Judgement and the Epistemic Foundation of Logic

The volume will be of profound interest to students and academicians for its application of historical developments in philosophy to the solution of vexatious contemporary issues in the foundation of logic. ​

Judgement and the Epistemic Foundation of Logic

Author: Maria van der Schaar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400751370

Page: 162

View: 155

This compelling reevaluation of the relationship between logic and knowledge affirms the key role that the notion of judgement must play in such a review. The commentary repatriates the concept of judgement in the discussion, banished in recent times by the logical positivism of Wittgenstein, Hilbert and Schlick, and the Platonism of Bolzano. The volume commences with the insights of Swedish philosopher Per Martin-Löf, the father of constructive type theory, for whom logic is a demonstrative science in which judgement is a settled feature of the landscape. His paper opens the first of four sections that examine, in turn, historical philosophical assessments of judgement and reason; their place in early modern philosophy; the notion of judgement and logical theory in Wolff, Kant and Neo-Kantians like Windelband; their development in the Husserlian phenomenological paradigm; and the work of Bolzano, Russell and Frege. The papers, whose authors include Per Martin-Löf, Göran Sundholm, Michael Della Rocca and Robin Rollinger, represent a finely judged editorial selection highlighting work on philosophers exercised by the question of whether or not an epistemic notion of judgement has a role to play in logic. The volume will be of profound interest to students and academicians for its application of historical developments in philosophy to the solution of vexatious contemporary issues in the foundation of logic. ​

G F Stout and the Psychological Origins of Analytic Philosophy

This book is also of value for those interested in judgement, proposition, psychologism, logical realism, the problem of error, Gestalt theories, and tropes.

G F  Stout and the Psychological Origins of Analytic Philosophy

Author: Maria van der Schaar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137315407

Page: 184

View: 145

An investigatation of the influence of psychology and early phenomenology on the origins of analytic philosophy. This book is also of value for those interested in judgement, proposition, psychologism, logical realism, the problem of error, Gestalt theories, and tropes.

Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics

In Constructive Type Theory (CTT), epistemic notions like judgement and
demonstration, play a central role. Is it possible to give an epistemic foundation of
logic, without being committed to a form of psychologism? Frege's epistemic
account of ...

Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics

Author: Gabriele M. Mras

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110654547

Page: 559

View: 117

This volume presents different conceptions of logic and mathematics and discuss their philosophical foundations and consequences. This concerns first of all topics of Wittgenstein's ideas on logic and mathematics; questions about the structural complexity of propositions; the more recent debate about Neo-Logicism and Neo-Fregeanism; the comparison and translatability of different logics; the foundations of mathematics: intuitionism, mathematical realism, and formalism. The contributing authors are Matthias Baaz, Francesco Berto, Jean-Yves Beziau, Elena Dragalina-Chernya, Günther Eder, Susan Edwards-McKie, Oliver Feldmann, Juliet Floyd, Norbert Gratzl, Richard Heinrich, Janusz Kaczmarek, Wolfgang Kienzler, Timm Lampert, Itala Maria Loffredo D'Ottaviano, Paolo Mancosu, Matthieu Marion, Felix Mühlhölzer, Charles Parsons, Edi Pavlovic, Christoph Pfisterer, Michael Potter, Richard Raatzsch, Esther Ramharter, Stefan Riegelnik, Gabriel Sandu, Georg Schiemer, Gerhard Schurz, Dana Scott, Stewart Shapiro, Karl Sigmund, William W. Tait, Mark van Atten, Maria van der Schaar, Vladimir Vasyukov, Jan von Plato, Jan Woleński and Richard Zach.

Epistemology versus Ontology

This book brings together philosophers, mathematicians and logicians to penetrate important problems in the philosophy and foundations of mathematics.

Epistemology versus Ontology

Author: P. Dybjer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400744358

Page: 388

View: 836

This book brings together philosophers, mathematicians and logicians to penetrate important problems in the philosophy and foundations of mathematics. In philosophy, one has been concerned with the opposition between constructivism and classical mathematics and the different ontological and epistemological views that are reflected in this opposition. The dominant foundational framework for current mathematics is classical logic and set theory with the axiom of choice (ZFC). This framework is, however, laden with philosophical difficulties. One important alternative foundational programme that is actively pursued today is predicativistic constructivism based on Martin-Löf type theory. Associated philosophical foundations are meaning theories in the tradition of Wittgenstein, Dummett, Prawitz and Martin-Löf. What is the relation between proof-theoretical semantics in the tradition of Gentzen, Prawitz, and Martin-Löf and Wittgensteinian or other accounts of meaning-as-use? What can proof-theoretical analyses tell us about the scope and limits of constructive and predicative mathematics?

Considered Judgment

In Considered Judgment, she argues for a reconception that takes reflective equilibrium as the standard of rational acceptability.

