By appealing to the evolved cognitive architecture of human minds, this book argues that ritualized disposal behavior is the by-product of mental systems designed to handle living people.
Author: William W. McCorkle, Jr.
Publisher: Peter Lang
Ritualizing the Disposal of the Deceased traces mortuary behavior from the early fossil record to modern religious contexts in diverse cultural settings. By using archival and ethnographic evidence from Buddhist traditions, the author highlights the disparity between doctrines that contradict actual practices performed by Buddhists themselves. By appealing to the evolved cognitive architecture of human minds, this book argues that ritualized disposal behavior is the by-product of mental systems designed to handle living people. Due to complex social intelligence, humans are compelled to handle dead people in ritualized behaviors and to represent them in counterintuitive ways. The author also examines the professional religious guilds that have taken advantage of these ritualized compulsions over the last several thousand years, by giving and controlling the meanings behind these actions. Furthermore, experimental evidence is given to support this hypothesis, providing the first mature cognitive and evolutionary theory for mortuary behavior by humans.
Here students might be reminded of friends or family who have died, be provoked
into self-reflection and become ... body parts which were kept indefinitely rather
than being subject to requirements of ritualized disposal at particular times.
Author: Elizabeth Hallam
Publisher: Reaktion Books
Anatomy museums around the world showcase preserved corpses in service of education and medical advancement, but they are little-known and have been largely hidden from the public eye. Elizabeth Hallam here investigates the anatomy museum and how it reveals the fascination and fears that surround the dead body in Western societies. Hallam explores the history of these museums and how they operate in the current cultural environment. Their regulated access increasingly clashes with evolving public mores toward the exposed body, as demonstrated by the international popularity of the Body Worlds exhibition. The book examines such related topics as artistic works that employ the images of dead bodies and the larger ongoing debate over the disposal of corpses. Issues such as aesthetics and science, organ and body donations, and the dead body in Western religion and ritual are also discussed here in fascinating depth. The Anatomy Museum unearths a strange and compelling cultural history that investigates the ideas of preservation, human rituals of death, and the spaces that our bodies occupy in this life and beyond.
Finally , ritualized behaviours toward dead bodies are especially salient in
modeling the cognitive architecture of ... THE MENTAL CULTURE OF DEAD
AGENTS Humans throughout history and across culture have disposed of dead
bodies in ...
Author: International Association for the History of Religions. Congress
Statement and acknowledgements -- Welcome and announcements -- Introductory information -- Congress committees -- The academic program -- Formal meetings of the IAHR -- The Congress Director's general report of the XXth IAHR Congress -- The Congress Administrator's statistical report -- Abstracts of papers for the XXth IAHR Congress -- Alphabetic list of all Congress participants.
... and Dead Machines Evolutionary Anthropology of Death and Burial William W.
McCorkle , Jr. Archaeologists speculate that humans between forty thousand and
a hundred fifty thousand years ago disposed of dead bodies in ritualized ways ...
Author: Joseph Abdul Bulbulia
The Evolution of Religion is a unique transdisciplinary volume that gathers the latest research, debates, and programmatic visions of scholars studying religion from an evolutionary perspective. Anyone interested in the relationship of evolutionary science to religion will find insight and inspiration in this striking collection of fifty short essays from a diverse group of renowned international scolars. Here, God meets Darwin, and the conversation that ensues provides fascinating reading for those seeking to make sense of religion's place in nature.
Such fragmented patterns enable mobility and visibility to both the living and the
dead who may now accompany them. ... We noted, however, that some
communities feared the dead and that ritualizing disposal was important in order
Author: Glennys Howarth
This stimulating new book provides a sophisticated introduction to the key issues in the sociology of death and dying. In recent years, the social sciences have seen an upsurge of interest in death and dying. The fascination with death is reflected in popular media such as newspapers, television documentaries, films and soaps, and, moreover, in the multiplying range of professional roles associated with dying and death. Yet despite its ubiquitous significance, the majority of texts in the field have been written primarily for health professionals. This book breaks with that tradition. It provides a cutting edge, comprehensive discussion of the key topics in death and dying and in so doing demonstrates that the study of mortality is germane to all areas of sociology. The book is organised thematically, utilising empirical material from cross-national and cross-cultural perspectives. It carefully addresses questions about social attitudes to mortality, the social nature of death and dying, explanations for change and diversity in approaches, and traditional, modern and postmodern experiences of death. Death and Dying will appeal to students across the social sciences, as well as professionals whose work brings them into contact with dying or bereaved people.
300,000-30,000 years ago ) and has yielded but a few possible traces of
symbolic expression , all of them subtle and ambiguous . The evidence is of two
kinds : objects of unusual color and form ; and the possible ritualized disposal of
Author: Randall White
Publisher: Harry N. Abrams
Examines prehistoric objects and images from an anthropological, rather than artistic, perspective.
McCorkle, W. W. (2010) Ritualizing the Disposal of Dead Bodies: From Corpse to
Concept. New York: Peter Lang Publishing. Mellor, P. (1993) Death in high
modernity: the contemporary presence and absence of death. In D. Clark (ed.) ...
