Human Earth System Dynamics

Implications to Civilizations Rongxing Guo. Rongxing Guo HumanEarth System
Dynamics Implications to Civilizations Human-Earth System Dynamics Rongxing
Guo Human-Earth System Dynamics Implications to. Front Cover.

Human Earth System Dynamics

Author: Rongxing Guo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811305471

Page: 199

View: 595

This book explores the factors and mechanisms that may have influenced the dynamic behaviors of earliest civilizations, focusing on both environmental (geographic) factors on which traditional historic analyses are based and human (behavioral) factors on which anthropological analyses are usually based. It also resurrects a number of common ancestral terms to help readers understand the complicated process of human and cultural evolution around the globe. Specifically, in almost all indigenous languages, the words ‘wa’ and any variants of it were originally associated with the sound of crying of – and certainly were selected as the common ancestral word with the meanings of “house, home, homeland, motherland, and so on” by – early humans living in different parts of the world.This book provides many neglected but still crucial environmental and biological clues about the rise and fall of civilizations – ones that have largely resulted from mankind’s long-lasting “Win-Stay Lose-Shift” games throughout the world. The narratives and findings presented at this book are unexpected but reasonable – and are what every student of anthropology or history needs to know and doesn't get in the usual text. “Professor Guo explores the dynamics of civilizations from the beginnings to our perplexingly complex world. There are lots of thought-provoking ideas here on the rise and decline of civilizations and nations... Anyone wishing to understand global developments should give this book serious consideration.” ----John Komlos, University of Munich, Germany, and Duke University, USA “It is interesting to see a Chinese perspective on the questions of deep history that have engaged Jared Diamond, Yuval Harari and David Christian. Guo argues that understanding cyclical threats has been the key to human progress, which is driven by the dialectic of material privation and human ingenuity.” ----Peter Rutland, Wesleyan University, USA

Climate System Dynamics and Modelling

A glossary of key terms is provided for students with little background in the climate sciences, whilst instructors and students with more expertise will appreciate the book's modular nature.

Climate System Dynamics and Modelling

Author: Hugues Goosse

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316033503

Page:

View: 455

This textbook presents all aspects of climate system dynamics, on all timescales from the Earth's formation to modern human-induced climate change. It discusses the dominant feedbacks and interactions between all the components of the climate system: atmosphere, ocean, land surface and ice sheets. It addresses one of the key challenges for a course on the climate system: students can come from a range of backgrounds. A glossary of key terms is provided for students with little background in the climate sciences, whilst instructors and students with more expertise will appreciate the book's modular nature. Exercises are provided at the end of each chapter for readers to test their understanding. This textbook will be invaluable for any course on climate system dynamics and modeling, and will also be useful for scientists and professionals from other disciplines who want a clear introduction to the topic.

Global Change and the Earth System

The results presented here are based on 10 years of research on global change by many of the world's most eminent scholars. This valuable volume achieves a new level of integration and interdisciplinarity in treating global change.

Global Change and the Earth System

Author: Will Steffen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540266070

Page: 336

View: 582

Global Change and the Earth System describes what is known about the Earth system and the impact of changes caused by humans. It considers the consequences of these changes with respect to the stability of the Earth system and the well-being of humankind; as well as exploring future paths towards Earth-system science in support of global sustainability. The results presented here are based on 10 years of research on global change by many of the world's most eminent scholars. This valuable volume achieves a new level of integration and interdisciplinarity in treating global change.

The Integrated Earth System Model Version 1

The integrated Earth system model (iESM) has been developed as a new tool for projecting the joint human/climate system.

