Barak Richman draws on insider interviews to show why relational exchange based on familiarity, trust, and community enforcement succeeds and what it reveals about the modern state’s limitations in governing the economy.
Author: Barak D. Richman
Publisher: Harvard University Press
How does Manhattan’s 47th Street diamond district thrive as an ethnic marketplace without lawyers, courts, and state coercion? Barak Richman draws on insider interviews to show why relational exchange based on familiarity, trust, and community enforcement succeeds and what it reveals about the modern state’s limitations in governing the economy.
Cover -- Title Page -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Contents -- Preface -- 1.
Author: Barak Richman
Cover -- Title Page -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Contents -- Preface -- 1. Statelessness in Context -- 2. A Case Study in Statelessness: Diamonds, the Diamond Network, and Diamontaires -- 3. The Mechanics of Statelessness -- 4. A Theory of Statelessness -- 5. The Costs of Statelessness: Cartel Behavior and Resistance to Change -- 6. Lessons from Statelessness: Economic History, Ethnic Networks, and Development Policy -- 7. Governing Statelessness -- 8. The Limits of Statelessness and an Autopsy of Cooperation -- Notes -- References -- Index
The book in question is Stateless Commerce: The Diamond Network and the Persistence of Relational Exchange (2017). It is the latest addition to a rather ...
Author: David Campbell
Publisher: Springer Nature
This book represents a unique resource about Stewart Macaulay one of the common law world’s leading scholars of the law of contract and of the law in action approach to the study of law. Since 1959, he has published over 50 articles in leading journals, a number of working papers, (with colleagues at the University of Wisconsin Law School) a pathbreaking casebook for the teaching of the law of contract, and (with other colleagues) equally pathbreaking collections of materials for the teaching of the law in action or law in context approach to the study of law. In this work Macaulay has established himself as one of the postwar world’s leading scholars of the law of contract and of the sociology of law. His work is an absolute reference point in both disciplines, and it has attracted great attention elsewhere, most notably in economic sociology, where his concept of non-contractual economic relationships is regarded as an important theoretical innovation. Macaulay’s work has become an object of commentary in its own right, and the proposed book is intended to assist further such commentary by making hitherto difficult to obtain works readily accessible. Most of Macaulay’s work is now, when the leading journals are generally available in electronic form, readily accessible to students and researchers in universities. There are, however, a number of interesting and in most cases important works published in less accessible journals or works which were not published in an electronic form, which are difficult to obtain. This book will make them readily available, and in so doing will make it possible in future for scholars to have Macaulay’s complete oeuvre readily to hand. Although Macaulay’s work has provoked very considerable discussion, there previously have been no overall accounts of that work as opposed to critical engagements with aspects of it. In this book, two additional essays by leading commentators give accounts of Macaulay’s work and provide an introduction to, exegesis of and general evaluation of Macaulay’s work as a whole which is not to be found in the existing literature.
Because HTTP is a stateless protocol, the interaction between browsers and web servers is stateless. This means that each HTTP request that a browser sends ...
Author: Bintu Harwani
Learn to build e-commerce sites using PHP by installing a server using WAMP, configuring MySQL for your product database, creating your product database and tables, and writing the required PHP scripts for accessing and inserting data into the database. Make an E-commerce Site in a Weekend: Using PHP details how to create shopping carts for your customers and how to set up secure payment and processing options. Even if you are an absolute beginner and don't have much programming experience, you can build a responsive, powerful, and fully featured e-commerce site quickly using the information in this book. You will learn to: Create and maintain your e-commerce website using PHP scripts Create, edit, and update your product database using MySQL Manage visitors to your site, create custom forms, manage session handling, and more Manage shopping carts and shipping information Receive money through different payment modes on the sale of merchandise Who This Book is For: This book is for people who want to quickly set up their first e-commerce site. The book addresses beginners who don’t have a deep experience in programming languages. It teaches how to build professional fully featured e-commerce websites using PHP. The book uses practical, step-by step examples to explain all of the topics required in designing, creating, and managing an interactive e-commerce web site.
See L Bernstein, 'Private Commercial Law in the Cotton Industry: Creating Cooperation ... 21 BD Richman, Stateless Commerce: The Diamond Network and the ...
Author: Florian Grisel
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Is there a future for the law? In this book, Florian Grisel addresses one of the most fascinating questions raised by social scientists in the past few decades. Since the 1980s, socio-legal scholars have argued that governance based on social norms (or “private governance”) can offer an alternative to regulation by the law. On this account, private governance could be socially efficient and even optimal compared with other modes of governance. The Limits of Private Governance supplements this optimistic analysis of private governance by assessing the long-term evolution of a private order in the fishery of Marseille. In the last eight centuries, the fishers of Marseille have regulated their community without apparent means of legal support from the French state. In the early 15th century, they even created an organisation called the Prud'homie de Pêche in order to regulate their fishery. Based on archival evidence, interviews and ethnographic data, Grisel examines the evolution of the Prud'homie de Pêche and argues that the strong social norms in which it is embedded are not only powerful tools of governance, but also forces of inertia that have constrained its regulatory action. The lessons drawn from this book will appeal to academics, policy-makers and members of the general public who have an interest in the governance of our modern societies.
