Mobility in Prehistoric Sedentary Societies

These 13 papers deal with mobility and innovation transfer, mobility and networking amongst foragers and farmers at the Neolithic transition in Western Central Europe, mobility in the Linear Pottery of Brandenburg and in the Late Linear ...

Mobility in Prehistoric Sedentary Societies

Author: Silviane Scharl

Publisher:

ISBN: 9783867573689

Page: 300

View: 990

These 13 papers deal with mobility and innovation transfer, mobility and networking amongst foragers and farmers at the Neolithic transition in Western Central Europe, mobility in the Linear Pottery of Brandenburg and in the Late Linear Pottery, the organisation and logistics of Linear Pottery settlements, group affiliation and mobility in the Linear Pottery Culture, mobility in the settlement system of the Michelsberg Culture in Southern Germany, the evidence for faunal mobility on the basis of strontium isotope analyses, mobility and social dynamics in the Urnfield Culture of Bavaria and Northern Tyrol, individual mobility in the Early Iron Age between the Black Forest and the Mediterranean, the migration history of the Early Medieval settlement community at Wenigumstadt, distr. Aschaffenburg, according to archaeological and anthropological indicators, assessing hard-to-analyse herdsmen, and mobility in the Nile valley in Ancient Egypt.

Prehistoric Mobility and Diet in the West Eurasian Steppes 3500 to 300 BC

Transitional forms of mobility in sedentary communities, in association with animal husbandry for example, are pronounced in semi-sedentary pastoralism, ...

Prehistoric Mobility and Diet in the West Eurasian Steppes 3500 to 300 BC

Author: Claudia Gerling

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110311216

Page: 414

View: 698

The West Eurasian steppes in the Eneolithic, the Early Bronze and the Iron Age were largely inhabited by communities believed to show an elevated level of spatial mobility that is often linked to their subsistence economy. Questions concerning the mobility and migration as well as the diet and economy of these communities were approached by applying isotope analysis, resulting in a greater understanding of the lifeways they led.

Mobility and Ancient Society in Asia and the Americas

As noted by many archeologists, that particular area engaged in active trade with Mesopotamia, which at the time hosted sedentary societies with highly ...

Mobility and Ancient Society in Asia and the Americas

Author: Michael David Frachetti

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331915138X

Page: 202

View: 955

Mobility and Ancient Society in Asia and the Americas contains contributions by leading international scholars concerning the character, timing, and geography of regional migrations that led to the dispersal of human societies from Inner and northeast Asia to the New World in the Upper Pleistocene (ca. 20,000-15,000 years ago). This volume bridges scholarly traditions from Europe, Central Asia, and North and South America, bringing different perspectives into a common view. The book presents an international overview of an ongoing discussion that is relevant to the ancient history of both Eurasia and the Americas. The content of the chapters provides both geographic and conceptual coverage of main currents in contemporary scholarly research, including case studies from Inner Asia (Kazakhstan), southwest Siberia, northeast Siberia, and North and South America. The chapters consider the trajectories, ecology, and social dynamics of ancient mobility, communication, and adaptation in both Eurasia and the Americas, using diverse methodologies of data recovery ranging from archaeology, historical linguistics, ancient DNA, human osteology, and palaeoenvironmental reconstruction. Although methodologically diverse, the chapters are each broadly synthetic in nature and present current scholarly views of when, and in which ways, societies from northeast Asia ultimately spread eastward (and southward) into North and South America, and how we might reconstruct the cultures and adaptations related to Paleolithic groups. Ultimately, this book provides a unique synthetic perspective that bridges Asia and the Americas and brings the ancient evidence from both sides of the Bering Strait into common focus.

Detecting and Explaining Technological Innovation in Prehistory

This book presents interdisciplinary research on detecting and explaining technological innovation in prehistory, with case-studies from Europe, the Indus Valley, Iran, and Mexico.

