Regional Settlement Demography in Archaeology

Archaeological analysis at the regional scale investigates the past by studying how people distributed themselves and their activities across a landscape of hundreds or thousands of square kilometers.

Regional Settlement Demography in Archaeology

Author: Robert D.

Publisher: ISD LLC

ISBN: 1733376976

Page: 200

View: 415

Archaeological analysis at the regional scale investigates the past by studying how people distributed themselves and their activities across a landscape of hundreds or thousands of square kilometers. Archaeological field survey methods developed over half a century combine with powerful new quantitative tools for spatial analysis (including GIS) to unleash new potential for identifying and studying ancient local communities and regional polities. Varied approaches to estimating regional population sizes in both relative and absolute terms are synthesized and their advantages and disadvantages assessed. Tools for quantitative analysis of regional demographic data are presented. Field survey methods developed around the world are compiled from widely scattered sources and best practices for collecting archaeological data to sustain demographic analysis are delineated. Concepts for improved sampling design in regional survey work are derived from fundamental statistical principles. In conclusion, promising directions for future methodological development are identified.

Hongshan Regional Organization in the Upper Daling Valley

Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Center for Comparative Archaeology. 2003
2011 2011 Drennan, Robert D., C. Adam Berrey, and Christian E. Peterson In
press Regional Settlement Demography in Archaeology. Clinton Corners, NY:
Elliot ...

Hongshan Regional Organization in the Upper Daling Valley

Author: Christian E. Peterson

Publisher: Center for Comparative Arch

ISBN: 1877812935

Page: 102

View: 478

A detailed report on regional-, local-, and household-scale research on Hongshan societies (4500-3000 BCE) in northeastern China. Regional demography and community patterns are analyzed for an area of 200 square kilometers surrounding the excavated ceremonial site of Dongshanzui. More intensive study of Hongshan residential remains through surface collection, magnetometer survey, and stratigraphic tests informs the interpretation of the results of regional-scale survey. Dongshanzui's public architecture, along with additional unexcavated ceremonial platforms, are shown to be at the heart of a regional-scale concentration of Hongshan residential occupation that represents an independent small chiefly polity with no more than 1,000 inhabitants. Its neighbors were other similar small polities related to each other through peaceful interaction but without larger-scale political integration. Complete text in English and Chinese.

Archaeological Settlement Pattern Data from the Cuautitlan Temascalapa and Teotihuacan Regions of Mexico

During the Teotihuacan period ( ca . 150 BC - AD 600 ) , above all , it is seriously
misleading to try to characterize regional settlement and demographic patterns in
the Basin without taking into account the growth and decline of Teotihuacan .

Archaeological Settlement Pattern Data from the Cuautitlan  Temascalapa  and Teotihuacan Regions of Mexico

Author: Larry J. Gorenflo

Publisher: Pennsylvania State Univ Department of

ISBN:

Page: 283

View: 286

Conservation Archaeology

BACKGROUND In early 1973 , the Archaeological Research Unit ( ARU ) of the
University of California , Riverside , was granted a small ... The basic units for
interpreting the regional settlement - subsistence system were its constituent
settlement categories , which occupy ... subsistence system and its component
settlement categories ; a combination of environmental , demographic , and
archaeological ...

Conservation Archaeology

Author: Michael B. Schiffer

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 495

View: 928

Late Republican Early Imperial Regional Italian Landscapes and Demography

In this study, published intensive field surveys, from different regions on the Italian peninsula, are revisited from a range of different methodological and theoretical perspectives.

Late Republican Early Imperial Regional Italian Landscapes and Demography

Author: Peter De Graaf

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: 9781407309132

Page: 98

View: 640

In this study, published intensive field surveys, from different regions on the Italian peninsula, are revisited from a range of different methodological and theoretical perspectives. With its emphasis on the Late Republican to Early Imperial period, the outcome of this research should lead to a better understanding of comparative regional differences, in terms of settlement patterns and hierarchy, demography, urbanisation processes, and how society could have functioned. This study intends to build on existing notions of regional variations and bring them into better focus. For the theoretical and methodological framework, models and interpretive schemes are assessed originating from archaeology, social geography and ethnography using archaeological evidence. The field surveys or regions covered include the Potenza Val, the 'extended' suburbium of Rome, the Pontine region and the Biferno Valley.

Jounal of Archaeological Science

General theory of rank - size distributions in regional settlement systems :
reappraisal and reformulation of the rank - size rule . ... Settlement and
demographic processes in Israel's coastal plain from the Chalcolithic to the
Middle Bronze Age .

Jounal of Archaeological Science

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 731

The 1990 Exxon Cultural Resource Program

Such gaps obscure long - term demographic patterns of regional population and
settlement changes . Focusing on the more recent archaeological phases of the
Alutiiq region reduces the significance of site preservation biases . It also limits ...

The 1990 Exxon Cultural Resource Program

Author: James C. Haggarty

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 339

View: 246

This report summarizes the methods and procedures used in protecting and gathering historical and cultural data from archeological sites during the cleanup of the 'Exxon Valdez' oil spill in Prince William Sound, Gulf of Alaska.

Demographic Anthropology

First , I wish to consider the archaeological definition of culture as a systemic
phenomenon providing the theoretical framework for examining systemic growth .
Economic growth and the growth of the regional structure of settlements will be ...

