Archaeological analysis at the regional scale investigates the past by studying how people distributed themselves and their activities across a landscape of hundreds or thousands of square kilometers.
Author: Robert D.
Publisher: ISD LLC
Archaeological analysis at the regional scale investigates the past by studying how people distributed themselves and their activities across a landscape of hundreds or thousands of square kilometers. Archaeological field survey methods developed over half a century combine with powerful new quantitative tools for spatial analysis (including GIS) to unleash new potential for identifying and studying ancient local communities and regional polities. Varied approaches to estimating regional population sizes in both relative and absolute terms are synthesized and their advantages and disadvantages assessed. Tools for quantitative analysis of regional demographic data are presented. Field survey methods developed around the world are compiled from widely scattered sources and best practices for collecting archaeological data to sustain demographic analysis are delineated. Concepts for improved sampling design in regional survey work are derived from fundamental statistical principles. In conclusion, promising directions for future methodological development are identified.
Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Center for Comparative Archaeology. 2003
2011 2011 Drennan, Robert D., C. Adam Berrey, and Christian E. Peterson In
press Regional Settlement Demography in Archaeology. Clinton Corners, NY:
Author: Christian E. Peterson
Publisher: Center for Comparative Arch
A detailed report on regional-, local-, and household-scale research on Hongshan societies (4500-3000 BCE) in northeastern China. Regional demography and community patterns are analyzed for an area of 200 square kilometers surrounding the excavated ceremonial site of Dongshanzui. More intensive study of Hongshan residential remains through surface collection, magnetometer survey, and stratigraphic tests informs the interpretation of the results of regional-scale survey. Dongshanzui's public architecture, along with additional unexcavated ceremonial platforms, are shown to be at the heart of a regional-scale concentration of Hongshan residential occupation that represents an independent small chiefly polity with no more than 1,000 inhabitants. Its neighbors were other similar small polities related to each other through peaceful interaction but without larger-scale political integration. Complete text in English and Chinese.
In this study, published intensive field surveys, from different regions on the Italian peninsula, are revisited from a range of different methodological and theoretical perspectives.
Author: Peter De Graaf
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited
In this study, published intensive field surveys, from different regions on the Italian peninsula, are revisited from a range of different methodological and theoretical perspectives. With its emphasis on the Late Republican to Early Imperial period, the outcome of this research should lead to a better understanding of comparative regional differences, in terms of settlement patterns and hierarchy, demography, urbanisation processes, and how society could have functioned. This study intends to build on existing notions of regional variations and bring them into better focus. For the theoretical and methodological framework, models and interpretive schemes are assessed originating from archaeology, social geography and ethnography using archaeological evidence. The field surveys or regions covered include the Potenza Val, the 'extended' suburbium of Rome, the Pontine region and the Biferno Valley.
Such gaps obscure long - term demographic patterns of regional population and
settlement changes . Focusing on the more recent archaeological phases of the
Alutiiq region reduces the significance of site preservation biases . It also limits ...
Author: James C. Haggarty
This report summarizes the methods and procedures used in protecting and gathering historical and cultural data from archeological sites during the cleanup of the 'Exxon Valdez' oil spill in Prince William Sound, Gulf of Alaska.
Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 21 : 25 – 82 . Parsons , Jeffrey R . 1968
Teotihuacan , Mexico , and its Impact on Regional Demography . Science 162 :
872 – 877 . 1971 Prehistoric Settlement Patterns in the Texcoco Region , Mexico
Author: Jeffrey R. Parsons
Publisher: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology
This volume brings together the work of some of the most prominent archaeologists to document the impact of Jeffrey R. Parsons on contemporary archaeological method and theory. Parsons is a central figure in the development of settlement pattern archaeology, in which the goal is the study of whole social systems at the scale of regions. In recent decades, regional archaeology has revolutionized how we understand the past, contributing new data and theoretical insights on topics such as early urbanism, social interactions among cities, towns and villages, and long-term population and agricultural change, among many other topics relevant to the study of early civilizations and the evolution of social complexity. Over the past 40 years, the application of these methods by Parsons and others has profoundly changed how we understand the evolution of pre-Hispanic Mesoamerican civilization, and now similar methods are being applied in other world areas. The book's emphasis is on the contribution of settlement pattern archaeology to research in pre-Hispanic Mesoamerica, but its authors also point to the value of regional research in South America, South Asia, and China. Topics addressed include early urbanism, household and gender, agricultural and craft production, migration, ethnogenesis, the evolution of early chiefdoms, and the emergence of pre-modern world-systems.
The normal pattern of Palaeolithic settlement thus becomes a series of
punctuated waves of demographic movement within changing environmental
regions - a long term rhythmic process of colonisation and abandonment . The
driving force ...
Author: Justine Bayley
Publisher: Historic England Publishing
A collection of papers presented at a conference in London in February 1997, assessing the contribution of science to archaeology. Contributions include: Questions for Palaeolithic science and science for Palaeolithic questions (Clive Gamble) ; Archaeological science and proto-historic societies (Martin Millett) ; Medieval and later: composing an agenda (Grenville Astill) , The "expensive tissue hypothesis" and the evolution of the human adaptive niche (Leslie Aiello) ; Questions for archaeological science from the Mesolithic to the Iron Age (Richard Bradley) ; The archaeological study of medieval English human populations, AD 1066-1540 (Simon Mays) , The study of food remains from prehistoric Britain (Tony Legge, Sebastian Payne and Peter Rowley-Conwy) .
They were a testing ground for an integrated survey strategy , as well as venues
for producing data that showcase the ways in which a thorough regional study
can not only illuminate demographic and settlement changes , but provide a
Author: Roderick B. Salisbury
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Pub
This book discusses the cultural, social and archaeological aspects of space and the impact of spatial concepts in practical archaeological case studies. It summarizes recent developments and looks to the future, exploring some of the cutting-edge ideas in spatial method and theory. The past decade has seen significant advances in the tools available for spatial analysis in archaeology, and theory and method regarding the spatial character of archaeology must keep pace with these advances. Geomorphological and geochemical techniques, geographic information systems, remotely sensed data, virtual reality and electronic survey technology provide new opportunities, but also require new ideas. This book gives us insight into the ways that people have used space to subsist, to recreate their culture in their 'homelands' or in new areas, or impose their culture on others. Contributors address the way archaeological notions of space and deep time can add to society's understanding of landscape, social relationships, past environment and cultural heritage. The contributions from Europe and North America demonstrate intercontinental connections and explore ways of using dynamic models of spatial patterning to assess human activity within natural and cultural landscapes.