Modeling Physiology of Crop Development Growth and Yield

Concentrating on crop modelling, this book provides an introduction to the concepts of crop development, growth, and yield, with step-by-step outlines to each topic, suggested exercises and simple equations.

Modeling Physiology of Crop Development  Growth and Yield

Author: Afshin Soltani

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845939700

Page: 322

View: 910

Model studies focus experimental investigations to improve our understanding and performance of systems. Concentrating on crop modelling, this book provides an introduction to the concepts of crop development, growth, and yield, with step-by-step outlines to each topic, suggested exercises and simple equations. A valuable text for students and researchers of crop development alike, this book is written in five parts that allow the reader to develop a solid foundation and coverage of production models including water- and nitrogen-limited systems.

Crop Development Growth and Yield

It provides a comprehensive understanding of modern theories and advanced concepts of this field. This book will serve as a reference to a broad spectrum of readers.

Crop Development  Growth and Yield

Author: Lancaster Mason

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781682867044

Page: 216

View: 227

The study of crop development, growth and yield falls under the domain of agricultural science. It focuses on ways to increase crop yield through the right use of fertilizers and pesticides. A good crop production management system addresses both crop production optimization and environmental sustainability. Research in crop science involves developing strategies for improving cultivars, crop yield, disease resistance and climate resilience. The field also uses tools of biotechnology and genetic engineering in order to alter the genetic traits of crops and to produce a better quality yield. This book is a compilation of chapters that discuss the most vital concepts and emerging trends in the field of crop development, growth and yield. It provides a comprehensive understanding of modern theories and advanced concepts of this field. This book will serve as a reference to a broad spectrum of readers.

Modeling Physiology of Crop Development Growth and Yield

Field Crops Research 29, 37—46. Villalobos, F.J., Hall, A.J., Ritchie, J.T. and Orgaz, F. (1996) OILCROP-SUN: a development, growth and yield model of the ...

Modeling Physiology of Crop Development  Growth and Yield

Author: Afshin Soltani

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9781845939717

Page: 322

View: 733

Model studies focus experimental investigations to improve our understanding and performance of systems. Concentrating on crop modelling, this book provides an introduction to the concepts of crop development, growth, and yield, with step-by-step outlines to each topic, suggested exercises and simple equations. A valuable text for students and researchers of crop development alike, this book is written in five parts that allow the reader to develop a solid foundation and coverage of production models including water- and nitrogen-limited systems.

Chemical Manipulation of Crop Growth and Development

A chapter is devoted to the use and effect of cerone in developing winter barley. The book can provide useful information to farmers, botanists, students, and researchers.

Chemical Manipulation of Crop Growth and Development

Author: J S McLaren

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 1483192415

Page: 578

View: 259

Chemical Manipulation of Crop Growth and Development presents a critical review of the plant growth regulators in field crops. It discusses the strategies to discover plant growth regulators for agronomic crops; the methods of modifying stomatal movement; and the possible use of chemicals for photorespiration control. Some of the topics covered in the book are the hormonal control of photosynthesis and assimilate distribution; manipulation of crop growth by ethylene and some implications of the mode of generation; genetic and chemical manipulation of crops to confer tolerance to chemicals; and effects of allelochemicals on crop growth and development. The control of development of potato plant by using endogenous and exogenous growth regulators is covered. The analysis of crop physiology to assess plant growth regulation in sugar beet is also discussed. An in-depth analysis of the influence of auxin antagonists on pod and seed number is provided. The effect of foliar applications of synthetic plant growth regulators on the agronomic characteristics of field-growth corn is presented. A chapter is devoted to the use and effect of cerone in developing winter barley. The book can provide useful information to farmers, botanists, students, and researchers.

Physiology of Crop Production

This single volume explores the theoretical and the practical aspects of crop physiological processes around the world The marked decrease over the past century in the land available for crop production has brought about mounting pressure ...

