The Ambiguities of Experience

This book considers the unexpected problems organizations (and the individuals in them) face when they rely on experience to adapt, improve, and survive.

The Ambiguities of Experience

Author: James G. March

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801457777

Page: 168

View: 196

The first component of intelligence involves effective adaptation to an environment. In order to adapt effectively, organizations require resources, capabilities at using them, knowledge about the worlds in which they exist, good fortune, and good decisions. They typically face competition for resources and uncertainties about the future. Many, but possibly not all, of the factors determining their fates are outside their control. Populations of organizations and individual organizations survive, in part, presumably because they possess adaptive intelligence; but survival is by no means assured. The second component of intelligence involves the elegance of interpretations of the experiences of life. Such interpretations encompass both theories of history and philosophies of meaning, but they go beyond such things to comprehend the grubby details of daily existence. Interpretations decorate human existence. They make a claim to significance that is independent of their contribution to effective action. Such intelligence glories in the contemplation, comprehension, and appreciation of life, not just the control of it.—from The Ambiguities of Experience In The Ambiguities of Experience, James G. March asks a deceptively simple question: What is, or should be, the role of experience in creating intelligence, particularly in organizations? Folk wisdom both trumpets the significance of experience and warns of its inadequacies. On one hand, experience is described as the best teacher. On the other hand, experience is described as the teacher of fools, of those unable or unwilling to learn from accumulated knowledge or the teaching of experts. The disagreement between those folk aphorisms reflects profound questions about the human pursuit of intelligence through learning from experience that have long confronted philosophers and social scientists. This book considers the unexpected problems organizations (and the individuals in them) face when they rely on experience to adapt, improve, and survive. While acknowledging the power of learning from experience and the extensive use of experience as a basis for adaptation and for constructing stories and models of history, this book examines the problems with such learning. March argues that although individuals and organizations are eager to derive intelligence from experience, the inferences stemming from that eagerness are often misguided. The problems lie partly in errors in how people think, but even more so in properties of experience that confound learning from it. "Experience," March concludes, "may possibly be the best teacher, but it is not a particularly good teacher."

The Enemies of Leadership

The Ambiguity of Experience . Leaders learn from experience , just as we all do .
What we learn affects how we deal with subsequent situations . But experience
can also be blinding , causing a leader to make unwarranted inferences from
past ...

The Enemies of Leadership

Author: Ernest Grady Bogue

Publisher: Phi Delta Kappa International Incorporated

ISBN:

Page: 151

View: 411

Organization Governance in Higher Education

The second is the ambiguity of power . How powerful is the president ? What can
he accomplish ? The third is the ambiguity of experience . What is to be learned
from the events of the presidency ? How does the president make inferences ...

Organization   Governance in Higher Education

Author: M. Christopher Brown

Publisher: Pearson Learning Solutions

ISBN:

Page: 608

View: 452

Organization and Governance in Higher Education is one of the primary teaching and research references in the study and practice of post secondary education. Research in higher education has provided new insights and recommendations for the management of postsecondary institutions. In addition to maintaining the strength and integrity of prior readers by continuing the coverage of classical theories and traditional models, the Fifth Edition provides updated reading to broaden the scope of the reader. New selections include current perspective on campus governance and institutional change. Because of the complex nature of the postsecondary institution, this reader creates eight subject area lenses. Each lens allows the reader to engage the specific paradigms and phenomena related to that aspect of higher education. The areas are arranged in the following order: classic organization theory, traditional administrative and governance models, campus climate and culture, leadership analysis, management principles, institutional change and assessment, perspectives on race and gender, and critical approaches to organizational governance. Features include: New sections on organization change, diversity, and postmodern critique Blends traditional "core" readings with numerous contemporary readings. Readings aid in understanding the multiple nuances of how colleges are organized, governed and administered Readings aid in understanding the multiple nuances of how colleges are organized, governed and administered Serves as a single-volume resource on higher education governance for both students and practitioners

Marxism Today

stead of imagining the experience of them , his writing will be reduced to a
document . The credibility of words involves a strange dialectic . It is the writer's
openness to the ambiguity and uncertainty of any experience ( even the
experience of ...

Marxism Today

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 542

Organization and Governance in Higher Education

Ambiguities. of. Anarchy. The college president faces four fundamental
ambiguities . The first is the ambiguity of purpose . In what terms can ... When
experience is ambiguous , ordinary theories of learning and adaptation become
problematic .

Organization and Governance in Higher Education

Author: Marvin W. Peterson

Publisher: Ginn Press

ISBN:

Page: 475

View: 899

Articles emphasize conceptual topics rather than practical issues or implications. Divided into three sections: Organization Theory and Models; Governance and Management Processes and Leadership Perspectives.

Theories of Educational Management

There is an ambiguity of experience because in conditions of uncertainty leaders
may not be able to learn from the consequences of their actions . In a
straightforward situation leaders choose from a range of alternatives and assess
the ...

