The Promise of Multiculturalism

Essays tracing current trends in education explore neoconservitism, racism, identity politics, and multiple literacies

The Promise of Multiculturalism

Author: George N. Katsiaficas

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415921268

Page: 240

View: 462

Essays tracing current trends in education explore neoconservitism, racism, identity politics, and multiple literacies

Rethinking Multiculturalism

Bhikhu Parekh argues for a pluralist perspective on cultural diversity.

Rethinking Multiculturalism

Author: Bhikhu C. Parekh

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674009950

Page: 379

View: 623

Bhikhu Parekh argues for a pluralist perspective on cultural diversity. Writing from both within the liberal tradition and outside of it as a critic, he challenges what he calls the "moral monism" of much of traditional moral philosophy, including contemporary liberalism--its tendency to assert that only one way of life or set of values is worthwhile and to dismiss the rest as misguided or false. He defends his pluralist perspective both at the level of theory and in subtle nuanced analyses of recent controversies. Thus, he offers careful and clear accounts of why cultural differences should be respected and publicly affirmed, why the separation of church and state cannot be used to justify the separation of religion and politics, and why the initial critique of Salman Rushdie (before a Fatwa threatened his life) deserved more serious attention than it received. Rejecting naturalism, which posits that humans have a relatively fixed nature and that culture is an incidental, and "culturalism," which posits that they are socially and culturally constructed with only a minimal set of features in common, he argues for a dialogic interplay between human commonalities and cultural differences. This will allow, Parekh argues, genuinely balanced and thoughtful compromises on even the most controversial cultural issues in the new multicultural world in which we live.

The Oxford Handbook of Multicultural Identity

The Oxford Handbook of Multicultural Identity: Basic and Applied Psychological Perspectives, which consists of 22 chapters written by some of the most accomplished scholars on the topic, reviews cutting-edge empirical and theoretical work ...

The Oxford Handbook of Multicultural Identity

Author: Verónica Benet-Martínez

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199796696

Page: 543

View: 118

Multiculturalism is a prevalent worldwide societal phenomenon. Aspects of our modern life, such as migration, economic globalization, multicultural policies, and cross-border travel and communication have made intercultural contacts inevitable. High numbers of multicultural individuals (23-43% of the population by some estimates) can be found in many nations where migration has been strong (e.g., Australia, U.S., Western Europe, Singapore) or where there is a history of colonization (e.g., Hong Kong). Many multicultural individuals are also ethnic and cultural minorities who are descendants of immigrants, majority individuals with extensive multicultural experiences, or people with culturally mixed families; all people for whom identification and/or involvement with multiple cultures is the norm. Despite the prevalence of multicultural identity and experiences, until the publication of this volume, there has not yet been a comprehensive review of scholarly research on the psychological underpinning of multiculturalism. The Oxford Handbook of Multicultural Identity fills this void. It reviews cutting-edge empirical and theoretical work on the psychology of multicultural identities and experiences. As a whole, the volume addresses some important basic issues, such as measurement of multicultural identity, links between multilingualism and multiculturalism, the social psychology of multiculturalism and globalization, as well as applied issues such as multiculturalism in counseling, education, policy, marketing and organizational science, to mention a few. This handbook will be useful for students, researchers, and teachers in cultural, social, personality, developmental, acculturation, and ethnic psychology. It can also be used as a source book in advanced undergraduate and graduate courses on identity and multiculturalism, and a reference for applied psychologists and researchers in the domains of education, management, and marketing.

Multiculturalism

Do they simply describe diversity or are they advocating a particular response to that diversity? This book looks at some of the debates associated with these words and with the concepts attached to them.

