Rapid Bioassessment of Stream Health

They quickly find that one size does not fit all when it comes to sampling. Rapid Bioassessment of Stream Health examines the sampling techniques, laborat

Rapid Bioassessment of Stream Health

Author: Duncan L. Hughes

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420090932

Page: 369

View: 456

Tasked by the Clean Water Act to restore and maintain the integrity of their waters, state and local governments must develop systems for assessing the health of the streams within their borders. They quickly find that one size does not fit all when it comes to sampling. Rapid Bioassessment of Stream Health examines the sampling techniques, laboratory methods, and data analysis necessary to create a protocol for analyzing the health of streams, using rapid bioassessment techniques. The editors explore how to determine reference streams in each ecoregion and subecoregion with specific indices of health. They provide field methods for monitoring and sampling invertebrates and laboratory methods for subsampling. The work focuses on the application of the EPA’s Rapid Bioassessment Protocol (RBP) but suggests various techniques that can be used to improve sampling protocols and quality control, where necessary. It also includes general listings of health classifications, appendices of more than 300 streams that have been sampled, and a GIS method for designating the reference condition for purposes of comparison in each ecological unit. Although the EPA’s RBP Manual is considered to be the standard of information on the types of metrics that can be used, this book explores, from a state regulatory standpoint, the practical development of such a system to begin compliance with critical sections of the Clean Water Act. A compendium of information about prioritizing those streams and small rivers requiring analysis, this book contains guidelines on the assessment of streams in a particular ecoregion and sampling streams that are at least impaired as points of comparison. It supplies guidance for the production of other rapid bioassessment tools customized to various ecoregions and subecoregions.

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Wadeable Streams and Rivers

This collection of publications ranges from historic documents to reports released in the new millennium, and features works like: Bicycle for a Better Environment, Health Effects of Increasing Sulfur Oxides Emissions Draft, and Women and ...

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Wadeable Streams and Rivers

Author: U. S. Environmental Protection Agency

Publisher: BiblioGov

ISBN: 9781289196806

Page: 348

View: 517

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was introduced on December 2, 1970 by President Richard Nixon. The agency is charged with protecting human health and the environment, by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress. The EPA's struggle to protect health and the environment is seen through each of its official publications. These publications outline new policies, detail problems with enforcing laws, document the need for new legislation, and describe new tactics to use to solve these issues. This collection of publications ranges from historic documents to reports released in the new millennium, and features works like: Bicycle for a Better Environment, Health Effects of Increasing Sulfur Oxides Emissions Draft, and Women and Environmental Health.

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Rivers

This collection of publications ranges from historic documents to reports released in the new millennium, and features works like: Bicycle for a Better Environment, Health Effects of Increasing Sulfur Oxides Emissions Draft, and Women and ...

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Rivers

Author: U. S. Environmental Protection Agency

Publisher: BiblioGov

ISBN: 9781289203672

Page: 182

View: 301

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was introduced on December 2, 1970 by President Richard Nixon. The agency is charged with protecting human health and the environment, by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress. The EPA's struggle to protect health and the environment is seen through each of its official publications. These publications outline new policies, detail problems with enforcing laws, document the need for new legislation, and describe new tactics to use to solve these issues. This collection of publications ranges from historic documents to reports released in the new millennium, and features works like: Bicycle for a Better Environment, Health Effects of Increasing Sulfur Oxides Emissions Draft, and Women and Environmental Health.

Revisions to Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Rivers Periphyton Benthic MacRoinvertebrates and Fish Draft

This collection of publications ranges from historic documents to reports released in the new millennium, and features works like: Bicycle for a Better Environment, Health Effects of Increasing Sulfur Oxides Emissions Draft, and Women and ...

