Equality in Water and Sanitation Services

This book provides an authoritative textbook for students, as well as a point of reference for policy-makers and practitioners interested in reducing inequalities in access to WASH services.

Equality in Water and Sanitation Services

Author: Oliver Cumming

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315471523

Page: 320

View: 765

There is growing acceptance that the progress delivered under the Millennium Development Goal target for drinking water and sanitation has been inequitable. As a result, the progressive reduction of inequalities is now an explicit focus of the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets, adopted in 2015, for universal access to drinking water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). This shift in focus has implications for the way in which the next generation of WASH policies and programmes will be conceived, designed, financed and monitored. This book provides an authoritative textbook for students, as well as a point of reference for policy-makers and practitioners interested in reducing inequalities in access to WASH services. Four key areas are addressed: background to the human right to water and development goals; dimensions of inequality; case studies in delivering water and sanitation equitably; and monitoring progress in reducing inequality.

Equality in Water and Sanitation Services

Journal of Water Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, 7(2): 209–228. Cavill, S. with Chambers, R. and Vernon, N. (2015) Sustainability and CLTS: Taking ...

Equality in Water and Sanitation Services

Author: Oliver Cumming

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315471515

Page: 320

View: 244

There is growing acceptance that the progress delivered under the Millennium Development Goal target for drinking water and sanitation has been inequitable. As a result, the progressive reduction of inequalities is now an explicit focus of the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets, adopted in 2015, for universal access to drinking water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). This shift in focus has implications for the way in which the next generation of WASH policies and programmes will be conceived, designed, financed and monitored. This book provides an authoritative textbook for students, as well as a point of reference for policy-makers and practitioners interested in reducing inequalities in access to WASH services. Four key areas are addressed: background to the human right to water and development goals; dimensions of inequality; case studies in delivering water and sanitation equitably; and monitoring progress in reducing inequality.

Gender Equality Results Case Study

The Urban Water Supply and Environmental Improvement Project sought to provide basic services of water supply, sanitation, and garbage collection and disposal in four cities in Madhya Pradesh, India.

Gender Equality Results Case Study

Author: Asian Development Bank

Publisher: Asian Development Bank

ISBN: 929254974X

Page: 160

View: 334

The Urban Water Supply and Environmental Improvement Project sought to provide basic services of water supply, sanitation, and garbage collection and disposal in four cities in Madhya Pradesh, India. Over 5.6 million people benefited from improved water supply, while half a million people benefited from an improved wastewater management system and 4.7 million people benefited from an improved solid waste management system. These changes positively impacted the lives of the local community, in particular women and girls, who are primarily responsible for water management.

The Relevance of Hygiene to Health in Developing Countries

This book provides the reader with an analysis of hygiene behaviors and practices and provides evidence-based examples in a number of developing countries.

The Relevance of Hygiene to Health in Developing Countries

Author: Natasha Potgieter

Publisher:

ISBN: 1789858038

Page: 118

View: 567

There are 17 comprehensive and detailed Sustainable Development Goals, which are all interlinked. Although access to water, sanitation, and hygiene is a human right, billions of people in developing countries are still faced with daily challenges accessing even the most basic of services, specifically the poor and vulnerable in communities. Hygiene is an important aspect for women/girls to access the economic, educational, and social opportunities they deserve. Proper hygiene removes disease as a barrier for equality, economic growth, and more. The role of hygiene in water, sanitation, and infections must be addressed from both scientific and social perspectives. This book provides the reader with an analysis of hygiene behaviors and practices and provides evidence-based examples in a number of developing countries.

Strengthening the Human Right to Sanitation as an Instrument for Inclusive Development

Based on the findings, the book argues that the focus in the literature on the formal recognition of the HRS in national legal systems is insufficient for tackling the main drivers of poor sanitation services.

