Handbook on Complexity and Public Policy

In this Handbook, leading thinkers in multiple domains set out these new ideas and allow us to understand how these new ideas are changing policymaking and policies in this new era.' - Peter M Allen, Cranfield University, UK

Handbook on Complexity and Public Policy

Author: Robert Geyer

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1782549528

Page: 496

View: 715

'Over recent years Complexity Science has revealed to us new limits to our possible knowledge and control in social, cultural and economic systems. Instead of supposing that past statistics and patterns will give us predictable outcomes for possible actions, we now know the world is, and will always be, creative and surprising. Continuous structural evolution within such systems may change the mechanisms, descriptors, problems and opportunities, often negating policy aims. We therefore need to redevelop our thinking about interventions, policies and policy making, moving perhaps to a humbler, more 'learning' approach. In this Handbook, leading thinkers in multiple domains set out these new ideas and allow us to understand how these new ideas are changing policymaking and policies in this new era.' - Peter M Allen, Cranfield University, UK

Complexity in Administration of Federal Tax Laws

OV - 21 Houghton Announces Hearing on Complexity in Administration of
Federal Tax Laws Congressman Amo Houghton ( R - NY ) , Chairman ,
Subcommittee on Oversight of the Committee on Ways and Means , today
announced that the ...

Complexity in Administration of Federal Tax Laws

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Ways and Means. Subcommittee on Oversight

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 16

View: 261

The Impact of the Complexity of the Tax Code on Small Business

For the past two years , I have reported that complexity of the tax law is the most
serious problem facing taxpayers . This conclusion was stated in my Annual
Report to Congress as claimed by several groups -- individual and small
business ...

The Impact of the Complexity of the Tax Code on Small Business

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Small Business. Subcommittee on Tax, Finance, and Exports

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 198

View: 630

Three Lectures on Complexity and Black Holes

This book is intended for graduate students and researchers who want to take the first steps towards the mysteries of black holes and their complexity.

Three Lectures on Complexity and Black Holes

Author: Leonard Susskind

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 3030451097

Page: 100

View: 816

These three lectures cover a certain aspect of complexity and black holes, namely the relation to the second law of thermodynamics. The first lecture describes the meaning of quantum complexity, the analogy between entropy and complexity, and the second law of complexity. Lecture two reviews the connection between the second law of complexity and the interior of black holes. Prof. L. Susskind discusses how firewalls are related to periods of non-increasing complexity which typically only occur after an exponentially long time. The final lecture is about the thermodynamics of complexity, and “uncomplexity” as a resource for doing computational work. The author explains the remarkable power of “one clean qubit,” in both computational terms and in space-time terms. This book is intended for graduate students and researchers who want to take the first steps towards the mysteries of black holes and their complexity.

The Interaction of Complexity and Management

Lissack and Rivkin, along with a panel of distinguished academics and executives, identify critical topics in the study of complexity science.

The Interaction of Complexity and Management

Author: Michael Lissack

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 1567204279

Page: 311

View: 336

Lissack and Rivkin, along with a panel of distinguished academics and executives, identify critical topics in the study of complexity science.

Capitalizing on Complexity

Based on face-to-face conversations with more than 1,500 chief executive officers worldwide, this report presents their insights on managing the complexity of the 2009 economic environment and applying creative leadership strategies to ...

Capitalizing on Complexity

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 637

Thinking about G del and Turing

In this volume, Chaitin discusses the evolution of these ideas, tracing them back to Leibniz and Borel as well as G_del and Turing.This book contains 23 non-technical papers by Chaitin, his favorite tutorial and survey papers, including ...

Thinking about G  del and Turing

Author: Gregory J. Chaitin

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812708952

Page: 347

View: 646

Dr Gregory Chaitin, one of the world's leading mathematicians, is best known for his discovery of the remarkable ê number, a concrete example of irreducible complexity in pure mathematics which shows that mathematics is infinitely complex. In this volume, Chaitin discusses the evolution of these ideas, tracing them back to Leibniz and Borel as well as G”del and Turing.This book contains 23 non-technical papers by Chaitin, his favorite tutorial and survey papers, including Chaitin's three Scientific American articles. These essays summarize a lifetime effort to use the notion of program-size complexity or algorithmic information content in order to shed further light on the fundamental work of G”del and Turing on the limits of mathematical methods, both in logic and in computation. Chaitin argues here that his information-theoretic approach to metamathematics suggests a quasi-empirical view of mathematics that emphasizes the similarities rather than the differences between mathematics and physics. He also develops his own brand of digital philosophy, which views the entire universe as a giant computation, and speculates that perhaps everything is discrete software, everything is 0's and 1's.Chaitin's fundamental mathematical work will be of interest to philosophers concerned with the limits of knowledge and to physicists interested in the nature of complexity.

The SAGE Handbook of Complexity and Management

The SAGE Handbook of Complexity and Management is the first substantive scholarly work to provide a map of the state of art research in the growing field emerging at the intersection of complexity science and management studies.

The SAGE Handbook of Complexity and Management

Author: Peter Allen

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446209741

Page: 672

View: 196

The SAGE Handbook of Complexity and Management is the first substantive scholarly work to provide a map of the state of art research in the growing field emerging at the intersection of complexity science and management studies. Edited and written by internationally respected scholars from management and related disciplines, the Handbook will be the definitive reference source for understanding the implications of complexity science for management research and practice. Part One: Foundations introduces complexity science and its implications for the foundations of scientific knowledge, including management knowledge. Part Two: Applications presents the numerous ways in which complexity science models and tools, as well as complexity thinking, are being applied to management and organizational phenomena and the insights gained as a result. Part Three: Interfaces highlights how complexity science is transforming various non-management fields and, in so doing, creating exciting interfaces for bridging between management and related disciplines.