26.1 A Brief History of Commercial Institutions Any economic transaction more ... 1992): 115–57; Barak D. Richman, Stateless Commerce: The Diamond Network ...
Author: Paul Schiff Berman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Over the past two decades Global Legal Pluralism has become one of the leading analytical frameworks for understanding and conceptualizing law in the 21st century. Wherever one looks, there is conflict among multiple legal regimes. Some of these regimes are state-based, some are built and maintained by non-state actors, some fall within the purview of local authorities and jurisdictional entities, and some involve international courts, tribunals, and arbitral bodies, and regulatory organizations. Global Legal Pluralism has provided, first and foremost, a set of useful analytical tools for describing this conflict among legal and quasi-legal systems. At the same time, some pluralists have also ventured in a more normative direction, suggesting that legal systems might sometimes purposely create legal procedures, institutions, and practices that encourage interaction among multiple communities. These scholars argue that pluralist approaches can help foster more shared participation in the practices of law, more dialogue across difference, and more respect for diversity without requiring assimilation and uniformity. Despite the veritable explosion of scholarly work on legal pluralism, conflicts of law, soft law, global constitutionalism, the relationships among relative authorities, transnational migration, and the fragmentation and reinforcement of territorial boundaries, no single work has sought to bring together these various scholarly strands, place them into dialogue with each other, or connect them with the foundational legal pluralism research produced by historians, anthropologists, and political theorists. Paul Schiff Berman, one of the world's leading theorists of Global Legal Pluralism, has gathered over 40 diverse authors from multiple countries and multiple scholarly disciplines to touch on nearly every area of legal pluralism research, offering defenses, critiques, and applications of legal pluralism to 21st-century legal analysis. Berman also provides introductions to every part of the book, helping to frame the various approaches and perspectives. The result is the first comprehensive review of Global Legal Pluralism scholarship ever produced. This book will be a must-have for scholars and students seeking to understand the insights of legal pluralism to contemporary debates about law. At the same time, this volume will help energize and engage the field of Global Legal Pluralism and push this scholarly trajectory forward into another two decades of innovation.
37 Peter T. Leeson, “Better Off Stateless: Somalia before and after Government ... Stateless Commerce: The Diamond Network and the Persistence of Relational ...
Author: Gary Chartier
This Handbook offers an authoritative, up-to-date introduction to the rich scholarly conversation about anarchy—about the possibility, dynamics, and appeal of social order without the state. Drawing on resources from philosophy, economics, law, history, politics, and religious studies, it is designed to deepen understanding of anarchy and the development of anarchist ideas at a time when those ideas have attracted increasing attention. The popular identification of anarchy with chaos makes sophisticated interpretations—which recognize anarchy as a kind of social order rather than an alternative to it—especially interesting. Strong, centralized governments have struggled to quell popular frustration even as doubts have continued to percolate about their legitimacy and long-term financial stability. Since the emergence of the modern state, concerns like these have driven scholars to wonder whether societies could flourish while abandoning monopolistic governance entirely. Standard treatments of political philosophy frequently assume the justifiability and desirability of states, focusing on such questions as, What is the best kind of state? and What laws and policies should states adopt?, without considering whether it is just or prudent for states to do anything at all. This Handbook encourages engagement with a provocative alternative that casts more conventional views in stark relief. Its 30 chapters, written specifically for this volume by an international team of leading scholars, are organized into four main parts: I. Concept and Significance II. Figures and Traditions III. Legitimacy and Order IV. Critique and Alternatives In addition, a comprehensive index makes the volume easy to navigate and an annotated bibliography points readers to the most promising avenues of future research.
Stateless HTTP One fundamental aspect of HTTP is that it is ' stateless ' or ' non - persistent . This means that every time you interact with a Web server ...
Author: Michael Chesher
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Presents an overview of electronic commerce and how it has allowed companies to conduct business globally through the Internet.
Thus, it can obtain a global address in a stateless way. The term stateless refers to the fact that the address is configured without the need for keeping a ...
Author: Taniar, David
Publisher: IGI Global
The "Encyclopedia of Mobile Computing and Commerce" presents current trends in mobile computing and their commercial applications. Hundreds of internationally renowned scholars and practitioners have written comprehensive articles exploring such topics as location and context awareness, mobile networks, mobile services, the socio impact of mobile technology, and mobile software engineering.
(5) Stateless: Http is a stateless protocol. Stateless means that the protocol has no memory concerning business transaction.
Author: Zheng Qin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Introduction to E-commerce discusses the foundations and key aspects of E-commerce while focusing on the latest developments in the E-commerce industry. Practical case studies offer a useful reference for dealing with various issues in E-commerce such as latest applications, management techniques, or psychological methods. Dr. Zheng Qin is currently Director of the E-Commerce Institute of Xi’an Jiaotong University.
No court faced with a standard form agreement that grants the offeror authority to regulate only “interstate commerce” would read it to limit the right of a ...
Author: Tom W. Bell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Your Next Government? From the Nation State to Stateless Nations reveals the revolution quietly transforming governments bottom-up, inside-out, worldwide. It will attract scholars of international law and trade, special jurisdictions, development policy, urban planning, and political philosophy, as well as lay readers interested in these topics.