Physiology of Crop Production

Author: N.K. Fageria

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781560222897

Page: 345

View: 511

This single volume explores the theoretical and the practical aspects of crop physiological processes around the world The marked decrease over the past century in the land available for crop production has brought about mounting pressure to increase crop yields, especially in developing nations. Physiology of Crop Production provides cutting-edge research and data for complete coverage of the physiology of crop production, all in one source, right at your fingertips. This valuable reference gives the extensive in-depth information soil and crop professionals need to maximize crop productivity anywhere the world. Leading soil and plant scientists and researchers clearly explain theory, practical applications, and the latest advances in the field. Crop physiology is a vital science needed to understand crop growth and development to facilitate increases of plant yield. Physiology of Crop Production presents a wide range of information and references from varying regions of the world to make the book as complete and broadly focused as possible. Discussion in each chapter is supported by experimental data to make this book a superb resource that will be used again and again. Chapter topics include plant and root architecture, growth and yield components, photosynthesis, source-sink relationship, water use efficiency, crop yield relative to water stress, and active and passive ion transport. Several figures and tables accompany the extensive referencing to provide a detailed, in-depth look at every facet of crop production. Physiology of Crop Production explores management strategies for: ideal plant architecture maximizing root systems ideal yield components maximizing photosynthesis maximizing source-sink relationship sequestration of carbon dioxide reducing the effects of drought improving N, P, K, Ca, Mg, and S nutrition improving micronutrient uptake Physiology of Crop Production is an essential desktop resource for plant physiologists, soil and crop scientists, breeders, agronomists, agronomy administrators in agro-industry, educators, and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students.

Crop Physiology Case Histories for Major Crops

Field Crop Res. 157, 71–83. Soltani, A., Sinclair, T.R., 2011. A simple model for chickpea development, growth and yield. Field Crop Res.

Crop Physiology Case Histories for Major Crops

Author: Victor Sadras

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128191953

Page: 778

View: 731

Crop Physiology: Case Histories of Major Crops updates the physiology of broad-acre crops with a focus on the genetic, environmental and management drivers of development, capture and efficiency in the use of radiation, water and nutrients, the formation of yield and aspects of quality. These physiological process are presented in a double context of challenges and solutions. The challenges to increase plant-based food, fodder, fiber and energy against the backdrop of population increase, climate change, dietary choices and declining public funding for research and development in agriculture are unprecedented and urgent. The proximal technological solutions to these challenges are genetic improvement and agronomy. Hence, the premise of the book is that crop physiology is most valuable when it engages meaningfully with breeding and agronomy. With contributions from 92 leading scientists from around the world, each chapter deals with a crop: maize, rice, wheat, barley, sorghum and oat; quinoa; soybean, field pea, chickpea, peanut, common bean, lentil, lupin and faba bean; sunflower and canola; potato, cassava, sugar beet and sugarcane; and cotton. A crop-based approach to crop physiology in a G x E x M context Captures the perspectives of global experts on 22 crops

Understanding Options for Agricultural Production

Cereal growth, development and yield J.T. RITCHIE", U.SINGH', D.C. GODWIN3, W.T. BOWEN" 'Homer Nowlin Chair, Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, ...

Understanding Options for Agricultural Production

Author: G.Y. Tsuji

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401736243

Page: 400

View: 847

The first premise of this book is that farmers need access to options for improving their situation. In agricultural terms, these options might be manage ment alternatives or different crops to grow, that can stabilize or increase household income, that reduce soil degradation and dependence on off-farm inputs, or that exploit local market opportunities. Farmers need a facilitating environment, in which affordable credit is available if needed, in which policies are conducive to judicious management of natural resources, and in which costs and prices of production are stable. Another key ingredient of this facilitating environment is information: an understanding of which options are viable, how these operate at the farm level, and what their impact may be on the things that farmers perceive as being important. The second premise is that systems analysis and simulation have an impor tant role to play in fostering this understanding of options, traditional field experimentation being time-consuming and costly. This book summarizes the activities of the International Benchmark Sites Network for Agrotechnology Transfer (IBSNAT) project, an international initiative funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). IBSNAT was an attempt to demonstrate the effectiveness of understanding options through systems analysis and simulation for the ultimate benefit of farm households in the tropics and subtropics. The idea for the book was first suggested at one of the last IBSNAT group meetings held at the University of Hawaii in 1993.

Rapeseed and Canola Oil

Canadian Journal of Plant Science , 80 , 647-654 . ... Mendham , N.J. and Salisbury , P.A. ( 1995 ) Physiology : crop development , growth and yield .

Rapeseed and Canola Oil

Author: F. D. Gunstone

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849323645

Page: 222

View: 215

This book provides comprehensive coverage of rapeseed oil and its close relative, canola oil, from production (agronomic) aspects, through extraction to refining and processing. Chemical composition, physico-chemical properties, food and non-food uses are considered in detail, and a chapter is included on future prospects, including oils available by means of genetic manipulation.

Soygro V5 42

SOYGRO V5.42 predicts dry matter growth, LAI, crop development, and final yield of soybean depending on daily weather data for specific soils.

Soygro V5 42

Author: J. W. Jones

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 692

SOYGRO V5.42 predicts dry matter growth, LAI, crop development, and final yield of soybean depending on daily weather data for specific soils.

Seed Biology and Yield of Grain Crops 2nd Edition

This new edition of an established title examines the determination of grain crop yield from a unique perspective, by concentrating on the influence of the seed itself.

