Mechanics of Crustal Rocks

This volume presents a selection of papers from a CISM course in Udine on this topic.

Mechanics of Crustal Rocks

Author: Yves M. Leroy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3709109396

Page: 240

View: 727

F.K. Lehner: A Review of the Linear Theory of Anisotropic Poroelastic Solids. - J.W. Rudnicki: Eshelby's Technique for Analyzing Inhomogeneities in Geomechanics. - Y. Gueguen, M. Kachanov: Effective Elastic Properties of Cracked and Porous Rocks - an Overview. - J.L. Raphanel: 3D Morphology Evolution of Solid-Fluid Interfaces by Pressure Solution. - Y.M. Leroy: An Introduction to the Finite-Element Method for Linear and Non-linear Static Problems. The mechanical behaviour of the earth's upper crust enters into a great variety of questions in different areas of the geological and geophysical sciences as well as in the more applied geotechnical disciplines. This volume presents a selection of papers from a CISM course in Udine on this topic. While each of these chapters will make for a useful contribution in its own right, the present bundle also illustrates, by way of examples, the variety of theoretical concepts and tools that are currently brought to bear on earth deformation studies, ranging from reviews of poroelastic field theory to micro-mechanical and homogenization studies, chemomechanics and interfacial stability theory of soluble solids under stress, and finally to an introduction to the finite element method.

Structural Geology

This book stands alone in unifying deformation and metamorphism and the development of the mineralogical fabrics and the structures that we see in the field.

Structural Geology

Author: Bruce E. Hobbs

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0124079334

Page: 680

View: 557

Structural Geology is a groundbreaking reference that introduces you to the concepts of nonlinear solid mechanics and non-equilibrium thermodynamics in metamorphic geology, offering a fresh perspective on rock structure and its potential for new interpretations of geological evolution. This book stands alone in unifying deformation and metamorphism and the development of the mineralogical fabrics and the structures that we see in the field. This reflects the thermodynamics of systems not at equilibrium within the framework of modern nonlinear solid mechanics. The thermodynamic approach enables the various mechanical, thermal, hydrological and chemical processes to be rigorously coupled through the second law of thermodynamics, invariably leading to nonlinear behavior. The book also differs from others in emphasizing the implications of this nonlinear behavior with respect to the development of the diverse, complex, even fractal, range of structures in deformed metamorphic rocks. Building on the fundamentals of structural geology by discussing the nonlinear processes that operate during the deformation and metamorphism of rocks in the Earth's crust, the book's concepts help geoscientists and graduate-level students understand how these processes control or influence the structures and metamorphic fabrics—providing applications in hydrocarbon exploration, ore mineral exploration, and architectural engineering. Authored by two of the world's foremost experts in structural geology, representing more than 70 years of experience in research and instruction Nearly 300 figures, illustrations, working examples, and photographs reinforce key concepts and underscore major advances in structural geology

Principles of Rock Mechanics

Exercise 11-12 : Calculate a characteristic or average geological strainrate ,
given the fact that crustal stresses are on the order of 100 MPa and viscosities of
crustal rocks range between 1020 and 1024 Pa s . Folding and Fracturing of
Rocks ...

Principles of Rock Mechanics

Author: Ruud Weijermars

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 360

View: 226

Elements of Crustal Geomechanics

A detailed introduction to the study of crustal geomechanics, particularly the seismogenic crust, with exercises, solutions, and field-based datasets.

Elements of Crustal Geomechanics

Author: François Henri Cornet

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521875781

Page: 461

View: 169

A detailed introduction to the study of crustal geomechanics, particularly the seismogenic crust, with exercises, solutions, and field-based datasets.

Stress Field of the Earth s Crust

That is because this book is concerned with what is probably the most pe- liar characteristic of rock – its initial stress condition.

Stress Field of the Earth s Crust

Author: Arno Zang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402084447

Page: 324

View: 645

Stress Field of the Earth’s Crust is based on lecture notes prepared for a course offered to graduate students in the Earth sciences and engineering at University of Potsdam. In my opinion, it will undoubtedly also become a standard reference book on the desk of most scientists working with rocks, such as geophysicists, structural geologists, rock mechanics experts, as well as geotechnical and petroleum en- neers. That is because this book is concerned with what is probably the most pe- liar characteristic of rock – its initial stress condition. Rock is always under a natural state of stress, primarily a result of the gravitational and tectonic forces to which it is subjected. Crustal stresses can vary regionally and locally and can reach in places considerable magnitudes, leading to natural or man-made mechanical failure. P- existing stress distinguishes rock from most other materials and is at the core of the discipline of “Rock Mechanics”, which has been developed over the last century. Knowledge of rock stress is fundamental to understanding faulting mechanisms and earthquake triggering, to designing stable underground caverns and prod- tive oil fields, and to improving mining methods and geothermal energy extraction, among others. Several books have been written on the subject, but none has atte- ted to be as all-encompassing as the one by Zang and Stephansson.

Rock mechanics and rock engineering

Fault mechanics and transport properties of rocks . Academic Press , London ,
341 - 370 . Swanson , P . L . ( 1984 ) : Subcritical crack growth and other time -
and environmentdependent behavior in crustal rocks . J . Geophys . Res . 89 ,
4137 ...

Rock mechanics and rock engineering

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 242

Faulting in Brittle Rocks

This book provides an introduction into the mechanics of faulting in the brittle crust of the Earth.

