Quantum Computing for Computer Scientists

Written in an accessible yet rigorous fashion, this book employs ideas and techniques familiar to every student of computer science. The reader is not expected to have any advanced mathematics or physics background.

Quantum Computing for Computer Scientists

Author: Noson S. Yanofsky

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139643908

Page:

View: 237

The multidisciplinary field of quantum computing strives to exploit some of the uncanny aspects of quantum mechanics to expand our computational horizons. Quantum Computing for Computer Scientists takes readers on a tour of this fascinating area of cutting-edge research. Written in an accessible yet rigorous fashion, this book employs ideas and techniques familiar to every student of computer science. The reader is not expected to have any advanced mathematics or physics background. After presenting the necessary prerequisites, the material is organized to look at different aspects of quantum computing from the specific standpoint of computer science. There are chapters on computer architecture, algorithms, programming languages, theoretical computer science, cryptography, information theory, and hardware. The text has step-by-step examples, more than two hundred exercises with solutions, and programming drills that bring the ideas of quantum computing alive for today's computer science students and researchers.

Quantum Computing for Computer Scientists

Written in an accessible yet rigorous fashion, this book employs ideas and techniques familiar to every student of computer science. The reader is not expected to have any advanced mathematics or physics background.

Quantum Computing for Computer Scientists

Author: Noson S. Yanofsky

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781316086513

Page: 384

View: 849

The multidisciplinary field of quantum computing strives to exploit some of the uncanny aspects of quantum mechanics to expand our computational horizons. Quantum Computing for Computer Scientists takes readers on a tour of this fascinating area of cutting-edge research. Written in an accessible yet rigorous fashion, this book employs ideas and techniques familiar to every student of computer science. The reader is not expected to have any advanced mathematics or physics background. After presenting the necessary prerequisites, the material is organized to look at different aspects of quantum computing from the specific standpoint of computer science. There are chapters on computer architecture, algorithms, programming languages, theoretical computer science, cryptography, information theory, and hardware. The text has step-by-step examples, more than two hundred exercises with solutions, and programming drills that bring the ideas of quantum computing alive for today's computer science students and researchers. --from publisher description.

Quantum Computer Science

This book is a concise introduction to quantum computation, developing the basic elements of this new branch of computational theory without assuming any background in physics.

Quantum Computer Science

Author: N. David Mermin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139466806

Page:

View: 210

In the 1990's it was realized that quantum physics has some spectacular applications in computer science. This book is a concise introduction to quantum computation, developing the basic elements of this new branch of computational theory without assuming any background in physics. It begins with an introduction to the quantum theory from a computer-science perspective. It illustrates the quantum-computational approach with several elementary examples of quantum speed-up, before moving to the major applications: Shor's factoring algorithm, Grover's search algorithm, and quantum error correction. The book is intended primarily for computer scientists who know nothing about quantum theory, but will also be of interest to physicists who want to learn the theory of quantum computation, and philosophers of science interested in quantum foundational issues. It evolved during six years of teaching the subject to undergraduates and graduate students in computer science, mathematics, engineering, and physics, at Cornell University.

Quantum Computer Science

In this text we present a technical overview of the emerging field of quantum computation along with new research results by the authors.

Quantum Computer Science

Author: Marco Lanzagorta

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1598297325

Page: 108

View: 637

In this text we present a technical overview of the emerging field of quantum computation along with new research results by the authors. What distinguishes our presentation from that of others is our focus on the relationship between quantum computation and computer science. Specifically, our emphasis is on the computational model of quantum computing rather than on the engineering issues associated with its physical implementation. We adopt this approach for the same reason that a book on computer programming doesn't cover the theory and physical realization of semiconductors. Another distinguishing feature of this text is our detailed discussion of the circuit complexity of quantum algorithms. To the extent possible we have presented the material in a form that is accessible to the computer scientist, but in many cases we retain the conventional physics notation so that the reader will also be able to consult the relevant quantum computing literature. Although we expect the reader to have a solid understanding of linear algebra, we do not assume a background in physics. This text is based on lectures given as short courses and invited presentations around the world, and it has been used as the primary text for a graduate course at George Mason University. In all these cases our challenge has been the same: how to present to a general audience a concise introduction to the algorithmic structure and applications of quantum computing on an extremely short period of time. The feedback from these courses and presentations has greatly aided in making our exposition of challenging concepts more accessible to a general audience. Table of Contents: Introduction / The Algorithmic Structure of Quantum Computing / Advantages and Limitations of Quantum Computing / Amplitude Amplification / Case Study: Computational Geometry / The Quantum Fourier Transform / Case Study: The Hidden Subgroup / Circuit Complexity Analysis of Quantum Algorithms / Conclusions / Bibliography

