This skillfully written text presents the full sweep of Ottoman history from its beginnings on the Byzantine frontier in about 1300, through its development as an empire, to its late eighteenth-century confrontation with a rapidly ...
Author: Norman Itzkowitz
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
This skillfully written text presents the full sweep of Ottoman history from its beginnings on the Byzantine frontier in about 1300, through its development as an empire, to its late eighteenth-century confrontation with a rapidly modernizing Europe. Itzkowitz delineates the fundamental institutions of the Ottoman state, the major divisions within the society, and the basic ideas on government and social structure. Throughout, Itzkowitz emphasizes the Ottomans' own conception of their historical experience, and in so doing penetrates the surface view provided by the insights of Western observers of the Ottoman world to the core of Ottoman existence.
The Islamic tradition may also be tempered by the historical experiences of the
countries , such as empires that existed ... the Islamic tradition of administration
there should perhaps be some special consideration of the Ottoman Empire and
Author: B. Guy Peters
This book examines contemporary public administration and its historical roots, and how those traditions continue to influence administrative behaviour.
In the case of Turkey, not the early period of Islam but rather Ottoman history and
narratives are used to contain and ... what might be possible in the future.6 In fact,
returning to the Ottoman past to preserve and perpetuate Islamic tradition can ...
Author: M. Hakan Yavuz
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
"This book examines the social and political origins of beleaguered and wistful expressions of nostalgia about the Ottoman Empire for various groups in the region. Rather than focus on how Ottomanism evolved, the book examines how social and political memories of the Ottoman past have been transformed in Turkish society along with reactions from the outside world. This Ottoman past, as remembered now, is grounded in contemporary conservative Islamic values. Thus, the connection between memories of the Ottoman past and these values defines Turkey's new identity. This new expression of memory portrays Turkey as a victim of the major powers, justifying its position against its imagined internal and external enemies. This book explores why Turkish society has selectively brought the Ottoman Empire back into the public mindset and for what purpose. The book traces how memory of the Ottoman period has changed in Turkish literature, mainstream history books and other cultural products from the 1940s to the 21st century. A key aspect of Turkish literature is its criticism of the Jacobin modernization of Turkey matched by its return to the Ottoman past to articulate an alternative political language. This book responds to several interrelated questions: What is neo-Ottomanism, in general, and what is the significance of various terms using Ottoman as a variant and for what purpose do they serve? Who constructed the term and for what purpose? What are the social and political origins of the current nostalgia for the Ottoman past?"--
We can conclude, then, that in the domain of politics the Islamic tradition should
have considerable resources to offer Muslims ... of an Ottoman coat of arms.80
But for the most part the monarchic tradition of the Muslim world is now history.
Author: Michael Cook
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Why does Islam play a larger role in contemporary politics than other religions? Is there something about the Islamic heritage that makes Muslims more likely than adherents of other faiths to invoke it in their political life? If so, what is it? Ancient Religions, Modern Politics seeks to answer these questions by examining the roles of Islam, Hinduism, and Christianity in modern political life, placing special emphasis on the relevance—or irrelevance—of their heritages to today's social and political concerns. Michael Cook takes an in-depth, comparative look at political identity, social values, attitudes to warfare, views about the role of religion in various cultural domains, and conceptions of the polity. In all these fields he finds that the Islamic heritage offers richer resources for those engaged in current politics than either the Hindu or the Christian heritages. He uses this finding to explain the fact that, despite the existence of Hindu and Christian counterparts to some aspects of Islamism, the phenomenon as a whole is unique in the world today. The book also shows that fundamentalism—in the sense of a determination to return to the original sources of the religion—is politically more adaptive for Muslims than it is for Hindus or Christians. A sweeping comparative analysis by one of the world's leading scholars of premodern Islam, Ancient Religions, Modern Politics sheds important light on the relationship between the foundational texts of these three great religious traditions and the politics of their followers today.
viji PREFACE The scientific activities of the Ottoman world are constituted from
various scientific traditions : first , the Islamic tradition inherited by the Ottoman
Turks that was carried on by the Arabs , who were part of the Ottoman Empire ;
Author: Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu
The papers and studies collected here relate to the cultural, intellectual and scientific aspects of Ottoman history.
Herbert A. Gibbons's controversial book The Foundation of the Ottoman Empire ...
state.13 In response, Paul Wittek argued that early Ottoman society inherited the
traditions of the Islamic military frontier organization, and the Islamic tradition of ...
Author: Banu Turnaoğlu
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Turkish republicanism is commonly thought to have originated with Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and the founding of modern Turkey in 1923, and understood exclusively in terms of Kemalist ideals, characterized by the principles of secularism, nationalism, statism, and populism. Banu Turnaoğlu challenges this view, showing how Turkish republicanism represents the outcome of centuries of intellectual dispute in Turkey over Islamic and liberal conceptions of republicanism, culminating in the victory of Kemalism in the republic's formative period. Drawing on a wealth of rare archival material, Turnaoğlu presents the first complete history of republican thinking in Turkey from the birth of the Ottoman state to the founding of the modern republic. She shows how the Kemalists wrote Turkish history from their own perspective, presenting their own version of republicanism as inevitable while disregarding the contributions of competing visions. Turnaoğlu demonstrates how republicanism has roots outside the Western political experience, broadening our understanding of intellectual history. She reveals how the current crises in Turkish politics—including the Kurdish Question, democratic instability, the rise of radical Islam, and right-wing Turkish nationalism—arise from intellectual tensions left unresolved by Kemalist ideology. A breathtaking work of scholarship, The Formation of Turkish Republicanism offers a strikingly new narrative of the evolution and shaping of modern Turkey.
