"Shaman of Oberstdorf tells the fascinating story of a sixteenth-century mountain village caught in a panic of its own making.
Author: Wolfgang Behringer
Publisher: University of Virginia Press
"Shaman of Oberstdorf tells the fascinating story of a sixteenth-century mountain village caught in a panic of its own making. Four hundred years ago the Bavarian alpine town of Oberstdorf, surrounded by the towering peaks of the Vorarlberg, was awash in legends and rumors of prophets and healers, of spirits and specters, of witches and soothsayers. The book focuses on the life of a horse wrangler named Chonrad Stoeckhlin [1549-1587], whose extraordinary visions of the afterlife and enthusiastic practice of the occult eventually led to his death-and to the death of a number of village women-for crimes of witchcraft. Wolfgang Behringer is one of the premier historians of German witchcraft, not only because of his mastery of the subject at the regional level, but because he also writes movingly, forcefully, and with an eye for the telling anecdote."--Amazon.ca.
Behringer, Shaman of Oberstdorf, 96. 21. Ibid. 22. Ibid., 188. 23. De Lorris and De
Meun, Romance of the Rose, 129. 24. Quoted in McNeill and Gamer, Medieval
Handbooks, 339. 25. Russell, History of Witchcraft, 81–82. 26. Lea, History of the
Author: Thomas Hatsis
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
An exploration of the historical origins of the “witches’ ointment” and medieval hallucinogenic drug practices based on the earliest sources • Details how early modern theologians demonized psychedelic folk magic into “witches’ ointments” • Shares dozens of psychoactive formulas and recipes gleaned from rare manuscripts from university collections all over the world as well as the practices and magical incantations necessary for their preparation • Examines the practices of medieval witches like Matteuccia di Francisco, who used hallucinogenic drugs in her love potions and herbal preparations In the medieval period preparations with hallucinogenic herbs were part of the practice of veneficium, or poison magic. This collection of magical arts used poisons, herbs, and rituals to bewitch, heal, prophesy, infect, and murder. In the form of psyche-magical ointments, poison magic could trigger powerful hallucinations and surrealistic dreams that enabled direct experience of the Divine. Smeared on the skin, these entheogenic ointments were said to enable witches to commune with various local goddesses, bastardized by the Church as trips to the Sabbat--clandestine meetings with Satan to learn magic and participate in demonic orgies. Examining trial records and the pharmacopoeia of witches, alchemists, folk healers, and heretics of the 15th century, Thomas Hatsis details how a range of ideas from folk drugs to ecclesiastical fears over medicine women merged to form the classical “witch” stereotype and what history has called the “witches’ ointment.” He shares dozens of psychoactive formulas and recipes gleaned from rare manuscripts from university collections from all over the world as well as the practices and magical incantations necessary for their preparation. He explores the connections between witches’ ointments and spells for shape shifting, spirit travel, and bewitching magic. He examines the practices of some Renaissance magicians, who inhaled powerful drugs to communicate with spirits, and of Italian folk-witches, such as Matteuccia di Francisco, who used hallucinogenic drugs in her love potions and herbal preparations, and Finicella, who used drug ointments to imagine herself transformed into a cat. Exploring the untold history of the witches’ ointment and medieval hallucinogen use, Hatsis reveals how the Church transformed folk drug practices, specifically entheogenic ones, into satanic experiences.
... one can trace the transformation of individual sorcerers, shamans, and ''
cunning'' men and women of earlier centuries ... Suffolk, 1998); Wolfgang
Behringer, Shaman of Oberstdorf: Chonrad Stoeckhlin and the Phantoms of the
Author: Alan Charles Kors
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Selected by Choice magazine as an Outstanding Academic Book for 2001 The highly-acclaimed first edition of this book chronicled the rise and fall of witchcraft in Europe between the twelfth and the end of the seventeenth centuries. Now greatly expanded, the classic anthology of contemporary texts reexamines the phenomenon of witchcraft, taking into account the remarkable scholarship since the book's publication almost thirty years ago. Spanning the period from 400 to 1700, the second edition of Witchcraft in Europe assembles nearly twice as many primary documents as the first, many newly translated, along with new illustrations that trace the development of witch-beliefs from late Mediterranean antiquity through the Enlightenment. Trial records, inquisitors' reports, eyewitness statements, and witches' confessions, along with striking contemporary illustrations depicting the career of the Devil and his works, testify to the hundreds of years of terror that enslaved an entire continent. Thomas Aquinas, Martin Luther, Thomas Hobbes, and other thinkers are quoted at length in order to determine the intellectual, perceptual, and legal processes by which "folklore" was transformed into systematic demonology and persecution. Together with explanatory notes, introductory essays—which have been revised to reflect current research—and a new bibliography, the documents gathered in Witchcraft in Europe vividly illumine the dark side of the European mind.
