Ecological Mechanics

The answers to these and a host of similar questions illustrate the principles of heat, mass, and momentum transport and set the stage for the book's central topic—the application of these principles in ecology.

Ecological Mechanics

Author: Mark Denny

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691163154

Page: 536

View: 714

Plants and animals interact with each other and their surroundings, and these interactions—with all their complexity and contingency—control where species can survive and reproduce. In this comprehensive and groundbreaking introduction to the emerging field of ecological mechanics, Mark Denny explains how the principles of physics and engineering can be used to understand the intricacies of these remarkable relationships. Denny opens with a brief review of basic physics before introducing the fundamentals of diffusion, fluid mechanics, solid mechanics, and heat transfer, taking care to explain each in the context of living organisms. Why are corals of different shapes on different parts of a reef? How can geckos climb sheer walls? Why can birds and fish migrate farther than mammals? How do desert plants stay cool? The answers to these and a host of similar questions illustrate the principles of heat, mass, and momentum transport and set the stage for the book's central topic—the application of these principles in ecology. Denny shows how variations in the environment—in both space and time—affect the performance of plants and animals. He introduces spectral analysis, a mathematical tool for quantifying the patterns in which environments vary, and uses it to analyze such subjects as the spread of invasive species. Synthesizing the book’s materials, the final chapters use ecological mechanics to predict the occurrence and consequences of extreme ecological events, explain the emergence of patterns in the distribution and abundance of organisms, and empower readers to explore further. Ecological Mechanics offers new insights into the physical workings of organisms and their environment.

Ecology Abstracts

... measurements to specify important functional relationships , such as the
relation between the amount of pollen presented to a pollinator and the amount
subsequently delivered to stigmas , the authors show how the ecological
mechanics of ...

Ecology Abstracts

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Vertebrate Flight

It has been great fun to write this book, even though it has taken longer than planned, and occasionally been exasperating.

Vertebrate Flight

Author: Ulla M. Norberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642838480

Page: 291

View: 402

It has been great fun to write this book, even though it has taken longer than planned, and occasionally been exasperating. The most difficult problem was deciding what to exclude among so many interesting things, because the available material usually exceeded the space. Because a book like this covers so many aspects, each component must be limited. This book is intended for graduate and undergraduate students as well as professional scientists who want to work with animal flight or to gain some insight into flight mechanics, aerodynamics, energetics, physiology, morpho logy, ecology and evolution. My aim has not been to give the whole mathe matical explanation of flight, but to provide an outline and summary of the main theories for the understanding of how aerofoils respond to an airflow. I also hope to give the reader some insight into how flight morphology and the various wing shapes have evolved and are adapted to different ecological niches and habitats.

EDRA

Environmental Design Research Association ... Dimensionless invariants for
intentional systems : Measuring the fit of vehicular activities to environmental
layout . ... Ecological mechanics : A physical geometry of intentional constraints .
In Self ...

EDRA

Author: Environmental Design Research Association

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Ecological Physical Chemistry

Poincaré ' s Theorem and the Quantum Mechanical Eigenvalue Problem The first
example I want to consider refers to quantum mechanics . As is well known ,
quantum mechanics has led to a kind of revolution in our thinking . In classical ...

Ecological Physical Chemistry

Author: C. Rossi

Publisher: Elsevier Science Limited

ISBN:

Page: 651

View: 779

A great debate has arisen about the necessity to distinguish between different physical chemistry approaches for investigating the behavior of natural systems. On the one side, it is necessary to recognize that the use of time-reversible classical and quantum physical chemistry approaches for studying molecular systems yields a big improvement in man's knowledge. On the other hand it is imperative to have new approaches, new time-irreversible theories, able to describe these relationships. Ecological physical chemistry is a new transdisciplinary field of study that addresses the relationships between complex molecular systems and/or organisms. This new field goes beyond the normal conceptions of scientific disciplines and tries to integrate and harmonize many different disciplinary perspectives. Ecological physical chemistry thus, wants to develop new theories and strategies for investigating the complexity of nature, and the present book is the first report on this intriguing new scientific discipline.

Variability and Motor Control

Ecological mechanics : A physical geometry for intentional constraints . Human
Movement Science , 7 , 155 - 200 . Shaw , R . R . , Kugler , P . N . , & Kinsella -
Shaw , J . ( 1990 ) . Reciprocities of intentional systems . In R . Warren & A . H ...

Variability and Motor Control

Author: Karl M. Newell

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN:

Page: 510

View: 444

"Variability and Motor Control is a comprehensive examination of research and theoretical perspectives on movement variability and motor control. The text reviews traditional perspectives - which view movement variability as noise or error - and moves on to consider dynamical systems approaches to movement control, which view variability as an index of movement fluctuations." "Written by leading experts in motor control, this text provides valuable information on the importance of variability in the theoretical inquiry into motor control, skill acquisition, and motor impairment; the use of estimated variability as a movement parameter in empirical studies of motor control; and current developments of new dynamical systems approaches to variability and motor control." "Variability and Motor Control is a valuable reference for students and scholars of motor control and learning as well as experimental psychologists, ergonomists, and industrial and human-factors specialists."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Thoughts on Synthesis of Science and Religion

Similar limitations however , hold as in the case of the ecosystem's bioenergetic
processes . ... changing R. Shaw and J. Kinsella - Shaw , “ Ecological mechanics
: a physical geometry for intentional constraints ” , Human Movement Science , 7
 ...

