State Foreign Operations and Related Programs Appropriations for 2013 Dept of State fiscal year 2013 budget justification

The UN Mission in South Sudan ( UNMISS ) now implements peacekeeping
operations in South Sudan where UNMIS was once present . The United Nations
Interims Security Force for Abyei ( UNISFA ) is now deployed to the disputed
region ...

State  Foreign Operations  and Related Programs Appropriations for 2013  Dept  of State fiscal year 2013 budget justification

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs

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War and Genocide in South Sudan

Thanks to generous funding from TOME, the ebook editions of this book are available as Open Access volumes from Cornell Open (cornellopen.org) and other repositories.

War and Genocide in South Sudan

Author: Clémence Pinaud

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501753010

Page: 330

View: 294

Using more than a decade's worth of fieldwork in South Sudan, Clémence Pinaud here explores the relationship between predatory wealth accumulation, state formation, and a form of racism—extreme ethnic group entitlement—that has the potential to result in genocide. War and Genocide in South Sudan traces the rise of a predatory state during civil war in southern Sudan and its transformation into a violent Dinka ethnocracy after the region's formal independence. That new state, Pinaud argues, waged genocide against non-Dinka civilians in 2013-2017. During a civil war that wrecked the region between 1983 and 2005, the predominantly Dinka Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) practiced ethnically exclusive and predatory wealth accumulation. Its actions fostered extreme group entitlement and profoundly shaped the rebel state. Ethnic group entitlement eventually grew into an ideology of ethnic supremacy. After that war ended, the semi-autonomous state turned into a violent and predatory ethnocracy—a process accelerated by independence in 2011. The rise of exclusionary nationalism, a new security landscape, and inter-ethnic political competition contributed to the start of a new round of civil war in 2013, in which the recently founded state unleashed violence against nearly all non-Dinka ethnic groups. Pinaud investigates three campaigns waged by the South Sudan government in 2013–2017 and concludes they were genocidal—they sought to destroy non-Dinka target groups. She demonstrates how the perpetrators' sense of group entitlement culminated in land-grabs that amounted to a genocidal conquest echoing the imperialist origins of modern genocides. Thanks to generous funding from TOME, the ebook editions of this book are available as Open Access volumes from Cornell Open (cornellopen.org) and other repositories.

Congressional Record

WELLBEING OF THE SOUTH SUDut and Water for South Sudan have marched
tenst DANESE PEOPLE A Sooner who as ... Not only does Water cipient of
Spurwink Services ' 2013 HumaniTUCKER for South Sudan provide clean water
to the ...

Congressional Record

Author: United States. Congress

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Compilation of U S Trade Statutes 2013 Edition January 2013 113 1 Committee Print WMCP 113 2

Republic of Senegal ( Senegal ) . Republic of Seychelles ( Seychelles ) .
Republic of Sierra Leone ( Sierra Leone ) . Somalia . Republic of South Africa (
South Africa ) . Republic of South Sudan ( South Sudan ) . Republic of Sudan (
Sudan ) .

Compilation of U S  Trade Statutes  2013 Edition  January 2013  113 1 Committee Print WMCP  113 2

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Ways and Means

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Decentralization and Constitutionalism in Africa

217, 10 April 2014) Johnson D.H., Federalism in the History of South Sudanese
Political Thought (Rift Valley Institute ... Sudan Tribune (5 February 2013) www.
sudantribune.com/spip.php?article45416 (last accessed 31 May 2016) Marial
J.M., ...

Decentralization and Constitutionalism in Africa

Author: Charles M. Fombad

Publisher:

ISBN: 0198846150

Page: 672

View: 224

This edited collection explores how African governments have sought to decentralize power in order to enhance democratic governance. It offers a range of insightful case studies and makes a case for the usefulness of decentralization as a method of sharing power at all levels of society in Africa.

South Sudan s Civil War

In the first book-length study of the South Sudan civil war, John Young draws on his close but critical relationship with the rebel SPLM-IO leadership to reveal the true dynamics of the conflict, and exposes how the South Sudanese state was ...