Multiculturalism

Author: C. W. Watson

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 124

View: 923

* Is multiculturalism compatible with national identity? * Does multiculturalism simply mean a tolerance of cultural diversity? * Does globalization spell the end of multiculturalism? Multicultural and multiculturalism are words frequently used to describe the ethnic diversity which exists everywhere in the world today. However, there is some confusion about what precisely they signify. Do they simply describe diversity or are they advocating a particular response to that diversity? This book looks at some of the debates associated with these words and with the concepts attached to them. In particular the arguments for and against multiculturalism are examined in the context of modern states in different political and historical circumstances. Attitudes and emphases in relation to multiculturalism differ, it is argued, from one country to another and the chapters of the book draw out the dimensions of difference with examples ranging from Europe and the USA to South-East Asia and China. The focus of the discussion is placed on issues such as minority rights, education, religious tolerance and the trend to global homogenization. Running through the description of these issues in an implicit critique of the loose way in which the word culture is used to mean an unchanging set of definitive characteristics and how that usage bedevils discussions of multiculturalism. The result is a concise and balanced overview of a topic with wide appeal across undergraduate and postgraduate courses from sociology and politics to cultural studies and anthropology.

Multiculturalism

The most meaningful support for multiculturalism has come from intellectuals, such as those represented in this book, who have discovered greater meaning about our American past by incorporating the concepts driving multi-culturalism.

Multiculturalism

Author: C. James Trotman

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253214874

Page: 267

View: 926

Multi-culturalism Roots and Realities Edited by C. James Trotman Examines the place of multiculturalism in our society. The most meaningful support for multiculturalism has come from intellectuals, such as those represented in this book, who have discovered greater meaning about our American past by incorporating the concepts driving multi-culturalism. These essays engage the word and its meanings, as varied as they are, in an effort to add and expand on the dialogue for this ever-increasingly vital concept. However, Multiculturalism: Roots and Realities is not a book aimed at debates; instead, each essay generally makes use of multiculturalism as a way of examining history and social themes, while providing a broader and perhaps a deeper view of 19th-century American life and thought. The book's general goal, which in fact belongs to all of us, is to recognize excellence in the cultures of the historically neglected, claim excellence where it is found, and position it so that it can contribute to a fuller understanding of the human condition. Contributors include Susan Alves, Barbara J. Ballard, Jeannine DeLombard, Juniper Ellis, Joe B. Fulton, Henry Louis Gates, Richard E. Greene, Richard Hardack, Julie Husband, Gillian Johns, Verner D. Mitchell, Christine Palumbo-DeSimone, Janet Shannon, C. James Trotman, Matthew Wilson, and Julie Winch C. James Trotman is Professor of English and founding director of the Frederick Douglass Institute at West Chester University of Pennsylvania. He is author of Langston Hughes: The Man, His Art, and His Continuing Influence. Sales territory is worldwide January 2002 320 pages, 6 1/8 x 9 1/4 cloth 0-253-34002-0 $49.95 L / £35.50 paper 0-253-21487-4 $22.95 s / £16.50

Critical Multiculturalism

This book aims to bring together two movements - multiculturalism and anti- racism - which, though having aims in common, have been at arms length in the past.

Critical Multiculturalism

Author: Stephen May

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135710805

Page: 304

View: 642

This book aims to bring together two movements - multiculturalism and anti- racism - which, though having aims in common, have been at arms length in the past. Differences of emphasis have meant that classroom practice has been the natural realm of multiculturalism, while anti-racism has been dissatisfied with an approach that accentuates life-style at the expense of challenging or changing the racism that minority students experience. In these debates, there has been a concentration on culturally specific topics and this book goes beyond national boundaries to find how international concerns and contexts might provide answers to problems faced in single countries. Leading figures in the USA, Canada, South Africa, the UK and Australasia write on the issues.

Multiculturalism Postcoloniality and Transnational Media

Reflecting academic interests in nation, race, gender, sexuality and other axes of identity, this text gathers these concerns under the same umbrella, contending that these issues must be discussed in relation to each other because ...

Multiculturalism  Postcoloniality  and Transnational Media

Author: Ella Shohat

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813532356

Page: 335

View: 889

Reflecting academic interests in nation, race, gender, sexuality and other axes of identity, this text gathers these concerns under the same umbrella, contending that these issues must be discussed in relation to each other because communities, societiesand nations do not exist autonomously.

