The answers to these and a host of similar questions illustrate the principles of heat, mass, and momentum transport and set the stage for the book's central topic—the application of these principles in ecology.
Author: Mark Denny
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Plants and animals interact with each other and their surroundings, and these interactions—with all their complexity and contingency—control where species can survive and reproduce. In this comprehensive and groundbreaking introduction to the emerging field of ecological mechanics, Mark Denny explains how the principles of physics and engineering can be used to understand the intricacies of these remarkable relationships. Denny opens with a brief review of basic physics before introducing the fundamentals of diffusion, fluid mechanics, solid mechanics, and heat transfer, taking care to explain each in the context of living organisms. Why are corals of different shapes on different parts of a reef? How can geckos climb sheer walls? Why can birds and fish migrate farther than mammals? How do desert plants stay cool? The answers to these and a host of similar questions illustrate the principles of heat, mass, and momentum transport and set the stage for the book's central topic—the application of these principles in ecology. Denny shows how variations in the environment—in both space and time—affect the performance of plants and animals. He introduces spectral analysis, a mathematical tool for quantifying the patterns in which environments vary, and uses it to analyze such subjects as the spread of invasive species. Synthesizing the book’s materials, the final chapters use ecological mechanics to predict the occurrence and consequences of extreme ecological events, explain the emergence of patterns in the distribution and abundance of organisms, and empower readers to explore further. Ecological Mechanics offers new insights into the physical workings of organisms and their environment.
It has been great fun to write this book, even though it has taken longer than planned, and occasionally been exasperating.
Author: Ulla M. Norberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
It has been great fun to write this book, even though it has taken longer than planned, and occasionally been exasperating. The most difficult problem was deciding what to exclude among so many interesting things, because the available material usually exceeded the space. Because a book like this covers so many aspects, each component must be limited. This book is intended for graduate and undergraduate students as well as professional scientists who want to work with animal flight or to gain some insight into flight mechanics, aerodynamics, energetics, physiology, morpho logy, ecology and evolution. My aim has not been to give the whole mathe matical explanation of flight, but to provide an outline and summary of the main theories for the understanding of how aerofoils respond to an airflow. I also hope to give the reader some insight into how flight morphology and the various wing shapes have evolved and are adapted to different ecological niches and habitats.
Poincaré ' s Theorem and the Quantum Mechanical Eigenvalue Problem The first
example I want to consider refers to quantum mechanics . As is well known ,
quantum mechanics has led to a kind of revolution in our thinking . In classical ...
Author: C. Rossi
Publisher: Elsevier Science Limited
A great debate has arisen about the necessity to distinguish between different physical chemistry approaches for investigating the behavior of natural systems. On the one side, it is necessary to recognize that the use of time-reversible classical and quantum physical chemistry approaches for studying molecular systems yields a big improvement in man's knowledge. On the other hand it is imperative to have new approaches, new time-irreversible theories, able to describe these relationships. Ecological physical chemistry is a new transdisciplinary field of study that addresses the relationships between complex molecular systems and/or organisms. This new field goes beyond the normal conceptions of scientific disciplines and tries to integrate and harmonize many different disciplinary perspectives. Ecological physical chemistry thus, wants to develop new theories and strategies for investigating the complexity of nature, and the present book is the first report on this intriguing new scientific discipline.
Ecological mechanics : A physical geometry for intentional constraints . Human
Movement Science , 7 , 155 - 200 . Shaw , R . R . , Kugler , P . N . , & Kinsella -
Shaw , J . ( 1990 ) . Reciprocities of intentional systems . In R . Warren & A . H ...
Author: Karl M. Newell
Publisher: Human Kinetics
"Variability and Motor Control is a comprehensive examination of research and theoretical perspectives on movement variability and motor control. The text reviews traditional perspectives - which view movement variability as noise or error - and moves on to consider dynamical systems approaches to movement control, which view variability as an index of movement fluctuations." "Written by leading experts in motor control, this text provides valuable information on the importance of variability in the theoretical inquiry into motor control, skill acquisition, and motor impairment; the use of estimated variability as a movement parameter in empirical studies of motor control; and current developments of new dynamical systems approaches to variability and motor control." "Variability and Motor Control is a valuable reference for students and scholars of motor control and learning as well as experimental psychologists, ergonomists, and industrial and human-factors specialists."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Similar limitations however , hold as in the case of the ecosystem's bioenergetic
processes . ... changing R. Shaw and J. Kinsella - Shaw , “ Ecological mechanics
: a physical geometry for intentional constraints ” , Human Movement Science , 7
Author: Thoudam Damodara Singh
Mostly revised version of papers presented at the Second World Congress for the Synthesis of Science and Religion, held at Calcutta in January 1997. It also contains articles and messages contributed by other luminaries of the world.
Evolutionary and Ecological Trees and Networks Emilio Hernández - García * , E
. Alejandro Herrada * , Alejandro F . Rozenfeldt , Claudio J . Tessone * , Víctor M .
Eguíluz * , Carlos M . Duartet , Sophie Arnaud - Haond * * , £ and Ester Serrão ...
Author: Orazio Descalzi
Publisher: Amer Inst of Physics
Statistical mechanics and nonlinear physics are research areas that have developed a multidisciplinary character with many applications. The scientific problems discussed in this volume include biological applications of statistical physics, econophysics and sociologically related problems, chaos and nonlinear dynamics, pattern formation and spatio-temporal complexity, fluids and granular media, q-thermostatistics, stochastic processes, lasers and nonlinear optics, synchronization, wavelets and nonlinear time series analysis.
MECHANICAL DESIGN IN ORGANISMS Princeton University Press , Princeton ,
1982 ( 2nd Ed . ) XII + 424 pp . , figs . and tables , Soft cover $ 16 . 25 CONTENTS
. - 1 . Introduction . ... Ecological Mechanics . MEHRA , J . and RECHENBERG ...
Issues for 1909- include "Supplément; traductions françaises des articles dont le texte original n'est pas en langue française" (varies slightly).
In : Biomechanics of Feeding in Vertebrates ( Advances in Comparative &
Environmental Physiology 18 ) . V. L. Bels , M. Chardon ... Westneat M. W. 1990.
Feeding mechanics of teleost fishes ( Labridae ) : a test of four - bar linkage
Author: J. Matthias Starck
Publisher: Science Pub Incorporated
Responding to recent interest in the gastrointestinal tract as a model for studies in physiological and ecological adaptation to fluctuating environmental conditions, this collection summarizes the current state of knowledge from an integrative perspective. The contributors come from the fields of comparative morphology, nutritional physiology, eco
... Psychological approaches to the problem of knowledge ' , in R.E. Shaw and J.
Bransford ( eds ) , Perceiving , Acting and Knowing , Hillsdale , NJ : Erlbaum .
Shaw , R.E. and Kinchella - Shaw , J. ( 1989 ) , ' Ecological mechanics : Laws
Author: Arthur Still
This collection of essays examines the phenomenon of cognitive psychology. The contributions cover a range of issues from Cartesian and Hegelian frameworks to the work of Gibson and Vygotsky. They include work on the rhetorical-responsive nature of the mind, and an ecological approach.
This research was conducted via coinvestment under FRST Contract C06X0004 “
Knowledge Tools for Environmental Action " , and through Marlborough District
Council Contract 9307 “ Determination of the Irrigation Requirements for Olives ...
Author: P. A. C. Raats
CD-ROMs contain: John Philip's 1995 interview with Steve Burges --A recent address-in-print by Philip -- Bibliography of his work.
In conjunction with field testing , collect data related to environmental impact . ...
The methodology behind construction of the test samples is presented as well as
the results of investigation into the mechanics of jetting presented . 1.4.4 Chapter
Research in this report presents the first study documented in literature to characterize the surface disturbance and associated ecological impact due to pile jetting process. The enclosed work describes development of phenomenological pile jetting model in various soil profiles through implementation of a laboratory experimental program, field testing program, and comprehensive data analyses. The physical phenomenon of jetting was observed in the laboratory and a model for computing disturbance created by jetted-pile installations was developed. Four test sites were chosen in different geographical locations in Eastern North Carolina to perform a total of 26 jetted pile installations. Ecological impacts of jetting on marine environment and tidal marches are discussed and presented.