As networks of Islamic activists and scholars expanded beyond imperial borders,
colonial officials increasingly viewed Islamic renewal movements as a global
threat. Towards the end of the nineteenth century, the corridors of power in St.
Author: Martin Thomas
Publisher: Oxford Handbooks
This handbook is currently in development, with individual articles publishing online in advance of print publication. At this time, we cannot add information about unpublished articles in this handbook, however the table of contents will continue to grow as additional articles pass through the review process and are added to the site. Please note that the online publication date for this handbook is the date that the first article in the title was published online.
Answering the Call examines the means by which the Muslim Brotherhood was reconstituted during Anwar al-Sadat's presidency.
Author: Abdullah Al-Arian
Publisher: Oxford University Press (UK)
When revolutionary hero Gamal Abdel Nasser dismantled and suppressed Egypt's largest social movement organization during the 1950s, few could have imagined that the Muslim Brotherhood would not only reemerge, but could one day compete for the presidency in the nation's first ever democratic election. While there is no shortage of analyses of the Muslim Brotherhood's recent political successes and failures, no study has investigated the organization's triumphant return from the dustbin of history. Answering the Call examines the means by which the Muslim Brotherhood was reconstituted during Anwar al-Sadat's presidency. Through analysis of structural, ideological, and social developments during this period in the history of the Islamic movement, a more accurate picture of the so-called "Islamic resurgence" develops-one that represents the rebirth of an old idea in a new setting. The Muslim Brotherhood's success in rebuilding its organization rested in large part on its ability to attract a new generation of Islamic activists that had come to transform Egypt's colleges and universities into a hub for religious contention against the state. Led by groups such as al-Gama'ah al-Islamiyyah (The Islamic Society), the student movement exhibited a dynamic and vibrant culture of activism that found inspiration in a multitude of intellectual and organizational sources, of which the Muslim Brotherhood was only one. By the close of the 1970s, however, internal divisions over ideology and strategy led to the rise of factionalism within the student movement. A majority of student leaders opted to expand the scope of their activist mission by joining the Muslim Brotherhood, rejuvenating the struggling organization, and launching a new phase in its history. Answering the Call is an original study of the history of this dynamic and vibrant period of modern Egyptian history, giving readers a fresh understanding of one of Egypt's most pivotal eras.
Essential reading on a subject of global importance, this edition includes a new introduction by Rutherford that takes stock of the Arab Spring and the Muslim Brotherhood's victories in the 2011-2012 elections.
Author: Bruce K. Rutherford
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Which way will Egypt go now that Husni Mubarak's authoritarian regime has been swept from power? Will it become an Islamic theocracy similar to Iran? Will it embrace Western-style liberalism and democracy? Egypt after Mubarak reveals that Egypt's secularists and Islamists may yet navigate a middle path that results in a uniquely Islamic form of liberalism and, perhaps, democracy. Bruce Rutherford draws on in-depth interviews with Egyptian judges, lawyers, Islamic activists, politicians, and businesspeople. He utilizes major court rulings, political documents of the Muslim Brotherhood, and the writings of Egypt's leading contemporary Islamic thinkers. Rutherford demonstrates that, in post-Mubarak Egypt, progress toward liberalism and democracy is likely to be slow. Essential reading on a subject of global importance, this edition includes a new introduction by Rutherford that takes stock of the Arab Spring and the Muslim Brotherhood's victories in the 2011-2012 elections.
Foreword /Charles Tilly.-Introduction: Islamic Activism and Social Movement Theory/ Quintan Wiktorowicz. - 1. From Marginalization to Massacres: A Political Process Explanation of GIA Violence in Algeria / Mohammed M. Hafez. - 2.
Author: Quintan Wiktorowicz
Publisher: Indiana University Press
Foreword /Charles Tilly.-Introduction: Islamic Activism and Social Movement Theory/ Quintan Wiktorowicz. - 1. From Marginalization to Massacres: A Political Process Explanation of GIA Violence in Algeria / Mohammed M. Hafez. - 2. Violence as Contention in the Egyptian Islamic Movement Mohammed / M. Hafez and Quintan Wiktorowicz. - 3. Repertoires of Contention in Contemporary Bahrain / Fred H. Lawson. - 4. Hamas as Social Movement / Glenn E. Robinson. - 5. The Networked World of Islamist Social Movements / Diane Singerman. - 6. Islamist Women in Yemen: Informal Nodes of Activism / Janine A. Clark. - 7. Collective Action with and without Islam: Mobilizing the Bazaar in Iran/ Benjamin Smith. - 8. The Islah Party in Yemen: Political Opportunities and Coalition Building in a Transitional Polity / Jillian Schwedler. -9. Interests, Ideas, and Islamist Outreach in Egypt / Carrie Rosefsky Wickham. - 10. Making Conversation Permissible: Islamism and Reform in Saudi Arabia/ Gwenn Okruhlik. - 11. Opportunity Spaces, Identity, and Islamic Meaning in Turkey / M. Hakan Yavuz. - Conclusion: Social Movement Theory and Islamic Studies / Charles Kurzman
83 Islamic activism can therefore be seen as a response to a protracted crisis of
political , economic , and military dimensions , presenting Islam as “ a practical
political alternative as well as a secure spiritual niche and psychological anchor
Author: ʻAbd Allāh Aḥmad Naʻīm
This anthology brings together a selection of classic articles written by the leading international scholar Abdullahi An-Na'im, on the relationship between Islam and human rights.
It is worth mentioning that the Muslim Brotherhood in the Occupied Territories
opposed King Hussein's disengagement from ... Israel has been subjecting the
movement to harsh measures , especially when Islamic activists resort to
violence in ...
Author: Ziyād Abū ʻAmr
As the Palestinian Liberation Organization engages in negotiations with Israel toward an interim period of limited Palestinian self-rule, this timely book provides an insider's view of how the growing hold of Islamic fundamentalism in the West Bank and Gaza challenges the peace process. Working from interviews with leaders of the movement and from primary documents, Ziad Abu-Amr traces the origin and evolution of the fundamentalist organizations Muslim Brotherhood (Hamas) and Islamic Jihad; and analyzes their ideologies, their political programs, their sources of support, and their impact on Palestinian society. With a solid grasp of the dynamics of these movements, Abu-Amr charts the struggle between the fundamentalists and the PLO to define the identity of Palestinian society, its direction, and its leadership.
Iran ( continued ) 106 ; Shii Islam in . see Iran : Islam in ; and Soviet Union , 22 ,
51 , 65 , 103 , 108 , 223 ; and the Sudan , 92 ; and Syria , 146 , 151 ... ( see also
Islamic revivalism and activism ) ; and Algerian nationalism , 164 - 65 ; branches
Author: John L. Esposito
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
In this revised edition of The Islamic Threat, John L. Esposito, a leading expert on political Islam, analyzes the fall-out from these recent events from North Africa to Southeast Asia and places the challenge of Islam in critical perspective.