Detecting and Explaining Technological Innovation in Prehistory

Author: Michela Spataro

Publisher:

ISBN: 9789088908255

Page: 250

View: 719

Technology refers to any set of standardised procedures for transforming raw materials into finished products. Innovation consists of any change in technology which has tangible and lasting effect on human practices, whether or not it provides utilitarian advantages. Prehistoric societies were never static, but the tempo of innovation occasionally increased to the point that we can refer to transformation taking place. Prehistorians must therefore identify factors promoting or hindering innovation.This volume stems from an international workshop, organised by the Collaborative Research Centre 1266 'Scales of Transformation' at Kiel University in November 2017. The meeting challenged its participants to detect and explain technological change in the past and its role in transformation processes, using archaeological and ethnographic case studies. The papers draw mainly on examples from prehistoric Europe, but case-studies from Iran, the Indus Valley, and contemporary central America are also included. The authors adopt several perspectives, including cultural-historical, economic, environmental, demographic, functional, and agent-based approaches.These case studies often rely on interdisciplinary research, whereby field archaeology, archaeometric analysis, experimental archaeology and ethnographic research are used together to observe and explain innovations and changes in the artisan's repertoire. The results demonstrate that interdisciplinary research is becoming essential to understanding transformation phenomena in prehistoric archaeology, superseding typo-chronological description and comparison.This book is a scholarly publication aimed at academic researchers, particularly archaeologists and archaeological scientists working on ceramics, osseous and metal artifacts.

Detecting and Explaining Technological Innovation in Prehistory

This book presents interdisciplinary research on detecting and explaining technological innovation in prehistory, with case-studies from Europe, the Indus Valley, Iran, and Mexico.

Detecting and Explaining Technological Innovation in Prehistory

Author: Michela Spataro

Publisher:

ISBN: 9789088908248

Page:

View: 593

Technology refers to any set of standardised procedures for transforming raw materials into finished products. Innovation consists of any change in technology which has tangible and lasting effect on human practices, whether or not it provides utilitarian advantages. Prehistoric societies were never static, but the tempo of innovation occasionally increased to the point that we can refer to transformation taking place. Prehistorians must therefore identify factors promoting or hindering innovation.This volume stems from an international workshop, organised by the Collaborative Research Centre 1266 'Scales of Transformation' at Kiel University in November 2017. The meeting challenged its participants to detect and explain technological change in the past and its role in transformation processes, using archaeological and ethnographic case studies. The papers draw mainly on examples from prehistoric Europe, but case-studies from Iran, the Indus Valley, and contemporary central America are also included. The authors adopt several perspectives, including cultural-historical, economic, environmental, demographic, functional, and agent-based approaches.These case studies often rely on interdisciplinary research, whereby field archaeology, archaeometric analysis, experimental archaeology and ethnographic research are used together to observe and explain innovations and changes in the artisan's repertoire. The results demonstrate that interdisciplinary research is becoming essential to understanding transformation phenomena in prehistoric archaeology, superseding typo-chronological description and comparison.This book is a scholarly publication aimed at academic researchers, particularly archaeologists and archaeological scientists working on ceramics, osseous and metal artifacts.

Population Dynamics in Prehistory and Early History

... in sedentary societies”, run by the Chair of Proto- and Prehistory, ... play in the development of prehistoric sedentary sobetween the mobility of ...

Population Dynamics in Prehistory and Early History

Author: Elke Kaiser

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 311026630X

Page: 363

View: 555

The state of migration research has undergone rapid change since methods of analysis involving stable and radiogen isotopes and molecular genetics have started to be applied. At a conference held in Berlin in March 2010, groups whose research looks at population dynamics in pre and early, or in more recent history presented their insights about methodological approaches, research results and perspectives. The aim of this volume is to conduct a dialogue between archaeologists, geneticists and archaeometrists for the purpose of a reconstruction of (pre)historic population history.

Social Complexity in Prehistoric Eurasia

Through a thematic investigation of archaeological patterns ranging from monument construction and use and production and consumption of metals to the nature of mobility among societies, the essays in this volume provide the most up-to-date ...