Multiculturalism

He engages with the work of other leading commentators like Bhikhu Parekh and Will Kymlicka and offers new perspectives on the issue ofracial integration and citizenship today.

Multiculturalism

Author: Tariq Modood

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745632882

Page: 193

View: 467

At a time when many public commentators are turning against multiculturalism in response to fears about militant Islam, immigration or social cohesion, Tariq Modood, one of the world's leading authorities on multiculturalism, provides a distinctive contribution to these debates. He contends that the rise of Islamic terrorism has neither discredited multiculturalism nor heralded a clash of civilizations. Instead, it has highlighted a central challenge for the 21st century - the urgent need to include Muslims in contemporary conceptions of democratic citizenship. In this compelling new book, Modood shows that inclusion is not possible within some narrow forms of liberalism. He argues that while different minorities need to be accommodated in different ways, a single template is not appropriate. He suggests, moreover, that such differential accommodation or multiculturalism cannot be the task of the state alone but must be shared across different civil society sectors. Controversially, he sees the revival of ideological secularism as an obstacle to multicultural integration but institutional secularism as an important resource for accommodating Muslims. This book will appeal to students, researchers and teachers of politics, sociology and public policy but also to general readers interested in the prospects of multiculturalism today. For discussion of Modood's ideas, see openDemocracy.

Diversity and Multiculturalism

This is the quintessential collection of work by critical scholars committed to redefining the conversation on multiculturalism and diversity.

Diversity and Multiculturalism

Author: Shirley R. Steinberg

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9781433103452

Page: 485

View: 774

This reader demands that we understand diversity and multiculturalism by identifying the ways in which curriculum has been written and taught, and by redefining the field with an equitable lens, freeing it from the dominant cultural curriculum. The book problematizes the issue of whiteness, for instance, as not being the opposite of blackness or «person-of-colorness», but rather a meta-description for our dominant culture. Issues are also addressed that are usually left out of the discussion about diversity and multiculturalism: this reader includes essays on physical diversity, geographic diversity, and difference in sexualities. This is the quintessential collection of work by critical scholars committed to redefining the conversation on multiculturalism and diversity.

Multiculturalism in the British Commonwealth

I’d recommend this book to anyone interested in the challenges posed by cultural and national identity to liberal democratic states.”—Phil Parvin, author of Karl Popper

Multiculturalism in the British Commonwealth

Author: Richard T. Ashcroft

Publisher: University of California Press

ISBN: 0520299329

Page: 305

View: 448

At publication date, a free ebook version of this title will be available through Luminos, University of California Press’s Open Access publishing program. Visit www.luminosoa.org to learn more. Multiculturalism as a distinct form of liberal-democratic governance gained widespread acceptance after World War II, but in recent years this consensus has been fractured. Multiculturalism in the British Commonwealth examines cultural diversity across the postwar Commonwealth, situating modern multiculturalism in its national, international, and historical contexts. Bringing together practitioners from across the humanities and social sciences to explore the legal, political, and philosophical issues involved, these essays address common questions: What is postwar multiculturalism? Why did it come about? How have social actors responded to it? In addition to chapters on Australia, Britain, Canada, and New Zealand, this volume also covers India, Malaysia, Nigeria, Singapore, and Trinidad, tracing the historical roots of contemporary dilemmas back to the intertwined legacies of imperialism and liberalism. In so doing it demonstrates that multiculturalism has implications that stretch far beyond its current formulations in public and academic discourse.

Multiculturalism Observed

This volume presents a number of points of view both from Europe and North America by academic, religious, and political authors from a variety of cultures, all with a very different perspective on whether multiculturalism is a valid answer ...

Multiculturalism Observed

Author: Richard Lewis

Publisher: ASP / VUBPRESS / UPA

ISBN: 9054873302

Page: 156

View: 689

A timely and unique perspective on a phenomenon that is highly divisive and splits academic and public opinion alike. In the wake of the terrorist attacks in New York, Madrid, and London, the question how Western society integrates its minorities has become one of the most crucial issues facing government today and excites media attention and frequent public controversy. This volume presents a number of points of view both from Europe and North America by academic, religious, and political authors from a variety of cultures, all with a very different perspective on whether multiculturalism is a valid answer to ensuring harmony in our societies.