57; Behringer, Shaman of Oberstdorf. Hutton, Shamans. My thanks to Ronald
Hutton for generously providing me with a pre-publication version. See, for
example, Eliade, Le chamanisme, Eliade, “Some Observations on European
Author: Owen Davies
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Cunning-folk were local practitioners of magic, providing small-scale but valued service to the community. They were far more representative of magical practice than the arcane delvings of astrologers and necromancers. Mostly unsensational in their approach, cunning-folk helped people with everyday problems: how to find lost objects; how to escape from bad luck or a suspected spell; and how to attract a lover or keep the love of a husband or wife. While cunning-folk sometimes fell foul of the authorities, both church and state often turned a blind eye to their existence and practices, distinguishing what they did from the rare and sensational cases of malvolent witchcraft. In a world of uncertainty, before insurance and modern science, cunning-folk played an important role that has previously been ignored.
... the Scottish narratives with Wolfgang Behringer ' s study of the Shaman of
Oberstdorf . Chonrad Stoeckhlin , a horse wrangler in the Upper Valais , made a
pact with his friend Jacob Walch that whichever of them predeceased the other ...
Author: Lizanne Henderson
Publisher: John Donald Publishers
In Scotland the subject of the supernatural has been largely ignored by mainstream historians and academics, who considered it to be irrelevant or trivial. This collection of essays, by some of the foremost commentators in the field, seeks to redress the balance by tackling such topics as prophecy, astrology, witchcraft, fairy belief, amulets and charming. Other issues include the role of the supernatural in Enlightenment Scotland, in almanacs, in Gaelic society, and in literature, folktale and legend. This is a multi-disciplinary volume, with contributions utilising historical, literary and folkloristic methodologies and ranging in time from the late medieval period to the present day. It explores the perennial fascination of how people in the past viewed their world.
Shaman of Oberstdorf : Chonrad Stoeckhlin and the Phantoms of the Night .
Translated by H. C. Erik Midelfort . Charlottesville : University Press of Virginia ,
1998 . Benedict , Ruth . Patterns of Culture , 2d edition . Boston : Houghton Mifflin
Author: Gary Edson
"This book provides an in-depth look at the beliefs and practices centered on the shaman, a person believed to have powers to heal and communicate with the spirit world. The work features more than 90 of the author's drawings of masks, fetishes, carvingsand ongon, and 40 rare photographs of shamans, medicine men and women and healers"--Provided by publisher.
... Historical , Physiological and Theological Treatise of Spirits , Apparitions ,
Witchcrafts , and Other Magical Practices , London . Behringer , Wolfgang ( 1998
) Shaman of Oberstdorf : Chonrad Stoeckhlin and the Phantoms of the Night ,
Author: Emma Wilby
This book contains the first comprehensive examination of popular familiar belief in early modern Britain. It provides an in-depth analysis of the correlation between early modern British magic and tribal shamanism, examines the experiential dimension of popular magic and witchcraft in early modern Britain, and explores the links between British fairy beliefs and witch beliefs. In the hundreds of confessions relating to witchcraft and sorcery trials in early modern Britain there are detailed descriptions of intimate working relationships between popular magical practitioners and familiar spirits of either human or animal form. Until recently historians often dismissed these descriptions as elaborate fictions created by judicial interrogators eager to find evidence of stereotypical pacts with the Devil. Although this paradigm is now routinely questioned, and most historians acknowledge that there was a folkloric component to familiar lore in the period, these beliefs, and the experiences reportedly associated with them, remain substantially unexplored. This book examines the folkloric roots of familiar lore from historical, anthropological and comparative religious perspectives. It argues that beliefs about witches' familiars were rooted in beliefs surrounding the use of fairy familiars by beneficent magical practitioners or cunning folk', and corroborates this through a comparative analysis of familiar beliefs found in traditional Native American and Siberian shamanism. The author explores the experiential dimension of familiar lore by drawing parallels between early modern familiar encounters and visionary mysticism as it appears in both tribal shamanism and medieval European contemplative traditions. These perspectives challenge the reductionist view of popular magic in early modern Britain often presented by historians.