Revisions to Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Rivers Periphyton  Benthic MacRoinvertebrates  and Fish Draft

Author: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Publisher: BiblioGov

ISBN: 9781294025023

Page: 326

View: 203

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was introduced on December 2, 1970 by President Richard Nixon. The agency is charged with protecting human health and the environment, by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress. The EPA's struggle to protect health and the environment is seen through each of its official publications. These publications outline new policies, detail problems with enforcing laws, document the need for new legislation, and describe new tactics to use to solve these issues. This collection of publications ranges from historic documents to reports released in the new millennium, and features works like: Bicycle for a Better Environment, Health Effects of Increasing Sulfur Oxides Emissions Draft, and Women and Environmental Health.

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Rivers

This collection of publications ranges from historic documents to reports released in the new millennium, and features works like: Bicycle for a Better Environment, Health Effects of Increasing Sulfur Oxides Emissions Draft, and Women and ...

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Rivers

Author: U. S. Environmental Protection Agency

Publisher: BiblioGov

ISBN: 9781289211660

Page: 182

View: 377

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was introduced on December 2, 1970 by President Richard Nixon. The agency is charged with protecting human health and the environment, by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress. The EPA's struggle to protect health and the environment is seen through each of its official publications. These publications outline new policies, detail problems with enforcing laws, document the need for new legislation, and describe new tactics to use to solve these issues. This collection of publications ranges from historic documents to reports released in the new millennium, and features works like: Bicycle for a Better Environment, Health Effects of Increasing Sulfur Oxides Emissions Draft, and Women and Environmental Health.

Assessing the Effectiveness of the Roaring Branch BMP Retrofit Using Macroinvertebrate Bioassessment

ABSTRACT: Using benthic macroinvertebrates to measure stream health has been widely used and accepted around the world.

Assessing the Effectiveness of the Roaring Branch BMP Retrofit Using Macroinvertebrate Bioassessment

Author: James L. Banning

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 910

ABSTRACT: Using benthic macroinvertebrates to measure stream health has been widely used and accepted around the world. Macroinvertebrates are resident monitors of chronic impairment in a stream since they are relatively sessile and most commonly respond to disturbance by drift but can recolonize a restored stream reach very quickly. This study tested the effectiveness of macroinvertebrate metrics developed through the Rapid Bioassessment Protocol (RBP) to detect changes in stream integrity as the result of placement of a best management practice (BMP), installed on a tributary of Roaring Branch, located in Columbus, Georgia. The BMP was designed to attenuate flow to reduce sediment suspension and downstream deposition. A sampling protocol derived from the Georgia Ecoregions Project was implemented to evaluate the macroinvertebrate community, located downstream of the BMP, and downstream of the confluence with Roaring Branch, both before and after the BMP installation. The resulting metrics were compared to a reference condition described for subecoregion 65c, sandhills-lower piedmont. A dramatic improvement or increase of macroinvertebrate populations suggests an improvement in water quality (via reduction in fine sediment deposition) due to improved physical habitat conditions for indicators (Trichoptera) of healthier streams. The results of this study suggests further restoration activities should continue and that re-evaluation of the sampling protocol should take into account a larger subsample size of benthic macroinvertebrates than currently recommended by the RBP.

Connecting the Drops

Stream Biomonitoring While streams on your map may all appear as ... To evaluate the overall health of a stream or river, you can use “rapid bioassessment ...

Connecting the Drops

Author: Karen Schneller-McDonald

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501701592

Page: 288

View: 455

The need for improved water resource protection, beginning with grassroots action, is urgent. The water we use depends on networks of wetlands, streams, and watersheds. Land-use activities, however, are changing these natural systems. Often these changes result in ecological damage, flooding, water pollution, and reduced water supply. We need a healthy environment that sustains our personal and community health; we also need vibrant and sustainable economic development that does not destroy the benefits we derive from nature. Our ability to accomplish both depends on how well we can "connect the drops." In this book, Karen Schneller-McDonald presents the basics of water resource protection: ecology and watershed science; techniques for evaluating environmental impacts; obstacles to protection and how to overcome them; and tips for protection strategies that maximize chances for success. Schneller-McDonald makes clear the important connections among natural cycles, watersheds, and ecosystems; the benefits they provide; and how specific development activities affect water quality and supply. The methods described in Connecting the Drops have broad application in diverse geographic locations. The environmental details may differ, but the methods are the same. For water resource managers and concerned citizens alike, Connecting the Drops helps readers interpret scientific information and contextualize news media reports and industry ads—ultimately offering "how to" guidance for developing resource protection strategies.

