Insecticide Action

To understand the toxicological action on animals or humans, it is not sufficient to know the action at each level only. The actions at various levels must be integrated to construct a picture of the toxic effect on the intact organism.

Insecticide Action

Author: J.E. Chambers

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468413244

Page: 284

View: 679

Intoxication of humans and animals has become increasingly important in recent years as has contamination of the environment by a variety of chemicals. In order to develop effective means by which such intoxication and contamination can be properly handled, it is imperative to know how these environmental agents act in humans and animals. Despite studies conducted by various investigators, the mechanisms of action of these environmental agents have not been fully elucidated. Insecticides are by no means an exception in terms of the seriousness of the problem and of the urgency of the need for such information. In order to complete a picture of the effects of any particular insecticide, it is of utmost importance that its actions at various levels ranging from those of molecules to whole animals be analyzed and synthesized. To understand the toxicological action on animals or humans, it is not sufficient to know the action at each level only. The actions at various levels must be integrated to construct a picture of the toxic effect on the intact organism. However, in spite of the large body of information that has been accumulated during the past few decades, little or no attempt has been made to integrate experimental data obtained at the molecular, cellular, organ, and animal levels together in order to define the whole picture of insecticidal action.

Insecticide Mode of Action

This book is of value to researchers, teachers, and regulatory personnel concerned with the biological activity of insecticides.

Insecticide Mode of Action

Author: Joel R. Coats

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0323140513

Page: 467

View: 922

Insecticide Mode of Action presents significant research on the biological activity of insecticides. The book is organized into three sections encompassing 13 chapters that summarize three major groups of insecticides, including neurotoxic, formamidine, and developmental insecticides. The first section of the book presents studies on groups of conventional neurotoxic insecticides: chlorinated hydrocarbons, pyrethroids, carbamates, and organophosphorus chemicals. This text discusses their structure, poisoning property, structure-activity relationships, and stereoselectivity. The subsequent section discusses the biochemical, biological, and neurotoxic actions of formamidines, a group of pesticides that exhibit an unusual spectrum of activity. Several modes of action of pharmacological significance as well as some important behavioral effects are included in this section. The third section addresses groups of insecticides that affect insect growth and development. Such chemicals typically demonstrate marked selectivity and represent more sophisticated strategies in the chemical control of insect pests. This book is of value to researchers, teachers, and regulatory personnel concerned with the biological activity of insecticides.

Biochemical Sites of Insecticide Action and Resistance

The authors of this book report up-to-date methodologies relating to isolation, identification and use of various enzymes and receptor systems that serve as targets for insecticide action or as sites for resistance development.

Biochemical Sites of Insecticide Action and Resistance

Author: Isaac Ishaaya

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642595499

Page: 343

View: 326

In recent years many of the conventional methods of insect control by broad spectrum synthetic chemicals have come under scrutiny because of their unde sirable effects on human health and the environment. In addition, some classes of pesticide chemistry, which generated resistance problems and severely affected the environment, are no longer used. It is against this background that the authors of this book present up-to-date findings-relating to biochemical sites that can serve as targets for developing insecticides with selective prop erties, and as the basis for the elucidation of resistance mechanisms and countermeasures. The book consists of eight chapters relating to biochemical targets for insec ticide action and seven chapters relating to biochemical modes of resistance and countermeasures. The authors of the chapters are world leaders in pesti cide chemistry, biochemical modes of action and mechanisms of resistance. Biochemical sites such as chitin formation, juvenile hormone and ecdysone receptors, acetylcholine and GABA receptors, ion channels, and neuropeptides are potential targets for insecticide action. The progress made in recent years in molecular biology (presented in depth in this volume) has led to the iden tification of genes that confer mechanisms of resistance, such as increased detoxification, decreased penetration and insensitive target sites. A combina tion of factors can lead to potentiation of the resistance level. Classifications of these mechanisms are termed gene amplification, changes in structural genes, and modification of gene expression.

Neuropharmacology and Pesticide Action

Murdock , L. L. , & Hollingworth , R. M. ( 1980 ) Octopamine like actions of
formamidines in the firefly light organ . In : Insect neurobiology and pesticide
action , Neurotox '79 , Soc . Chem . Ind . Lond . 1980 , pp . 415–422 . Nanda ,
D. K. ( 1974 ) ...

