Driving Forces

... went beyond Flink's broad "stages of consciousness" and Rothschild's "social and institutional partiality" as causal factors in the auto's dominance.

Driving Forces

Author: James A. Dunn

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815707202

Page: 250

View: 208

To its critics, the automobile is a voracious consumer of irreplaceable energy resources, a leading polluter of the environment, and a destroyer of cohesive communities. The most outspoken opponents call for greater regulations and restrictions to ultimately replace the automobile as the country's primary means of transportation. But their proposals all ignore one simple fact: Americans love their cars! Millions of citizens have made the automobile the most successful method of mass transportation ever developed, and they are not about to give up the personal mobility it offers. This book presents the controversial view that, for the vast majority of Americans, the automobile is not the problem, but the solution to transportation needs. While acknowledging the automobile's significant drawbacks, the author refutes much of the shrill rhetoric and doomsday predictions of its opponents. He takes a skeptical look at the major policy initiatives to tax, regulate, and provide alternatives to the automobile, pointing out that any policies designed to remove Americans from their cars without offering them a superior means of mobility are "worse than useless" and doomed to failure. The book offers suggestions and guidelines for politically realistic initiatives that preserve the benefits of the automobile while building public support for policies that will reduce its negative effects on energy use and the environment.

Molecular Driving Forces

Unfortunately, while the main definitions of thermodynamics originate from the energy equation, the microscopic driving forces are better understood in ...

Molecular Driving Forces

Author: Ken Dill

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 1136672990

Page: 784

View: 343

Molecular Driving Forces, Second Edition E-book is an introductory statistical thermodynamics text that describes the principles and forces that drive chemical and biological processes. It demonstrates how the complex behaviors of molecules can result from a few simple physical processes, and how simple models provide surprisingly accurate insights into the workings of the molecular world. Widely adopted in its First Edition, Molecular Driving Forces is regarded by teachers and students as an accessible textbook that illuminates underlying principles and concepts. The Second Edition includes two brand new chapters: (1) "Microscopic Dynamics" introduces single molecule experiments; and (2) "Molecular Machines" considers how nanoscale machines and engines work. "The Logic of Thermodynamics" has been expanded to its own chapter and now covers heat, work, processes, pathways, and cycles. New practical applications, examples, and end-of-chapter questions are integrated throughout the revised and updated text, exploring topics in biology, environmental and energy science, and nanotechnology. Written in a clear and reader-friendly style, the book provides an excellent introduction to the subject for novices while remaining a valuable resource for experts.

The Driving Forces of Evolution

... in different individuals accumulate by recombination. long realized that favorable varieties of fruit trees are best. b. ö The Driving Forces of Evolution.

The Driving Forces of Evolution

Author: David Wool

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1578084458

Page: 362

View: 756

To cope with the abiotic stress-induced osmotic problems, plants adapt by either increasing uptake of inorganic ions from the external solution, or by de novo synthesis of organic compatible solutes acting as osmolytes. Of the osmoregulants and protectants discussed in this volume, trehalose, fructans, ectoine and citrulline, which are generated in different species, in osmotically ineffective amounts, mitigate the stress effects on cells/plants and improve productivity. There are several pieces of encouraging research discussed in this volume showing significant improvement in stress tolerance and in turn productivity by involving genetic engineering techniques.

Driving Forces

Then in an urgent email from Manila, Brad Philips had cautioned Mitch to always have his driver pick him up and he was told never to walk anywhere alone.

Driving Forces

Author: Carol Fortino

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 1481753819

Page: 218

View: 676

THE DRIVER: Many forces drive us into the decisions we make: infidelity: new opportunity, chance meetings, rebel causes. Dr. Louise Hammel, an American-Australian, takes a job in Cagayan de Oro, Philippines, as a Regional Long-Term Advisor for an educational program called PROMES. Her assigned Filipino driver, Rico Bernales, becomes enamored with a Muslim widow whose uncle is the leader of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). Rico is unwittingly drawn into the nefarious and dangerous underworld of the rebels. As the year progresses, Louise becomes more savvy in negotiating her way through complex issues of Filipino society: human relations, religion, education, culture and politics, but she is unable to help her driver with his personal entanglements. In the end, Louise must decide if she will return home to the USA leaving her driver to extricate himself from the vortex of impending dangers. BOOK REVIEWS Carol Fortino has woven an interesting tale, impressively detailed, melded with education, customs, culture and traditions of Catholic and Muslim Filipinos and the conflicts between them. The story is intertwined with romance, family conflict, betrayal, graft, subversion and disaster. The book illustrates a good comparison of the differences in cultures among the Philippines, Australia and America. Victor Moss, author of Beware the Wolves, a Soviet WWII Love Story (a potential Hollywood motion picture) “…a thoughtful fictionalized memoir of an American ex-pat’s life moving between the radically different cultures of Australia and the Philippines. The rich individuals of the book paint a raw rubbing of fundamentally different ways of conceiving the world…as well as the precariousness of life in a nation haunted by the mixed blessings of so-called ‘modernity’ and a particularly fragile environment...a quick and thoroughly enjoyable read." Jim O’Donnell, author of “Notes for the Aurora Society” and “Rise and Go”