River Science

Rapid Bioassessment of Stream Health. CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, USA. Jackson, S., Stoeckl, N., Straton, A. and Stanley, O. 2008.

River Science

Author: David J. Gilvear

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118643518

Page: 416

View: 441

River Science is a rapidly developing interdisciplinary field at the interface of the natural sciences, engineering and socio-political sciences. It recognises that the sustainable management of contemporary rivers will increasingly require new ways of characterising them to enable engagement with the diverse range of stakeholders. This volume represents the outcome of research by many of the authors and their colleagues over the last 40 years and demonstrates the integral role that River Science now plays in underpinning our understanding of the functioning of natural ecosystems, and how societal demands and historic changes have affected these systems. The book will inform academics, policy makers and society in general of the benefits of healthy functioning riverine systems, and will increase awareness of the wide range of ecosystem goods and services they provide.

Hydro Environmental Analysis

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Wadeable Rivers: ... Measuring the health of California streams and rivers: A methods manual for water ...

Hydro Environmental Analysis

Author: James L. Martin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482206072

Page: 567

View: 677

Focusing on fundamental principles, Hydro-Environmental Analysis: Freshwater Environments presents in-depth information about freshwater environments and how they are influenced by regulation. It provides a holistic approach, exploring the factors that impact water quality and quantity, and the regulations, policy and management methods that are necessary to maintain this vital resource. It offers a historical viewpoint as well as an overview and foundation of the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics affecting the management of freshwater environments. The book concentrates on broad and general concepts, providing an interdisciplinary foundation. The author covers the methods of measurement and classification; chemical, physical, and biological characteristics; indicators of ecological health; and management and restoration. He also considers common indicators of environmental health; characteristics and operations of regulatory control structures; applicable laws and regulations; and restoration methods. The text delves into rivers and streams in the first half and lakes and reservoirs in the second half. Each section centers on the characteristics of those systems and methods of classification, and then moves on to discuss the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of each. In the section on lakes and reservoirs, it examines the characteristics and operations of regulatory structures, and presents the methods commonly used to assess the environmental health or integrity of these water bodies. It also introduces considerations for restoration, and presents two unique aquatic environments: wetlands and reservoir tailwaters. Written from an engineering perspective, the book is an ideal introduction to the aquatic and limnological sciences for students of environmental science, as well as students of environmental engineering. It also serves as a reference for engineers and scientists involved in the management, regulation, or restoration of freshwater environments.

Drought and Community Dynamics of Macroinvertebrates in Mediterranean Climate Intermittent Streams of California

Although most streams in California are intermittent, bioassessment protocols are designed for perennial streams, with sampling periods anytime between April and June.

Drought and Community Dynamics of Macroinvertebrates in Mediterranean Climate Intermittent Streams of California