Quantum Walks for Computer Scientists

Quantum computation, one of the latest joint ventures between physics and the theory of computation, is a scientific field whose main goals include the development of hardware and algorithms based on the quantum mechanical properties of ...

Quantum Walks for Computer Scientists

Author: Salvador Elías Venegas-Andraca

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1598296566

Page: 119

View: 365

"Quantum computation, one of the latest joint ventures between physics and the theory of computation, is a scientific field whose main goals include the development of hardware and algorithms based on the quantum mechanical properties of those physical systems used to implement such algorithms." "Solving difficult tasks (for example, the Satisfiability Problem and other NP-complete problems) requires the development of sophisticated algorithms, many of which employ stochastic processes as their mathematical basis. Discrete random walks are a popular choice among those stochastic processes." "Inspired on the success of discrete random walks in algorithm development, quantum walks, an emerging field of quantum computation, is a generalization of random walks into the quantum mechanical world." "The purpose of this lecture is to provide a concise yet comprehensive introduction to quantum walks."--BOOK JACKET.

Explorations in Quantum Computing

Dr. Colin P. Williams is Program Manager for Advanced Computing Paradigms at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, and CEO of Xtreme Energetics, Inc. an advanced solar energy company.

Explorations in Quantum Computing

Author: Colin P. Williams

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781846288876

Page: 717

View: 646

By the year 2020, the basic memory components of a computer will be the size of individual atoms. At such scales, the current theory of computation will become invalid. "Quantum computing" is reinventing the foundations of computer science and information theory in a way that is consistent with quantum physics - the most accurate model of reality currently known. Remarkably, this theory predicts that quantum computers can perform certain tasks breathtakingly faster than classical computers – and, better yet, can accomplish mind-boggling feats such as teleporting information, breaking supposedly "unbreakable" codes, generating true random numbers, and communicating with messages that betray the presence of eavesdropping. This widely anticipated second edition of Explorations in Quantum Computing explains these burgeoning developments in simple terms, and describes the key technological hurdles that must be overcome to make quantum computers a reality. This easy-to-read, time-tested, and comprehensive textbook provides a fresh perspective on the capabilities of quantum computers, and supplies readers with the tools necessary to make their own foray into this exciting field. Topics and features: concludes each chapter with exercises and a summary of the material covered; provides an introduction to the basic mathematical formalism of quantum computing, and the quantum effects that can be harnessed for non-classical computation; discusses the concepts of quantum gates, entangling power, quantum circuits, quantum Fourier, wavelet, and cosine transforms, and quantum universality, computability, and complexity; examines the potential applications of quantum computers in areas such as search, code-breaking, solving NP-Complete problems, quantum simulation, quantum chemistry, and mathematics; investigates the uses of quantum information, including quantum teleportation, superdense coding, quantum data compression, quantum cloning, quantum negation, and quantum cryptography; reviews the advancements made towards practical quantum computers, covering developments in quantum error correction and avoidance, and alternative models of quantum computation. This text/reference is ideal for anyone wishing to learn more about this incredible, perhaps "ultimate," computer revolution. Dr. Colin P. Williams is Program Manager for Advanced Computing Paradigms at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, and CEO of Xtreme Energetics, Inc. an advanced solar energy company. Dr. Williams has taught quantum computing and quantum information theory as an acting Associate Professor of Computer Science at Stanford University. He has spent over a decade inspiring and leading high technology teams and building business relationships with and Silicon Valley companies. Today his interests include terrestrial and Space-based power generation, quantum computing, cognitive computing, computational material design, visualization, artificial intelligence, evolutionary computing, and remote olfaction. He was formerly a Research Scientist at Xerox PARC and a Research Assistant to Prof. Stephen W. Hawking, Cambridge University.

