This books comprises reviews on the state-of-the-art, new research results, perspectives of future developments, and innovative applications relevant to structural materials, engineering structures, nanocomposites, modelling and simulations ...
Author: James Njuguna
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Advancements in the nanotechnology industry promise to offer improvements in capabilities across a spectrum of applications. This is of immense strategic importance to the high performance sector which has historically leveraged technological advances. The use of polymer nanocomposites in structures have several predictable impacts on structural design and applications, primarily by providing a safer, faster, and eventually cheaper transportation in the future. This books comprises reviews on the state-of-the-art, new research results, perspectives of future developments, and innovative applications relevant to structural materials, engineering structures, nanocomposites, modelling and simulations, and their related application areas.
This new composite is attractive to equipmentmakers who wantto pack more
chips into products operating at high power for enhanced performance. 7.11
Metal matrix nanocomposites for structural applications Metal matrix composites (
Author: Carl Koch
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Nanocrystalline materials exhibit exceptional mechanical properties, representing an exciting new class of structural materials for technological applications. The advancement of this important field depends on the development of new fabrication methods, and an appreciation of the underlying nano-scale and interface effects. This authored book addresses these essential issues, presenting for the first time a fundamental, coherent and current account at the theoretical and practical level of nanocrystalline and nanocomposite bulk materials and coatings. The subject is approached systematically, covering processing methods, key structural and mechanical properties, and a wealth of applications. This is a valuable resource for graduate students studying nanomaterials science and nanotechnologies, as well as researchers and practitioners in materials science and engineering.
This should make the book attractive for a broad range of readers, including chemists and physicists.
Author: Philippe Knauth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Nanocomposites have been receiving more and more attention given the improvement of synthesis techniques and the availability of powerful characterization techniques. The aim of the book is to introduce nanocomposite materials using a broad range of inorganic and organic solids. It also presents recent and not very common developments in especially spectroscopic characterization techniques, including Mössbauer, EXAFS, NMR. This should make the book attractive for a broad range of readers, including chemists and physicists.
... or sheets of a ceramic—are dispersed in a matrix of another material, such as a
polymer. Because the building blocks of a nanocomposite are nanoscale, they
have an enormous surface area, 225 Chapter 9: Structural Nanocomposites.
Author: Mark J. Schulz
Publisher: CRC Press
In chapters contributed by 24 university & government laboratories, Nanoengineering of Structural, Functional, and Smart Materials combines wide-ranging research aimed at the development of multifunctional materials that are strong, lightweight, and versatile. This book explores promising and diverse approaches to the design of nanoscale
Microscopic examination revealed structural features of the epoxy
nanocomposite and their effect on the resistance of the composite to the heat and
humidity aging (Kondrashov, 2017). As for the use of epoxy nanocomposites in
Author: Ramdani, Noureddine
Publisher: IGI Global
The realms of aerospace and structural mechanics have been revolutionized due to a plethora of technological advances. These two important sectors most notably have been impacted by the advancement of nanotechnology and have introduced potential groundbreaking changes for lightweight, high strength, and improved electronic properties of nanomaterials. Nanotechnology in Aerospace and Structural Mechanics aims to provide a collection of innovative research on the latest development of materials and methods for designing smart and intelligent devices for use in the field of space research and structural mechanics. It provides a thorough study of the fabrication and control of mechanical systems required for the successful application of nanotechnology in aerospace and structural engineering. While highlighting topics including nanomaterial properties, aerospace electronics, and polymer nanocomposites, this book is ideally designed for engineers, researchers, students, and academicians with interests in the fields of civil engineering, mechanical engineering, aerospace engineering, and nanoscience.
Structure and mechanical properties of nanocomposites with rodand plate-
shaped nanoparticles. In: Knauth, P. and Schoonman, J. (eds.), Nanocomposites:
Ionic Conducting Materials and Structural Spectroscopies, Springer, Boston, MA.
Author: Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai
Publisher: CRC Press
This book provides a comprehensive collection of the latest information on nanomaterials and nanocomposites. It covers material synthesis, processing, structure characterization, properties and applications. It presents a coherent treatment of how composite properties depend on nanostructure, and covers cutting-edge topics like bionanocomposites for sustainable development. This book summarizes many developments in the field making it an ideal resource for researchers from industry, academia, government and private research institutions.
( Al2O3 , a structural ceramic material ) matrix first demonstrated the concept of
structural nanocomposites . The dispersion of these particles improved the
fracture toughness from 3 to 4 . 8 MPa m " and the strength from 350 to 1050 MPa
at only ...
Author: Pulickel M. Ajayan
In recent years, nanocomposites have captured and held the attention and imagination of scientists and engineers alike. Based on the simple premise that by using a wide range of building blocks with dimensions in the nonosize region, it is possible to design and create new materials with unprecedented flexibility and improvements in their physical properties. This book contains the essence of this emerging technology, the underlying science and motivation behind the design of these structures and the future, particularly from the perspective of applications. It is intended to be a reference handbook for future scientists and hence carries the basic science and the fundamental engineering principles that lead to the fabrication and property evaluation of nonocomposite materials in different areas of materials science and technology.