Author: Bryan S Turner
In the last three decades, the human body has gained increasing prominence in contemporary political debates, and it has become a central topic of modern social sciences and humanities. Modern technologies – such as organ transplants, stem-cell research, nanotechnology, cosmetic surgery and cryonics – have changed how we think about the body. In this collection of thirty original essays by leading figures in the field, these issues are explored across a number of theoretical and disciplinary perspectives, including pragmatism, feminism, queer theory, post-modernism, post-humanism, cultural sociology, philosophy and anthropology. A wide range of case studies, which include cosmetics, diet, organ transplants, racial bodies, masculinity and sexuality, eating disorders, religion and the sacred body, and disability, are used to appraise these different perspectives. In addition, this Handbook explores various epistemological approaches to the basic question: what is a body? It also offers a strongly themed range of chapters on empirical topics that are organized around religion, medicine, gender, technology and consumption. It also contributes to the debate over the globalization of the body: how have military technology, modern medicine, sport and consumption led to this contemporary obsession with matters corporeal? The Handbook’s clear, direct style will appeal to a wide undergraduate audience in the social sciences, particularly for those studying medical sociology, gender studies, sports studies, disability studies, social gerontology, or the sociology of religion. It will serve to consolidate the new field of body studies.
Mortality , death , and the unknown were ritualized out of a mixture of affection for
the deceased , awe of death's mysteries ... Oceania , and Latin America are
mirrors of Stone Age views concerning the soul , the hereafter , and corpse
Author: Thomas J. Sienkewicz
Publisher: Salem PressInc
Covers world cultures from prehistory through the year 700 C.E., including essays on persons, cultures, wars, battles, documents or works, traditions or cultural phenomena, structures or artifacts, places or sites, terms, and groups or civilizations.
War and physical confrontation sink into the background as life ' s major drama is
ritualized . Ceremonies for the disposal of dead babies ( to prevent their haunting
the family ) and for purifying the mother punctuate the text . At the end , Isobel ...
Author: Lorna Irvine
Publisher: E C W Press
This timely book participates in the reshaping of our collective imagination being undertaken by women writers. In a set of readings that examines the work of Audrey Thomas, Margaret Atwood, Jane Rule, Alice Munro, Marian Engel, and Mavis Gallant, Lorna Irvine brings out the stories within the stories that overturn traditional conventions for writing and reading literary texts. Here is a book that will help inform opinions on a topic of growing interest.
In counterpoint to this ritualized disposal of the body runs the recurrent motif of
death so unnatural that what is normally owed to the dead in terms of funeral rites
is inaccessible . When Beowulf has returned to his own country and is describing
Author: D. G. Scragg
Twenty papers by students of Scragg (U. of Leicester) and other scholars of Anglo-Saxon from across Europe and the US pivot on his particular interests, among them editing and the transmission of texts, source studies, and interpretations of Old and transitional English poetry and prose. Readers are expected to be literate in Old English. Annotatio
Ritual Disposal and Renovation of Texts in World Religions Kristina Myrvold.
their semantic dimension. readings, recitations, drama, and art ritualize their
performative dimension. The iconic dimension can be ritualized by decoration of
Author: Kristina Myrvold
The Death of Sacred Texts draws attention to a much neglected topic in the study of sacred texts: the religious and ritual attitudes towards texts which have become old and damaged and can no longer be used for reading practices or in religious worship. This book approaches religious texts and scriptures by focusing on their physical properties and the dynamic interactions of devices and habits that lie beneath and within a given text. In the last decades a growing body of research studies has directed attention to the multiple uses and ways people encounter written texts and how they make them alive, even as social actors, in different times and cultures. Considering religious people seem to have all the motives for giving their sacred texts a respectful symbolic treatment, scholars have paid surprisingly little attention to the ritual procedures of disposing and renovating old texts. This book fills this gap, providing empirical data and theoretical analyses of historical and contemporary religious attitudes towards, and practices of text disposals within, seven world religions: Judaism, Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism. Exploring the cultural and historical variations of rituals for religious scriptures and texts (such as burials, cremations and immersion into rivers) and the underlying beliefs within the religious traditions, this book investigates how these religious practices and stances respond to modernization and globalization processes when new technologies have made it possible to mass-produce and publish religious texts on the Internet.
The first is called disaggregation and is related to the temporal disposal of the
deceased , while the second is the ... the first is that one means of ritualization of
the mortuary practice is to maintain a permanent disposal ground for the
Author: Mercourios Georgiadis
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited
Mycenaean influence was exerted on the islands of the south-eastern Aegean through the improvement of both people and ideas through migration, colonisation and invasion. This study explores Mycenaean influence through analysing the burial record of islands in the south-west and in particular Karpathos, Rhodes, Kos and Ialysos. Data on the architecture and types of burials found, treatment of the body, funerary ritual and grave goods, are used to build a picture of local and regional burial traditions and belief systems. Issues of ethnicity and culture, ideological and cosmological beliefs, as well as the social and political characteristics of these Mycenaean societies, are discussed and common traditions highlighted.