Quantum Computing

Quantum Computing: Progress and Prospects provides an introduction to the field, including the unique characteristics and constraints of the technology, and assesses the feasibility and implications of creating a functional quantum computer ...

Quantum Computing

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030947969X

Page: 272

View: 847

Quantum mechanics, the subfield of physics that describes the behavior of very small (quantum) particles, provides the basis for a new paradigm of computing. First proposed in the 1980s as a way to improve computational modeling of quantum systems, the field of quantum computing has recently garnered significant attention due to progress in building small-scale devices. However, significant technical advances will be required before a large-scale, practical quantum computer can be achieved. Quantum Computing: Progress and Prospects provides an introduction to the field, including the unique characteristics and constraints of the technology, and assesses the feasibility and implications of creating a functional quantum computer capable of addressing real-world problems. This report considers hardware and software requirements, quantum algorithms, drivers of advances in quantum computing and quantum devices, benchmarks associated with relevant use cases, the time and resources required, and how to assess the probability of success.

Elements of Quantum Computing

This book provides a quick introduction to quantum computing for readers who have no backgrounds of both theory of computation and quantum mechanics. “Elements of Quantum Computing” presents the history, theories and engineering ...

Elements of Quantum Computing

Author: Seiki Akama

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319082841

Page: 126

View: 107

A quantum computer is a computer based on a computational model which uses quantum mechanics, which is a subfield of physics to study phenomena at the micro level. There has been a growing interest on quantum computing in the 1990's and some quantum computers at the experimental level were recently implemented. Quantum computers enable super-speed computation and can solve some important problems whose solutions were regarded impossible or intractable with traditional computers. This book provides a quick introduction to quantum computing for readers who have no backgrounds of both theory of computation and quantum mechanics. “Elements of Quantum Computing” presents the history, theories and engineering applications of quantum computing. The book is suitable to computer scientists, physicists and software engineers.

Quantum Computation

Contents - Strange quantum world, qubits und quantum gates - Quantum Fourier transformation and QFT algorithms - Quantum search, quantum communication, error correcting quantum codes - How to build and simulate a quantum computer - Density ...

Quantum Computation

Author: Andreas de Vries

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3844819274

Page: 220

View: 208

Quantum Computer Systems

This book targets computer scientists and engineers who are familiar with concepts in classical computer systems but are curious to learn the general architecture of quantum computing systems.

Quantum Computer Systems

Author: Yongshan Ding

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781681738680

Page: 227

View: 457

This book targets computer scientists and engineers who are familiar with concepts in classical computer systems but are curious to learn the general architecture of quantum computing systems. It gives a concise presentation of this new paradigm of computing from a computer systems' point of view without assuming any background in quantum mechanics. As such, it is divided into two parts. The first part of the book provides a gentle overview on the fundamental principles of the quantum theory and their implications for computing. The second part is devoted to state-of-the-art research in designing practical quantum programs, building a scalable software systems stack, and controlling quantum hardware components. Most chapters end with a summary and an outlook for future directions. This book celebrates the remarkable progress that scientists across disciplines have made in the past decades and reveals what roles computer scientists and engineers can play to enable practical-scale quantum computing.

Quantum Computing

You've heard that quantum computing is going to change the world.

Quantum Computing

Author: Nihal Mehta Ph.D.

Publisher: Pragmatic Bookshelf

ISBN: 1680508091

Page: 580

View: 582

You've heard that quantum computing is going to change the world. Now you can check it out for yourself. Learn how quantum computing works, and write programs that run on the IBM Q quantum computer, one of the world's first functioning quantum computers. Learn a simple way to apply quantum mechanics to computer programming. Create algorithms to solve intractable problems for classical computers, and discover how to explore the entire problem space at once to determine the optimal solution. Get your hands on the future of computing today. Quantum computing overhauls computer science. Problems such as designing life-saving drugs and super-large logistics problems that have been difficult or impossible for classical computers to handle can now be solved in moments. Quantum computing makes it possible to explore all possible solutions simultaneously and determine those that work, instead of iterating through each possibility sequentially. Work with quantum computers directly, instead of talking about them theoretically. Discover a new visual way of looking at quantum bits that makes quantum computing intuitive for computer programmers. Master the special properties that make them different, and more powerful, than classical bits. Control quantum bits with gates and create circuits to model complex problems. Write programs that run on real quantum machines to solve problems that classical computers struggle with. Dive into quantum optimization and cryptography. Get a head start on the technology that will drive computer science into the future. What You Need: Access to the IBM quantum computer, via any internet connection

Automatic Quantum Computer Programming

"I thoroughly enjoyed this book.