Considered Judgment

Author: Catherine Z. Elgin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400822294

Page: 240

View: 527

Philosophy long sought to set knowledge on a firm foundation, through derivation of indubitable truths by infallible rules. For want of such truths and rules, the enterprise foundered. Nevertheless, foundationalism's heirs continue their forbears' quest, seeking security against epistemic misfortune, while their detractors typically espouse unbridled coherentism or facile relativism. Maintaining that neither stance is tenable, Catherine Elgin devises a via media between the absolute and the arbitrary, reconceiving the nature, goals, and methods of epistemology. In Considered Judgment, she argues for a reconception that takes reflective equilibrium as the standard of rational acceptability. A system of thought is in reflective equilibrium when its components are reasonable in light of one another, and the account they comprise is reasonable in light of our antecedent convictions about the subject it concerns. Many epistemologists now concede that certainty is a chimerical goal. But they continue to accept the traditional conception of epistemology's problematic. Elgin suggests that in abandoning the quest for certainty we gain opportunities for a broader epistemological purview--one that comprehends the arts and does justice to the sciences. She contends that metaphor, fiction, emotion, and exemplification often advance understanding in science as well as in art. The range of epistemology is broader and more variegated than is usually recognized. Tenable systems of thought are neither absolute nor arbitrary. Although they afford no guarantees, they are good in the way of belief.

Sense and Self

This inconsistency notwithstanding , in transcending epistemological
intersubjectivity without claiming ontological objectivity , Lotze can ... in his
contributing to a foundation of epistemology that differs from logic in the strict
sense on the one hand , and psychology on the other . ... So , in his discussion of
the forms of modality he stresses their dependence with respect to other logical
forms of judgement .

Sense and Self

Author: Christiane Schildknecht

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 265

View: 567

Science and subjectivity

is not so much to provide our system of judgements with a firm and certain
epistemological foundation , but rather to make ... intellect alone are simply the
logical forms of judgement of traditional logic – must be " schematized “
spatiotemporally ...

Science and subjectivity

Author: David Bell

Publisher: De Gruyter Akademie Forschung

ISBN:

Page: 288

View: 115

Brentano Studien

Windelband , like Sigwart , sees logic as a part of ethics : the theory of truth is a
part of the theory of values . ... Windelband goes even further : judging is a form of
wanting , namely wanting the truth . ... to Windelband Both Brentano and the neo
- Kantians try to give an epistemological foundation for logic and philosophy .

Brentano Studien

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 230

The Coherence Theory of Truth

XIII COHERENTIST EPISTEMOLOGY : KNOWLEDGE WITHOUT A
FOUNDATION OF CERTAINTY I 1. ... For me at least , as I make my present
judgement , it is the sole and the sufficient criterion . ... of truth as its guide to route
rational inquiry in the production of knowledge.2 Its I Logical Studies ( London ,
1948 ) , pp . 273–4 ...

The Coherence Theory of Truth

Author: Nicholas Rescher

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 374

View: 398

The Downside Review

Mr Hudson is not , in the end , as clear about distinguishing logical from
epistemological . ... Hare , it is on such logical foundations that his ethical theory
is built , by which he must be judged . ... there is little to match his '
comprehensiveness ' ; for they have been less concerned with the structure of
moral judgement . But the ...

The Downside Review

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 812

Critical Theory Since Plato

... the Critique of Judgment has its foundation in the epistemological position he
expounded in the Critique of Pure Reason . ... Indeed , to make that kind of
judgment is to refer the object to some preconceived notion and thus to make a
logical ...

Critical Theory Since Plato

Author: Hazard Adams

Publisher: Heinle & Heinle Pub

ISBN:

Page: 1271

View: 293

This outstanding anthology traces major critical statements from classic theorists like Plato to the contemporary. This standard historical textbook in the field focuses on important individual thinkers, and not particular schools of thought or isms. Current selections bring the anthology into contemporary times and show students how critical theory has evolved and progressed over time.

Archiv f r Geschichte der Philosophie

odological maxim also underlies Lotze ' s investigation of the epistemological
foundations of logic . ... more elementary ones , we presuppose an ample circle
of truths whose overall coherence confers validity on each individual judgement .

Archiv f  r Geschichte der Philosophie

Author: Arthur Stein

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 682

Vols. 1-23 (1888-1910) include "Jahresberichte über sämtliche Erscheinungen auf dem Gebiete der Geschichte der Philosophie"; v. 24-41 include section "Die neuesten Erscheinungen auf dem Gebiete der Geschichte der Philosophie" (varies slightly)

Functions and Generality of Logic

This book examines three connected aspects of Frege’s logicism: the differences between Dedekind’s and Frege’s interpretation of the term ‘logic’ and related terms and reflects on Frege’s notion of function, comparing its ...