Author: Elena Blair

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 47

View: 919

Although most streams in California are intermittent, bioassessment protocols are designed for perennial streams, with sampling periods anytime between April and June. Sampling intermittent streams during this period may not provide an accurate assessment of stream health, because of the stream community dynamics related to the predictable drying of intermittent streams in Mediterranean climates. Furthermore, climate change may cause perennial streams to become intermittent and intermittent streams to cease flow entirely. The objectives of this study were to assess the recolonization process and community dynamics within and among three intermittent streams each with a different hydrologic regime (dry, isolated pools, and low flow in the summer/fall months) and to assess whether the current bioassessment protocol sampling period appropriately accounts for differences in community composition recovery of intermittent streams. Macroinvertebrates and environmental information were collected at three intermittent streams from August 2013 to July 2014 near Sunol, CA. Sampling was conducted at frequent intervals (1, 8, 15, and 22 days) once stream flow resumed after the dry season; after 22 days, samples were collected every three weeks until the streams dried. All streams exhibited rapid recolonization (especially San Antonio Creek, which only flowed for five weeks) once flow resumed, suggesting taxa were well adapted to the Mediterranean climate and may have resistant/resilient life history traits to survive drying in the summer months. Taxa richness was highest in isolated pool habitats (due to an increase in x predatory and air breathing taxa), contradicting most findings that increased connectivity is associated with higher taxa richness. Non Metric Multidimensional Scaling was used to assess community composition within and among the three streams. Communities became more similar during months of continuous flow (February, March, and early April), suggesting that an earlier sampling window than currently used would be useful for bioassessment. In conclusion, there is a need for more studies regarding macroinvertebrate community dynamics in relation to standard bioassessment sampling protocols and how the effects of floods, flow permanence, and drought influence community dynamics in Mediterranean climate intermittent streams.

Classification System of the Physical Streambed Habitat

A streambed is the channel bottom of a stream, river, or creek; the physical confine of the normal water flow.

Classification System of the Physical Streambed Habitat

Author: Abolfazl Shafaie

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 159

View: 484

A streambed is the channel bottom of a stream, river, or creek; the physical confine of the normal water flow. It provides necessities for fish and microinvertebrate including shelter, food, and breeding spots. Therefore, it is an essential part of aquatic animal habitats and often seen as an index of stream health. There is no generally accepted method to quantify streambed physical components and depending upon state and organization a variety of methods are used. The procedure provided in the rapid bioassessment protocol (RBP) (Kaufmann et al., 1999; Sylte and Fischenich, 2002) is probably the most widely used method to assess the effect of various land use activates on stream habitat for management purposes in the United States. The RBP method was not intended as a procedure to assess streambed habitat; although it is often used for this purpose. This approach reduces the streambed physical components into the two variables: embeddedness and epifaunal substrate. Definitions and sampling procedure of these variables are vague and subjective. Streambed components with varying characteristics are grouped under the same category and some streambed components as important as gravel are not included in the categorizing of the streambed habitat. A measurement method that combines a photographic technique and grid sampling was developed to assess streambed components in a direct and simple way at the required level of accuracy. The portable photographic box (PPB) device utilizes a photographic technique to record images of physical streambed components under typical base flow of wadeable gravel-bed streams. Recorded images were digitized manually and the area of each streambed component in each grid cell was estimated to evaluate projected area of streambed component. The PPB facilitates sampling of streambed components of unit population with adequate picture quality rapidly. Five scenarios for sampling methods with varying accuracy and field and laboratory time requirements for quick and simple inventory of impaired stream habitat were recommended. Based on statistical analysis, residual was reduced from 33% in the rapid bioassessment to 28%, 14%, 7%, 5% and 0% in the first, second, third, fourth, and fifth scenario, respectively. In addition, measurement of the dissolved oxygen and temperature in ten riffles indicated that temperature in the first layer of subsurface was similar to those measured in the water column. No evidence was found to support substrate measurement of temperature. However, the dissolved oxygen concentration varied significantly for embedded and free patches. In contrast to the free gravel and epifaunal substrate, the DO content in fine material, embedded gravel, and embedded epifaunal substrate components was in anoxia and hypoxia. Hypoxia and anoxia lasted for several days after flood events.

Forest Operations Engineering and Management

... most sites with BMPs scored high on rapid bioassessment protocols III (RBPs) established by the Environmental Protection Agency to assess stream health.

Forest Operations  Engineering and Management

Author: Raffaele Spinelli

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 3038971847

Page: 516

View: 558

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Forest Operations, Engineering and Management" that was published in Forests

Wetland and Stream Rapid Assessments

Without the ability to assign a quality rating to a stream based on physical, ... parameters for streams extracted from other methods: Rapid Bioassessment ...

