Fritz Kahn, Die Juden ah Rasse und Kulturvolk (Berlin, 1922), 163. Cf. E.
Auerbach, "Rassenkunde," 383. 22. Elfride Bergel-Gronemann, "Judische Wege,"
Der Jude, V (1920/21), 396-403; Fritz Loew, "Judentum und Volkskunst," ibid., VIII
Author: Donald L. Niewyk
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
The first comprehensive history of the German Jews on the eve of Hitler's seizure of power, this book examines both their internal debates and their relations with larger German society. It shows that, far from being united, German Jewry was deeply divided along religious, political, and ideological fault lines. Above all, the liberal majority of patriotic and assimilationist Jews was forced to sharpen its self-definition by the onslaught of Zionist zealots who denied the "Germanness" of the Jews. This struggle for the heart and soul of German Jewry was fought at every level, affecting families, synagogues, and community institutions. Although the Jewish role in Germany's economy and culture was exaggerated, they were certainly prominent in many fields, giving rise to charges of privilege and domination. This volume probes the texture of German anti-Semitism, distinguishing between traditional and radical Judeophobia and reaching conclusions that will give no comfort to those who assume that Germans were predisposed to become "willing executioners" under Hitler. It also assesses the quality of Jewish responses to racist attacks. The self-defense campaigns of the Central Association of German Citizens of the Jewish Faith included publishing counter-propaganda, supporting sympathetic political parties, and taking anti-Semitic demagogues to court. Although these measures could only slow the rise of Nazism after 1930, they demonstrate that German Jewry was anything but passive in its responses to the fascist challenge. The German Jews' faith in liberalism is sometimes attributed to self-delusion and wishful thinking. This volume argues that, in fact, German Jewry pursued a clear-sighted perception of Jewish self-interest, apprehended the dangers confronting it, and found allies in socialist and democratic elements that constituted the "other Germany." Sadly, this profound and genuine commitment to liberalism left the German Jews increasingly isolated as the majority of Germans turned to political radicalism in the last years of the Republic. This full-scale history of Weimar Jewry will be of interest to professors, students, and general readers interested in the Holocaust and Jewish History. Donald L. Niewyk studied at the Free University of Berlin and Tulane. He has taught at Xavier University and Ithaca College, and since 1982, he has been a professor of modern European history at Southern Methodist University. He is author of six books, including most recently Fresh Wounds: Early Narratives of Holocaust Survival.
See the discussion in Heinrich Loewe , Die Sprachen der Juden ( Cologne :
Jüdischer Verlag , 1911 ) . 75 . See the ... ( Schlüchtern : Neuwerk , 1925 ) , and
Fritz Kahn , Die Juden als Rasse und Kulturvolk ( Berlin : Welt - Verlag , 1921 ) .
Author: Sander L. Gilman
""There is no category of supposed human beings that comes closer to the orangutan than does a Polish Jew," said a Bavarian writer, reflecting the eighteenth-century view that Jews were profoundly flawed. The Jewish body, popular opinion held, was malformed - from feet to nose - and predisposed to a host of illnesses ranging from the plague to hysteria. The Jewish soul had a peculiar stench. The Jewish libido had a tendency toward incest. The Jewish gaze was pathological, and precluded the possibility of unbiased observation. By the close of the nineteenth century, these ideas had found their way into European medical journals, and the medical establishment was convinced that Jews were both diseased and perverted. It was an interesting time to be a Jewish physician." "In The Case of Sigmund Freud, Sander Gilman traces the "medicalization" of Jewishness in the science and medicine of turn-of-the-century Vienna, and the ways in which Jewish physicians responded to the effort to incorporate this racist biological literature into medical practice. Focusing on the new science of psychoanalysis, Gilman looks at the strategic devices Sigmund Freud employed to detach himself from the stigma of being Jewish and shows how Freud's work in psychoanalysis evolved in response to the biological discourse of the time." "In order to circumvent the prevailing debates about race, Gilman argues, Freud carefully formulated the particular biological charges against the Jew into a universal definition of a human being. As a consequence, his early psychoanalytic theories transcended the controversies about biological determinism, and yet remained framed by them."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
348; Elkind, Evrei (Moscow, 1902), in Russian; M. J. Judt, Die Juden als Rasse (
Warsaw, 1902; German edition Berlin, ... I. Zollschan, Das Rassenproblem (
Vienna, 1912); Fritz Kahn, Die Juden als Rasse und Kulturvolk (Berlin, 1920); F. v
Author: Mitchell Bryan Hart
An anthology of writings by Jewish thinkers on Jews as a race
S. Weissberg, Diesüdrussischen Juden: Eine anthropometrische Studie (
Brunswick: Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn, 1895) ... Fritz Kahn, Die Juden als Rasse
und Kulturvolk, 3rd ed. ... Alexander Schüler, Der Rassenadel der Juden: Der
Author: Stefan Ihrig
Publisher: Harvard University Press
As Stefan Ihrig shows in this first comprehensive study, many Germans sympathized with the Ottomans’ longstanding repression of the Armenians and with the Turks’ program of extermination during World War I. In the Nazis’ version of history, the Armenian Genocide was justifiable because it had made possible the astonishing rise of the New Turkey.
... whole roster of contemporary books really ought to be analyzed – e.g. Oskar
Goldberg , ( pace Thomas Mann's Doktor Faustus ) , Die Wirklichkeit der
Hebraeer ( Berlin : Verlag David , 1924 ) ; Fritz Kahn , Die Juden als Rasse und
Author: David Bronsen
A collection of articles based on papers presented at a symposium held at Washington University, St. Louis, April 1976. Partial contents:
Erwin Baur , Eugen Fischer , and Fritz Lenz , Grundriss der menschlichen
Erblichkeitslehre und Rassenhygiene , 2nd ed . , Munich : J. F. Lehmann ... Fritz
Kahn , Die Juden als Rasse und Kulturvolk , 3rd ed . , Berlin : Welt - Verlag , 1922
, pp .
Author: Raphael Patai
Publisher: Wayne State University Press
In this carefully researched analysis, Raphael and Jennifer Patai begin by defining race. They then develop the idea of the existence of "races" through history. In rich and fascinating detail, the authors consider the effects of intermarriage, interbreeding, proselytism, slavery, and concubinage on the Jewish population from Biblical times to the present. New material explores the psychological aspects of the Jewish race issue, the Jewish psyche, and the consequences of the 1975 United Nations resolution equating Zionism with racism. A revised and updated scientific section on the measurable genetic, morphological, and behavioral differences between Jews and non-Jews supports the conclusion that the idea of a "Jewish race" is, indeed, a myth.