Automatic Quantum Computer Programming

Author: Lee Spector

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780387364964

Page: 154

View: 797

Once realized, the potential of large-scale quantum computers promises to radically transform computer science. Despite large-scale international efforts, however, essential questions about the potential of quantum algorithms are still unanswered. Automatic Quantum Computer Programming is an introduction both to quantum computing for non-physicists and to genetic programming for non-computer-scientists. The book explores several ways in which genetic programming can support automatic quantum computer programming and presents detailed descriptions of specific techniques, along with several examples of their human-competitive performance on specific problems.

Programming The Universe

But every computer needs a program, the set of instructions that tell it what patterns to create. Where did the bits come from that tell the universe to create its magnificent complexity? Who - or what - is programming the universe?

Programming The Universe

Author: Seth Lloyd

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1446475875

Page: 256

View: 165

IN THE BEGINNING WAS THE BIT... The universe is made of bits of information and it has been known for more than a century that every piece of the the universe - every electron, atom and molecule - registers these bits and that information. It is only in the last years, however, with the discovery and development of quantum computers, that scientists have gained a fundamental understanding of just how that information is registered and processed. Building on recent breakthroughs in quantum computation, Seth Lloyd shows how the universe itself is a giant computer. Every atom and elementary particle stores these bits, and every collision between those atoms and particles flips the bits into a new arrangement and effortlessly spins out beautiful and complex systems, including galaxies, planets and life itself. But every computer needs a program, the set of instructions that tell it what patterns to create. Where did the bits come from that tell the universe to create its magnificent complexity? Who - or what - is programming the universe?

Learn Quantum Computing with Python and IBM Quantum Experience

This book provides you with a step-by-step introduction to quantum computing using the IBM Quantum Experience platform.

Learn Quantum Computing with Python and IBM Quantum Experience

Author: Robert Loredo

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1838986758

Page: 510

View: 893

This book provides you with a step-by-step introduction to quantum computing using the IBM Quantum Experience platform. You will learn how to build quantum programs on your own, discover early use cases in your business, and help to get you or your company equipped with quantum computing skills.

Quantum Computing

Work with qubits, the fundamental elements of quantum computing. Discover what makes them different from classical bits. Model complex problems with logic gates specific to quantum computing.

Quantum Computing

Author: Nihal Mehta P. D.

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781680507201

Page: 582

View: 509

You've heard that quantum computing is going to change the world. Now you can check it out for yourself. Learn how quantum computing works, and write programs that run on the IBM Q quantum computer, one of the world's first functioning quantum computers. Learn a simple way to apply quantum mechanics to computer programming. Create algorithms to solve intractable problems for classical computers, and discover how to explore the entire problem space at once to determine the optimal solution. Get your hands on the future of computing today. Quantum computing overhauls computer science. Problems such as designing life-saving drugs and super-large logistics problems that have been difficult or impossible for classical computers to handle can now be solved in moments. Quantum computing makes it possible to explore all possible solutions simultaneously and determine those that work, instead of iterating through each possibility sequentially. Work with quantum computers directly, instead of talking about them theoretically. Work with qubits, the fundamental elements of quantum computing. Discover what makes them different from classical bits. Model complex problems with logic gates specific to quantum computing. Learn how quantum mechanics offers ways to write programs that explore all solutions simultaneously. Create quantum circuits to solve problems that classical computers struggle with. Dive into quantum optimization and cryptography. Use the IBM Q quantum computer to both simulate quantum effects, and actually run your programs on a real quantum machine. Get a head start on the technology that will drive computer science into the future. What You Need: Access to the IBM quantum computer, via any internet connection

Quantum Computing

To meet this aim the book contains numerous examples, figures and exercises.