Neuropharmacology and Pesticide Action

Author: M. G. Ford

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527263400

Page: 512

View: 911

Technical Bulletin

Mean percent control categorized by mode of action of insecticides evaluated in
small plots in Mississippi from 1986 through 1993. Data are averages of all
samples across sample dates for each trial except pre - spray samples and some
post ...

Technical Bulletin

Author: Jack T. Reed

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 33

View: 190

Pest Control Canada

... INSECTICIDE , WOOD PRESERVATIVE COAL TAR OILS Actv .: COO
Chemical Name : COAL TAR OILS Action : DISINFECTANT , INSECTICIDE
COMPOUND 1080 - see also - SODIUM FLUOROACETATE COPPER 8 -
QUINOLINOLATE ...

Pest Control Canada

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 975

Federal Insecticide Fungicide and Rodenticide Act

However, it still has the problem with some of the actions. It may prove to be no
problem. You will be able to have enforcement action underway. We just
completed a 2-year process involving a pesticide applicator in the State of Ohio
in which ...

Federal Insecticide  Fungicide  and Rodenticide Act

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Agriculture. Subcommittee on Department Operations, Research, and Foreign Agriculture

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 639

Trauma

DUAL , MULTIPLE METHOD OF ACTION GROUPING OF INSECTICIDES MODE
OF ACTION OR ROUTE OF ENTRY The ... Now , if such an insecticide kills by
making contact with the outer surface , it may just as well have an equal action ...

Trauma

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 481

Insecticides

This book discusses the toxicology of insecticides. Organized into 17 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the mechanisms whereby toxicants exert their effects.

Insecticides

Author: R. D. O'Brien

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483270688

Page: 344

View: 513

Insecticides: Action and Metabolism provides a comprehensive review of the action of insecticides and a survey of their metabolism. This book discusses the toxicology of insecticides. Organized into 17 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the mechanisms whereby toxicants exert their effects. This text then discusses the insecticidal action of organophosphates, which is described as the toxic organic compounds containing phosphorus. Other chapters consider the mode of action of organophosphates by inhibiting cholinesterase with consequent disruption of nervous activity caused by accumulation of acetylcholine at nerve endings. This book discusses as well the erratic patterns of selective toxicity to insects of the carbamates. The final chapter deals with the real hazard to human health as well as the effects upon wild life of insecticides and chlorinated pesticides. This book is a valuable resource for organic and agricultural chemists, as well as biologists, agriculturists, neurophysiologists, environmental scientists, and research workers.

Deficiencies in Administration of Federal Insecticide Fungicide and Rodenticide Act

The Pesticides Regulation Division has consistently failed to take action to
remove potentially hazardous products from marketing channels after
cancellation of a pesticide registration or through suspension of a registration .
Although PRD ...

Deficiencies in Administration of Federal Insecticide  Fungicide  and Rodenticide Act

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Operations

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 71

View: 205

Crop Protection Handbook 2004

Chemistry COMPOSITION : 3,4,5 - trihydroxybenzoic acid ( IUPAC ) . НО . OH HO
Galaxy V4C * FROM : Analytica Ltd. ( Galaxy V4C * ) Description CLASS : Viral
pesticide . Action / Use ACTION : Insecticide . USE : For control in brassicas .

Crop Protection Handbook 2004

Author: Meister Publishing Company

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781892829092

Page: 916

View: 738

"Reference guide for agrochemicals, fertilizers, and sourcing information."

Farm Chemicals Handbook

Action / Use ACTION : Insecticide . ... A specially treated calcium carbonate is
marketed as an insecticide diluent . ... commonly used toxicants including
sensitive chlorinated hydrocarbons and phosphates are stable in finished
pesticide dusts .

Farm Chemicals Handbook

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 191

Global guide to crop protection.

Pesticide Analytical Methodology

The detection and determination of the unchanged insecticide in the stomach ,
intestine , liver , kidney , spleen , lungs , brain , and in other tissues and body
fluids are useful indicators of direct insecticide action . In order to reach a
conclusion ...

Pesticide Analytical Methodology

Author: American Chemical Society. Division of Pesticide Chemistry

Publisher: Amer Chemical Society

ISBN:

Page: 406

View: 622