Seed Biology and Yield of Grain Crops  2nd Edition

Author: Dennis B Egli

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780647700

Page: 231

View: 490

This new edition of an established title examines the determination of grain crop yield from a unique perspective, by concentrating on the influence of the seed itself. As the food supply for an expanding world population is based on grain crops harvested for their seeds, understanding the process of seed growth and its regulation is crucial to our efforts to increase production and meet the needs of that population. Yield of grain crops is determined by their assimilatory processes such as photosynthesis and the biosynthetic processes in the seed, which are partly regulated within the seed itself. Substantially updated with new research and further developments of the practical applications of the concepts explored, this book is essential reading for those concerned with seed science and crop yield, including agronomists, crop physiologists, plant breeders, and extension workers. It is also a valuable source of information for lecturers and graduate students of agronomy and plant physiology.

Issues in Life Sciences Botany and Plant Biology Research 2011 Edition

S. Australian Research and Development Institute, Adelaide: A water-centred framework to assess the effects of salinity on the growth and yield of wheat and ...

Issues in Life Sciences  Botany and Plant Biology Research  2011 Edition

Author:

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464963436

Page: 3674

View: 918

Issues in Life Sciences: Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Life Sciences—Botany and Plant Biology Research. The editors have built Issues in Life Sciences: Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Life Sciences—Botany and Plant Biology Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Life Sciences: Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Water Conservation Traits to Increase Crop Yields in Water deficit Environments

J Plant Nutr 29:643–655 Ghanem ME, Marrou H, Soltani A et al (2015a) Lentil ... In: CABI (ed) Modeling physiology of crop development, growth and yield.

Water Conservation Traits to Increase Crop Yields in Water deficit Environments

Author: Thomas R. Sinclair

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319563211

Page: 95

View: 544

This volume explores specific approaches that have shown to result in crop yield increases. Research on the physiological understanding of these methods has led to the development of practical applications of plant breeding approaches to genetically improve crops to achieve higher yields. Authoritative entries from crop scientists shed new light on two water-conservation traits: one that is based on an initiation of the decrease in transpiration earlier in the soil drying cycle, and the second that is based on a sensitivity of transpiration rate under high atmospheric vapor pressure deficit that results in partial stomatal closure. Both these approaches involve partial stomatal closure under well-defined situations to decrease the rate of soil water loss. Readers will be able to analyze the circumstances under which a benefit is achieved as a result of the water-limitation trait; and key discussion points in the case studies presented will help answer questions such as what species, which environments, how often will yield be benefited for various crop species? Contributions also review the genetic variation for these two traits within each crop species and the physiological basis for the expression of these traits.

Biostimulants for Crops from Seed Germination to Plant Development

This book fills that gap, presenting the ways in which biostimulants enhance seed vigor and plant productivity by looking into their mode of action, an area still being researched for deeper understanding.

Biostimulants for Crops from Seed Germination to Plant Development

Author: Shubhpriya Gupta

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128229969

Page: 489

View: 138

Biostimulants for crops from seed germination to plant development focuses on the effects and roles of natural biostimulants in every aspect of plant growth development to reduce the use of harmful chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Biostimulants are a group of substances of natural origin that offer a potential to reduce the dependency on harmful chemical fertilizers causing environmental degradation. While there is extensive literature on biostimulants, there remains a gap in understanding how natural biostimulants work and their practical application. This book fills that gap, presenting the ways in which biostimulants enhance seed vigor and plant productivity by looking into their mode of action, an area still being researched for deeper understanding. Exploring the roles of seed germination, pollen tube formation, pollen-pistil interaction, flower and fruit setting, to plant pigments, rhizospheric and soil microorganisms, the book also sheds light on the challenges and realistic opportunities for the use of natural biostimulants. Approaches biostimulant research with the goal of transforming scientific research into practical application Includes real-world examples from laboratory, greenhouse and field experiments Presents the biochemical, physiological and molecular mode of action of biostimulants

Water Quality Soil and Managing Irrigation of Crops

Effect of frost on crop development, growth and yield Spring and autumn frost can occur every now and then in the Boreal region, causing yield losses.

Water Quality  Soil and Managing Irrigation of Crops

Author: Teang Shui Lee

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9535104268

Page: 256

View: 769

The book entitled Water Quality, Soil and Managing Irrigation of Crops comprises three sections, specifically: Reuse Water Quality, Soil and Pollution which comprises five technical chapters, Managing Irrigation of Crops with four, and Examples of Irrigation Systems three technical chapters, all presented by the respective authors in their own fields of expertise. This text should be of interest to those who are interested in the safe reuse of water for irrigation purposes in terms of effluent quality and quality of urban drainage basins, as well as to those who are involved with research into the problems of soils in relation to pollution and health, infiltration and effects of irrigation and managing irrigation systems including basin type of irrigation, as well as the subsurface method of irrigation. The many examples are indeed a semblance of real world irrigation practices of general interest to practitioners, more so when the venues of these projects illustrated cover a fair range of climate environments.