Demographic Anthropology

Author: School of American Research (Santa Fe, N.M.)

Publisher: Albuquerque : University of New Mexico Press

ISBN:

Page: 299

View: 913

Settlement Subsistence and Social Complexity

Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 21 : 25 – 82 . Parsons , Jeffrey R . 1968
Teotihuacan , Mexico , and its Impact on Regional Demography . Science 162 :
872 – 877 . 1971 Prehistoric Settlement Patterns in the Texcoco Region , Mexico
.

Settlement  Subsistence  and Social Complexity

Author: Jeffrey R. Parsons

Publisher: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology

ISBN:

Page: 314

View: 409

This volume brings together the work of some of the most prominent archaeologists to document the impact of Jeffrey R. Parsons on contemporary archaeological method and theory. Parsons is a central figure in the development of settlement pattern archaeology, in which the goal is the study of whole social systems at the scale of regions. In recent decades, regional archaeology has revolutionized how we understand the past, contributing new data and theoretical insights on topics such as early urbanism, social interactions among cities, towns and villages, and long-term population and agricultural change, among many other topics relevant to the study of early civilizations and the evolution of social complexity. Over the past 40 years, the application of these methods by Parsons and others has profoundly changed how we understand the evolution of pre-Hispanic Mesoamerican civilization, and now similar methods are being applied in other world areas. The book's emphasis is on the contribution of settlement pattern archaeology to research in pre-Hispanic Mesoamerica, but its authors also point to the value of regional research in South America, South Asia, and China. Topics addressed include early urbanism, household and gender, agricultural and craft production, migration, ethnogenesis, the evolution of early chiefdoms, and the emergence of pre-modern world-systems.

Costa Rican Art and Archaeology

... pendants , sculpture , and ceramics were traded between the basin area and
more distant regional settlement territories . ... The level or grade of sociopolitical
integration associated with each demographic unit is difficult to measure , but ...

Costa Rican Art and Archaeology

Author: Frederick W. Lange

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 336

View: 252

Science in Archaeology

The normal pattern of Palaeolithic settlement thus becomes a series of
punctuated waves of demographic movement within changing environmental
regions - a long term rhythmic process of colonisation and abandonment . The
driving force ...

Science in Archaeology

Author: Justine Bayley

Publisher: Historic England Publishing

ISBN:

Page: 241

View: 269

A collection of papers presented at a conference in London in February 1997, assessing the contribution of science to archaeology. Contributions include: Questions for Palaeolithic science and science for Palaeolithic questions (Clive Gamble) ; Archaeological science and proto-historic societies (Martin Millett) ; Medieval and later: composing an agenda (Grenville Astill) , The "expensive tissue hypothesis" and the evolution of the human adaptive niche (Leslie Aiello) ; Questions for archaeological science from the Mesolithic to the Iron Age (Richard Bradley) ; The archaeological study of medieval English human populations, AD 1066-1540 (Simon Mays) , The study of food remains from prehistoric Britain (Tony Legge, Sebastian Payne and Peter Rowley-Conwy) .

Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology

Held ( 1989b : 171-208 ) mounts a spirited case in favour of ' cultural involution ' (
i.e. a temporary dearth of settlement , but no real discontinuity in occupation of
the island ) , based on demographic modelling of the latest available regional ...

Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 252

Space Archaeology s Final Frontier

They were a testing ground for an integrated survey strategy , as well as venues
for producing data that showcase the ways in which a thorough regional study
can not only illuminate demographic and settlement changes , but provide a
better ...

Space   Archaeology s Final Frontier

Author: Roderick B. Salisbury

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Pub

ISBN:

Page: 316

View: 218

This book discusses the cultural, social and archaeological aspects of space and the impact of spatial concepts in practical archaeological case studies. It summarizes recent developments and looks to the future, exploring some of the cutting-edge ideas in spatial method and theory. The past decade has seen significant advances in the tools available for spatial analysis in archaeology, and theory and method regarding the spatial character of archaeology must keep pace with these advances. Geomorphological and geochemical techniques, geographic information systems, remotely sensed data, virtual reality and electronic survey technology provide new opportunities, but also require new ideas. This book gives us insight into the ways that people have used space to subsist, to recreate their culture in their 'homelands' or in new areas, or impose their culture on others. Contributors address the way archaeological notions of space and deep time can add to society's understanding of landscape, social relationships, past environment and cultural heritage. The contributions from Europe and North America demonstrate intercontinental connections and explore ways of using dynamic models of spatial patterning to assess human activity within natural and cultural landscapes.

The Review of Archaeology

Willow smoke and dogs ' tails : Huntergatherer settlement systems and
archaeological site formation . ... National Press , Palo Alto , California . sive
picture of the different trajectories to social complexity in several regions closely
related to the ... continue to produce , information on paleoenvironment ,
subsistence economy , craft production , trade , demographic change , and site
formation processes .

The Review of Archaeology

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 808

JOURNAL OF FIELD ARCHAEOLOGY

a phase of regional settlement decline ( Bartl 1994 ) , at which time part of the
population may have adopted a more nomadic ... Halaf Ubaid L.Chalco Off - site
Features Geomorphological mapping enabled the archaeological landscape to
be ... Although the above is but a sample of the rural settlement pattern , it
provides an impression of the rural component of the demographic curve through
time , and ...

JOURNAL OF FIELD ARCHAEOLOGY

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 715