In the penultimate chapter of the book, the author explains an adaptable and mobile exploration architecture that will enable long-term human exploration of Mars, perhaps making it the next space-based tourist location.
Author: Erik Seedhouse
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Mars Outpost provides a detailed insight into the various technologies, mission architectures, medical requirements, and training needed to send humans to Mars. It focuses on mission objectives and benefits, and the risks and complexities that are compounded when linked to an overall planet exploration program involving several expeditions and setting up a permanent presence on the surface. The first section provides the background to sending a human mission to Mars. Analogies are made with early polar exploration and the expeditions of Shackleton, Amundsen, and Mawson. The interplanetary plans of the European Space Agency, NASA, and Russia are examined, including the possibility of one or more nations joining forces to send humans to Mars. Current mission architectures, such as NASA’s Constellation, ESA’s Aurora, and Ross Tierney’s DIRECT, are described and evaluated. The next section looks at how humans will get to the Red Planet, beginning with the preparation of the crew. The author examines the various analogues to understand the problems Mars-bound astronauts will face. Additional chapters describe the transportation hardware necessary to launch 4-6 astronauts on an interplanetary trajectory to Mars, including the cutting edge engineering and design of life support systems required to protect crews for more than a year from the lethal radiation encountered in deep space. NASA’s current plan is to use standard chemical propulsion technology, but eventually Mars crews will take advantage of advanced propulsion concepts, such as the Variable Specific Impulse Magnetoplasma Rocket, ion drives and nuclear propulsion. The interplanetary options for reaching Mars, as well as the major propulsive maneuvers required and the trajectories and energy requirements for manned and unmanned payloads, are reviewed . Another chapter addresses the daunting medical problems and available countermeasures for humans embarking on a mission to Mars: the insidious effects of radiation on the human body and the deleterious consequences of bone and muscle deconditioning. Crew selection will be considered, bearing in mind the strong possibility that they may not be able to return to Earth. Still another chapter describes the guidance, navigation, and control system architecture, as well as the lander design requirements and crew tasks and responsibilities required to touch down on the Red Planet. Section 3 looks at the surface mission architectures. Seedhouse describes such problems as radiation, extreme temperatures, and construction challenges that will be encountered by colonists. He examines proposed concepts for transporting cargo and astronauts long distances across the Martian surface using magnetic levitation systems, permanent rail systems, and flying vehicles. In the penultimate chapter of the book, the author explains an adaptable and mobile exploration architecture that will enable long-term human exploration of Mars, perhaps making it the next space-based tourist location.
As a planet with striking similarities to Earth, Mars is an important focus for scientific research aimed at understanding the processes of planetary evolution and the formation of our solar system.
Author: National Aeronautics and Space Adm Nasa
As a planet with striking similarities to Earth, Mars is an important focus for scientific research aimed at understanding the processes of planetary evolution and the formation of our solar system. Fortunately, Mars is also a planet with abundant natural resources, including assessible materials that can be used to support human life and to sustain a self-sufficient martian outpost. Resources required include water, breathable air, food, shelter, energy, and fuel. Through a mission design based on in situ resource development, we can establish a permanent outpost on Mars beginning with the first manned mission. This paper examines the potential for supporting the first manned mission with the objective of achieving self-sufficiency through well-understood resource development and a program of rigorous scientific research aimed at extending that capability. We examine the potential for initially extracting critical resources from the martian environment, and discuss the scientific investigations required to identify additional resources in the atmosphere, on the surface, and within the subsurface. We also discuss our current state of knowledge of Mars, technical considerations of resource utilization, and using unmanned missions' data for selecting an optimal site. The primary goal of achieving self-sufficiency on Mars would accelerate the development of human colonization beyond Earth, while providing a robust and permanent martian base from which humans can explore and conduct long-term research on planetary evolution, the solar system, and life itself. Barker, Donald and Chamitoff, Gregory and James, George Johnson Space Center...
This document contains a sustainability study of a permanent Martian outpost.
Author: Néstor Navalón Martín
This document contains a sustainability study of a permanent Martian outpost. It involves a preliminary introduction to the exploration of Mars and concepts related to sustainability such as sustainable development, carrying capacity or impact, as well as an overview of previous studies regarding human exploration of Mars. The methodology proposed to carry out the sustainability study is a brand-new approach to the analysis of space exploration missions that focus on the impact of the mission elements regarding the Earth, the Outer Space, and Mars itself. It also provides a framework that will allow to extend the study to location-related carrying capacity assessment, and In Situ Resource Utilization and Environmental Control and Life Support Systems' circularity. After a discussion of the results obtained from the quantitative analysis performed, an extensive proposal of future work is provided, as well as orientation on what to expect from future missions to the red planet.
In addition , NASA intends that a human mission to Mars will inherit a large
amount of lunar base technology . Therefore , the lunar outpost and its
associated hardware are in part a testbed for the Martian outpost . The basic
components for this ...
Author: Thomas R. Meyer
Papers from the June 1990 conference reflect the heyday of the Bush administration's Space Exploration Initiative, focusing on creating a rationale for exploration of Mars. Contains sections on making the international case for Mars, mission strategy, and technical considerations for getting to Mars. No index. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Mission Launch of first satellite Flyby of Mars Manned lunar landing Mars orbiter /
lander Earth - orbiting space station ... USA / USSR LFRO 04 / 04 / 12 Glaspost -
8 Humans land on Mars Humans set tip Tunar outpost Mach - 25 scram - jet ...
Author: Geoffrey T. Williams
A boy travels from Earth to Mars to join his parents, part of the first group of colonists to Mars.
The First Mars Outpost ( FMO ) design breaks down into some key elements ,
some of which are assumed and some of which are derived . The design
discussed here used 2008 as a launch date . This date was chosen because it is
not a very ...
Author: University of Colorado, Boulder
Publisher: Amer Astronautical Society
With the cold war over, advocates of colonizing the red planet argue that overpopulation is the direst threat to our home planet and that we an additional one for the overflow. The 54 papers cover building support for low-cost missions, essential technology and proposed infrastructure, scientific and engineering measures for reducing the cost of precursor missions, and designing a habitable planet. Working groups report on such topics as programmatics and philosophy and non-government approaches. There is no subject index. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
It was indeed the treacherous agent who had betrayed the Martian outpost . He
stretched casually , spoke to several white - clad Eluoi of the ground crew , and
then entered one of the hangar - type buildings . " Let ' s drop in and see if we can
Author: Kevin Dockery
Publisher: Ballantine Books
With an Earth research outpost on Mars ominously silent after sending out a disturbing distress call, the U.S. military sends an elite team of Navy SEALs, led by Lieutenant Thomas Stonewall Jackson, to investigate, but the team finds itself kidnapped by hostile aliens and forced to steal an alien aircraft, battle impossible odds, and take out a high-tech planetary defense system to escape. Original.
Total production of materials on Mars is 120 tons . The Mars Outpost program
spans 22 years , with a total mass of 733 metric tons . The cost is about $ 69
billion , with a crew size of 12 , and a total production of materials on Mars of 600
Author: Alfred J. Zaehringer
Publisher: Burlington, Ont. : Collector's Guide Pub.
A well written, comprehensive future of rockets, missiles and space propulsion systems, presented in an interesting fashion that accomodates (rather than intimidates) the non-scientist.