South Sudan s Civil War

Author: John Young

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1786993775

Page: 264

View: 482

A mere two years after achieving independence, South Sudan in 2013 descended into violent civil war, refuting US government claims that the country’s succession was a major foreign policy success and would end endemic conflict. Worse was to follow when the international community declared famine in 2017. In the first book-length study of the South Sudan civil war, John Young draws on his close but critical relationship with the rebel SPLM-IO leadership to reveal the true dynamics of the conflict, and exposes how the South Sudanese state was in crisis long before the outbreak of war. With insider knowledge of the histories and motivations of the rebellion’s chief protagonists, Young argues considerable responsibility for the present state of South Sudan must be laid at the door of the US-led peace process. Linking the role of the international community with the country’s opposition politics, South Sudan’s Civil War is an essential guide to the causes and consequences of the violence that has engulfed one of Africa’s most troubled nations.

South Sudan

A story of transformation and of victory against the odds, this book reviews South Sudan's modern history as a contested region and assesses the political, social and security dynamics that will shape its immediate future as Africa's newest ...

South Sudan

Author: Matthew Arnold

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190257547

Page: 256

View: 660

In July 2011 the Republic of South Sudan achieved independence, concluding what had been Africa's longest running civil war. The process leading to independence was driven by the Sudan Peoples' Liberation Movement, a primarily Southern rebel force and political movement intent on bringing about the reformed unity of the whole Sudan. Through the Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005, a six year peace process unfolded in the form of an interim period premised upon 'making unity attractive' for the Sudan. A failed exercise, it culminated in an almost unanimous vote for independence by Southerners in a referendum held in January 2011. Violence has continued since, and a daunting possibility for South Sudan has arisen - to have won independence only to descend into its own civil war, with the regime in Khartoum aiding and abetting factionalism to keep the new state weak and vulnerable. Achieving a durable peace will be a massive challenge, and resolving the issues that so inflamed Southerners historically - unsupportive governance, broad feelings of exploitation and marginalisation and fragile ethnic politics - will determine South Sudan's success or failure at statehood. A story of transformation and of victory against the odds, this book reviews South Sudan's modern history as a contested region and assesses the political, social and security dynamics that will shape its immediate future as Africa's newest independent state.

A History of South Sudan

South Sudan is the world's youngest independent country. This book provides a general history of the new country.

A History of South Sudan

Author: Øystein H. Rolandsen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521116317

Page: 200

View: 999

South Sudan is the world's youngest independent country. This book is the first general history of the new country.

The Borderlands of South Sudan

Moving beyond the current fixation on "state construction," the interdisciplinary work gathered here explores regulatory authority in South Sudan's borderlands from both contemporary and historical perspectives.

The Borderlands of South Sudan

Author: C. Vaughan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137340894

Page: 245

View: 809

Moving beyond the current fixation on "state construction," the interdisciplinary work gathered here explores regulatory authority in South Sudan's borderlands from both contemporary and historical perspectives. Taken together, these studies show how emerging governance practices challenge the bounded categorizations of "state" and "non-state."

The Golgotha South Sudan 15 December 2013

The Golgotha is the most up-to-date book written with the tone of bare truth that most people do not know. The book reveals the intentions and the effects of the SPLA/M Dinka-dominated tribal regime in South Sudan.

The Golgotha  South Sudan 15 December 2013

Author: Jada Pasquale Yengkopiong

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 151449518X

Page: 100

View: 938

The Golgotha is the most up-to-date book written with the tone of bare truth that most people do not know. The book reveals the intentions and the effects of the SPLA/M Dinka-dominated tribal regime in South Sudan. This tribal leadership is different from all forms of leaderships that are known today. This tribal leadership is completely based on what Salva Kiir Mayardit and his godfathers, the Jieng (Dinka) Council of Elders think is right for South Sudan. In the SPLA/M Dinka-dominated tribal regime, the leader is surrounded by his tribesmen and everything is based on the tribal doctrine. As a result, South Sudan is no longer governed as a country but a tribal village. This tribal leadership caused the 15 December 2013 killing of the Nuer people in Juba and other parts of the country. The book also reveals that the SPLA/M tribal leadership has aided its tribesmen with the necessary machinery to kill people from the other tribes. Most of these tribal killings have headed to rape of women and young girls, torture and looting of innocent people. Because of this tribal leadership, there is no more freedom in South Sudan. Because of this tribal leadership and the need for tribal domination, the people of South Sudan have been driven onto a crossroad of narcissism and tribalism. There is no more liberty or security for everyone but tribal despotism, fear, and mistrust.