Strengthening the Human Right to Sanitation as an Instrument for Inclusive Development

Author: Pedi Chiemena Obani

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 042986597X

Page: 352

View: 245

Over a third of the current 7.3 billion people worldwide are burdened with poor sanitation services. The resulting social, relational and ecological exclusion make the realisation of the human right to sanitation (HRS) a critical concern development concern. However, the literature has evolved in a largely compartmentalised manner, focusing on the formal recognition of the HRS in domestic legal systems, without sufficiently addressing the drivers of poor sanitation services. This research expounds on the impact of the HRS on human wellbeing and the environment within the context of a developing country like Nigeria as a case study. The findings show that contrary to the focus in the literature, the drivers of poor sanitation services are not confined to legal factors, such as the formal recognition of the HRS within domestic legal systems. Rather, the drivers include social, economic and environmental limitations to improved sanitation services. Based on the findings, the book argues that the focus in the literature on the formal recognition of the HRS in national legal systems is insufficient for tackling the main drivers of poor sanitation services. It is therefore necessary to reformulate the HRS discourse using complementary governance instruments that advance social, relational and ecological inclusion.

UN Millennium Development Library Health Dignity and Development

The UN Millennium Project was commissioned by United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan to develop a practical plan of action to meet the Millennium Development Goals.

UN Millennium Development Library  Health Dignity and Development

Author: UN Millennium Project

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136550410

Page: 228

View: 515

The Millennium Development Goals, adopted at the UN Millennium Summit in 2000, are the world's targets for dramatically reducing extreme poverty in its many dimensions by 2015income poverty, hunger, disease, exclusion, lack of infrastructure and shelterwhile promoting gender equality, education, health and environmental sustainability. These bold goals can be met in all parts of the world if nations follow through on their commitments to work together to meet them. Achieving the Millennium Development Goals offers the prospect of a more secure, just, and prosperous world for all. The UN Millennium Project was commissioned by United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan to develop a practical plan of action to meet the Millennium Development Goals. As an independent advisory body directed by Professor Jeffrey D. Sachs, the UN Millennium Project submitted its recommendations to the UN Secretary General in January 2005. The core of the UN Millennium Project's work has been carried out by 10 thematic Task Forces comprising more than 250 experts from around the world, including scientists, development practitioners, parliamentarians, policymakers, and representatives from civil society, UN agencies, the World Bank, the IMF, and the private sector. In this report the UN Millennium Project Task Force on Water and Sanitation outlines the bold yet practical actions that are needed to increase access to water and sanitation. The report underscores the need to focus on the global sanitation crisis, which contributes to the death of 3900 children each day, improve domestic water supply, and invest inintegrateddevelopment and management of water resources, all of which arenecessary for countries to reduce poverty and hunger, improvehealth, advance gender equalityand ensure environmental sustainability. Implementing the recommendations of this report will allow all countries to halve the proportion of people without access to safe water and sanitation by 2015.

Manual on the Human Rights to Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation for Practitioners

Equality. and. non-discrimination. Water and sanitation services must be provided without any form of discrimination. Water and sanitation service providers ...

Manual on the Human Rights to Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation for Practitioners

Author: Robert Bos

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 1780407432

Page: 110

View: 650

The Manual highlights the human rights principles and criteria in relation to drinking water and sanitation. It explains the international legal obligations in terms of operational policies and practice that will support the progressive realisation of universal access. The Manual introduces a human rights perspective that will add value to informed decision making in the daily routine of operators, managers and regulators. It also encourages its readership to engage actively in national dialogues where the human rights to safe drinking water and sanitation are translated into national and local policies, laws and regulations. Creating such an enabling environment is, in fact, only the first step in the process towards progressive realisation. Allocation of roles and responsibilities is the next step, in an updated institutional and operational set up that helps apply a human rights lens to the process of reviewing and revising the essential functions of operators, service providers and regulators.

Water Politics

Equality in Water and Sanitation Services. Abingdon: Routledge. McNeish, J. and Lazar, S. (2006) The millions return: Democracy in Bolivia at the start of ...