Social Complexity in Prehistoric Eurasia

Author: Bryan K. Hanks

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780511602788

Page: 417

View: 188

Travelling the Korosko Road Archaeological Exploration in Sudan s Eastern Desert

'Mobility in Ancient Egypt – Roads and Travel in the Nile Valley and ... in S. Scharl and B. Gehlen (eds), Mobility in Prehistoric Sedentary Societies.

Travelling the Korosko Road  Archaeological Exploration in Sudan   s Eastern Desert

Author: Derek A. Welsby

Publisher: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1789698049

Page: 252

View: 277

This volume publishes accounts of archaeological exploration carried out in the Sudanese Eastern Desert. A pioneering programme of expeditions along the so-called ‘Korosko Road’ revealed a rich archaeological landscape frequented over millennia, including gold-production areas and their associated settlements.

From the Early Preboreal to the Subboreal period Current Mesolithic research in Europe

Mobility in Prehistoric Sedentary Societies. Papers of the CRC 806 Workshop in Cologne 26-27 June 2015 (Rahden/Westfalen 2017) 39–73.

From the Early Preboreal to the Subboreal period   Current Mesolithic research in Europe

Author: Annabel Zander

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 393807826X

Page: 380

View: 118

This volume 5 of the Mesolithic Edition publishes the papers of lectures and posters presented during the conference of the AG Mesolithikum in Wuppertal in March 2017. 30 authors from Denmark, the Netherlands, Austria and Germany publish their latest research on the Mesolithic. A total of 16 contributions offer site analyses, regional and supra-regional studies as well as theoretical and methodological essays. At the end of the volume, the full publication list of the honouree Bernhard Gramsch is published.

Atlas of Neolithic plant remains from northern central Europe

... mobility of Linear Pottery groups in Brandenburg, north-eastern Germany, in:Scharl, S., Gehlen, B.(Eds.), Mobility in Prehistoric sedentary societies.

Atlas of Neolithic plant remains from northern central Europe

Author: Wiebke Kirleis

Publisher: Barkhuis

ISBN: 9492444917

Page: 243

View: 413

The materiality of plant remains from 36 Neolithic sites of the Linearbandkeramik, Funnel Beaker and Single Grave Culture, and the Dagger groups as uncovered by archaeological excavations in northern central Europe is presented in this atlas to facilitate archaeobotanical investigations by offering photographic references to fossilized charred plant remains and, in some cases, subfossil waterlogged plant remains. The respective archaeological sites are briefly introduced, the plant assemblages shortly evaluated, supported by informations on plant use. Plant lists and new radiocarbon data supplement the volume. The atlas compiles examples of ancient plant remains that were investigated from 2009 to 2019 in three collaborative research programs at Kiel University, SPP1400 ‘Early Monumentality and Social Differentiation', SFB1266 ‘Scales of Transformation: Human-Environmental Interaction in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies', and the Botanical Platform of the Graduate School ‘Human Development in Landscapes' (GSHDL).

Lithic Technologies in Sedentary Societies

In Archaeological Approaches to Market Exchange in Ancient Societies, ed. ... “Technological Organization and Prehistoric Hunter-Gatherer Mobility: ...

Lithic Technologies in Sedentary Societies

Author: Rachel A. Horowitz

Publisher: University Press of Colorado

ISBN: 1607328925

Page: 270

View: 890

Lithic Technologies in SedentarySocieties examines lithic technology from ancient societies in Mesoamerica, the Near East, South Asia, and North America, showcasing the important contributions in-depth lithic analysis can make to the study of sedentary societies around the world. Using cutting-edge analytical techniques these case studies address difficult anthropological questions concerning economic, social, and political issues, as well as global trends in lithic production. Lithic analysis focused on sedentary societies, especially in places like Mesoamerica, has previously been neglected mostly because of the high frequency of informal tools, but such bias limits the ways in which both lithic production and economic organization are investigated. Bringing the importance of studying such technologies to the fore and emphasizing the vital anthropological questions that lithics can answer, Lithic Technologies in Sedentary Societies is a valuable resource for scholars and students of lithic technology and sedentary, complex societies. Contributors: Fumi Arakawa, Mary A. Davis, James Enloe, Dan Healan, Francesca Manclossi, Theodore Marks, Jayur Madhusudan Mehta, Jason S. R. Paling, Steve Rosen, John Whittaker

Archaeology in the Zitava Valley I

This volume presents the finds, features and data uncovered and synthesised from our archaeological, pedological, geophysical, archaeobotanical, anthropological, zoo-archaeological and stable isotope studies.