Theories of Educational Management

Author: Tony Bush

Publisher: Paul Chapman Educational Publishing

ISBN:

Page: 164

View: 108

This book provides some conceptual frameworks to guide the practice of educational managers. There has been extensive research linking theory to practice in schools and colleges, and these studies are reflected in this book. The author presents a complex body of theory in clear straightforward terms and illustrates the models with examples of management in educational institutions. In making the relevant theory more accessible to practitioners, the author's intention is to promote greater understanding of the concepts underlying effective management practice and to develop the capability of senior and middle managers in schools and colleges.

The Thomist

model of religion described by Dupré is a passive form of experience
characterized by feeling and a direct encounter with ... In this model of religious
assent , aptly called “ faith , ” the believer “ reflects upon certain ambiguous
experiences and ...

The Thomist

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 103

A speculative quarterly review.

Experience and the Absolute

... the paradoxes of inexperience and the ambiguity of experiences incapable of
bearing demonstrative witness to God . Faced with these paradoxes and
ambiguities , we are moved , not to resign ourselves to failure , but to reorganize
the ...

Experience and the Absolute

Author: Jean-Yves Lacoste

Publisher: Perspectives in Continental Ph

ISBN:

Page: 217

View: 777

Does the philosophy of Martin Heidegger represent the emergence of a secular anthropology that requires religious thought to redefine the religious dimension in human existence? In this critical response, Lacoste confronts the ultimate definition of human nature, the humanity of the human. He explores that definition through an analysis of the "absolute" as a phenomenological datum. Lacoste establishes a conception of human nature that opens possibilities for religious experience and religious identity in view of Heidegger's profound challenge. He develops a phenomenology of the liturgy, and subjects the categories of "experience," "place," and "human existence" to careful examination. Making a strong case for the affective nature of religious experience, he sides with Schleiermacher against Hegel in associating religion with affectivity rather than logic. Such affectivity, he claims, can be more rational than reason as framed in Hegelian logic.

Managing Public Resources

CHAPTER FIVE DECISIONS AND DECISION - MAKING : AMBIGUITY AS A
SOURCE OF INNOVATION The [ leader ] faces four fundamental ambiguities .
The first is the ... The third is the ambiguity of experience . What is to be learned
from the ...

Managing Public Resources

Author: Margaret Ann Shannon

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 452

View: 198

Phenomenology of Chicana Experience and Identity

Using narrative descriptions of the author's own lived-experience of her ethnic heritage, Martinez offers a systematic interrogation of the social and cultural norms by which certain aspects of her Mexican-American cultural heritage are ...

Phenomenology of Chicana Experience and Identity

Author: Jacqueline M. Martinez

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742507012

Page: 145

View: 296

Using narrative descriptions of the author's own lived-experience of her ethnic heritage, Martinez offers a systematic interrogation of the social and cultural norms by which certain aspects of her Mexican-American cultural heritage are both retained and lost over generations of assimilation. Combining semiotic and existential phenomenology with Chicana feminism, the author charts new terrain where anti-racist, anti-sexist, and anti-homophobic work may be pursued.

The Mexico Quarterly Review

The experience of the Other , a word that Paz employs many times to designate
that " other shore ” that is sacred , is an ambiguous experience . “ Astonished ,
stupefied , joyous , the gamut of sensations before the other is very large . ” After
the ...

The Mexico Quarterly Review

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 400

The Ambiguities of Dependence in South Africa

While the different practices of colonial rule in the various colonies and republics
of South Africa in the nineteenth century continued to influence local institutions
into the twentieth century , in important ways the experience of migrant workers ...

The Ambiguities of Dependence in South Africa

Author: Shula Marks

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 171

View: 700

Experience Without Qualities

Conversely , however , the ambiguity of the experience itself , in which now self ,
now world seems decisive , seemingly destined ' boredom ' to play a pivotal role
in shaping that rhetoric . While boredom appears to be a private experience of ...

Experience Without Qualities

Author: Elizabeth S. Goodstein

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 461

View: 631

Although boredom appears to be a perennial feature of the human condition, it is linked to ways of experiencing time and thinking about human existence that are recognizably modern. By tracing the emergence and evolution of the modern discourse on boredom in French and German literary, philosophical, and sociological texts, Experience Without Qualities makes a contribution to the intellectual and cultural history of European modernity. In interpreting that discourse as the reflection of a specifically modern crisis of meaning, it contributes to the theorization of modernity and modern experience. And in bringing these historical and theoretical dimensions into conversation, it develops analytic strategies that are of broader application in interdisciplinary inquiry—for the methodological problems that arise in thinking about boredom as a phenomenon of both philosophical and more broadly cultural significance illuminate the constraints that confront any attempt to reflect historically on subjective experience in modernity.

The Experience of Introversion

An Integration of Phenomenological, Empirical, and Jungian Approaches
Kenneth Joel Shapiro, Irving E. Alexander. The section prior to it suggested ,
through a description of lived experience , its often ambiguous and seemingly
contradictory ...

The Experience of Introversion

Author: Kenneth Joel Shapiro

Publisher: Durham, N.C. : Duke University Press

ISBN:

Page: 180

View: 666