Africa s Booming Oil and Natural Gas Exploration and Production

Most notably , a dispute between Sudan and South Sudan over oil export
transport fees broke out , leading to a shutoff in oil ... The Presidents of South
Sudan and Sudan agreed in April 2013 to resume oil exports via the existing
pipeline .

Africa s Booming Oil and Natural Gas Exploration and Production

Author: David Edward Brown

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 315

View: 774

Two key long-term energy trends are shifting the strategic balance between the United States and China, the world's superpower rivals in the 21st century: first, a domestic boom in U.S. shale oil and gas is dramatically boosting America's energy security; second, the frenetic and successful search for hydrocarbons in Africa is making it an increasingly crucial element in China's energy diversification strategy. America's increasing energy security and China's increased dependence on energy imports from Africa and the Middle East until well past 2040 despite its own shale discoveries will make Beijing's own increasing energy insecurity be felt even more acutely, pushing the People's Liberation Army to accelerate adoption of a "two ocean" military strategy that includes an enduring presence in the Indian Ocean as well as the Pacific Ocean.

Historical Dictionary of the Sudan

This fourth edition of the Historical Dictionary of the Sudan covers the history of Sudan through a chronology, an introductory essay, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography.

Historical Dictionary of the Sudan

Author: Robert S. Kramer

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 0810879409

Page: 620

View: 504

This fourth edition of the Historical Dictionary of the Sudan covers the history of Sudan through a chronology, an introductory essay, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 700 hundred cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about the Sudan.

Bumpy Road

The first Sudanese civil war destroyed relations between my father and his father.

Bumpy Road

Author: Martino Atem

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781524690496

Page: 158

View: 140

The first Sudanese civil war destroyed relations between my father and his father. The second civil war displaced, made me a refugee, and forced me to leave my country. Even though war robbed me of my childhood and forced the responsibilities of an adult upon me, I refused to let the past negative experiences determine my fate. In addition to the woes of the Sudan's civil wars on my family, my story includes my spiritual, political, and economic journey. It is a journey from Atemyath to Jesus Christ, from the world's newest country to a nation that is one hundred and fifty years old. The anguish consequences of Sudan's wars and my religious conversion are nothing compared with the failed institutional systems in the Republic of South Sudan, which are, corruption, nepotism, tribal based polices and especially the civil war that crippled the new nation. With these, one is left with nothing but to challenge fail status quo under SPLM leadership whether in the government or opposition. The "SPLM's Entitlement Syndrome" within SPLM leadership, both in the government and in opposition has shattered hopes and dreams of South Sudanese since 2013.

Ending South Sudan s Civil War

Following its independence in 2011, three years of civil war have left South Sudan on the cusp of full-scale genocide.

Ending South Sudan s Civil War

Author: Kate Almquist Knopf

Publisher: Council on Foreign Relations Press

ISBN: 9780876096987

Page:

View: 616

Following its independence in 2011, three years of civil war have left South Sudan on the cusp of full-scale genocide. The only remaining path to ending violence in South Sudan is for an international transitional administration, established by the United Nations and the African Union, to run the country for a finite period.

South Sudan Conflict of Ethnic and National Identity

This book is both informative and educational in relation to the ongoing South Sudanese conflict.