Archaeology in the Zitava Valley I

Author: Martin Furholt

Publisher:

ISBN: 9789088908972

Page: 350

View: 798

The early Neolithic site of Vráble (5250-4950 cal BCE) is among the largest LBK settlement agglomerations in Central Europe. This volume presents the finds, features and data uncovered and synthesised from our archaeological, pedological, geophysical, archaeobotanical, anthropological, zoo-archaeological and stable isotope studies.

Gender Transformations in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies

This volume is dedicated to examining the role and impact of gender relations during socio-environmental transformation processes as well as matters of gender equality in archaeological academia across the globe.

Gender Transformations in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies

Author: Julia Katharina Koch

Publisher:

ISBN: 9789088908217

Page: 500

View: 697

This volume is dedicated to examining the role and impact of gender relations during socio-environmental transformation processes as well as matters of gender equality in archaeological academia across the globe.

Gender Transformations in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies

This volume is dedicated to examining the role and impact of gender relations during socio-environmental transformation processes as well as matters of gender equality in archaeological academia across the globe.

Gender Transformations in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies

Author: Julia Katharina Koch

Publisher:

ISBN: 9789088908224

Page: 500

View: 363

This volume is dedicated to examining the role and impact of gender relations during socio-environmental transformation processes as well as matters of gender equality in archaeological academia across the globe.

Inner Asia and the Spatial Politics of Empire

This work explores the spatial management of political relationships within the pastoral nomadic setting during the first millennium BCE and argues that a culture of mobility, horse-based transport, and long-distance networking promoted a ...

Inner Asia and the Spatial Politics of Empire

Author: William Honeychurch

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 149391815X

Page: 321

View: 921

This monograph uses the latest archaeological results from Mongolia and the surrounding areas of Inner Asia to propose a novel understanding of nomadic statehood, political economy, and the nature of interaction with ancient China. In contrast to the common view of the Eurasian steppe as a dependent periphery of Old World centers, this work views Inner Asia as a locus of enormous influence on neighboring civilizations, primarily through the development and transmission of diverse organizational models, technologies, and socio-political traditions. This work explores the spatial management of political relationships within the pastoral nomadic setting during the first millennium BCE and argues that a culture of mobility, horse-based transport, and long-distance networking promoted a unique variant of statehood. Although states of the eastern steppe were geographically large and hierarchical, these polities also relied on techniques of distributed authority, multiple centers, flexible structures, and ceremonialism to accommodate a largely mobile and dispersed populace. This expertise in “spatial politics” set the stage early on for the expansionistic success of later Asian empires under the Mongols and Manchus. Inner Asia and the Spatial Politics of Empire brings a distinctly anthropological treatment to the prehistory of Mongolia and is the first major work to explore key issues in the archaeology of eastern Eurasia using a comparative framework. The monograph adds significantly to anthropological theory on interaction between states and outlying regions, the emergence of secondary complexity, and the growth of imperial traditions. Based on this approach, the window of Inner Asian prehistory offers a novel opportunity to investigate the varied ways that complex societies grow and the processes articulating adjacent societies in networks of mutual transformation.

The Abandonment of Settlements and Regions

My research indicates that highly nomadic mobility , underlies ... examine abandonment in sedentary societies , societies , including prehistoric ones only ...