Water Politics

Author: Farhana Sultana

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429843119

Page: 210

View: 394

Scholarship on the right to water has proliferated in interesting and unexpected ways in recent years. This book broadens existing discussions on the right to water in order to shed critical light on the pathways, pitfalls, prospects, and constraints that exist in achieving global goals, as well as advancing debates around water governance and water justice. The book shows how both discourses and struggles around the right to water have opened new perspectives, and possibilities in water governance, fostering new collective and moral claims for water justice, while effecting changes in laws and policies around the world. In light of the 2010 UN ratification on the human right to water and sanitation, shifts have taken place in policy, legal frameworks, local implementation, as well as in national dialogues. Chapters in the book illustrate the novel ways in which the right to water has been taken up in locations drawn globally, highlighting the material politics that are enabled and negotiated through this framework in order to address ongoing water insecurities. This book reflects the urgent need to take stock of debates in light of new concerns around post-neoliberal political developments, the challenges of the Anthropocene and climate change, the transition from the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), as well as the mobilizations around the right to water in the global North. This book is essential reading for scholars and students of water governance, environmental policy, politics, geography, and law. It will be of great interest to policymakers and practitioners working in water governance, as well as the human right to water and sanitation.

The Oxford Handbook of Water Politics and Policy

... of water, sanitation, and hygiene facilities available to meet individual ... and Equality refer to the principle that water and sanitation services ...

The Oxford Handbook of Water Politics and Policy

Author: Ken Conca

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199335095

Page:

View: 937

Water is a basic human need and a scarce commodity with increasing value to farmers, industries, and cities in an urbanizing world. It is unpredictable in supply and quality, difficult to contain or direct, and notoriously difficult to manage well. Several trends -- climate change, the endurance of widespread global water poverty, intensifying competition among rival uses and users, and the vulnerability of critical freshwater ecosystems -- combine to intensify the challenges of governing water wisely, fairly, and efficiently. The twenty-seven chapters in The Oxford Handbook of Water Politics and Policy address such issues over the course of seven thematic sections. These themes reflect familiar frameworks in the water policy world, including water, poverty, and health; water and nature; and water equity and justice. Other sections look at emergent and contentious policy arenas, including the water/energy/food nexus and management of uncertainty in water supply, or connect well-established strands in new ways, including sections on water tools (water price and value, supply and demand, privatization, corporate responsibility) and issues surrounding transboundary waters. This volume conceives of water as a global issue, and gathers a diverse group of leading scholars of water politics and policy.

Toward Gender Equality in East Asia and the Pacific

Figures 5.8 and 5.9 show the percentage of the rural and urban populations with access to improved sanitation facilities and water ...

Toward Gender Equality in East Asia and the Pacific

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821396269

Page: 370

View: 310

Toward Gender Equality in East Asia and the Pacific examines the relationship between gender equality and development and outlines an agenda for public action to promote more effective and inclusive development in East Asian and Pacific countries.

Japan Fund for Public Policy Training

Gender Equality Outcome: Reduced time burdens for women and girls (collecting water and health care) due to demand-driven water supply and sanitation ...

Japan Fund for Public Policy Training

Author: Asian Development Bank

Publisher: Asian Development Bank

ISBN: 9292543059

Page: 226

View: 634

The Japan Fund for Public Policy Training was established in March 2004 as a trust fund to enhance developing member countries' capacity building for public policy management, focusing on regional economies in transition. Since its inception, the Government of Japan has contributed more than $22 million. The country director of the Asian Development Bank's Viet Nam Resident Mission acts as the program manager of the fund. The Public Policy Training Program's training facility in Ha Noi continues to operate efficiently with the establishment of strict administrative procedures and systems for the effective implementation of the technical assistance program.

The Other Side of the Security Coin

The presence of peace is more than the absence of conflict.

The Other Side of the Security Coin

Author: Nicholas Farnham

Publisher: The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies

ISBN: 9492102536

Page: 27

View: 456

The presence of peace is more than the absence of conflict. Analyses and evaluations of the state of the international security environment often focus solely on the most concerning developments and tend to fall back on various conflict-centric metrics when providing assessments of a given security landscape. This chapter, entitled “The Other Side of the Security Coin” investigates a number of positive socioeconomic trends occurring on a global level and how they can contribute to sustainable peace in the future. Improving citizens’ access to socioeconomic opportunities and livelihood-enhancing goods and services is a key factor in increasing the stake that citizens hold in the state of peace in their communities. Fitting within global trends such as the rise of the platform economy and social media, the role of technological and developmental processes improving individual empowerment will become more important for security and defense organizations in the near future. As to how we can leverage the dramatic changes ongoing throughout the world to better suit our security objectives remains yet to be seen. This study provides a brief overview of these trends and identifies the options for security and defense organizations to remain on top of them. This study is part of the 2016-2017 HCSS StratMon.