In B . Braude and B . Lewis , eds . , Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire , I
, 261 - 85 . New York and London : Holmes & Meier . Itzkowitz , Norman . 1980 .
Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition . Chicago and London : University of ...
Author: Reşat Kasaba
Publisher: Suny Press
The Ottoman Empire is approahced through analysis of its political economy based on world systems theory. Relations with Europe constituted one of the key factors that shaped the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. Yet a comprehensive account of the nature, development, and consequences of these realtions has, until now, never been developed. This book moves beyond the narrow framework of Euro-Ottoman relations, and places Europe at the center of the expanding world economy as it examines the impact of this global system on the Ottoman Empire. Its main contention is that the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire was the culmination of a long term process whereby the Ottoman territories became integral parts of the European-centered world economy, and Ottoman state a subordinate member of the interstate system. In addition to the broad processes eminating from outside, the author focuses on the transformation of the political, economic, and social structures in the Ottoman Empire. The changes in processes of production, networks of trade, and relations among various social groups are described on the basis of archival material on western Anatolia. Considering world affairs and Ottoman developments simultaneously makes this work unique in its field. This approach captures the transformation of the Ottoman Empire during the nineteenth century in all its complexity. In addition to providing original information about western Anatolia, the books also offers a general model for combining the macro concerns of historical sociology with detailed research in social history.
Issues, Personalities, and Political Changes Kemal H. Karpat, Distinguished
Professor of History Department of History Kemal H Karpat, Robert W. Zens ... 55-
8 ; N. Itzkowitz , Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition ( Chicago , 1980 ) , p .
Author: Kemal H. Karpat
Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press
Ottoman Borderlands, consisting of a number of articles by prominent scholars, aims to begin to fill a large gap in Ottoman studies, namely the study of the borderlands and their socially, ethnically, and religiously heterogeneous population. In both the frontier provinces and the semiautonomous borderlands, the central government used force, economic incentives, and the granting of titles to establish control over local rulers and, when possible, to integrate them into the system. However, despite the pressing power of the central government, the borderlands remained cultural-social units with their own identities and their own internal dynamics. While the core provinces were more Ottoman, Islamic, and Turkish-speaking, the borderlands were culturally, religiously, and linguistically more heterogeneous, as well as more politically autonomous. Originally published by the International Journal of Turkish Studies
Recommended studies of Arabic literature include Reynold Nicholson , A Literary
History of the Arabs ( Cambridge ... For a first - rate short analysis , see Norman
Itzkowitz , Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition ( New York : Knopf , 1972 ) .
Author: Glenn Earl Perry
Publisher: Prentice Hall
Reflecting today's most recent findings, this enlightening book presents an even-handed survey of Middle Eastern history from the rise of Islam to the present day, beginning with a substantial account of the early centuries and then concentrating primarily on the modern, post-1914 decades. It provides concise, readable, and balanced coverage of Egypt, the Fertile Crescent, the Arabian Peninsula, Turkey, and Iran, and offers ten detailed maps and a useful bibliography of selected works to broaden readers' understanding. Deals with the whole Middle Eastern region within particular periods - rather than on a topical or country-by-country basis - allowing readers to see the events in each country at any point in relation to what is happening in other parts of the Middle East. Offers a world/historical perspective, emphasizing the relationship of the Middle East to other regions and civilizations, particularly with the West. Highlights from the Third Edition include a new section dealing with events from 1991 to 1996; an examination of the controversy over Orientalism; an updated bibliography; new glossary of terms (many relating specifically to Islam); and an appendix which fully explains the Pillars of Islam and Jihad. For historians, anthropologists, and those in business and government.
So is the use of the term harbi to describe a Christian who was not a subject of
the Ottoman Empire . 5 In practice , there were two kinds of war . ... ( Ibid . , 450 . )
6 Khadduri , “ HARB " ; Norman Itzkowitz , Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition
Author: Douglas M. Peers
It is commonplace that warfare was integral to the European expansion, pitting the superiorities of the European against the inferiorities of the 'native'. The aim of this book is to look deeper, and to examine the technological, political and economic structures and capacities of the competing forces that shaped their ability to wage war, and the impact that colonial wars had on European and non-European states and societies alike. Questions of the extent to which one side could adapt its military institutions, tactics and technology to those of its opponents figure prominently. This was far from an inevitable one-way process, and environment and disease remained vital factors. The studies also situate these conflicts within the broader debate concerning the so-called military revolution, and show that our ideas of this need to be reconsidered in the light of what was happening outside Europe.