From Turbulence to Climate

This volume covers aspects of numerical modeling of the atmosphere and climate from the microscales of turbulence to the very large scales associated with climate and climatic change.

From Turbulence to Climate

Author: Martin Beniston

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540634959

Page: 328

View: 107

This volume covers aspects of numerical modeling of the atmosphere and climate from the microscales of turbulence to the very large scales associated with climate and climatic change. Each of the three major spatio-temporal scales of the atmosphere, namely, the microscale, the mesoscale, and the macroscale is addressed through a hierarchy of models. Results of model simulations are illustrated throughout the text, with many of these examples based on the author's original research work. For each type of model discussed here, the theoretical background, including governing equation sets, simplifying assumptions, and advantages and limits of the models, is provided. An attempt is made throughout the book to highlight interdisciplinary nature of atmospheric modelling.

Turbulence

But their worst enemy, according to Turbulence, is fear of complexity. Paul Carter argues that publicly-funded research cultures and their sponsers contribute to this problem when they treat complexity as a threat to communication.

Turbulence

Author: Paul Carter

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781922186799

Page:

View: 110

COBE s Search for Structure in the Big Bang

Lacking a satisfactory physical model of turbulence , climate researchers have
had to rely on purely empirical relations in modeling the turbulent heat flux .
These empirical relations contain free parameters that are fixed to yield
reasonable ...

COBE s Search for Structure in the Big Bang

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 277

View: 612

Research and Technology

Lacking a satisfactory physical model of turbulence , climate researchers have
had to rely on purely empirical relations in modeling the turbulent heat flux .
These empirical relations contain free parameters that are fixed to yield
reasonable ...

Research and Technology

Author: Goddard Space Flight Center

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 277

View: 638

Book Catalog of the Library and Information Services Division Subject index

Panel on Clear Air Turbulence . Plan for U.S. clear - air turbulence research in
the Global Atmospheric Research Program . 1972. QC880.4.C5N3 NOAA A
CLEMSON , S.C. - CLIMATE . Kish , Alex J. Climate of Clemson , S.C. 1974. S111
.

Book Catalog of the Library and Information Services Division  Subject index

Author: Environmental Science Information Center. Library and Information Services Division

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 647

Composition Chemistry and Climate of the Atmosphere

01 < r < 10 um ) compared with turbulent eddy diffusivity Dt for mass transport (
102 < Dr < 109cm ? s ... In general , turbulent diffusion will exceed the effect of
Brownian motion for atmospheric transport , except in very thin layers near
surfaces ...

Composition  Chemistry  and Climate of the Atmosphere

Author: Singh

Publisher: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company

ISBN:

Page: 527

View: 156

Bringing together experts in air chemistry and pollution, this voulme analyzes and integrates the scientific evidence behind the myriad of issues of air pollution. Tracing the history of air pollution, from localized microenvironments to regional and global levels, it provides insights into the mean physical and dynamic characterisitics of the atmosphere, the effects of population and industry on atmospheric composition, and quantifiable resources of air pollution. It also includes extensive coverage of photochemical smog, tropspheric ozone, stratospheric ozone depletion, acid rain, and global warming.

Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change Set

Giorgi , F , Shields Brodeur , C , and Bates , G T ( 1994 ) Regional Climate
Change Scenarios Over the United States ... Energy Balance see Energy
Balance Climate Models ( Volume 1 ) Beniston , M ( 1998 ) From Turbulence to
Climate ...

Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change  Set

Author: Ted Munn

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN:

Page: 3440

View: 222

THE DEFINITIVE RESOURCE The Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change is the first major reference work in this multi-disciplinary field, and presents... * Outstanding authorship and high quality editing * Comprehensive coverage with over 3,800 pages in 5 volumes * Over 500 articles, 100 biographies, 150 definitions and 100 acronyms * Extensive bibliographies with up-to-date references ABOUT THE ENCYCLOPEDIA The Wiley Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change has been published to meet the need for a comprehensive integrated reference in this burgeoning field. It consists of five volumes of inter-related material: Volume 1: The Earth System: Physical and Chemical Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Volume 2: The Earth System: Biological and Ecological Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Volume 3: Causes and Consequences of Global Environmental Change Volume 4: Responding to Global Environmental Change Volume 5: Social and Economic Dimensions of Global Environmental Change * Each volume contains articles of between 1,000 and 10,000 words on major topics * Articles contain an abstract written for the non-specialist, followed by the main text which provides greater detail for the specialist * Biographies of distinguished environmental scientists discuss their contributions to a better understanding of global environmental change * Definitions of international terms and descriptions of acronyms of international and regional programs and agencies provide a quick reference source for the environmental scientist and student * Presents a thematic approach and includes theory, empirical studies and applications emphasising the inter-relationship between various disciplines and systems

Advances in Turbulence 7

The record has a bimodal distribution , with shifts between a cold glacial climate
and warmer interstadials . Figure 2 ( d ) ... A hypothesis is that it is a result of the
turbulent nature of the flow which manifests itself on these very long timescales .

Advances in Turbulence 7

Author: Uriel Frisch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Page: 613

View: 439

This volume contains an overview of the state of turbulence research with some bias towards work done in Europe. It represents an almost complete collection of the invited and contributed papers delivered at the Seventh European Turbulence Conference, sponsored by EUROMECH and ERCOFTAC and organized by the Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur. High-Reynolds number experiments combined with techniques of imaging, non-intrusive probing, processing and simulation provide high-quality data which put significant constraints on possible theories. For the first time, it has been shown, for a class of passive scalar problems, why dimensional analysis sometimes gives the wrong answers and how anomalous intermittency corrections can be calculated from first principles. The volume is thus geared towards specialists in the area of flow turbulence who could not attend the conference as well as anybody interested in this rapidly-moving field.

Weather and Climate

The air is more efficiently mixed and the turbulence increases . During the night
the surface is cooled by long - wave radiation making lower layers of air more
dense , and as the temperature increases with height ( known as ' inversion ' )
gives ...

Weather and Climate

Author: Svante Bodin

Publisher: Sterling Publishing Company Incorporated

ISBN: 9780713708585

Page: 272

View: 793

Various time and space scales of weather delineated with explanations of what causes weather conditions, noting atmospheric and climatic considerations with emphasis upon electronic developments relating to meteorology and forecasting

Climate and the Hydrological Cycle

During daytime the turbulent boundary layer grows into the non - turbulent “ free
atmosphere ” ( indicated by FA in Fig . 3 . 2 ) . At night , the turbulent part of the
stable boundary layer ( SBL ) may only extend up to a few hundred metres or less
 ...

Climate and the Hydrological Cycle

Author: Marc F. P. Bierkens

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences

ISBN:

Page: 343

View: 991

An in-depth overview of the role of the hydrological cycle within the climate system, including climate change impacts on hydrological reserves and fluxes, and the controls of terrestrial hydrology on regional and global climatology. Table of contents : 1. The Role of the Hydrological Cycle in the Climate System 2. Evaporation 3. Physics of Evaporation and Atmospheric Boundary Layers Over Land 4. Precipitation Physics and Rainfall Observation 5. Land Surface Hydrology 6. Land Surface Schemes and Climate Models 7. Arctic and Snow Hydrology 8. Dynamics of Glaciers, Ice Sheets and Global Sea Level 9. Feedback Mechanisms : Precipitation and Soil Moisture 10. Feedback Mechanisms : Land Use, Hydrology and Carbon 11. Palaeohydrology : An Introduction 12. Groundwater Palaeohydrology 13. Global Warming and the Acceleration of the Hydrological Cycle 14. Climate Change and Hydrological Impact Studies 15. Remote Sensing for Hydrological Studies

The Weather and Climate of Southern Africa

... atmosphere . diffuse radiation scattered or reflected shortwave radiation
reaching the earth's surface . diffusion the exchange of fluid elements between
regions in space by apparently random molecular or turbulent motion . diffusivity
the rate ...

The Weather and Climate of Southern Africa

Author: Peter Daughtrey Tyson

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN:

Page: 396

View: 487

The Weather and Climate of Southern Africa, the second edition of The Atmosphere and Weather of Southern Africa, further consolidates and expands Tyson and Preston-Whyte's in-depth textbook on the meteorology of southern Africa. It offers an introduction to the structure of the atmosphere, anddetailed, well-illustrated discussions on the physics of meteorology, measurement, weather systems, ocean-atmosphere interactions, pollution, climactic change, and forecasting. With a new emphasis on the growing field of climatology, this book is especially pertinent to environmental studies in andon the developing countries of southern Africa, and the relationship of the subcontinent to global weather and climatic changes.

Weather and Climate in Africa

1000 2 Strong turbulence Very gusty 500 Turbulence in the boundary layer 20 °
25 ° 30 ° C Metres Shallow boundary layer 1500 Temperature 1000 Temperature
inversion 500 Weak turbulence 25 ° 15 ° 20 ° 5.14 Turbulence and its effect on ...

Weather and Climate in Africa

Author: Colin Buckle

Publisher: Longman Publishing Group

ISBN:

Page: 312

View: 721

This is the first comprehensive introduction to the meteorology and climatology of Africa.

Meteorological and Geoastrophysical Abstracts

Two - dimensional radiation - turbulence climate model , Pt . 1 , Sensitivity to
cirrus radiative properties . Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences , Boston , 41 ( 15
) : 2289-2309 , Aug. 1 , 1984. Refs . DAS , DLC . On the basis of the
thermodynamic ...

Meteorological and Geoastrophysical Abstracts

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 664

Weather and Climate

The strong updrafts , downdrafts , and eddies that create air turbulence form
when the smooth flow of air is disrupted by ... Thermal turbulence — that caused
by differences in air temperature — comes from the fact that various features of
the ...

Weather and Climate

Author: Time-Life Books

Publisher: Time Life Education

ISBN: 9780809496839

Page: 151

View: 979

Questions and answers describe the forces involved in the world's weather and climate.

East Asia and Western Pacific Meteorology and Climate

The wave and turbulence extract energy from me an flow fields and mean
temperature fields . On the other hand , wave and turbulence modify the mean
field . The interaction between wave and turbulence is also a common
phenomenon in ...

East Asia and Western Pacific Meteorology and Climate

Author: P. Sham

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated

ISBN:

Page: 572

View: 393