Prosodic Features and Prosodic Structure

This book will interest phonologists, phoneticians, and researchers in related applied fields such as speech pathology and speech synthesis.

Prosodic Features and Prosodic Structure

Author: Anthony Fox

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191589768

Page: 414

View: 326

Prosodic Features and Prosodic Structure presents an overall view of the nature of prosodic features of language - accent, stress, rhythm, tone, pitch, and intonation - and shows how these connect to sound systems and meaning. It is a work of great scholarship and learning, expressed in way that will be accessible to all linguists from advanced undergraduates to postdoctoral researchers. The last substantial overview was published over 20 years ago. Since then the subject has been transformed by linked advances in phonological and phonetic theory and accoustic technology. This book will interest phonologists, phoneticians, and researchers in related applied fields such as speech pathology and speech synthesis.

Phonological Projection

He reviews all the projection constraints that are introduced in the volume and shows that the constraint set is not an arbitrary, unprincipled set of unrelated constraints but can be subdivided into a small number of classes of tightly ...

Phonological Projection

Author: Marc van Oostendorp

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110154221

Page: 396

View: 872

The architecture of the human language faculty has been one of the main foci of the linguistic research of the last half century. This branch of linguistics, broadly known as Generative Grammar, is concerned with the formulation of explanatory formal accounts of linguistic phenomena with the ulterior goal of gaining insight into the properties of the 'language organ'. The series comprises high quality monographs and collected volumes that address such issues. The topics in this series range from phonology to semantics, from syntax to information structure, from mathematical linguistics to studies of the lexicon.

Prosodic Systems and Intonation in English

David Crystal OBE provides the reader with a thorough and fascinating analysis of the patterns of intonation and prosody found within the English language.

Prosodic Systems and Intonation in English

Author: David Crystal

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521290586

Page: 381

View: 918

David Crystal OBE provides the reader with a thorough and fascinating analysis of the patterns of intonation and prosody found within the English language. He begins by contextualising his work on prosody within existing studies, before going on to discuss voice quality and sound attributes in prosodic systems.

A Prosodic Model of Sign Language Phonology

1.3 Overview of the Prosodic Model The goal of the Prosodic Model is to integrate
into one model the insights about ... to paradigmatic structure and complexity: co-
occurrence prohibitions among features, redundancies among co-occurring ...

A Prosodic Model of Sign Language Phonology

Author: Diane Brentari

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262024457

Page: 376

View: 718

Superior to any other book on the subject that I have seen. I can see it being used as a class text or reference for current theory in sign language phonology. This book is intended in part to provide linguists and cognitive scientists who do not know sign language with a point of entry into the study of sign language phonology. At the same time, it presents a comprehensive theory of American Sign Language (ASL) phonology, while reviewing and building on alternative theories. One claim of this theoretical framework is that, because of sign language's visual/gestural phonetic basis, the consonant-like units and vowel-like units are expressed simultaneously with one another, rather than sequentially as in spoken languages. A second claim is that movements operate as the most basic prosodic units of the language. The author is concerned to show both the similarities and differences between signed and spoken languages, and to indicate some directions for future work in cognitive science that can be derived from her phonological model.

Minimalist Parsing

A main result of the work has been to show that prosodic features such as
changes in fundamental frequency (the ... This work does not assume that
prosody might have its own structure— independent from syntax—which itself
may need to be ...

Minimalist Parsing

Author: Robert C. Berwick

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198795084

Page: 256

View: 302

This book is the first dedicated to linguistic parsing - the processing of natural language according to the rules of a formal grammar - in the Minimalist Program. While Minimalism has been at the forefront of generative grammar for several decades, it often remains inaccessible to computer scientists and others in adjacent fields. This volume makes connections with standard computational architectures, provides efficient implementations of some fundamental minimalist accounts of syntax, explores implementations of recent theoretical proposals, and explores correlations between posited structures and measures of neural activity during human language comprehension. These studies will appeal to graduate students and researchers in formal syntax, computational linguistics, psycholinguistics, and computer science.

Gesture Segment Prosody

A collection of research papers dealing with various aspects of the relationship between phonology and phonetics.