Driving Forces

"Driving Forces tells the human story of men, their women, and their machines that made the German dominance of 1930s and Grand Prix Racing possible.

Driving Forces

Author: Peter Stevenson

Publisher: Bentley Pub

ISBN: 9780837602172

Page: 285

View: 721

"Driving Forces tells the human story of men, their women, and their machines that made the German dominance of 1930s and Grand Prix Racing possible.

Constraints and Driving Forces in Economic Systems

Readers should not promptly reply “nothing”, because they are in for a quick and strong rebuttal when they start reading Constraints and Driving Forces in ...

Constraints and Driving Forces in Economic Systems

Author: Balázs Hámor

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443887501

Page: 220

View: 933

What do the diametrically opposite tendencies in the height of the North Korean and South Korean population over the past sixty years, the paternalism in the current pension systems, and the Greek crisis have in common? Readers should not promptly reply “nothing”, as Constraints and Driving Forces in Economic Systems shows. The contributions to this volume analysing various topics actually all discuss the same point: the forces driving development and the constraints hindering progress in economic systems and subsystems.

From Copenhagen to Cancun Driving Forces in the International Climate Regime

The driving-forces of the international climate regime and its consequences for the effectiveness of the regime 5.2.1. Analysis of the current climate ...

From Copenhagen to Cancun   Driving Forces in the International Climate Regime

Author: Ben Witthaus

Publisher: diplom.de

ISBN: 3842823215

Page: 131

View: 635

Inhaltsangabe:Introduction: For more than two decades, scientific and political communities have debated whether and how to act on climate change. This discussion moved on. Today science is very clear about the magnitude of the risks imposed by unmanaged climate change: What we are doing is redifining where people could live and if we do that as a world than hundreds of million of people will move. Probably billions will move. We are talking about gambling the planet, we are talking about a radical change of the way in which human beings could live and where they could live and, indeed, how many of them. With regard to these risks the application of the precautionary principle telling us to better be safe than sorry appears to be imperative and makes traditional cost-benefit analysis become obsolete. Thus combating global warming has become one of the most important issues facing the world in the 21. century. As nobody would be immune from the transformation the planet faces, avoiding this gamble should, in theory, be in the interest of all nations. Unfortunately, a common response in the scale necessary is hard to organize. While the industrialized countries fear the costs of the transformation from a high-carbon to a low-carbon economy, it is the poorest people who are facing a double unequity as they 1. will be hit earliest and hardest by the adverse impacts of climate change, and 2. are least responsible for the stock of current concentrations in the atmosphere. This inequity consequently leads to a great sense of injustice in developing countries being asked cut emission, while knowing, that the developed world got rich on high-carbon growth. Without any doubt the outcome of this is a historical responsibility of industrialized countries to take over leadership in reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases. However, bearing in mind that by 2050, approximately eight out of nine billion people in the world will be living in developing nations, it is impossible to get down to emission levels needed without at the same time covering the developing world as well. Against this background international climate protection is a sociopolitical, economical, and ethical challenge, concerning all nations, which have to understand that they are a community based on the principle of mutual solidarity. The international climate regime is regarded as the main platform to further cooperation between nations in order to succesfully combat global [...]

The Driving Forces of Change in Environmental Indicators

This is currently an active research field, as researchers continue working on devising improved techniques to analyse the driving forces underlying the ...

The Driving Forces of Change in Environmental Indicators

Author: Paula Fernández González

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319075063

Page: 80

View: 490

This book addresses several index decomposition analysis methods to assess progress made by EU countries in the last decade in relation to energy and climate change concerns. Several applications of these techniques are carried out in order to decompose changes in both energy and environmental aggregates. In addition to this, a new methodology based on classical spline approximations is introduced, which provides useful mathematical and statistical properties. Once a suitable set of determinant factors has been identified, these decomposition methods allow the researcher to quantify the respective contributions of these factors. A proper interpretation of findings enables the design of strategies and a number of energy and environmental policies to control the variables of interest. This book also analyses the impact of several factors that allow control of these variables; among them, assessment of the specific contribution of improved energy efficiency is particularly relevant. A number of divisia-index-based techniques for decomposing changes in a generic indicator are now available, and these range from classical techniques based on Laspeyres and Paasche weights to more refined approaches relying on logarithmic mean weighting schemes. This book is intended for undergraduates and graduates of energy economics and environmental sciences, environmental policy advisors, and industrial engineers.

Driving Forces in Physical Biological and Socio economic Phenomena

Bertrand M. Roehner Driving Forces in Physical , Biological and Socio - economic Phenomena A Network Science Investigation of Social Bonds and Interactions ...

Driving Forces in Physical  Biological and Socio economic Phenomena

Author: Bertrand M. Roehner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521859103

Page: 254

View: 535

a multi-disciplinary 2007 book on network theory for graduate students and researchers in sociology and econophysics.

Industrial Clusters in Biotechnology

... i.e. the conditions which allow a cluster to grow; — driving forces for cluster growth and development, i.e. key mechanisms enabling the cluster to ...

Industrial Clusters in Biotechnology

Author: Vittorio Chiesa

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1783260491

Page: 244

View: 983

This book presents the results of Cleverbio, a project funded by the European Commission. The project examined the process of growth and development of clusters in the biotech industry, identifying and studying the main driving forces. The empirical work involved in-depth analysis of five clusters at different stages of development: Cambridge, the most important cluster in Europe; Heidelberg, one of the strongest in Germany; Aarhus in Denmark; Marseille in France; and Milano in Italy at an early stage of development. Other clusters were also analysed, such as Paris-Evry (France), Uppsala (Sweden), Biovalley (Switzerland), Bay Area and San Diego (US). The ultimate aim of Cleverbio has been to build a normative model that incorporates: • the preconditions for a cluster to grow (scientific base and/or industrial base, innovative financing, etc.); • the driving forces for cluster growth and development, i.e. the key factors of development (new company creation, IP rules, acceptance of biotech products, services and infrastructures, etc.); • best practices in cluster management (barrier removal, network creation, marketing, technology transfer, etc.). The book also identifies different forms of cluster creation. In some cases clusters were born and grew spontaneously as a consequence of the original co-presence of the key success factors (spontaneous clusters); in other cases they were born of the actions of public actors (industry restructuring and industry development policies). Finally, in a few cases, the process of clustering started as a result of a combination of different original conditions (hybrid clusters). Contents:The Concept of Cluster and the Cleverbio ProjectThe Biotech Industry: An OverviewThe Cluster of CambridgeThe Cluster of HeidelbergThe Cluster of AarhusThe Cluster of MarseillesThe Cluster of MilanOther Cases of Biotech ClustersThe Normative ModelConclusions: Forms of Cluster Creation in Biotech Readership: Industrial and research policy-makers; experts and practitioners of the biotech industry; business people. Keywords:Biotechnology;Industrial Clusters;High-Tech Clusters;Cluster Management Practices;Biotech Development Strategies;Biotech Development Policies;Biotech Case Studies;Normative Model

Leadership Innovation and Entrepreneurship as Driving Forces of the Global Economy

Driving factors in the public sector note that the sharing of knowledge is not a natural phenomenon in the corporate sector. It requires a psychological ...

Leadership  Innovation and Entrepreneurship as Driving Forces of the Global Economy

Author: Rachid Benlamri

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319434349

Page: 815

View: 357

This volume aims to outline the fundamental principles behind leadership, innovation and entrepreneurship and show how the interrelations between them promote business and trade practices in the global economy. Derived from the 2016 International Conference on Leadership, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship (ICLIE), this volume showcases original papers presenting current research, discoveries and innovations across disciplines such as business, social sciences, engineering, health sciences and medicine. The pace of globalization is increasing at a rapid rate and is primarily driven by increasing volume of trade, accelerating pace of competition among nations, freer flows of capital and increased level of cooperation among trading partners. Leadership, innovation, and entrepreneurship are key driving forces in enhancing this phenomenon and are among the major catalysts for contemporary businesses trading in the global economy. This conference and the enclosed papers provides a platform in which to disseminate and exchange ideas to promote a better understanding of current issues and solutions to challenges in the globalized economy in relation to the fields of entrepreneurship, business and economics, technology management, and Islamic finance and management. Thus, the theories, research, innovations, methods and practices presented in this book will be of use to researchers, practitioners, student and policy makers across the globe.

