Community Seed Banks

This book is the first to provide a global review of their development and includes a wide range of case studies.

Community Seed Banks

Author: Ronnie Vernooy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134608535

Page: 270

View: 868

Community seed banks first appeared towards the end of the 1980s, established with the support of international and national non-governmental organizations. This book is the first to provide a global review of their development and includes a wide range of case studies. Countries that pioneered various types of community seed banks include Bangladesh, Brazil, Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Nicaragua, the Philippines and Zimbabwe. In the North, a particular type of community seed bank emerged known as a seed-savers network. Such networks were first established in Australia, Canada, the UK and the USA before spreading to other countries. Over time, the number and diversity of seed banks has grown. In Nepal, for example, there are now more than 100 self-described community seed banks whose functions range from pure conservation to commercial seed production. In Brazil, community seed banks operate in various regions of the country. Surprisingly, despite 25 years of history and the rapid growth in number, organizational diversity and geographical coverage of community seed banks, recognition of their roles and contributions has remained scanty. The book reviews their history, evolution, experiences, successes and failures (and reasons why), challenges and prospects. It fills a significant gap in the literature on agricultural biodiversity and conservation, and their contribution to food sovereignty and security.

Ecology of Soil Seed Banks

This book also explores the role of seed banks in vegetation management. This reference material will be a valuable reference material to population and community ecologists and managers.

Ecology of Soil Seed Banks

Author: Mary Allessio Leck

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323148654

Page: 484

View: 337

Ecology of Soil Seed Banks examines the factors that influence seed bank dynamics and the variety of patterns found among different species. This book presents seed banks in a community context to explore the ecological implications of different patterns, and thus begin the development of a synthesis by comparing various communities. Organized into five parts, this book first examines the general processes that influence inputs or losses from the seed bank, including predation, dormancy/germination mechanisms, and their evolutionary importance. Then, this text examines seed banks in a community context. Only eight vegetation types are included, but the range in diversity of life form, length of growing season, and dominant environmental conditions allow comparisons of seed bank patterns. This book also explores the role of seed banks in vegetation management. This reference material will be a valuable reference material to population and community ecologists and managers. Evolutionary consequences of seed banks should be of interest to population and theoretical biologists.

Banking on Seeds Community Seed Bank Network

sensitise farming communities on the value of conserving indigenous seeds and
to locate diversity . Held immediately after the ... Seed Banks Community seed
banks are important for the safeguarding of traditional seeds . GF believes that
the ...

Banking on Seeds  Community Seed Bank Network

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 72

View: 648

Study with reference to Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, states of India.

Community Seed Banks in Nepal

Proceedings of a workshop organised by NAGRC, LI-BIRD and Bioversity International; held in Kathmandu, during 3-5 May 2018.

Community Seed Banks in Nepal

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 234

View: 590

Routledge Handbook of Agricultural Biodiversity

As such, they have an immediate impact on the operations of many community
seed banks, particularly those that focus on providing access to and availability of
seeds. Specific measures spelled out in policies and laws can offer concrete ...

Routledge Handbook of Agricultural Biodiversity

Author: Danny Hunter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317753291

Page: 692

View: 429

The world relies on very few crop and animal species for agriculture and to supply its food needs. In recent decades, there has been increased appreciation of the risk this implies for food security and quality, especially in times of environmental change. As a result, agricultural biodiversity has moved to the top of research and policy agendas. This Handbook presents a comprehensive overview of our current knowledge of agricultural biodiversity in a series of specially commissioned chapters. It draws on multiple disciplines including plant and animal genetics, ecology, crop and animal science, food studies and nutrition, as well as social science subjects which explore the socio-economic, cultural, institutional, legal and policy aspects of agricultural biodiversity. It focuses not only on the core requirements to deliver a sustainable agriculture and food supply, but also highlights the additional ecosystem services provided by a diverse and resilient agricultural landscape and farming practices. The book provides an indispensable reference textbook for a wide range of courses in agriculture, ecology, biodiversity conservation and environmental studies.

Seeds 3rd Edition

The 3rd edition of Seeds: The Ecology of Regeneration in Plant Communities highlights the many advances in the field of seed ecology and its relationship to plant community dynamics that have taken place in recent years.

Seeds  3rd Edition

Author: Robert S Gallagher

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780641834

Page: 320

View: 757

The 3rd edition of Seeds: The Ecology of Regeneration in Plant Communities highlights the many advances in the field of seed ecology and its relationship to plant community dynamics that have taken place in recent years. The new edition also features chapters on seed development and morphology, seed chemical ecology, implications of climate change on regeneration by seed, and the functional role of seed banks in agricultural and natural ecosystems. The book is aimed at advanced level students and researchers in the fields of seed science, seed ecology and plant ecology.

Community Biodiversity Management

learning 16, 24, 69470, 131; community resilience 380; institutional 310; new
environmental governance 358, 361, 362 legumes 297, 298; Bhutan 40;
community seed banks 1 1 1; Ethiopia 26; India 319 livelihood development 61,
202, 378, ...

Community Biodiversity Management

Author: Walter de Boef

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415502195

Page: 418

View: 275

"The conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in the environments where this diversity originated or is being used, are issues which are high on the policy agenda. This book is the first to set out a clear overview of community biodiversity management (CBM) as an approach to meet social, economic and environmental change"--

Forest Biodiversity

Seed security has to be addressed at different levels : household , community
and national . The best general approach to increase seed security is to create
more and more community seed banks . The concept of community seed banks ...