Quantum Computing

Author: Jozef Gruska

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Book Company Limited

ISBN:

Page: 439

View: 301

In quantum computing, we witness an exciting and very promising merge of two of the deepest and most successful scientific and technological developments of this century: quantum physics and computer science. The book takes a very broad view of quantum computing and information processing in general. It deals with such areas as quantum algorithms, automata, complexity theory, information and communication, cryptography and theoretical results. These include such topics as quantum error correcting codes and methods of quantum fault tolerance computing, which have made the vision of a real quantum computer come closer. No previous knowledge of quantum mechanics is required. The book is written as a self-study introduction to quantum computing and can be used for a one-semester course on quantum computing, especially for computer scientists. To meet this aim the book contains numerous examples, figures and exercises.

Mathematics of Quantum Computing

The book contains around 140 exercises for the student, covering all of the topics treated, together with an appendix of solutions.

Mathematics of Quantum Computing

Author: Wolfgang Scherer

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 3030123588

Page: 764

View: 466

This textbook presents the elementary aspects of quantum computing in a mathematical form. It is intended as core or supplementary reading for physicists, mathematicians, and computer scientists taking a first course on quantum computing. It starts by introducing the basic mathematics required for quantum mechanics, and then goes on to present, in detail, the notions of quantum mechanics, entanglement, quantum gates, and quantum algorithms, of which Shor's factorisation and Grover's search algorithm are discussed extensively. In addition, the algorithms for the Abelian Hidden Subgroup and Discrete Logarithm problems are presented and the latter is used to show how the Bitcoin digital signature may be compromised. It also addresses the problem of error correction as well as giving a detailed exposition of adiabatic quantum computing. The book contains around 140 exercises for the student, covering all of the topics treated, together with an appendix of solutions.

Adventures in Computer Science

The book is valuable for graduate students in computer science, and students of other disciplines who are engaged with physical models of information and computing.

Adventures in Computer Science

Author: Vicente Moret-Bonillo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319648071

Page: 198

View: 478

The main focus of this textbook is the basic unit of information and the way in which our understanding of this has evolved over time. In particular the author covers concepts related to information, classical computing, logic, reversible computing, quantum mechanics, quantum computing, thermodynamics and some artificial intelligence and biology, all approached from the viewpoint of computer sciences. The book begins by asking the following nontrivial question: what is a bit? The author then discusses logic, logic gates, reversible computing and reversible architectures, and the concept of disorder. He then tries to establish the relationship between three essential questions that justify quantum approaches in computer sciences: the energy required to perform a real-life computation, the size of current processors, and the reversibility of quantum operations. Based on these concepts, the author establishes the conditions that justify the use of quantum techniques for certain kinds of computational tasks, and he uses formal descriptions and formal argumentations to introduce key quantum mechanical concepts and approaches. The rest of the book is formally different, focusing on practical issues, including a discussion of remarkable quantum algorithms in a treatment based on quantum circuit theory. The book is valuable for graduate students in computer science, and students of other disciplines who are engaged with physical models of information and computing.

Computer Science and Quantum Computing

This book presents leading-edge research in the field of computer science research including quantum computing, technology and applications.

Computer Science and Quantum Computing

Author: Jeremy E. Stones

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781600212345

Page: 233

View: 118

This book presents leading-edge research in the field of computer science research including quantum computing, technology and applications. Each contribution has been carefully selected for inclusion based on the significance of the research to the field. Summaries of all chapters are gathered at the beginning of the book and an in-depth index is presented to facilitate access.

A Primer on Quantum Computing

This book is about quantum computing and quantum algorithms. The book starts with a chapter introducing the basic rules of quantum mechanics and how they can be used to build quantum circuits and perform computations.

A Primer on Quantum Computing

Author: Franklin de Lima Marquezino

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030190668

Page: 109

View: 136

This book is about quantum computing and quantum algorithms. The book starts with a chapter introducing the basic rules of quantum mechanics and how they can be used to build quantum circuits and perform computations. Further, Grover's algorithm is presented for unstructured search discussing its consequences and applications. Next, important techniques are discussed such as Quantum Fourier Transform and quantum phase estimation. Finally, Shor's algorithm for integer factorization is explained. At last, quantum walks are explained in detail covering both the discrete and continuous time models,and applications of this techniques are described for the design and analyses of quantum algorithms.