Faulting in Brittle Rocks

Author: Georg Mandl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662042622

Page: 434

View: 953

This book provides an introduction into the mechanics of faulting in the brittle crust of the Earth. It developed from my annual two-semester course on tectono mechanics for graduate students of engineering geology and of rock engineering at the Technical University of Graz (Austria). In this course, it is not my task to present a broad exposition and geometrical description of geological structures, but rather to focus on the mechanical processes that produce the structures. Although this was also the aim of my former book "Mechanics of Tectonic Faulting - Models and Basic Concepts" (1988, Elsevier), henceforth referred to as MTF, the present book is different in organisation and content, in order to meet the requirements of the courses and to include more recent developments. Instead of following the traditional subdivision into extensional, compressional and strike-slip faulting, the presentation focuses on mechanical aspects of tectonic faulting that are common to various, or even all types of tectonic faults in the brittle regime. In this way, geometrically disparate or dissimilar fault structures may be revealed as closely related by the underlying mechanical process, and complex structures may be better understood. It may be useful to indicate how the chapters in the book are organised. The first three chapters are an introduction to rock mechanics, tailored to applications in geology. It also presents the extremely useful graphical method of Mohr's stress circle, which is freely used throughout the book to keep the mathematics to an absolute minimum.

Continuum Mechanics Aspects of Geodynamics and Rock Fracture Mechanics

SURFACE DEFORMATION IN ICELAND AND CRUSTAL STRESS OVER A.
MANTILE PLUME Eysteinn Tryggvason ... but seismic activity will be low and only
small earthquakes will occur because of the low tensile strength of crustal rocks.

Continuum Mechanics Aspects of Geodynamics and Rock Fracture Mechanics

Author: P. Thoft-Christensen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401022682

Page: 273

View: 142

During a NATO Advanced Study Institute in Izmir, Tur key, July 1973 on Modern Developments in Engineering Seis mology and Earthquake Engineering it emerged that a debate on Continuum Mechanics Aspects of Geodynamics and Rock Fracture Mechanics would be very welcome. Therefore, it was decided to seek NATO sponsorship for an Advanced Study In stitute on this subject. The purpose of the new Advanced Study Institute was to provide a link between mechanics of continuum media and geo dynamic s. By bringing together a group of leading scientists from the above two fields and participants actively engaged in research and applications in the same fields, it was believed that fruitful discussions could emerge to facilitate an exchange of knowledge, experience and newly-conceived ideas. The Institute aimed primarily at the solution of such problems as connected with the study of stress and strain con ditions in the Earth, generic causes of earthquakes, energy release and focal mechanism and seismic wave propagation in troducing modern methods of continuum and rock fracture mechanics. Secondly to inspire scientists working in continuum mechanics to open new avenues of research connected with the above problems, and seismologists to adapt modern, advanced methods of continuum and rock fracture mechanics to their work.

Rock mechanics Research Requirements for Resource Recovery Construction and Earthquake hazard Reduction

Tables TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE 2. l 4.
l 4.2 5.1 Estimated Federal Funding to Implement the Recommended Research
The State of Stress in Crustal Rocks: Fields of Application Techniques for ...

Rock mechanics Research Requirements for Resource Recovery  Construction  and Earthquake hazard Reduction

Author: U.S. National Committee for Rock Mechanics. Panel on Rock-mechanics Research Requirements

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN:

Page: 222

View: 220

Chartered Mechanical Engineer

The decay in the crustal rocks and by the thinning of the crustal Los Alamos
Scientific Laboratory of the University of California cover above , give rise to
zones of high outward heat flow . has been experimenting on this method for
some time in ...

Chartered Mechanical Engineer

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 762

Rock Fractures in Geological Processes

This book combines results from fracture mechanics, materials science, rock mechanics, structural geology, hydrogeology, and fluid mechanics to explore and explain fracture processes and fluid transport in the crust.

Rock Fractures in Geological Processes

Author: Agust Gudmundsson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139500694

Page:

View: 498

Rock fractures control many of Earth's dynamic processes, including plate-boundary development, tectonic earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and fluid transport in the crust. An understanding of rock fractures is also essential for effective exploitation of natural resources such as ground water, geothermal water, and petroleum. This book combines results from fracture mechanics, materials science, rock mechanics, structural geology, hydrogeology, and fluid mechanics to explore and explain fracture processes and fluid transport in the crust. Basic concepts are developed from first principles and illustrated with worked examples linking models of geological processes to real field observations and measurements. Many additional examples and exercises are provided online, allowing readers to practise formulating and quantitative testing of models. Rock Fractures in Geological Processes is designed for courses at the advanced undergraduate and graduate level but also forms a vital resource for researchers and industry professionals concerned with fractures and fluid transport in the Earth's crust.

Structural Geology of Fold and Thrust Belts

Davis , D. , Suppe , J. , and Dahlen , F.A. , 1983 , Mechanics of fold and thrust
belts and accretionary wedges : Journal of ... D.W. , eds . , Mechanical behavior
of crustal rocks , American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph 24 , p .

Structural Geology of Fold and Thrust Belts

Author: Shankar Mitra

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 254

View: 504

Neither a review of current research into the structural geology of fold and thrust belts, nor an overview of the field, but 14 studies of specific research topics of interest to the contributors. They are, however, grouped into the three main directions of current research: geometry and kinematics, deformation mechanics and mechanisms, and regional structural styles. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR