This text arises out of a five year research programme examining the impact of education on the lives and livelihoods of people in developing countries.
Author: Christopher Colclough
Education has an extraordinarily important role to play in efforts to eliminate poverty world-wide. This book reveals the nature and complexity of these relationships and provides indispensible pointers to the kinds and extent of policy changes that are required. Based on highly innovative research that addressed common research questions across four countries in Africa and South Asia, the book presents new theoretical and empirical knowledge that will help to improve education and poverty reduction strategies in developing countries, through an enhanced recognition of education's actual and potential role. In addition to introducing the reader to a wide range of conceptual and policy-related problems concerning the impact of education on individuals and society, the book: provides the field of educational research with a contemporary economic and socio-cultural reassessment of educational outcomes in relation to poverty. discusses the challenges and priorities facing policy makers, practitioners and the international development community in improving the outcomes of education, particularly for the most disadvantaged in Africa, South Asia and other low income countries; identifies the key theoretical and methodological challenges involved in researching the outcomes of education for the poor. This book will appeal to undergraduate and postgraduate students and researchers in the fields of international and comparative education, education policy, development studies, African and Asian studies and related disciplines, and to those working on education policy at national or international levels in governments and international institutions.
Schooling as a lottery: Racial differences in school advancement in urban South
Africa. Journal of ... Educational outcomes: Pathways and performance in South
African high schools. South ... Poverty and educational outcomes in South Africa.
Author: E. Anne Marshall
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
"School to work pathways and transitions are key developmental processes in young adulthood. In this book, we examine social, cultural, familial, contextual, and personal factors that shape these processes. Internationally renowned scholars in the fields of developmental psychology, applied psychology, counselling, and sociology have contributed chapters focusing on theory, research and application related to school to work (STW) and educational transitions. We also give attention to groups who have particular transition needs, including young adults with disabilities and special needs, cultural minorities, international students, and migrants"--
... poverty, this study is the first comprehensive assessment of the status and
trends of learning outcomes in South Asia. It identifies causes and correlates of
education quality and recommends policy priorities to improve learning outcomes
Author: Halil Dundar
Publisher: World Bank Publications
This book analyzes the performance of South Asian educational systems and identifies the causes and correlates of student learning outcomes. Drawing on successful initiatives both in the region and elsewhere in the world, it offers an insightful approach to setting priorities for enhancing the quality of school education in South Asia.
Where possible , the two indicators of national child education poverty are
supplemented with information on primary school ... South Africa ' s poor national
education outcomes and the recent deteriorating trend Table VIII presents data
Author: Shaamela Cassiem
In its National Programme of Action for Children, which demands that children be put first in policy, budget allocations and service delivery, the government promises to alleviate child poverty.
The unfolding consequences of these events have raised fears of the poorest
region in the world slipping into even greater poverty , with worsening nutritional ,
health , and educational outcomes . It is these human development issues which
Author: Mahbub ul Haq Human Development Centre
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
This third report on human development in South Asia presents a comprehensive profile of education in the region, analyses current educational policies and programmes, and presents a five year plan to achieve universal primary education in the area.
In South Africa explorations of the educationfertility relationship show that
education plays an important part in depressing ... Although relatively recent
survey results continue to show that increasing levels of education act to reduce
Author: Kammila Naidoo
Publisher: Adonis & Abbey Pub Limited
Fragmented Families addresses a central question in the demographic debates on poverty and fertility transition in southern Africa: . In what ways do women's recurrent encounters with poverty serve to shape their sexual unions, social relationships and reproductive practices? The book focuses on the lives of a group of mothers and daughters from fifteen families in a demarcated part of the Winterveld area in South Africa, and draws attention to historical, socio-cultural, political and economic concerns in order to place in context or make sense of reproductive dynamics and family life at the micro-level. Vignettes, drawn from fieldwork, highlight the particularities of the area: the persistence of historical tensions, diverse livelihoods and complex gender relationships. The intergenerational stories of the women suggest that they live with immense and increasing adversity and that strategies to contend with them sometimes include attempts to assert control over sexual encounters and reproductive outcomes. The book contributes to a continuing debate on how changing socio-economic conditions could influence prospects for and the nature of fertility transition in African countries. The study concurs with alternative arguments that shifts toward lower levels of fertility might be due, in certain contexts, to experiences of severe hardship rather than favourable economic circumstances. Instead of seeking security and risk-aversion through bearing many children the response of indigent women in this area has been largely to resist reproduction, at particular stages of their lives, whilst using sexual relationships and child-bearing as strategies to manipulate and secure resources. In reflecting on methodological approaches, the book draws attention to the limitations of survey research in efforts to elicit 'accurate' representations of reproductive behaviour and fertility preferences, and emphasises the usefulness of more engaged, qualitative and long-term fieldwork endeavours in building substantive insights on women's familial and reproductive lives.
Anderson, Kermyt, Anne Case and David Lam (2001), 'Causes and
Consequences of Schooling Outcomes in South Africa: Evidence from ... Case,
Anne and Angus Deaton (1999), 'School Inputs and Education Outcomes in
South Africa', Quarterly Journal of Economics, 114(3): 1047–84. ... Spaull,
Nicholas (2012), 'Poverty and Privilege: Primary School Inequality in South Africa'
, International Journal of ...