In the Public Interest

This report shows that building public services in developing countries is at the heart of making poverty history.

In the Public Interest

Author: Bethan Emmett

Publisher: Oxfam

ISBN: 9780855985691

Page: 122

View: 939

This report shows that building public services in developing countries is at the heart of making poverty history.

Nanotechnology and the Challenges of Equity Equality and Development

Additionally, many children miss school because neither their homes nor schools have adequate drinking water or sanitation facilities and hundreds of ...

Nanotechnology and the Challenges of Equity  Equality and Development

Author: Susan E. Cozzens

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048196159

Page: 458

View: 421

Nanotechnology is enabling applications in materials, microelectronics, health, and agriculture, which are projected to create the next big shift in production, comparable to the industrial revolution. Such major shifts always co-evolve with social relationships. This book focuses on how nanotechnologies might affect equity/equality in global society. Nanotechnologies are likely to open gaps by gender, ethnicity, race, and ability status, as well as between developed and developing countries, unless steps are taken now to create a different outcome. Organizations need to change their practices, and cultural ideas must be broadened if currently disadvantaged groups are to have a more equal position in nano-society rather than a more disadvantaged one. Economic structures are likely to shift in the nano-revolution, requiring policymakers and participatory processes to invent new institutions for social welfare, better suited to the new economic order than those of the past.

Prioritising Water Sanitation and Hygiene in Ebola Recovery

The recovery process needs to radically strengthen public health services, and WASH must be a crucial part of that. This clearly requires a focus on WASH in health centres.

Prioritising Water  Sanitation and Hygiene in Ebola Recovery

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 6

View: 567

Key messages: The benefits of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) are clear and well understood; improved WASH has direct impacts on health, education, dignity and gender equality, and therefore has impacts on long-term development and prosperity. Yet the reality is that the Ebola-affected countries have some of the worst WASH coverage in the world. And this has had fatal impacts: poor WASH has limited infection prevention and control and exacerbated the impact and reach of the Ebola outbreak. The recovery process needs to radically strengthen public health services, and WASH must be a crucial part of that. This clearly requires a focus on WASH in health centres. WASH improvements are also needed in schools, slums and more broadly in communities. Improvements must go beyond WASH hardware into clear plans for effective community-led engagement, involvement them in managing services and so ensuring sustainability. Communities must be equipped to hold WASH providers accountable for service provision.

Water and Sanitation Services

supplyand sanitation services, butalso integratesthe collection,treatment ... I examine thechallenges facing thepursuitof equality anduniversalization of ...

Water and Sanitation Services

Author: Jose Esteban Castro

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136548807

Page: 392

View: 818

Substantially reducing the number of human beings who lack access to clean water and safe sanitation is one of the key Millennium Development Goals. This book argues and demonstrates that this can only be achieved by a better integration of the technical and social science approaches in the search for improved organization and delivery of these essential services. It presents a historical analysis of the development of water and sanitation services in both developed and developing countries, which provides valuable lessons for overcoming the obstacles facing the universalization of these services. Among the key lessons emerging from the historical analysis are the organizational and institutional diversity characterizing the development of water and sanitation internationally, and the central role played by the public sector, particularly local authorities, in such development. It also explores the historical role played by cooperatives and other non-profit institutions in reaching rural and peri-urban areas, as well as the emergence of new forms of organization and provision, particularly in poor countries, where aid and development agencies have been promoting the self-organization of water systems by local communities. The book provides a critical exploration of these different institutional options, including the interaction between the public and private sectors, and the irreplaceable role of public funding as a condition for success. The book is divided into two parts: the first reviews theoretical and conceptual issues such as the political economy of water services, financing, the interfaces between water and sanitation services and public health, and the systemic conditions that influence the provision of these services, including the diversity of organizational and institutional options characterizing the governance and management of water and sanitation services. The second section presents a number of country or regional case studies, each one chosen to highlight a particular problem, approach or strategy. These case studies are drawn from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe, covering a wide range of socio-economic and political contexts. The book will be of great interest to advanced students, researchers, professionals and NGOs in many disciplines, including public policy and planning, environmental sciences, environmental sociology, history of technology, civil and environmental engineering, public health and development studies.