Soils Plant Growth and Crop Production Volume I

These volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Soils  Plant Growth and Crop Production   Volume I

Author: Willy H. Verheye

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 1848263678

Page: 438

View: 881

Soils, Plant Growth and Crop Production is a component of Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty Encyclopedias. Plants, and crops in particular, grow and develop through the uptake of water and nutrients by the root system in soils and their transformation into biomass through processes governed by photosynthesis. The quality and amount of products harvested from this biomass depend largely on the intrinsic properties of the soil, i.e. the moisture and nutrients made available for uptake by the roots. These volumes describe in a synthetic form the impact of the most important soil properties on general agronomy, crop production, cultivation methods, and yields, including the specific management aspects which take away some production constraints. Changes in general agronomy as a result of plant breeding, climatic change and competition between newly introduced crops are discussed. The three volumes with contributions from distinguished experts in the field discusses about soils, plant growth and crop production in several related topics. These volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Yield gap analysis of field crops

What is the expected impact of enhanced photosynthesis on crop yield? ... harvest index) and environmental drivers of crop development, growth and resource ...

Yield gap analysis of field crops

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9251088136

Page: 82

View: 768

To feed a world population that will exceed 9 billion by 2050 requires an estimated 60% increase over current primary agricultural productivity. Closing the common and often large gap between actual and attainable crop yield is critical to achieve this goal. To close yield gaps in both small and large scale cropping systems worldwide we need (1) definitions and techniques to measure and model yield at different levels (actual, attainable, potential) and different scales in space (field, farm, region, global) and time (short and long term); (2) identification of the causes of gaps between yield levels; (3) management options to reduce the gaps where feasible and (4) policies to favour adoption of sustainable gap-closing solutions. The aim of this publication is to critically review the methods for yield gap analysis, hence addressing primarily the first of these four requirements, reporting a wide-ranging and well-referenced analysis of literature on current methods to assess productivity of crops and cropping systems.

Pnutgro V1 02

PNUTGRO V1.02 predicts dry matter growth, leaf area index (LAI), crop development, and final yield of peanuts depending on daily weather data for specific soils.

Pnutgro V1 02

Author: Kenneth J. Boote

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 76

View: 915

PNUTGRO V1.02 predicts dry matter growth, leaf area index (LAI), crop development, and final yield of peanuts depending on daily weather data for specific soils.

Irrigation and Agricultural Development

Environmental requirements of climate, soil and water for optimum growth and yield vary with crop and crop variety. A careful selection of the crop and its ...

Irrigation and Agricultural Development

Author: S. S. Johl

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483146995

Page: 380

View: 352

Irrigation and Agricultural Development compiles selected papers presented at the International Expert Consultation held in Baghdad, Iraq from February 24 to March 1, 1979. This book addresses the technical, economic, and institutional problems connected with the development and utilization of irrigation water for agricultural production. It discusses the policy framework for investment in irrigation projects; natural equilibriums and irrigated agriculture; and selection of appropriate irrigation methods for semi-arid regions. The studies on crop consumptive use of water in Iraq; world bank experience with irrigation, drainage and land reclamation projects; and salinity problems and land reclamation in the Arab Republic of Egypt are also covered. This publication is recommended for environmentalists, irrigation engineers, and agriculturists concerned with water development, conservation, and management.

Applied Agricultural Practices for Mitigating Climate Change Volume 2

Crop models are considered “agricultureoriented” because the analysis of these models focuses on ... and rainfall on crop development, growth, and yield.

Applied Agricultural Practices for Mitigating Climate Change  Volume 2

Author: Rohitashw Kumar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1000700011

Page: 282

View: 687

Conservation agriculture is a sustainable production model that not only optimizes crop yields, but also reaps economic and environmental benefits as well. The adoption of successful conservation agriculture methods has resulted in energy savings, higher organic matter content and biotic activity in soil, increased crop-water availability and thus resilience to drought, improved recharge of aquifers, less erosion, and reduced impacts from the weather associated with climate change in general. Applied Agricultural Practices for Mitigating Climate Change examines several important aspects of crop production, such as the use of microorganisms and biofertilizers as well as GIS and Remote Sensing applications. It presents the latest techniques in crop modeling, best practices for irrigation under water deficit conditions, and other approaches for sustainable conservation agriculture that consider the environmental effects of climate change. Features: Examines the effects of climate change on agriculture and the related strategies for mitigation through practical, real-world examples Explores innovative on-farm technology options to increase system efficiency resulting in improved water usage Presents examples of precision farming using climate-resilient technologies