mexican-American cultural heritage are ...
Author: Jacqueline M. Martinez
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Using narrative descriptions of the author's own lived-experience of her ethnic heritage, Martinez offers a systematic interrogation of the social and cultural norms by which certain aspects of her Mexican-American cultural heritage are both retained and lost over generations of assimilation. Combining semiotic and existential phenomenology with Chicana feminism, the author charts new terrain where anti-racist, anti-sexist, and anti-homophobic work may be pursued.
Conversely , however , the ambiguity of the experience itself , in which now self ,
now world seems decisive , seemingly destined ' boredom ' to play a pivotal role
in shaping that rhetoric . While boredom appears to be a private experience of ...
Author: Elizabeth S. Goodstein
Although boredom appears to be a perennial feature of the human condition, it is linked to ways of experiencing time and thinking about human existence that are recognizably modern. By tracing the emergence and evolution of the modern discourse on boredom in French and German literary, philosophical, and sociological texts, Experience Without Qualities makes a contribution to the intellectual and cultural history of European modernity. In interpreting that discourse as the reflection of a specifically modern crisis of meaning, it contributes to the theorization of modernity and modern experience. And in bringing these historical and theoretical dimensions into conversation, it develops analytic strategies that are of broader application in interdisciplinary inquiry—for the methodological problems that arise in thinking about boredom as a phenomenon of both philosophical and more broadly cultural significance illuminate the constraints that confront any attempt to reflect historically on subjective experience in modernity.