The Integrated Earth System Model Version 1

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 2203

View: 125

The integrated Earth system model (iESM) has been developed as a new tool for projecting the joint human/climate system. The iESM is based upon coupling an integrated assessment model (IAM) and an Earth system model (ESM) into a common modeling infrastructure. IAMs are the primary tool for describing the human-Earth system, including the sources of global greenhouse gases (GHGs) and short-lived species (SLS), land use and land cover change (LULCC), and other resource-related drivers of anthropogenic climate change. ESMs are the primary scientific tools for examining the physical, chemical, and biogeochemical impacts of human-induced changes to the climate system. The iESM project integrates the economic and human-dimension modeling of an IAM and a fully coupled ESM within a single simulation system while maintaining the separability of each model if needed. Both IAM and ESM codes are developed and used by large communities and have been extensively applied in recent national and international climate assessments. By introducing heretofore-omitted feedbacks between natural and societal drivers, we can improve scientific understanding of the human-Earth system dynamics. Potential applications include studies of the interactions and feedbacks leading to the timing, scale, and geographic distribution of emissions trajectories and other human influences, corresponding climate effects, and the subsequent impacts of a changing climate on human and natural systems. This paper describes the formulation, requirements, implementation, testing, and resulting functionality of the first version of the iESM released to the global climate community.

Science Plan and Implementation Strategy

Although analysis of past variability shows that distinguishing human - driven
change from natural variability is not ... that define Earth System dynamics ; ( ii )
the changes that are occurring in these dynamics ; and ( iii ) the role of human ...

Science Plan and Implementation Strategy

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 40

View: 383

Earth System Analysis

This book, resulting from an international symposium organized by the Potsdam Institute, has 2 aims: first, to integrate contributions from leading researchers and scholars from around the world to provide a multifaceted perspective of what ...

Earth System Analysis

Author: Hans-Joachim Schellnhuber

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642523544

Page: 530

View: 639

Since this new science is of an unprecedented interdisciplinary nature, the book does not merely take stock of its numerous ingredients, but also delivers their multifaceted integration. The resulting master paradigm - the co-evolution of nature and anthroposphere within a geo-cybernetic continuum of processes - is based on a structured manifold of partial paradigms with their specific ranges. Most importantly, this serves the scientific foundation of a meaningful, safe and efficient environment and development management for solving the most burning questions concerning humankind and its natural environment. The more concrete elucidation of the natural and human dimensions, as well as various attempts and instruments of integration are represented in the different parts of the book, while the didactic quality is heightened by many allegoric illustrations.

SYSTEM DYNAMICS Volume II

The Ecocosm Paradox is the detailed hypothesis for the whole Earth system that
includes closed-loop interactions between the natural mineral/living planetary
environment and the technology-based global human presence (Figure 1).

SYSTEM DYNAMICS   Volume II

Author: Yaman Barlas

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 1848261381

Page: 306

View: 730

System Dynamics is a component of Encyclopedia of Technology, Information, and Systems Management Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The world is facing a wide range of increasingly complex, dynamic problems in the public and private arenas alike. System dynamics discipline is an attempt to address such dynamic, long-term policy problems. Applications cover a very wide spectrum, including national economic problems, supply chains, project management, educational problems, energy systems, sustainable development, politics, psychology, medical sciences, health care, and many other areas. This theme provides a comprehensive overview of system dynamics methodology, including its conceptual / philosophical framework, as well as the technical aspects of modeling and analysis. System dynamics can address the fundamental structural causes of the long-term dynamic contemporary socio-economic problems. Its "systems" perspective challenges the barriers that separate disciplines. The interdisciplinary and systemic approach of system dynamics could be critical in dealing with the increasingly complex problems of our modern world in this new century. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

He Knew He was Right

The understanding of the natural dynamics of the Earth System has advanced
greatly in recent years and provides a sound basis ... Human activities are
significantly influencing Earth's environment in many ways in addition to
greenhouse gas ...