104 reported the preparation of polystyrene nanocomposites by emulsion
copolymerization with ( 4 - vinylbenzyl ) trimethylammonium chloride ( VTAC ) . X
- ray diffraction ( XRD ) analysis showed that both intercalated and exfoliated
Author: Jianbo Di
Two methods to prepare dispersed polymer silicate nanocomposites are studied.
This book covers that proliferation and the main challenges associated with the integration of nanomaterials and nano-scale design principles into civil and structural engineering.
Author: Kenneth Loh
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
Innovative Developments of Advanced Multifunctional Nanocomposites in Civil and Structural Engineering focuses on nanotechnology, the innovation and control of materials at 100 nm or smaller length scales, and how they have revolutionized almost all of the various disciplines of science and engineering study. In particular, advances in synthesizing, imaging, and manipulating materials at the nano-scale have provided engineers with a broader array of materials and tools for creating high-performance devices. Nanomaterials possess drastically different properties than those of their bulk counterparts mainly because of their high surface-to-mass ratios and high surface energies/reactivity. For instance, carbon nanotubes have been shown to possess impressive mechanical strength, stiffness, and electrical conductivity superior to that of bulk carbon. Whilst nanotechnology has become deeply rooted in electrical, chemical, and materials engineering disciplines, its proliferation into civil engineering did not begin until fairly recently. This book covers that proliferation and the main challenges associated with the integration of nanomaterials and nano-scale design principles into civil and structural engineering. Examines nanotechnology and its application to not only structural engineering, but also transportation, new infrastructure materials, and the applications of nanotechnology to existing structural systems Focuses on how nanomaterials can provide enhanced sensing capabilities and mechanical reinforcement of the original structural material Analyzes experimental and computational work carried out by world-renowned researchers
Rapoport , L . , Fleischer , N . and Tenne , R . ( 2005a ) Applications of WS2 (
MoS2 ) inorganic nanotubes and fullerene - like nanoparticles for solid
lubrication and for structural nanocomposites , Journal of Materials Chemistry ,
15 ( 18 ) ...
Author: P. Brown
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
Nanotechnology is revolutionising the world of materials. This important book reviews its impact in developing a new generation of textile fibers with enhanced functionality and a wide range of applications. The first part of the book reviews nanofiber production, discussing how different fiber types can be produced using electrospinning techniques. Part two analyses the production and properties of carbon nanotubes and polymer nanocomposites and their applications in such areas as aerospace engineering. The third part of the book considers ways of using nanotechnology to improve polymer properties such as thermal stability and dyeability. The final part of the book reviews the use of nanotechnology to modify textile surfaces, including the use of coatings and films, in order to improve hydrophobic, filtration and other properties. Nanofibers and nanotechnology in textiles is a valuable reference in assessing and using a new generation of textile fibers in applications as diverse as tissue and aerospace engineering. Nanotechnology is revolutionising the world of materials Learn about a new generation of textile fibers that have a wide range of applications Examines how to improve polymer properties
... field electron microscopy , polymer / layered silicate nanocomposites , 106 -
107 small angle neutron scattering ( SANS ) , 72 – 73 structural information , 72
structural parameters for HSA , 78t structure of experimental , HSA , 76 , 78
Author: Ramanan Krishnamoorti
Publisher: Amer Chemical Society
Research during the last ten years, spurred by the development of new analytical techniques, has led to the general recognition that aspects of the nanoscale morphology (1-100nm) are critical in the manifestation of physical properties. Nanoscale fillers, synthesis approaches, processing techniques, and morphological characterization are important facets of the polymer industry. Polymer Nanocomposites: Synthesis, Characterization, and Modeling highlights the unique chemical and physical aspects associated with polymer based nanocomposite materials. Two nonexclusive themes are present throughout the book: 1) techniques to manipulate inorganic morphology in the presence of polymers on the nanometer length scale and 2) physical understanding and implications to properties of the surface absorbed and nanoscopically confined polymers. The volume discusses the development of high performance materials as well as possible future directions for research in the field.
Therefore , the objective of this paper is to formally define the term “ microfibres ”
in terms of structural reinforcement capacity , in contrast to the conventional
concept of “ microfibrils ” . Microfibrils in plant cells can be defined from the ...
Author: American Chemical Society. Meeting
Publisher: Amer Chemical Society
Introduction to cellulose nanocomposites; strategies for preparation of cellulose wiskers from microcrystalline cellulose as reinforcement in nanocomposites; self-assembly of cellulose nanocrystals: parabolic focal conic films; cellulose fibrils: isolation, characterization, and capability for technical applications; morphology of cellulose and its nanocomposites; useful insights into cellulose nanocomposites using raman spectroscopy; novel methods for interfacial modification of cellulose - reinforced composites; cellulose nanocrystals for thermoplastic reinforcement: effect of filler surface chemistry on composite properties; the structure and mechanical properties of cellulose nanocomposites prepared by twin screw extrusion; preparation and properties of biopolymer-based nanocomposites films using microcrystalline cellulose; nanocompusites based on cellulose microfibril; cellulose microfibers as reinforcing agents for structural materials; dispersion of soybean stock-based nanofiber in plastic matrix; polysulfone-cellulose nanocomposites; bacterial cellulose and its nanocomposites for biomedical applications.