TABLE 1 Japanese American Population, 1920–1940 SOURCES: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Fourteenth Census of the United States Taken in ...
Author: Michael R. Jin
Publisher: Stanford University Press
From the 1920s to the eve of the Pacific War in 1941, more than 50,000 young second-generation Japanese Americans (Nisei) embarked on transpacific journeys to the Japanese Empire, putting an ocean between themselves and pervasive anti-Asian racism in the American West. Born U.S. citizens but treated as unwelcome aliens, this contingent of Japanese Americans—one in four U.S.-born Nisei—came in search of better lives but instead encountered a world shaped by increasingly volatile relations between the U.S. and Japan. Based on transnational and bilingual research in the United States and Japan, Michael R. Jin recuperates the stories of this unique group of American emigrants at the crossroads of U.S. and Japanese empire. From the Jim Crow American West to the Japanese colonial frontiers in Asia, and from internment camps in America to Hiroshima on the eve of the atomic bombing, these individuals redefined ideas about home, identity, citizenship, and belonging as they encountered multiple social realities on both sides of the Pacific. Citizens, Immigrants, and the Stateless examines the deeply intertwined histories of Asian exclusion in the United States, Japanese colonialism in Asia, and volatile geopolitical changes in the Pacific world that converged in the lives of Japanese American migrants.
Several cache invalidation strategies have been proposed, which can be divided into two categories (Barbara and Imielinski, 1994): stateful and stateless ...
Author: Ee-Peng Lim
Publisher: IGI Global
There is substantial interest in research in developing countries, especially in the use, implementation and development of information technology and systems. Many researchers have been moving toward an understanding of indigenous social and cultural structures and how they influence the use and development of information systems. E-Commerce and Cultural Values addresses these issues and brings together scholars to share their expertise on different aspects of the social side of e-Commerce and information systems and how they impact the cultural values of a society.
See also the analysis of networks of diamond dealers in Barak Richman, Stateless Commerce (HUP 2017). Cairns (n 25) 294 refers to the 'interlinking networks ...
Author: Andrew Hutchison
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
This comprehensive Research Handbook examines the continuum between private ordering and state regulation in the lex mercatoria, highlighting constancy and change in this dynamic and evolving system in order to offer an in-depth discussion of international commercial contract law. International scholars from a range of jurisdictions and legal cultures across Africa, North America and Europe, dissect a plethora of contract types, including sale, insurance, shipping, credit, negotiable instruments and agency against the backdrop of key legal regimes commonly chosen in international agreements.
An energetic commercial people, the famous Ewe market women dominate local commerce across the region. LANGUAGE AND RELIGION: The Ewe language belongs to ...
Author: James Minahan
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
Provides an up-to-date guide to over 300 developed or emerging national groups worldwide, some of whom are poised to shape the world of tomorrow.
Stateless commerce: The diamond network and the persistence of relational exchange. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Rierden, A. (1997).
Author: David Skarbek
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Many people think prisons are all the same-rows of cells filled with violent men who officials rule with an iron fist. Yet, life behind bars varies in incredible ways. In some facilities, prison officials govern with care and attention to prisoners' needs. In others, officials have remarkably little influence on the everyday life of prisoners, sometimes not even providing necessities like food and clean water. Why does prison social order around the world look so remarkably different? In The Puzzle of Prison Order, David Skarbek develops a theory of why prisons and prison life vary so much. He finds that how they're governed-sometimes by the state, and sometimes by the prisoners-matters the most. He investigates life in a wide array of prisons-in Brazil, Bolivia, Norway, a prisoner of war camp, England and Wales, women's prisons in California, and a gay and transgender housing unit in the Los Angeles County Jail-to understand the hierarchy of life on the inside. Drawing on economics and a vast empirical literature on legal systems, Skarbek offers a framework to not only understand why life on the inside varies in such fascinating and novel ways, but also how social order evolves and takes root behind bars.
Stateless Law and International Arbitration Thomas Schultz ... A commercial arbitral award, in order to gain access to coercive might, must meet the ...
Author: Thomas Schultz
Publisher: OUP Oxford
What should we call law when it is not the law of one or several states? Does it actually matter what we call law? How can we take into account the consequences of calling something law when we shape the concept of law in the first place? How does international arbitration help to illustrate the problem? This book is an investigation into stateless law, illustrated by international arbitration regimes. It addresses key philosophical questions posed by international arbitration as a potential path to law beyond the state. It ascertains which dimensions of transnational legality arbitral regimes conform to, and what consequences follow from it. The argument of this book is firmly rooted in contemporary legal positivism and is attentive to current debates regarding the rule of law to ponder legality without territory. A theory is suggested regarding the minimal conditions that transnational regimes must fulfil in order to legitimately and appropriately count as law. The theory is tested on various arbitral regimes. The book thus offers reflections on the extent to which legality and the rule of law can serve as a moral and political benchmark for transnational regimes, to assess the political morality of arbitration's current autonomy from states and what arbitration's claim for an increase in that autonomy implies.