He Knew He was Right

Author: John Gribbin

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 239

View: 311

Visionary, inventor, radical, free thinker and soon-to-be space traveller, Jim Lovelock is an iconic figure in British science, and a prophet whose prophecies are now coming true. This is his definitive, authorized biography. Lovelock is best known as the 'father' of Gaia theory, the idea of our planet as a self-regulating organism, which is now established as the most useful way of understanding the dramatic changes happening to the environment of the Earth. But few people know about his early work as a chemist and inventor - work which included inventing the detectors used to search for life on Mars, and blowing the whistle on the depletion of the ozone layer. In his personal life, he was a Quaker and conscientious objector in the Second World War (later changing his mind in view of the evils of Nazism), supported his family for a time by selling his own blood, and gave up a salary and security to become an independent scientist based in an English village - from which all his best-known work emerged. As Lovelock approaches his ninetieth birthday, looking forward to flying into the stratosphere in a rocket, this book truly reveals an independent, original and inspiring life.

Global Change Newsletter

... chemical and physical processes and human systems, and collaborates with
other programmes to develop and impart ... that define Earth System dynamics;
the changes that are occurring in these dynamics; and the role of human
activities ...

Global Change Newsletter

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 559

A study of global change (IGBP).

Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change Causes and consequences of global environmental change

Human Disturbance of the Earth System : Dynamics and Complexities IAN
DOUGLAS University of Manchester , Manchester , UK The Earth System is
dynamic , constantly changing , even though much of the system changes so
slowly ...

Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change  Causes and consequences of global environmental change

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 753

View: 594

The Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change is the first major reference work in this multi-disciplinary field, and presents outstanding authorship and high quality editing. Comprehensive coverage with over 3,800 pages in 5 volumes. Over 500 articles, 100 biographies, 150 definitions, and 100 acronyms. Extensive bibliographies with up-to-date references. The Wiley Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change has been published to meet the need for a comprehensive integrated reference in this burgeoning field. Each volume contains articles of between 1,000 and 10,000 words on major topics. Articles contain an abstract written for the non-specialist, followed by the main text, which provides greater detail for the specialist Biographies of distinguished environmental scientists discuss their contributions to a better understanding of global environmental change. Definitions of international terms and descriptions of acronyms of international and regional programs and agencies provide a quick reference source for the environmental scientist and student. Presents a thematic approach and includes theory, empirical studies, and applications emphasising the inter-relationship between various disciplines and systems--From the publisher's description.

Introduction to Earth and Planetary System Science

This book presents basic information on material science (geochemistry, geophysics, geology, mineralogy, etc.), interaction between subsystem consisting earth system (atmosphere, hydrosphere, litho (geo) sphere, biosphere, humans) and in ...

Introduction to Earth and Planetary System Science

Author: Naotatsu Shikazono

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 4431540571

Page: 177

View: 827

This book presents basic information on material science (geochemistry, geophysics, geology, mineralogy, etc.), interaction between subsystem consisting earth system (atmosphere, hydrosphere, litho (geo) sphere, biosphere, humans) and in earth-planet system and evolution of earth-planetary system. The nature-humans interactions are described and new view on earth, planets and humans (integration of anthropocentrism and naturecentrism) are presented.

JGOFS Report

The understanding of the natural dynamics of the Earth System has advanced
greatly in recent years and provides a sound basis ... Human activities are
significantly influencing Earth's environment in many ways in addition to
greenhouse gas ...

JGOFS Report

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 967

A Review of and Perspectives on Global Change Modeling for Northern Eurasia

This review is designed to highlight the state of past and ongoing efforts of the research community to understand and model these environmental, socioeconomic, and climatic changes.