The Abandonment of Settlements and Regions

Author: Catherine M. Cameron

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521433334

Page: 217

View: 986

Groups of people abandoned sites in different ways, and for different reasons. And what they did when they left a settlement or area had a direct bearing on the kind and quality of cultural remains that entered the archaeological record, for example, whether buildings were dismantled or left standing, or tools buried, destroyed or removed from the site. Contributors to this unique collection on site abandonment draw on ethnoarchaeological and archaeological data from North and South America, Europe, Africa, and the Near East.

The Archaeology of Mobility

ecology alters their mobility patterns from year to year. ... 'nomadic' societies, have typically served as the basis for identifying prehistoric nomadic ...

The Archaeology of Mobility

Author: Hans Barnard

Publisher: ISD LLC

ISBN: 1938770382

Page: 616

View: 848

There have been edited books on the archaeology of nomadism in various regions, and there have been individual archaeological and anthropological monographs, but nothing with the kind of coverage provided in this volume. Its strength and importance lies in the fact that it brings together a worldwide collection of studies of the archaeology of mobility. This book provides a ready-made reference to this worldwide phenomenon and is unique in that it tries to redefine pastoralism within a larger context by the term mobility. It presents many new ideas and thoughtful approaches, especially in the Central Asian region.

Creating Communities

Mobility in a sedentary society: insights from isotope analysis of LBK human and ... tool in the investigation of prehistoric human and animal mobility, ...

Creating Communities

Author: Penny Bickle

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1782973281

Page: 271

View: 533

The aim of this book is to raise questions about the investigation of identity, community and change in prehistory, and to challenge the current state of debate in Central European Neolithic archaeology. Although the LBK is one of the best researched Neolithic cultures in Europe, here the material is used in order to further explore the interconnection between individuals, households, settlements and regions, explicitly addressing questions of Neolithic society and lived experience. By embracing a variety of approaches and voices, this volume draws out some of the cross-cutting concerns which unite LBK studies in their different regional research contexts and paves the way for further debate on the subject.

Making Places in the Prehistoric World

... 90–1 in Neolithic Britain 80–2 see also sedentary societies modes of production ... 193 see also mobility non-site archaeology 11, 25–7 at tells 95, ...

Making Places in the Prehistoric World

Author: Joanna Bruck

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135361010

Page: 240

View: 411

This groundbreaking volume addresses issues central to the study of prehistoric settlement including group memory, the transmission of ideology and the impact of mobility and seasonality on the construction of social identity. Building on these themes, the contributors point to new ways of understanding the relationship between settlement and landscape by replacing Capitalist models of spatial relations with more intimate histories of place.

Revolutions in the Desert

Inviting processual comparison to the agricultural revolution and the secondary spread of domestication beyond the Near East, this volume traces the evolution of nomadic societies in the archaeological record and examines their ecological, ...

Revolutions in the Desert

Author: Steven Rosen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131539992X

Page: 314

View: 333

Revolutions in the Desert investigates the development of pastoral nomadism in the arid regions of the ancient Near East, challenging the prevailing notion that such societies left few remains appropriate for analytic study. Few prior studies have approached the deeper past of desert nomadic societies, which have been primarily recognized only as a complement to the study of sedentary agricultural societies in the region. Based on decades of archaeological field work in the Negev of southern Israel, both excavations and surveys, and integrating materials from adjacent regions, Revolutions in the Desert offers a deeper and more dynamic view of the rise of herding societies beyond the settled zone. Rosen offers the first archaeological analysis of the rise of herding in the desert, from the first introduction of domestic goats and sheep into the arid zones, more than eight millennia ago, to the evolution of more recent Bedouin societies. The adoption of domestic herds by hunter-gatherer societies, contemporary with and peripheral to the first farming settlements, revolutionized all aspects of desert life, including subsistence, trade, cult, social organization, and ecology. Inviting processual comparison to the agricultural revolution and the secondary spread of domestication beyond the Near East, this volume traces the evolution of nomadic societies in the archaeological record and examines their ecological, economic and social adaptations to the deserts of the Southern Levant. With maps and illustrations from the author’s own collection, Revolutions in the Desert is a thoughtful and engaging approach to the archaeology of desert nomadic societies.