Gesture  Segment  Prosody

Author: Emeritus Professor of Linguistics D Robert Ladd

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521401272

Page: 462

View: 869

A collection of research papers dealing with various aspects of the relationship between phonology and phonetics. Each of the three papers is preceded by a tutorial paper on theories and findings presupposed by some or all of the papers in this group.

Intonation and Prosodic Structure

As for the term 'prosodic structure' (a definition follows), it will chiefly refer to the
phonological domains arising from syntactic structure, information ... According to
Trubetskoy, prosodic features refer to all rhythmic-melodic aspects of speech.

Intonation and Prosodic Structure

Author: Caroline Féry

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316839435

Page:

View: 925

This book provides a state-of-the-art survey of intonation and prosodic structure. Taking a phonological perspective, it shows how morpho-syntactic constituents are mapped to prosodic constituents according to well-formedness conditions. Using a tone-sequence model of intonation, it explores individual tones and how they combine, and discusses how information structure affects intonation in several ways, showing tones and melodies to be 'meaningful' in that they add a pragmatic component to what is being said. The author also shows how despite a superficial similarity, languages differ in how their tonal patterns arise from tone concatenation. Lexical tones, stress, phrase tones, and boundary tones are assigned differently in different languages, resulting in great variation in intonational grammar, both at the lexical and sentential level. The last chapter is dedicated to experimental studies of how we process prosody. The book will be of interest to advanced students and researchers in linguistics, and particularly in phonological theory.

Acta Societatis Linguisticae Europaeae

3 Prosodic theory is a theory of prosodic competence , an autonomous mental
faculty independent of grammar . In more common ... Prosodic structures are
reflected by a variety of features , called prosodic markers . In language , these ...

Acta Societatis Linguisticae Europaeae

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 669

Papers in Laboratory Phonology Volume 1 Between the Grammar and Physics of Speech

The unifying theme of this compilation of current speech science research is the relationship between phonological representations of grammatical structure and physical models of the production and perception of actual utterances.

Papers in Laboratory Phonology  Volume 1  Between the Grammar and Physics of Speech

Author: Conference in Laboratory Phonology (1 : 1988 : Columbus Ohio)

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521368087

Page: 506

View: 597

The unifying theme of this compilation of current speech science research is the relationship between phonological representations of grammatical structure and physical models of the production and perception of actual utterances.

Sentential Form and Prosodic Structure of Catalan

While this chapter concentrates only on syntactic aspects of CLLD and CLRD,
their prosodic characteristics are presented in Chapter 5. The introduced
difference between preverbal subjects and CLLD (cf. Chapter 1) is revisited from
an ...

Sentential Form and Prosodic Structure of Catalan

Author: Ingo Feldhausen

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027255512

Page: 285

View: 750

This monograph presents an experimental and theoretical inquiry into the role of sentential form and variation in the prosodic structure of Catalan. The empirical section examines intonational phrasing across sentence forms, including SVO structures with either nominal or sentential objects and structures involving clitic left- and right-dislocations. The results show variation in phrasing that depends on syntactic factors and non-syntactic factors such as topic-hood and prosodic binarity. The theoretical section uses Stochastic Optimality Theory to model the variation and frequency distributions associated with the observed prosodic patterns. Various syntactic and non-syntactic factors are represented by alignment constraints, which play a major role in Catalan, and by constraints that limit size and those that limit the overall amount of prosodic structure. This study represents a combined approach to prosody and syntax and is of particular relevance for theoretical and empirical linguists interested in the relationship between these domains both in Catalan and other languages.

Segmental and Prosodic Issues in Romance Phonology

This volume is a collection of cutting-edge research papers written by well-known researchers in the field of Romance phonetics and phonology.

