Given increased accountability for their actions, perpetrators have incentives to
reduce manipulation or abstain from it entirely, leading to a reduction in
campaign violence. VIOLENCE-REDUCING ASSISTANCE ACTIVITIES: SIERRA
Author: Inken von Borzyskowski
Publisher: Cornell University Press
The key to the impact of international election support is credibility; credible elections are less likely to turn violent. So argues Inken von Borzyskowski in The Credibility Challenge, in which she provides an explanation of why and when election support can increase or reduce violence. Von Borzyskowski answers four major questions: Under what circumstances can election support influence election violence? How can election support shape the incentives of domestic actors to engage in or abstain from violence? Does support help reduce violence or increase it? And, which type of support—observation or technical assistance—is better in each instance? The Credibility Challenge pulls broad quantitative evidence and qualitative observations from Guyana, Liberia, Kenya, Sierra Leone, and Bangladesh to respond to these questions. Von Borzyskowski finds that international democracy aid matters for election credibility and violence; outside observers can exacerbate postelection violence if they cast doubt on election credibility; and technical assistance helps build electoral institutions, improves election credibility, and reduces violence. Her results advance research and policy on peacebuilding and democracy promotion in new and surprising ways.
Coward , ” Sierra challenged softly . Ram paused but did not stop . " Lock the
door behind me , ” he threw over his shoulder , ignoring Sierra's challenge . The
soft click of the latch left a hollow feeling deep in the pit of her stomach . Bandying
Author: Connie Mason
Publisher: Dorchester Publishing Company Incorporated
Believing rumors that her long-lost siblings are living in Denver, finishing school debutante Sierra Alden takes a chance with her reputation by asking Ramsey Hunter to guide her to them, despite the dual risk he places on her heart. Original.
Report of the Sierra Summit Steering Committee. abuse of grazing " ... B. In the
arena of RESOURCE MANAGEMENT the underlying challenge is : Put forestry
practices in the hands of professional resource managers . F. In the arena of ...
Recommendations of the Committee, on Sierra Nevada resource issues, based on the Sierra Summit conference held November 17-18, 1991, at Stanford Sierra Camp, Fallen Leaf Lake, South Lake Tahoe, Calif., and on five workshops held in 1992 at various locations in the Sierra.
Compared to other low-income countries, Sierra Leone has slightly lower JSS,
SSS, and tertiary gross enrollment ratios. Universal primary education is still a
challenge, as around 25 percent of children aged 6–11 and 12–14 were out of ...
Publisher: World Bank Publications
After a decade-long civil war, Sierra Leone witnessed an unprecedented surge in school enrollments at the primary and then the secondary levels. Committed to the Education for All objectives, the government further encouraged greater access to school. The country must now negotiate the transition from postwar recovery to regular delivery of education services. The main tasks ahead include reaching the remaining out-of-school children and improving the quality of the learning environment and, ultimately, of learning outcomes. Success will depend on the unrelenting, strong commitment of the government, the capacity of providers to effectively deliver education services, and a sustainable financial framework.
McCloskey had already begun to explore the possibilities of challenging the
Disney plan legally. ... standing to participate in a federal agency-s hearings; the
Sierra Club wanted standing to challenge an agency-s action in tederal court.
Author: Tom Turner
Publisher: Abradale Press
An illustrated history of the Sierra Club features three hundred images from America's leading nature photographers depicting national parks, forests, and wilderness saved by the efforts of the Sierra Club.