The International Climate Regime and Its Driving Forces Obstacles and Chances on the Way to a Global Response to the Problem of Climate Change

Ben Witthaus The International Climate Regime and its Driving-Forces Obstacles and Chances on the Way to a Global Response to the Problem of Climate Change ...

The International Climate Regime and Its Driving Forces  Obstacles and Chances on the Way to a Global Response to the Problem of Climate Change

Author: Ben Witthaus

Publisher: Diplomica Verlag

ISBN: 3842873832

Page: 146

View: 580

The greenhouse effect is a vital process which is responsible for the heat on the earth?s surface. By consuming fossil fuels, clearing forests etc. humans aggravate this natural process. As additionally trapped heat exceeds the earth?s intake capacity this consequently leads to global warming. The current concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere is already 30% higher compared to pre-industrial levels and unmanaged this development is likely to result in an increase of up to 6.4ø C towards the end of the century. Especially the poorest regions of the world are facing a double inequity as they a) will be hit earliest and hardest by the adverse impacts of climate change, and b) are least responsible for the stock of current concentrations in the atmosphere. Seeing this the application of the precautionary principle telling us ?to better be safe than sorry? appears to be imperative and makes traditional cost-benefit analysis become obsolete. Thus combating global warming has become one of the most important issues facing the world in the 21st century. The international climate regime is the main platform to further cooperation between nations and to tackle this problem. Since the first world climate conference in 1979 the international community of states pursues the goal of stabilizing greenhouse gas emissions. In 2009, the 15th COP of the UNFCCC aimed at achieving the final breakthrough with regard to framing new long-term mitigation commitments. However, the regime theory tells us that states behave as rational egoists and solely follow selfishly defined interests to maximize own profits. So it not only has to be assumed that just states with a favourable benefit-cost ratio will take the role of a ?pusher? in international climate negotiations but also that powerful states are more likely to reach a favourable outcome. Indeed the highly ineffective Kyoto Protocol, which amongst others had to deal with the exit of the United States, the creation of ?hot air? reductions and an overall lack of compliance incentives, has already shown the difficulties of creating an effective climate regime. In Copenhagen it became obvious that influential actors still do not seem to have an interest to significantly change their energy consumption patterns in order to reduce emissions. The majority of developing countries, politically prioritize the protection of their economic development which heavily depends on the use of cheap energy from fossil fuels. Especially China by no means intends to cut its impressive GDP growth figures to please international crowds. Meanwhile the hands of the US President on the international stage were once again tied by domestic restrictions. However, although it seemed that the long prevailing differences of interests between industrial and developing countries are more than ever insuperable, there is hope. A ?global race? towards renewable energy and related jobs has already started. Nations and international corporations are positioning themselves to take advantage of the inevitable transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources. This could be the starting point for a sustainable bottom-up policy architecture on the international level replacing the current top-down approach.

Molecular Driving Forces

Written in a clear and reader-friendly style, the book provides an excellent introduction to the subject for novices while remaining a valuable resource for experts.

Molecular Driving Forces

Author: Ken Dill

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 1136672982

Page: 784

View: 753

Molecular Driving Forces, Second Edition E-book is an introductory statistical thermodynamics text that describes the principles and forces that drive chemical and biological processes. It demonstrates how the complex behaviors of molecules can result from a few simple physical processes, and how simple models provide surprisingly accurate insights into the workings of the molecular world. Widely adopted in its First Edition, Molecular Driving Forces is regarded by teachers and students as an accessible textbook that illuminates underlying principles and concepts. The Second Edition includes two brand new chapters: (1) "Microscopic Dynamics" introduces single molecule experiments; and (2) "Molecular Machines" considers how nanoscale machines and engines work. "The Logic of Thermodynamics" has been expanded to its own chapter and now covers heat, work, processes, pathways, and cycles. New practical applications, examples, and end-of-chapter questions are integrated throughout the revised and updated text, exploring topics in biology, environmental and energy science, and nanotechnology. Written in a clear and reader-friendly style, the book provides an excellent introduction to the subject for novices while remaining a valuable resource for experts.