Multiculturalism

The book explores the origins and contemporary usage of the concept of multiculturalism in the context of debates about citizenship, egalitarian justice and conflicts between individual and collective rights.

Multiculturalism

Author: Michael Murphy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136520104

Page: 198

View: 453

What is multiculturalism and what are the different theories used to justify it? Are multicultural policies a threat to liberty and equality? Can liberal democracies accommodate minority groups without sacrificing peace and stability? In this clear introduction to the subject, Michael Murphy explores these questions and critically assesses multiculturalism from the standpoint of political philosophy and political practice. The book explores the origins and contemporary usage of the concept of multiculturalism in the context of debates about citizenship, egalitarian justice and conflicts between individual and collective rights. The ideas of some of the most influential champions and critics of multiculturalism, including Will Kymlicka, Chandran Kukathas, Susan Okin and Brian Barry, are also clearly explained and evaluated. Key themes include the tension between multiculturalism and gender equality, cultural relativism and the limits of liberal toleration, and the impact of multicultural policies on social cohesion ethnic conflict. Murphy also surveys the legal practices and policies enacted to accommodate multiculturalism, drawing on examples from the Americas, Australasia, Europe, Asia and the Middle East. Multiculturalism: A Critical Introduction is an ideal starting point for anyone coming to the topic for the first time as well as those already familiar with some of the key issues.

Multiculturalism

A new edition of the highly acclaimed book Multiculturalism and "The Politics of Recognition," this paperback brings together an even wider range of leading philosophers and social scientists to probe the political controversy surrounding ...

Multiculturalism

Author: Charles Taylor

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691037795

Page: 175

View: 383

A new edition of the highly acclaimed book Multiculturalism and "The Politics of Recognition," this paperback brings together an even wider range of leading philosophers and social scientists to probe the political controversy surrounding multiculturalism. Charles Taylor's initial inquiry, which considers whether the institutions of liberal democratic government make room--or should make room--for recognizing the worth of distinctive cultural traditions, remains the centerpiece of this discussion. It is now joined by Jürgen Habermas's extensive essay on the issues of recognition and the democratic constitutional state and by K. Anthony Appiah's commentary on the tensions between personal and collective identities, such as those shaped by religion, gender, ethnicity, race, and sexuality, and on the dangerous tendency of multicultural politics to gloss over such tensions. These contributions are joined by those of other well-known thinkers, who further relate the demand for recognition to issues of multicultural education, feminism, and cultural separatism. Praise for the previous edition:

Multiculturalism United in Diversity

This is a book to enjoy and to reflect upon. Professor Mariana Nicolae, REI (ASE) In today’s world, exposure to other cultures has become a symbol of increasing globalization processes.

Multiculturalism  United in Diversity

Author: Irina Budrina

Publisher: ePublishers & Editura Coresi

ISBN:

Page: 253

View: 797

A VOYAGE OF DISCOVERY Irina Budrina not only knows what she writes and talks about, but she is, as they say, walking her talk. Born in Russia, having traveled all over the world, with an MBA in Japan and a Ph.D. in Romania (REI, ASE) she has been living in Romania for the last 12 years. The present book is, therefore, based on her very rich and significant encounters with people and organizations in various parts of the world and mainly in Romania. You are reading a book which is a voyage of discovery and learning about our own and other cultures. Leadership, intercultural communication, cultural dimensions, cultural values and gender issues in business and beyond business are just some of the discussions you are going to be part of through Irina Budrina’s knowledgeable and skillful guidance. This is a book to enjoy and to reflect upon. Professor Mariana Nicolae, REI (ASE) In today’s world, exposure to other cultures has become a symbol of increasing globalization processes. Many people leave their home area to go on a voyage of discovery and learning about other cultures that affects their original cultural identity. The needs of the 21st century demand citizens that are culturally sensitive and internationally focused, with an orientation toward the future rather than the past. Cultural Diversity is in it. The concept of multiculturalism offers a new orientation toward the future. “Multiculturalism is a system of beliefs and behaviors that recognizes and respects the presence of all diverse groups in an organization or society, acknowledges and values their socio-cultural differences, and encourages and enables their continued contribution within an inclusive cultural context which empowers all within the organization or society” (Caleb Rosado, 1997). The essence of multiculturalism is the ability to celebrate with the Other in a manner that removes all barriers and brings unity in diversity. Multiculturalism pushes us to look upon the Other not as a potential enemy but as a profitable partner. Managing diversity is an ongoing process that unleashes the various talents and capabilities which a diverse population brings to an organization, community or society, so as to create a wholesome, inclusive environment, that is safe for differences, enables people to reject rejection, celebrates diversity, and maximizes the full potential of all, in a cultural context where everyone benefits. Multiculturalism, as the art of managing diversity, is an inclusive process where no one is left out. Diversity, in its essence, then is a safeguard against ethnocentrism (making of one group as the norm for all groups). No cultures should be verbally and/or physically attacked based solely on the negative meaning given due to biological, cultural, political or socioeconomic differences (such as gender, age, race/ethnicity, political party, class, education, values, religious affiliation or sexual orientation The motivating factor for such attitude is fear, arising out of ignorance of the other culture, which is different from your own. Multiculturalism should be the only option open to educators, leaders and administrators in an ever-increasing culturally pluralistic environment. Today’s diverse student populations and workforce is simply not going to go away, but increase. This is the direction of the future multicultural, multi-ethnic, multilingual communities. And effective leaders are recognizing it. The art of managing diversity is thus of great concern to all persons charged with the responsibility of overseeing the work of others. Multiculturalism, then, may very well be part of an ongoing process which enables people to become world citizens–persons who are able to transfer their own racial/ethnic, gender, cultural and socio-political reality and identify with humankind throughout the world, at all levels of human needs.

Australian Multiculturalism

This book is a documentary history and critique of the concept and policy of multiculturalism in Australia for the period 1970 to 1986.

Australian Multiculturalism

Author: Lois E. Foster

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781853590085

Page: 264

View: 376

This book is a documentary history and critique of the concept and policy of multiculturalism in Australia for the period 1970 to 1986. The book brings together for the first time a range of documents charting the emergence and implementation of multiculturalism across the main institutions of Australian society and culture. The institutions covered in the book are education, health and welfare, the Church, law, media, the realm of work and, as a summarising chapter, human rights and race and community relations in Australian society in the 1980s. The wide range of documents and the critical thematic introduction and contexting make the book ideal as a teaching text for students in many disciplines and an invaluable research source.

Multicultural States

This important book combines discussions of the principles of multiculturalism with studies of specific local histories and political conflicts.

Multicultural States

Author: David Bennett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113480797X

Page: 320

View: 995

The idea of the nation is globally in crisis, but multiculturalism has often seemed to name a specifically national debate. Multicultural States challenges the national focus of these debates by investigating theories, policies and practices of cultural pluralism across eight countries with historical links in British colonialism: the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, India, South Africa, Ireland and Britain. This important book combines discussions of the principles of multiculturalism with studies of specific local histories and political conflicts. The contributors discuss: * communalism and colonialism in India * Irish sectarianism and postmodern identity politics * ethnic nationalism in post-apartheid South Africa * British multiculturalism as part of the heritage industry * feminism and Australian republicanism. Contributors: Ien Ang, David Attwell, Homi K. Bhabha, Gargi Bhattacharyya, Abena P. A. Busia, Dipesh Chakrabarty, Terry Eagleton, John Frow, Henry A. Giroux, Ihab Hassan, Smaro Kamboureli, Maria Koundoura, Beryl Langer, Anne Maxwell, Meaghan Morris, Susan Mathieson and Jon Stratton

Culture and Equality

Often, these are not rooted in culture, and multiculturalist policies may actually stand in the way of universalistic measures that would be genuinely beneficial.