Author: Haroon Bhorat
Publisher: OUP Oxford
In 1994 South Africa saw the end of apartheid. The new era of political freedom was seen as the foundation for economic prosperity and inclusion. The last two decades have seen mixed results. Economic growth has been volatile. While inequalities in public services have been reduced, income inequality has increased, and poverty has remained stagnant. As the twentieth anniversary of the transition to democracy approaches in 2014, the economic policy debates in South Africa are in full flow. They combine a stocktake of the various programs of the last two decades with a forward looking discussion of strategy in the face of an ever open but volatile global economy. Underlying the discourse are basic and often unresolved differences on an appropriate strategy for an economy like South Africa, with a strong natural resource base but with deeply entrenched inherited inequalities, especially across race. This volume contributes to the policy and analytical debate by pulling together perspectives on a range of issues: micro, macro, sectoral, country wide and global, from leading economists working on South Africa. Other than the requirement that it be analytical and not polemical, the contributors were given freedom to put forward their particular perspective on their topic. The economists invited are from within South Africa and from outside; from academia and the policy world; from international and national level economic policy agencies. The contributors include recognized world leaders in South African economic analysis, as well as the very best of the younger crop of economists who are working on the study of South Africa, the next generation of leaders in thought and policy.
See Safety nets to the poor Socioeconomic groups , Uganda ' s poverty by , 373 –
374 , 374 ( table ) South Africa , 89 - 90 ... Africa : country comparisons of
education outcomes , 232 ( table ) ; failure of growth - employment - poverty
Author: Rizwanul Islam
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub
While it has become abundantly clear that neither overall economic growth nor targeted microlevel interventions inevitably reduce poverty in developing countries, much of the development literature continues to focus on these two approaches. Exploring a third, and more promising, avenue, Fighting Poverty offers a systematic analysis of the link between employment and pro-poor economic growth.The authors provide both conceptual frameworks and rich empirical evidence to demonstrate precisely how employment can serve to link growth with poverty reduction. They include in-depth case studies of Bangladesh, Bolivia, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Uganda, and Vietnam.Rizwanul Islam is director of the Employment Strategy Department of the International Labour Organization.Contents: Introduction?R. Islam. Exploring the Employment Nexus: The Analytics of Pro-Poor Growth?S.R. Osmani. The Nexus of Economic Growth, Employment, and Poverty Reduction: An Empirical Analysis?R. Islam. Employment Policies for Poverty Reduction?A. Rahman. Bangladesh: Linkages Between Economic Growth, Employment, and Poverty?R.I. Rahman and M.N. Islam. Bolivia: Employment-Poverty Linkages and Policies?L.C. Jemio and M. del Carmen Choque. Ethiopia: Growth, Employment, Poverty, and Policies?M. Demeke, F. Guta, and T. Ferede. India: Employment-Poverty Linkages and Policy Options?K. Sundaram and S.D. Tendulkar. Indonesia: Poverty, Employment, and Wages?I. Islam. Uganda: Economic Growth, Employment, Poverty, and Pro-Poor Policies?K.I.B. Kabananukye, A.E.K. Kabananukye, J. Krishnamurty, and D. Owomugasho. Vietnam: Employment Poverty Linkages and Policies for Pro-Poor Growth?Pham Lan Huong, Bui Quang Tuan, and Dinh Hien Minh. Conclusion?R. Islam.
School inputs and educational outcomes in South Africa . Quarterly Journal of
Economics 114 ( 3 ) : 1047 – 1084 . Chin , A . 2000 . The returns to school quality
when school quality is very low : Evidence from Operation Blackboard in India .
Author: Shenggen Fan
Public Expenditures, Growth, and Poverty assesses the efficacy of poverty reduction programs in Latin America, Africa, and Asia by synthesizing studies conducted by the International Food Policy Research Institute over the past ten years. Overall, the studies find that investments in agricultural research, infrastructure, and human capital are beneficial in the long term, while food aid and poverty reduction programs have little utility beyond immediately abating hunger and generating short-run income effects. The book develops a conceptual framework for analyzing public expenditures and their short- and long-run impact on poverty through various channels. It surveys spending trends and analyzes the effect of growing public investment on urban and rural poverty through case studies of India, China, Thailand, and Uganda. And it highlights the advantages of directing spending toward public works programs that engage impoverished peoples rather than using the limited aid money on food subsidies and other passive donations. Featuring discussions about the roles of various social safety net programs and a chapter devoted solely to the vexing poverty in sub-Saharan Africa, Public Expenditures, Growth, and Poverty will aid policy makers and encourage further, more analytic study of worldwide poverty reduction programs.
Offering a data-rich historical sociology of curriculum and pedagogic change, this book will appeal to academics, researchers and postgraduate students in the fields of education, sociology of education, curriculum studies, educational ...
Author: Ursula Hoadley
As South Africa transitioned from apartheid to democracy, changes in the political landscape, as well as educational agendas and discourse on both a national and international level, shaped successive waves of curriculum reform over a relatively short period of time. Using South Africa as a germane example of how curriculum and pedagogy can interact and affect educational outcomes, Pedagogy in Poverty explores the potential of curricula to improve education in developing and emerging economies worldwide, and, ultimately, to reduce inequality. Incorporating detailed, empirical accounts of life inside South African classrooms, this book is a much-needed contribution to international debate surrounding optimal curriculum and pedagogic forms for children in poor schools. Classroom-level responses to curriculum policy reforms reveal some implications of the shifts between a radical, progressive approach and traditional curriculum forms. Hoadley focuses on the crucial role of teachers as mediators between curriculum and pedagogy, and explores key issues related to teacher knowledge by examining the teaching of reading and numeracy at the foundational levels of schooling. Offering a data-rich historical sociology of curriculum and pedagogic change, this book will appeal to academics, researchers and postgraduate students in the fields of education, sociology of education, curriculum studies, educational equality and school reform, and the policy and politics of education.