A Review of and Perspectives on Global Change Modeling for Northern Eurasia

Author: Erwan Monier

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 20

View: 688

Northern Eurasia is made up of a complex and diverse set of physical, ecological, climatic and human systems, which provide important ecosystem services including the storage of substantial stocks of carbon in its terrestrial ecosystems. At the same time, the region has experienced dramatic climate change, natural disturbances and changes in land management practices over the past century. For these reasons, Northern Eurasia is both a critical region to understand and a complex system with substantial challenges for the modeling community. This review is designed to highlight the state of past and ongoing efforts of the research community to understand and model these environmental, socioeconomic, and climatic changes. We further aim to provide perspectives on the future direction of global change modeling to improve our understanding of the role of Northern Eurasia in the coupled human-earth system. Modeling efforts have shown that environmental and socioeconomic changes in Northern Eurasia can have major impacts on biodiversity, ecosystems services, environmental sustainability, and the carbon cycle of the region, and beyond. These impacts have the potential to feedback onto and alter the global Earth system. We find that past and ongoing studies have largely focused on specific components of Earth system dynamics and have not systematically examined their feedbacks to the global Earth system and to society. We identify the crucial role of Earth system models in advancing our understanding of feedbacks within the region and with the global system. We further argue for the need for integrated assessment models (IAMs), a suite of models that couple human activity models to Earth system models, which are key to address many emerging issues that require a representation of the coupled human-Earth system.

Remote Sensing Advances for Earth System Science

To better understand the various processes and interactions that govern the Earth system and to determine whether recent human-induced changes could ultimately de-stabilise its dynamics, both natural system variability and the consequences ...

Remote Sensing Advances for Earth System Science

Author: Diego Fernández-Prieto

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642325211

Page: 103

View: 700

To better understand the various processes and interactions that govern the Earth system and to determine whether recent human-induced changes could ultimately de-stabilise its dynamics, both natural system variability and the consequences of human activities have to be observed and quantified. In this context, the European Space Agency (ESA) published in 2006 the document “The Changing Earth: New Scientific Challenges for ESA's Living Planet Programme” as the main driver of ESA’s new Earth Observation (EO) science strategy. The document outlines 25 major scientific challenges covering all the different aspects of the Earth system, where EO technology and ESA missions may provide a key contribution. In this framework, and aiming at enhancing the ESA scientific support towards the achievement of “The Challenges”, the Agency has launched in 2008 a new initiative – the Changing Earth Science Network – to support young scientists to undertake leading-edge research activities contributing to achieve the 25 scientific challenges of the LPP by maximising the use of ESA data. The initiative is implemented through a number of research projects proposed and led by early-stage scientists at post-doctoral level for a period of two years which are summarized in this SpringerBrief. These projects undertake innovative research activities furthering into the most pressing issues of the Earth system, while exploiting ESA missions data with special attention to the ESA data archives and the new Earth Explorer missions.

Royal Colloquium

... the human - environment relationship was very much a one - way affair , at
least at the global scale . Early civilizations did not Institutions affect the
functioning of the Earth system , but the vagaries of Earth system dynamics , often
manifested ...

Royal Colloquium

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 48

View: 474

Climate System Dynamics and Modeling

A glossary of key terms is provided for students with little background in the climate sciences, whilst instructors and students with more expertise will appreciate the book's modular nature.

Climate System Dynamics and Modeling

Author: Hugues Goosse

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781316028216

Page: 378

View: 189

This textbook presents all aspects of climate system dynamics, on all timescales from the Earth's formation to modern human-induced climate change. It discusses the dominant feedbacks and interactions between all the components of the climate system: atmosphere, ocean, land surface and ice sheets. It addresses one of the key challenges for a course on the climate system: students can come from a range of backgrounds. A glossary of key terms is provided for students with little background in the climate sciences, whilst instructors and students with more expertise will appreciate the book's modular nature. Exercises are provided at the end of each chapter for readers to test their understanding. This textbook will be invaluable for any course on climate system dynamics and modeling, and will also be useful for scientists and professionals from other disciplines who want a clear introduction to the topic.

Adaptive Governance and Climate Change

The seven key questions for Phase i implied a reductive approach to the total
earth system . ... that define Earth System dynamics ; ( ii ) the changes that are
occurring in these dynamics ; and ( iii ) the role of human activities in these
changes ?

Adaptive Governance and Climate Change

Author: Ronald D. Brunner

Publisher: Amer Meteorological Society

ISBN:

Page: 404

View: 920

Brunner and Amanda H.