Complexity

In this Very Short Introduction, John Holland presents an introduction to the science of complexity. Using examples from biology and economics, he shows how complexity science models the behaviour of complex systems.

Complexity

Author: John H. Holland

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199662541

Page: 95

View: 997

In this Very Short Introduction, John Holland presents an introduction to the science of complexity. Using examples from biology and economics, he shows how complexity science models the behaviour of complex systems.

The Evolution of Complexity

The Evolution of Complexity

Author: Francis Heylighen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Page: 374

View: 175

The Evolution of Complexity is addressed to a broad audience of academics and researchers from different disciplines, who are interested in the picture of our world emerging from the new sciences of complexity. This book reviews the new concepts proposed by the diverse theories of evolution, self-organisation, general systems, cybernetics, and the `complex adaptive systems' approach pioneered by the Santa Fe institute. The thread which holds everything together is the growth of complexity during the history of the universe: from elementary particles, via atoms, molecules, living cells, multicellular organisms, plants, and animals to human beings, and societies. The different sections of the book discuss the foundations and philosophy of complexity evolution, its mathematical and computer models, its explanation of self-organising and living systems, the insights it provides into the origin of mind, language and culture, and its practical applications in areas such as management and system design.

The Engine of Complexity

Complexity does not seem to be the right way to characterize this; binding affinity
and selectivity provide more useful and appropriate measures. In this discussion I
have been using the term complexity in a non- technical, common sense sort ...

The Engine of Complexity

Author: John Mayfield

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231163045

Page: 384

View: 774

The concepts of evolution and complexity theory have become part of the intellectual ether permeating the life sciences, the social and behavioral sciences, and, more recently, management science and economics. In this book, John E. Mayfield elegantly synthesizes core concepts from multiple disciplines to offer a new approach to understanding how evolution works and how complex organisms, structures, organizations, and social orders can and do arise based on information theory and computational science. Intended for the intellectually adventuresome, this book challenges and rewards readers with a nuanced understanding of evolution and complexity that offers consistent, durable, and coherent explanations for major aspects of our life experiences. Numerous examples throughout the book illustrate evolution and complexity formation in action and highlight the core function of computation lying at the work's heart.

Pension Plan Complexity

Reduction of Complexity Achieved — This proposal would repeal 88401 ( 1 ) ,
401 ( a / 5 ) , and 401 ( a ) ( 15 ) . E . Proposal : Simplify the combined plan
limitations of $ 415 ( e ) and repeal $ 4980A . 1 . Proposal and Rationale -
Employees ...

Pension Plan Complexity

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Finance. Subcommittee on Private Retirement Plans and Oversight of the Internal Revenue Service

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 393

The Emergence of Complexity

This book centres on a broadened view of complexity that will enrich engagement with complexity in the social sciences.

The Emergence of Complexity

Author: Paul Hager

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030318376

Page: 280

View: 827

This book centres on a broadened view of complexity that will enrich engagement with complexity in the social sciences. The key idea is to employ complexity theory to develop a holistic account of practice, agency and expertise. In doing so, the book acknowledges and builds upon the relational character of reductive accounts. It draws upon recent theoretical work on complexity, emergence and relationality to develop a novel account of practice, agency and expertise in and for workplaces. Biological, psychological and social aspects of these are integrated. This novel account overcomes problems in current views of practice, agency and expertise, which suffer from reductive, or fragmented, analyses, based upon individuals, groups, or networks. In retrieving the experiential richness of human activity – often esteemed as the basis of generative and creative life – this book shows how complexity both emerges from, and is, a non-reductive feature of, human experience, especially in daily work. “...an ambitiously wide-ranging volume, questioning the key tenets of respected approaches ..... and offering ..... ‘novel accounts’, which draw on features of complexity thinking.... ...But they go further than any of us in their argument that: ‘whatever reductive moves are made, they ‘flow’ from holistic accounts of relationality which have already affectively engaged the purposes of a co-present group.’ This is the intellectual contribution that is built consistently and persuasively across the chapters.” Professor Emerita Anne Edwards, Oxford University "Hager and Beckett have written a book that will challenge more commonly held notions of agency, practice, skills, and learning. Centering their argument on complexity theory or, as they prefer, complexity thinking, Hager and Beckett argue that it is through relations that we raise questions about, gather data from, and make working sense of the complexity that surrounds us. Groups then, particularly small groups, hold and implement agentive power. And what the authors call co-present groups—ones in which holistic relationality occurs socially, and affectively in distinctive places—“draw us closer to each other, and harness our normativity by enabling negotiability and reason-giving.” If your field of study involves anything remotely sociocultural in nature or if you are just interested in the complex ways we engage as humans with our worlds, you should find a place for this book in your library." Bob Fecho, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York NY, USA

The Moment of Complexity

With "The Moment of Complexity", Mark C. Taylor offers a map for the unfamiliar terrain opening in our midst, unfolding an original philosophy of our time through a remarkable synthesis of science and culture.

The Moment of Complexity

Author: Mark C. Taylor

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226791180

Page: 352

View: 355

We live in a moment of unprecedented complexity, an era in which change occurs faster than our ability to comprehend it. With "The Moment of Complexity", Mark C. Taylor offers a map for the unfamiliar terrain opening in our midst, unfolding an original philosophy of our time through a remarkable synthesis of science and culture. According to Taylor, complexity is not just a breakthrough scientific concept but the defining quality of the post-Cold War era. The flux of digital currents swirling around us, he argues, has created a new network culture with its own distinctive logic and dynamic.