South Sudan Conflict of Ethnic and National Identity

Author: Hoth Giw Chan

Publisher: Light Switch Press

ISBN: 9781949563290

Page: 410

View: 403

This book is both informative and educational in relation to the ongoing South Sudanese conflict. It's informative in the sense that it tells the reader how the current conflict came about and identify the players who are the driving forces behind the South Sudan civil war. The book is also educational in the sense that it tries to prescribe solutions for the resolution of the conflict. It illustrates the challenges of administering a nascent state that came out of a long civil war, only to fall into the same trap by the making of its leader to remain in power permanently. The book also walks readers to look into the events that had made it possible for traditional South Sudanese communities to get involved in the conflict, particularly, the role of traditional civil defense groups (White Army, Mathiang Anyor, Aguelwek, Arrow boys, etc).Hoth Giw Chan, was born in Jiokow town, South Sudan, along the Ethiopian border. He obtained his Bachelor Degree (BA) from Iowa State University (Ames, Iowa), Masters Degree (MPA) from Drake University (Des Moines, Iowa), and a Juris Doctor (J.D.) from the University Of Massachusetts School Of Law (Dartmouth, Massachussetts). He was an adjunct Professor at the Rhode Island College, before moving to South Sudan, where he held various positions, including working with the South Sudan Anti-Corruption Commission, before the war. He also work as an Attorney/Lawyer at Chan & Zuor Law Firm in Juba, South Sudan. Hoth, is a survivor of the December 2013, Nuer genocide in Juba, by the South Sudanese government. Hoth Giw Chan, is a co-author of a book entitled "South Sudan: A Legitimate Struggle (2006)."

The Southern Sudan

Born in Al-Damar, Sudan. He taught at the University of Manchester for five years,
and was Head of the Department of Political Science at the University of
Khartoum, 1965-69. He was offered the Professorship and Chair in the
Department of ...

The Southern Sudan

Author: Dunstan M. Wai

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135160333

Page: 270

View: 775

First Published in 1972. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Collapse of a Country

Fast-paced and poignant, Collapse of a Country gives an insider’s glimpse into the chaos, violence, and ethnic conflicts that emerged out of a civil war that has been largely ignored by the West.

Collapse of a Country

Author: Nicholas Coghlan

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773551808

Page: 336

View: 166

The first Canadian diplomat to be posted to war-torn Sudan, Nicholas Coghlan was a natural choice to lead Canada’s representation in the new Republic of South Sudan soon after the country was founded in 2011. In late 2013, Coghlan and his wife Jenny were in the capital, Juba, when it erupted in gunfire and civil war pitted one half of the army against the other, Vice-President Machar against President Kiir, and the Nuer tribe against the Dinka. This action-focused narrative, grounded by accounts of meetings with key leaders and travels throughout the dangerous, impoverished hinterland of South Sudan, explains what happened in December 2013 and why. In harrowing terms, Collapse of a Country describes the ebb and flow of the war and the humanitarian tragedy that followed, the Coghlans’ scramble to evacuate South-Sudanese Canadians from Juba, and the well-meant but often ill-conceived attempts of the international community to mitigate the misery and bring peace back to a land that has rarely known it. Coghlan’s stark narrative serves as a lesson to politicians, diplomats, aid workers, and practitioners on the breakdown of governance and relationships between ethnic groups, and the often decisive role of international development representatives. Fast-paced and poignant, Collapse of a Country gives an insider’s glimpse into the chaos, violence, and ethnic conflicts that emerged out of a civil war that has been largely ignored by the West.

South Sudan

In this book, she provides an unparalleled insider’s account of South Sudan’s descent from the ecstatic celebrations of July 2011 to the outbreak of the disastrous conflict in December 2013 and the early, bloody phase of the fighting.

South Sudan

Author: Hilde F. Johnson

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1786720051

Page: 400

View: 401

In July 2011, South Sudan was granted independence and became the world’s newest country. Yet just two-and-a-half years after this momentous decision, the country was in the grips of renewed civil war and political strife. Hilde F. Johnson served as Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan from July 2011 until July 2014 and, as such, she was witness to the many challenges which the country faced as it struggled to adjust to its new autonomous state. In this book, she provides an unparalleled insider’s account of South Sudan’s descent from the ecstatic celebrations of July 2011 to the outbreak of the disastrous conflict in December 2013 and the early, bloody phase of the fighting. Johnson’s frequent personal and private contacts at the highest levels of government, accompanied by her deep knowledge of the country and its history, make this a unique eyewitness account of the turbulent first three years of the world’s newest – and yet most fragile – country.