Thoughts on Synthesis of Science and Religion

Author: Thoudam Damodara Singh

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 675

View: 323

Mostly revised version of papers presented at the Second World Congress for the Synthesis of Science and Religion, held at Calcutta in January 1997. It also contains articles and messages contributed by other luminaries of the world.

Diversity and Stability in Ecological Systems

We need a theory much more closely allied to statistical mechanics , with some
dissipation . We are really dealing with a kinetic theory of gases but with
imperfectly distributed gases , and I agree entirely that the description of the local
stable ...

Diversity and Stability in Ecological Systems

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Page: 264

View: 880

Fifteenth Conference on Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics and Nonlinear Physics

Evolutionary and Ecological Trees and Networks Emilio Hernández - García * , E
. Alejandro Herrada * , Alejandro F . Rozenfeldt , Claudio J . Tessone * , Víctor M .
Eguíluz * , Carlos M . Duartet , Sophie Arnaud - Haond * * , £ and Ester Serrão ...

Fifteenth Conference on Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics and Nonlinear Physics

Author: Orazio Descalzi

Publisher: Amer Inst of Physics

ISBN: 9780735404212

Page: 224

View: 719

Statistical mechanics and nonlinear physics are research areas that have developed a multidisciplinary character with many applications. The scientific problems discussed in this volume include biological applications of statistical physics, econophysics and sociologically related problems, chaos and nonlinear dynamics, pattern formation and spatio-temporal complexity, fluids and granular media, q-thermostatistics, stochastic processes, lasers and nonlinear optics, synchronization, wavelets and nonlinear time series analysis.

Scientia rivista di scienza

MECHANICAL DESIGN IN ORGANISMS Princeton University Press , Princeton ,
1982 ( 2nd Ed . ) XII + 424 pp . , figs . and tables , Soft cover $ 16 . 25 CONTENTS
. - 1 . Introduction . ... Ecological Mechanics . MEHRA , J . and RECHENBERG ...

 Scientia   rivista di scienza

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Issues for 1909- include "Supplément; traductions françaises des articles dont le texte original n'est pas en langue française" (varies slightly).

Freshwater and Marine Aquarium

It is now important to view aquarium systems with a more bionomic ( biology +
ecology ) concept . The nitrogen cycle is ... Attentiveness on the ecological
mechanics of the interrelationships will reduce the need for maintenance . How
energy ...

Freshwater and Marine Aquarium

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Physiological and Ecological Adaptations to Feeding in Vertebrates

In : Biomechanics of Feeding in Vertebrates ( Advances in Comparative &
Environmental Physiology 18 ) . V. L. Bels , M. Chardon ... Westneat M. W. 1990.
Feeding mechanics of teleost fishes ( Labridae ) : a test of four - bar linkage
models .

Physiological and Ecological Adaptations to Feeding in Vertebrates

Author: J. Matthias Starck

Publisher: Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN:

Page: 425

View: 644

Responding to recent interest in the gastrointestinal tract as a model for studies in physiological and ecological adaptation to fluctuating environmental conditions, this collection summarizes the current state of knowledge from an integrative perspective. The contributors come from the fields of comparative morphology, nutritional physiology, eco

Against Cognitivism

... Psychological approaches to the problem of knowledge ' , in R.E. Shaw and J.
Bransford ( eds ) , Perceiving , Acting and Knowing , Hillsdale , NJ : Erlbaum .
Shaw , R.E. and Kinchella - Shaw , J. ( 1989 ) , ' Ecological mechanics : Laws
scale ...

Against Cognitivism

Author: Arthur Still

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 269

View: 267

This collection of essays examines the phenomenon of cognitive psychology. The contributions cover a range of issues from Cartesian and Hegelian frameworks to the work of Gibson and Vygotsky. They include work on the rhetorical-responsive nature of the mind, and an ecological approach.

Environmental Mechanics

This research was conducted via coinvestment under FRST Contract C06X0004 “
Knowledge Tools for Environmental Action " , and through Marlborough District
Council Contract 9307 “ Determination of the Irrigation Requirements for Olives ...

Environmental Mechanics

Author: P. A. C. Raats

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 345

View: 414

CD-ROMs contain: John Philip's 1995 interview with Steve Burges --A recent address-in-print by Philip -- Bibliography of his work.

Characterization of Jetting induced Disturbance Zone and Associated Ecological Impacts

In conjunction with field testing , collect data related to environmental impact . ...
The methodology behind construction of the test samples is presented as well as
the results of investigation into the mechanics of jetting presented . 1.4.4 Chapter
 ...

Characterization of Jetting induced Disturbance Zone and Associated Ecological Impacts

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 251

View: 461

Research in this report presents the first study documented in literature to characterize the surface disturbance and associated ecological impact due to pile jetting process. The enclosed work describes development of phenomenological pile jetting model in various soil profiles through implementation of a laboratory experimental program, field testing program, and comprehensive data analyses. The physical phenomenon of jetting was observed in the laboratory and a model for computing disturbance created by jetted-pile installations was developed. Four test sites were chosen in different geographical locations in Eastern North Carolina to perform a total of 26 jetted pile installations. Ecological impacts of jetting on marine environment and tidal marches are discussed and presented.