This volume covers aspects of numerical modeling of the atmosphere and climate from the microscales of turbulence to the very large scales associated with climate and climatic change.
Author: Martin Beniston
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This volume covers aspects of numerical modeling of the atmosphere and climate from the microscales of turbulence to the very large scales associated with climate and climatic change. Each of the three major spatio-temporal scales of the atmosphere, namely, the microscale, the mesoscale, and the macroscale is addressed through a hierarchy of models. Results of model simulations are illustrated throughout the text, with many of these examples based on the author's original research work. For each type of model discussed here, the theoretical background, including governing equation sets, simplifying assumptions, and advantages and limits of the models, is provided. An attempt is made throughout the book to highlight interdisciplinary nature of atmospheric modelling.
01 < r < 10 um ) compared with turbulent eddy diffusivity Dt for mass transport (
102 < Dr < 109cm ? s ... In general , turbulent diffusion will exceed the effect of
Brownian motion for atmospheric transport , except in very thin layers near
Publisher: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company
Bringing together experts in air chemistry and pollution, this voulme analyzes and integrates the scientific evidence behind the myriad of issues of air pollution. Tracing the history of air pollution, from localized microenvironments to regional and global levels, it provides insights into the mean physical and dynamic characterisitics of the atmosphere, the effects of population and industry on atmospheric composition, and quantifiable resources of air pollution. It also includes extensive coverage of photochemical smog, tropspheric ozone, stratospheric ozone depletion, acid rain, and global warming.
Reviews of books ( listed by author of book ) Alpaslan , M. Necdet , see
Harmancioglu , N. B. , 926 Arya , S. P. , Air Pollution Meteorology and Dispersion
, 310 Beniston , M. , From Turbulence to Climate : Numerical Investigations of the
Author: American Meteorological Society
List of members in v. 1, 8.
Giorgi , F , Shields Brodeur , C , and Bates , G T ( 1994 ) Regional Climate
Change Scenarios Over the United States ... Energy Balance see Energy
Balance Climate Models ( Volume 1 ) Beniston , M ( 1998 ) From Turbulence to
Author: Ted Munn
THE DEFINITIVE RESOURCE The Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change is the first major reference work in this multi-disciplinary field, and presents... * Outstanding authorship and high quality editing * Comprehensive coverage with over 3,800 pages in 5 volumes * Over 500 articles, 100 biographies, 150 definitions and 100 acronyms * Extensive bibliographies with up-to-date references ABOUT THE ENCYCLOPEDIA The Wiley Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change has been published to meet the need for a comprehensive integrated reference in this burgeoning field. It consists of five volumes of inter-related material: Volume 1: The Earth System: Physical and Chemical Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Volume 2: The Earth System: Biological and Ecological Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Volume 3: Causes and Consequences of Global Environmental Change Volume 4: Responding to Global Environmental Change Volume 5: Social and Economic Dimensions of Global Environmental Change * Each volume contains articles of between 1,000 and 10,000 words on major topics * Articles contain an abstract written for the non-specialist, followed by the main text which provides greater detail for the specialist * Biographies of distinguished environmental scientists discuss their contributions to a better understanding of global environmental change * Definitions of international terms and descriptions of acronyms of international and regional programs and agencies provide a quick reference source for the environmental scientist and student * Presents a thematic approach and includes theory, empirical studies and applications emphasising the inter-relationship between various disciplines and systems
The record has a bimodal distribution , with shifts between a cold glacial climate
and warmer interstadials . Figure 2 ( d ) ... A hypothesis is that it is a result of the
turbulent nature of the flow which manifests itself on these very long timescales .
Author: Uriel Frisch
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This volume contains an overview of the state of turbulence research with some bias towards work done in Europe. It represents an almost complete collection of the invited and contributed papers delivered at the Seventh European Turbulence Conference, sponsored by EUROMECH and ERCOFTAC and organized by the Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur. High-Reynolds number experiments combined with techniques of imaging, non-intrusive probing, processing and simulation provide high-quality data which put significant constraints on possible theories. For the first time, it has been shown, for a class of passive scalar problems, why dimensional analysis sometimes gives the wrong answers and how anomalous intermittency corrections can be calculated from first principles. The volume is thus geared towards specialists in the area of flow turbulence who could not attend the conference as well as anybody interested in this rapidly-moving field.
The air is more efficiently mixed and the turbulence increases . During the night
the surface is cooled by long - wave radiation making lower layers of air more
dense , and as the temperature increases with height ( known as ' inversion ' )
Author: Svante Bodin
Publisher: Sterling Publishing Company Incorporated
Various time and space scales of weather delineated with explanations of what causes weather conditions, noting atmospheric and climatic considerations with emphasis upon electronic developments relating to meteorology and forecasting
During daytime the turbulent boundary layer grows into the non - turbulent “ free
atmosphere ” ( indicated by FA in Fig . 3 . 2 ) . At night , the turbulent part of the
stable boundary layer ( SBL ) may only extend up to a few hundred metres or less
Author: Marc F. P. Bierkens
Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences
An in-depth overview of the role of the hydrological cycle within the climate system, including climate change impacts on hydrological reserves and fluxes, and the controls of terrestrial hydrology on regional and global climatology. Table of contents : 1. The Role of the Hydrological Cycle in the Climate System 2. Evaporation 3. Physics of Evaporation and Atmospheric Boundary Layers Over Land 4. Precipitation Physics and Rainfall Observation 5. Land Surface Hydrology 6. Land Surface Schemes and Climate Models 7. Arctic and Snow Hydrology 8. Dynamics of Glaciers, Ice Sheets and Global Sea Level 9. Feedback Mechanisms : Precipitation and Soil Moisture 10. Feedback Mechanisms : Land Use, Hydrology and Carbon 11. Palaeohydrology : An Introduction 12. Groundwater Palaeohydrology 13. Global Warming and the Acceleration of the Hydrological Cycle 14. Climate Change and Hydrological Impact Studies 15. Remote Sensing for Hydrological Studies
... atmosphere . diffuse radiation scattered or reflected shortwave radiation
reaching the earth's surface . diffusion the exchange of fluid elements between
regions in space by apparently random molecular or turbulent motion . diffusivity
the rate ...
Author: Peter Daughtrey Tyson
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
The Weather and Climate of Southern Africa, the second edition of The Atmosphere and Weather of Southern Africa, further consolidates and expands Tyson and Preston-Whyte's in-depth textbook on the meteorology of southern Africa. It offers an introduction to the structure of the atmosphere, anddetailed, well-illustrated discussions on the physics of meteorology, measurement, weather systems, ocean-atmosphere interactions, pollution, climactic change, and forecasting. With a new emphasis on the growing field of climatology, this book is especially pertinent to environmental studies in andon the developing countries of southern Africa, and the relationship of the subcontinent to global weather and climatic changes.
1000 2 Strong turbulence Very gusty 500 Turbulence in the boundary layer 20 °
25 ° 30 ° C Metres Shallow boundary layer 1500 Temperature 1000 Temperature
inversion 500 Weak turbulence 25 ° 15 ° 20 ° 5.14 Turbulence and its effect on ...
Author: Colin Buckle
Publisher: Longman Publishing Group
This is the first comprehensive introduction to the meteorology and climatology of Africa.
The strong updrafts , downdrafts , and eddies that create air turbulence form
when the smooth flow of air is disrupted by ... Thermal turbulence — that caused
by differences in air temperature — comes from the fact that various features of
Author: Time-Life Books
Publisher: Time Life Education
Questions and answers describe the forces involved in the world's weather and climate.