Culture and Equality

Author: Brian Barry

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745665640

Page: 416

View: 184

All major western countries today contain groups that differ in their religious beliefs, customary practices or ideas about the right way in which to live. How should public policy respond to this diversity? In this important new work, Brian Barry challenges the currently orthodox answer and develops a powerful restatement of an egalitarian liberalism for the twenty-first century. Until recently it was assumed without much question that cultural diversity could best be accommodated by leaving cultural minorities free to associate in pursuit of their distinctive ends within the limits imposed by a common framework of laws. This solution is rejected by an influential school of political theorists, among whom some of the best known are William Galston, Will Kymlicka, Bhikhu Parekh, Charles Taylor and Iris Marion Young. According to them, this 'difference-blind' conception of liberal equality fails to deliver either liberty or equal treatment. In its place, they propose that the state should 'recognize' group identities, by granting groups exemptions from certain laws, publicly 'affirming' their value, and by providing them with special privileges or subsidies. In Culture and Equality, Barry offers an incisive critique of these arguments and suggests that theorists of multiculturism tend to misdiagnose the problems of minority groups. Often, these are not rooted in culture, and multiculturalist policies may actually stand in the way of universalistic measures that would be genuinely beneficial.

Multiculturalism and Social Cohesion

many specific policies described as part of the multiculturalism framework such
as affirmative action (Kymlicka 2007, p. 74).10 If evaluating specific
multiculturalism programs is difficult,11 it would be almost impossible to evaluate
the symbolic ...

Multiculturalism and Social Cohesion

Author: Jeffrey G. Reitz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402099584

Page: 194

View: 103

Does multiculturalism ‘work’? Does multiculturalism policy create social cohesion, or undermine it? Multiculturalism was introduced in Canada in the 1970s and widely adopted internationally, but more recently has been hotly debated, amid new concerns about social, cultural, and political impacts of immigration. Advocates praise multiculturalism for its emphasis on special recognition for cultural minorities as facilitating their social integration, while opponents charge that multiculturalism threatens social cohesion by encouraging social isolation. Multiculturalism is thus rooted in a theory of human behaviour, and this book examines the empirical validity of some of its basic propositions, focusing on Canada as the country for which the most enthusiastic claims for multiculturalism have been made. The analysis draws on the massive national Ethnic Diversity Survey of over 41,000 Canadians in 2002, the most extensive survey yet conducted on this question. The analysis provides a new and more nuanced understanding of the complex relation between multiculturalism and social cohesion, challenging uncritically optimistic or pessimistic views. Ethnic community ties facilitate some aspects of social integration, while discouraging others. For racial minorities, relations within and outside minority communities are greatly complicated by more frequent experiences of discrimination and inequality, slowing processes of social integration. Implications for multicultural policies emphasize that race relations present important challenges across Quebec and the rest of Canada, including for the new religious minorities, and that ethnic community development requires more explicit support for social integration.

The Evolution of New York City s Multiculturalism Melting Pot Or Salad Bowl

This book deals with the formation of New York City's multicultural character.

The Evolution of New York City s Multiculturalism  Melting Pot Or Salad Bowl

Author: Eva Kolb

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3837093034

Page: 160

View: 153

This book deals with the formation of New York City's multicultural character. It draws a sketch of the metropolis' first big immigration waves and describes the development of immigrants who entered the New World as foreigners and strangers and soon became one of the most essential parts of the city's very character. A main focus is laid upon the ambiguity of the immigrants' identity which is captured between assimilation and separation, and one of the most important questions the book deals with is whether the city can be seen as one of the world's greatest melting pots or just as a huge salad bowl inhabiting all kinds of different cultures. The book approaches this topic from an historical and a fictional point of view and concentrates on personal experiences of the immigrants as well as on the cultural impact immigration had on the megalopolis New York.