Past & Present Publications , Cambridge University Press , 1997 ) , and The
Shaman of Oberstdorf . Chonrad Stoeckhlin and the Phantoms of the Night (
translated by H . C . Erik Midelfort . Virginia University Press , Charlottesville 1998
Author: Professor of History Julian Swann
Guy Fawkes and his gunpowder plot, the 'Man in the Iron Mask' and the 'Devils of Loudun' have offered some of the most compelling images of the early modern period. Conspiracies, real or imagined, were an essential feature of early modern life, offering a seemingly rational and convincing explanation for patterns of political and social behaviour.Conspiracies and Conspiracy Theory in Early Modern Europe examines conspiracies and conspiracy theories from an interdisciplinary perspective, by combining the theoretical approach of the history of ideas with specific examples from the period. Each contribution addresses a number of common themes through a series of original case studies, examining why certain groups were perceived in conspiratorial terms, and how far, if at all, these attitudes were challenged or redefined by the enlightenment.
J . C . Grayson and D . Lederer . Cambridge : Cambridge University Press .
Behringer , W . ( 1998 ) Shaman of Oberstdorf : Chonrad Stoeckhlin and the
Phantoms of the Night , trans . H . C . Erik Midelfort . Charlottesville , VA :
University Press ...
Author: Sara Scott
Publisher: Open University Press
Ritual abuse emerged as a social problem only to have its existence immediately challenged by a discourse of disbelief. This work offers insight into why ritual abuse has become such a contested issue.
I . Behringer , Wolfgang , 1998 , Shaman of Oberstdorf : Chonrad Stoeckhlin and
the Phantoms of the Night ( Studies in Early Modern German History ) , University
of Virginia . Blackburn , Thomas C . , 1977 , Flowers of the Wind , Papers on ...
Author: Dale Pendell
Contemporary alchemist Dale Pendell completes his poetic study of botany, chemistry, spirituality, psychology and history in a volume covering the composition and uses of visionary plants. Chapters including Phantastica, Hypnotica and Telephorica explore the hallucinogenic plants, the bringers of sleep and the bearers of distance.
4 Wolfgang Behringer , Shaman of Oberstdorf : Chonrad Stoeckhlin and the
Phantoms of the Night , trans . Erik Midelfort ( Charlottesville , VA , 1998 ) , 10-12 .
same story is told in the Decameron of Boccaccio and 174 Agreements to Return
Author: Ecclesiastical History Society. Summer Meeting
"The Christian Church's ideas about the afterlife have always been central to its thought, and may have played the vital role in the spread of the faith itself. One sixth-century pagan was reported by Bede to have likened human life to a sparrow flying swiftly through a well-lit hall from dark to dark: for him at least, the church's promise of light beyond that brief traverse was reason enough to convert. Beyond this basic attraction of the Christian afterlife, notions and disputes about what happened to souls after death have been inseparably entangled in the Church's history." "As this wide ranging collection shows, they influenced the early formation of doctrine, flavoured debates between Eastern and Western traditions, were crucial to the Reformation, and shaped the spread of the Christian religion beyond Europe. By considering the whole chronological and geographic spread of the church's experience, these essays demonstrate the current excitement of scholarly study of the afterlife: and they frequently question such deeply held assumptions as the late development of purgatory in Christian thought, the divorce between the living and the dead in the western tradition after the sixteenth century, or the importance of post-death salvation in successful modern evangelism."--BOOK JACKET.