Wetland and Stream Rapid Assessments

Author: John Dorney

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128050926

Page: 582

View: 861

Wetland and Stream Rapid Assessments: Development, Validation, and Application describes the scientific and environmental policy background for rapid wetland and stream assessments, how such assessment methods are developed and statistically verified, and how they can be used in environmental decision-making—including wetland and stream permitting. In addition, it provides several case studies of method development and use in various parts of the world. Readers will find guidance on developing and testing such methods, along with examples of how these methods have been used in various programs across North America. Rapid wetland and stream functional assessments are becoming frequently used methods in federal, state and local environmental permitting programs in North America. Many governments are interested in developing new methods or improving existing methods for their own jurisdictions. This book provides an ideal guide to these initiatives. Offers guidance for the use and evaluation of rapid assessments to developers and users of these methods, as well as students of wetland and stream quality Contains contributions from sources who are successful in academia, industry and government, bringing credibility and relevance to the content Includes a statistically-based approach to testing the validity of the rapid method, which is very important to the usefulness and defensibility of assessment methods

Stream Hydrology

This book is essential reading for 2nd/3rd year undergraduates and postgraduates of hydrology, stream ecology and fisheries science in Departments of Physical Geography, Biology, Environmental Science, Landscape Ecology, Environmental ...

Stream Hydrology

Author: Nancy D. Gordon

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118688171

Page: 448

View: 172

Since the publication of the first edition (1994) there have been rapid developments in the application of hydrology, geomorphology and ecology to stream management. In particular, growth has occurred in the areas of stream rehabilitation and the evaluation of environmental flow needs. The concept of stream health has been adopted as a way of assessing stream resources and setting management goals. Stream Hydrology: An Introduction for Ecologists Second Edition documents recent research and practice in these areas. Chapters provide information on sampling, field techniques, stream analysis, the hydrodynamics of moving water, channel form, sediment transport and commonly used statistical methods such as flow duration and flood frequency analysis. Methods are presented from engineering hydrology, fluvial geomorphology and hydraulics with examples of their biological implications. This book demonstrates how these fields are linked and utilised in modern, scientific river management. Emphasis on applications, from collecting and analysing field measurements to using data and tools in stream management. Updated to include new sections on environmental flows, rehabilitation, measuring stream health and stream classification. Critical reviews of the successes and failures of implementation. Revised and updated windows-based AQUAPAK software. This book is essential reading for 2nd/3rd year undergraduates and postgraduates of hydrology, stream ecology and fisheries science in Departments of Physical Geography, Biology, Environmental Science, Landscape Ecology, Environmental Engineering and Limnology. It would be valuable reading for professionals working in stream ecology, fisheries science and habitat management, environmental consultants and engineers.

Monitoring Ecological Condition in the Western United States

HIDOH: 1997,Rapid Bioassessment and Habitat Assessment Protocols forStreams in Hawaii: Technical Supportfor Biological Surveys, Hawaii Department of Health, ...

Monitoring Ecological Condition in the Western United States

Author: Shabeg S. Sandhu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401143439

Page: 447

View: 590

The monitoring of point sources by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the states, and the tribes has documented and helped reduce the levels of chemical stressors affecting our ecosystems. With the controls on point sources reducing chemical contamination, new environmental challenges associated with nonpoint sources have emerged. To adequately deal with these new problems, EPA's Office of Research and Development recognized the need to develop an overall under standing of the condition of our ecological resources, the trends in their condition, and the stressors affecting these systems on a broad scale. Toward this end, the En vironmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) was established by EPA and has been strategically developing the scientific tools and techniques to monitor and assess the status and trends of aquatic ecosystems. EMAP scientists have developed new indicators and probability-based de signs to fill data gaps in the development of regional-scale assessments of our aquatic resources, as required in the Clean Water Act. We have a scientifically de fensible approach that allows: 100 percent coverage of the aquatic resources within broad geographic areas and the formulation of reference 'conditions for es tablishing the health of these resources. The use of these indicators and designs were successfully demonstrated in the landscapes, streams, and estuaries of the mid-Atlantic states as part of the Mid-Atlantic Integrated Assessment (MAlA).