Segmental and Prosodic Issues in Romance Phonology

Author: Pilar Prieto

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027247971

Page: 262

View: 698

This volume is a collection of cutting-edge research papers written by well-known researchers in the field of Romance phonetics and phonology. An important goal of this book is to bridge the gap between traditional Romance linguistics — with its long and rich tradition in data collection, cross-language comparison, and phonetic variation — and laboratory phonology work. The book is organized around three main themes: segmental processes, prosody, and the acquisition of segments and prosody. The various articles provide new empirical data on production, perception, sound change, first and second language learning, rhythm and intonation, presenting a state-of-the-art overview of research in laboratory phonology centred on Romance languages. The Romance data are used to test the predictions of a number of theoretical frameworks such as gestural phonology, exemplar models, generative phonology and optimality theory. The book will constitute a useful companion volume for phoneticians, phonologists and researchers investigating sound structure in Romance languages, and will serve to generate further interest in laboratory phonology.

Information Structure and Its Interfaces

28 however , that the global prosodic features of the pre - nuclear and the
postnuclear region affect topical and non - topical prominences in similar ways (
fig . 1 , 2 , 4 ) ? ” Topical prominences behave just as other accents with respect
to the ...

Information Structure and Its Interfaces

Author: Lunella Mereu

Publisher: De Gruyter Mouton

ISBN:

Page: 429

View: 904

This series consists of collected volumes and monographs about specific issues dealing with interfaces among the subcomponents of linguistic structure: phonology-morphology, phonology-syntax, syntax-semantics, syntax-morphology, and syntax-lexicon. REcent linguistic research has recognized that the subcomponents of grammar interact in non-trivial ways. WHat is currently under debate is the actual range of such interactions and their most appropriate representation in grammar, and this is precisely the focus of this series. SPecifically, it provides a general overview of various topics by examining them through the interaction of grammatical components. THe books function as a state-of- the-art report of research.

Speech Perception Production and Linguistic Structure

Based on contributions by leading experts from all parts of the world, this volume presents and discusses some of the key topics of the research frontier.

Speech Perception  Production and Linguistic Structure

Author: Yoh'ichi Tohkura

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9789051990843

Page: 463

View: 288

There has been significant progress in speech perception and production research in recent years. Based on contributions by leading experts from all parts of the world, this volume presents and discusses some of the key topics of the research frontier.

Working Papers

Indeed, many processes other than just intonation grammar encoding the
prosodic structure are involved in the production ... Therefore, expected
theoretical predictions on some contour features, say its rising Fo variation, rely
on the effectively ...

Working Papers

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

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The Cognitive Representation of Speech

The 32 main papers, taken together, provide a comprehensive review of speech research by scientists who have made leading contributions to our understanding of the topics discussed.

The Cognitive Representation of Speech

Author: T. Myers

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080866611

Page: 548

View: 222

The 32 main papers, taken together, provide a comprehensive review of speech research by scientists who have made leading contributions to our understanding of the topics discussed. The papers are assembled within a coherent, problem-oriented structure.

Prosody in Syntactic Encoding

The proposals collected in this book tackle the intricate relationship of syntax and prosody in the encoding of sentences.

Prosody in Syntactic Encoding

Author: Gerrit Kentner

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110651416

Page: 339

View: 819

What is the role of prosody in the generation of sentence structure? A standard notion holds that prosody results from mapping a hierarchical syntactic structure onto a linear sequence of words. A radically different view conceives of certain intonational features as integral components of the syntactic structure. Yet another conception maintains that prosody and syntax are parallel systems that mutually constrain each other to yield surface sentential form. The different viewpoints reflect the various functions prosody may have: On the one hand, prosody is a signal to syntax, marking e.g. constituent boundaries. On the other hand, prosodic or intonational features convey meaning; the concept “intonational morpheme” (as e.g. an exponent of information structural notions like topic or focus) puts prosody and intonation squarely into the syntactic representation. The proposals collected in this book tackle the intricate relationship of syntax and prosody in the encoding of sentences. The contributions build their cases on the basis of solid empirical evidence, adducing data from experiments or from the careful analysis of natural speech. The volume thus represents a state of the art survey of research on the syntax-phonology interface.

Language

It significantly advances current knowledge of the nature and role of prosodic
systems across languages . [ EDward J . VAJDA , Western Washington University
. ] Prosodic features and prosodic structure : The phonology of suprasegmentals .

Language

Author: George Melville Bolling

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 871

Proceedings of the annual meeting of the Society in v. 1-11, 1925-34. After 1934 they appear in Its Bulletin.