Functions and Generality of Logic

Author: Hourya Benis-Sinaceur

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319171097

Page: 125

View: 822

This book examines three connected aspects of Frege’s logicism: the differences between Dedekind’s and Frege’s interpretation of the term ‘logic’ and related terms and reflects on Frege’s notion of function, comparing its understanding and the role it played in Frege’s and Lagrange’s foundational programs. It concludes with an examination of the notion of arbitrary function, taking into account Frege’s, Ramsey’s and Russell’s view on the subject. Composed of three chapters, this book sheds light on important aspects of Dedekind’s and Frege’s logicisms. The first chapter explains how, although he shares Frege’s aim at substituting logical standards of rigor to intuitive imports from spatio-temporal experience into the deductive presentation of arithmetic, Dedekind had a different goal and used or invented different tools. The chapter highlights basic dissimilarities between Dedekind’s and Frege’s actual ways of doing and thinking. The second chapter reflects on Frege’s notion of a function, in comparison with the notions endorsed by Lagrange and the followers of the program of arithmetization of analysis. It remarks that the foundational programs pursued by Lagrange and Frege are crucially different and based on a different idea of what the foundations of mathematics should be like. However, despite this contrast, the notion of function plays similar roles in the two programs, and this chapter emphasizes the similarities. The third chapter traces the development of thinking about Frege’s program in the foundations of mathematics, and includes comparisons of Frege’s, Russell’s and Ramsey’s views. The chapter discusses earlier papers written by Hintikka, Sandu, Demopoulos and Trueman. Although the chapter’s main focus is on the notion of arbitrary correlation, it starts out by discussing some aspects of the connection between this notion and Dedekind Theorem.

The Sautr ntika Analytical Philosophy

The Buddha was not against logic and correct debates and later logician
Sautrāntikas formulated their epistemological principles laten ogiciansananchas
... It is the limit of knowledge and no definite judgement is possible . 30 . ... The
Sautrāntika philosophy was mainly founded over a sound epistemological
foundation . 36 .

The Sautr  ntika Analytical Philosophy

Author: Amar Singh

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 327

View: 718

Buddhist philosophy of Sautrāntika school.

Developments in Indian Philosophy from Eighteenth Century Onwards

Not only this , he developed the logic of alternation as providing the logical and
epistemological foundation for K.C. Bhattacharya's theory of alternative absolutes
. To do this , he turned to the disjunctive judgement in modern logic and ...

Developments in Indian Philosophy from Eighteenth Century Onwards

Author: Daya Krishna

Publisher: Munshirm Manoharlal Pub Pvt Limited

ISBN:

Page: 416

View: 215

The Development In Nyaya, Mimamsa, Vedanta And Samkhya From The End Of Seventeenth Century Onwards Is Delineated In This Book And Which Reveals That It Is Not Only A Period Just Of Pariskata Or Subtle Refinement As Is Generally Believed But Also That Of Genuine Creative Innovation. The Same Can Be Said In The Field Of Alamkarasastra, Vyavaharasastra And Dharmasastra And Also In The Thinking Done In The Field Of Philosophy, Written In English Language, Since The Coming Of The British. It Also Tries To Develop A New Methodology For The Historiography Of Thought, Which May Be Relevant To Other Fields Of History Writing As Well. It Also Suggests The Direction Which Further Works May Take In Future.

Kant s Critique of Pure Reason

Kant’s eventual concern, however, even when writing theoretical philosophy, lay with the practical. Elaborating this concern and its connection to Kant’s theoretical philosophy is a prime tenet of this book.

Kant s Critique of Pure Reason

Author: Otfried Höffe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048127221

Page: 340

View: 342

Kant’s "Critique of Pure Reason" is so outstanding among modern philosophical works, that it can be termed "the" foundation of modern philosophy. Schopenhauer termed it "the most important book ever to have been written in Europe." Otfried Höffe guides the reader through the "Critique" one step at a time, expounding Kant’s thoughts, submitting them to an interpretation and drawing a summary conclusion, placing the work and its topics within the context of its modern successors. A "critical" interpretation of Kant’s text reveals that he had something to say on many discussions that are said to have originated after his death. Reducing his argumentation to its central tenets, it can be made stronger and applicable to current problems. Kant’s eventual concern, however, even when writing theoretical philosophy, lay with the practical. Elaborating this concern and its connection to Kant’s theoretical philosophy is a prime tenet of this book.

Epistemological Sources of Kant s Aesthetic Theory

B. Translations Consulted or Employed Analytic of the Beautiful from the Critique
of Judgment , with Excerpts from Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of ... Tr . W.
Hastie . New York : Greenwood Publishing Co. , 1968 . Logic . Tr . Robert S.
Hartman and Wolfgang Schwarz . ... Metaphysical Foundations of Natural
Science .

Epistemological Sources of Kant s Aesthetic Theory

Author: Theodore Ambrose Gracyk

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 846

View: 220