Forest Biodiversity

Author: K. Muthuchelian

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 794

Transcript of papers presented in a national workshop held at Ooty, Tamil Nadu; organized by the National Biodiversity Authority.

Growing Diversity

Activists present their experiences of managing plant genetic resources. The contributors document the achievements of farmers in developing crop varieties tailored to their needs, and demonstrate how these approaches can be built upon.

Growing Diversity

Author: David Cooper

Publisher: Intermediate Technology

ISBN:

Page: 166

View: 998

Activists present their experiences of managing plant genetic resources. The contributors document the achievements of farmers in developing crop varieties tailored to their needs, and demonstrate how these approaches can be built upon.

Organic Seed Traditional Varieties And Technologies

Keeping the importance of the organic agriculture, the book on "Organic seed" has been compiled which is first of its kind in India. This book consists of four major parts.

Organic Seed   Traditional Varieties And Technologies

Author: K. Vanangamudi

Publisher: Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 9387307808

Page: 350

View: 455

The production and supply of organic seed is the need of the hour to facilitate the organic Agriculture, which ensures the production of the organic food products free from the toxic substances for better human health. But, also to conserve the soil and environmental health for well-beings of the human life including the flora and fauna. Keeping the importance of the organic agriculture, the book on "Organic seed" has been compiled which is first of its kind in India. This book consists of four major parts. Part I deals with the documentation of the indigenous varieties in cereals, pulses, oilseeds and vegetables. In Part II, an overview of organic agriculture, requirements and technologies for organic seed production with special reference to rice and cotton, seed quality treatments, certification, marketing and storage of organic seed are discussed. Part III includes the technologies for production, processing and storage of seed. Role of community seed bank, seed fairs and farmers participatory plant breeding are included in the Part IV.

The Seed Keepers

They can become beej rakshaks by introducing diversity from farmers who have
conserved seed through community seed banks and exchange networks . 3 .
With industrialisation of agriculture , many farmers have stopped producing seed
for ...

The Seed Keepers

Author: Vandana Shiva

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 156

View: 884

On conservation of India'a agricultural biodiversity conducted under Navdanya Programme.

Farmers Seed Production

Box 2.7 Traditional seed banking in Ethiopia In Tigray the idea of establishing
community seed banks originated from discussions after the famine of 1984–85 .
People had noticed that some farmers achieved a better harvest than others in ...

Farmers  Seed Production

Author: Conny Almekinders

Publisher: New Approaches and Practices

ISBN:

Page: 291

View: 771

This handbook covers a whole range of issues relating to local seed supply systems, including participatory plant breeding, and both technical and practical information on seed production and variety maintenance. It suggests new approaches and methods to support on-farm seed production by small-scale farmers in developing countries. The first part of the book describes the functioning of local seed systems and discusses their strengths, limitations and possibilities for improvement. The authors discuss in detail issues of genetic diversity and in-situ conservation, farmers' rights and legislation. The cases presented here illustrate the functioning of local seed systems and experiences with improving them. The second part contains technical information on seed production, selection, storage and distribution, and varietal maintenance and improvement of different groups of important food crops, which can be applied and implemented at the level of small-scale farming. The third part contains practical guidelines about how on researchers and agriculturalists might carry out surveys to investigate local seed systems and their limitations, and how they can involve interested farmers in practical experimentation to improve their crop seed. This book will be of great value and interest to people who work directly with farmers, including extension agents, national and international NGOs, and farmers' cooperative workers.

Proceedings

The vegetation of the Arabian Sea coast is characterized by low diversity and
usually found in the form of pure communities. Seed bank is also characterized
by low diversity. The densities of seeds in the seed bank vary from 20,000 seed
m"2 ...

Proceedings

Author: E. Durant McArthur

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 299

View: 863

Seeds

PERSISTENCE OF COMMUNITIES Seed banks are important in the long - term
survival of individual species , as well as plant communities . However , not all
species in a community are represented in the seed bank ( e.g. , Oosting and ...

Seeds

Author: Carol C. Baskin

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 666

View: 972

Seeds: Ecology, Biogeography, and Evolution of Dormancy and Germination differs from all other books on seed germination. It is an all-encompassing volume that provides a working hypothesis of the ecological and environmental conditions under which various kinds of seed dormancy have developed. It also presents information on the seed germination of more than 3500 species of trees, shrubs, vines and herbaceous species, making this a valuable reference for anyone studying germination. This book delivers information on characteristics of each type of seed dormancy, how each type of dormancy is broken in nature, and what environmental conditions are required for germination after dormancy is broken. It explains how studies should be done to distinguish persistent from transient seed banks, and covers which species should be controlled, propagated, and conserved. Seeds gives the reader insight and guidelines for doing ecologically meaningful studies on the biogeography and evolution of seed dormancy and germination in order to better understand plant reproductive strategies, life history traits, adaptations to habitats, and physiological processes. Key Features * Evolutionary/phylogenetic origins and relationships of various kinds of seed dormancy * A world biogeographical perspective on seed dormancy and germination * Ecophysiology of seeds with each type of dormancy * Critical evaluation of methodology used in soil seed bank studies * Germination ecology of plants with specialized habitat and life cycle types * Genetic and maternal preconditioning effects on seed dormancy and germination * Guidelines for doing ecologically-meaningful germination studies

Geneflow

The seed banks also provide communities with space for experimentation ,
farmerscientist collaboration and other activities ... representative sorghum
varieties that will be conserved at the Wello Community Seed Bank Complex in
Ethiopia .

Geneflow

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 414