The Causes of War and the Spread of Peace

The causes of war - why people fight - is one of the big questions of human existence. Azar Gat's book, ranging from the beginning of prehistory to the 21st century, offers a definitive answer to the lingering mystery.

The Causes of War and the Spread of Peace

Author: Azar Gat

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198795025

Page: 303

View: 303

Why do humans go to war? Have we been waging war ever since we first existed as a species? Is a propensity to wage war part of what it is to be human, or more a result of the evolution of human society? And has there been a decline in war-making over time - or is this just a pious hope?Azar Gat here draws together insights from evolutionary theory, anthropology, history, historical sociology, and political science to address these fundamental questions about the history of our species - the answers to which also have big implications for our species' future survival.The book reveals that theories regarding the recent decline of war, such as the "democratic peace" and "capitalist peace", capture merely elements of a broader Modernization Peace that has been growing since the onset of the industrial age in the early 19th century.

Causes of War

Causes of War has a structure and clarity that will make this volume a joy to use in the classroom.

Causes of War

Author: Jack S. Levy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444357093

Page: 288

View: 151

Written by leading scholars in the field, Causes of War provides the first comprehensive analysis of the leading theories relating to the origins of both interstate and civil wars. Utilizes historical examples to illustrate individual theories throughout Includes an analysis of theories of civil wars as well as interstate wars -- one of the only texts to do both Written by two former International Studies Association Presidents

The Causes of War

Is there an underlying "cause" of war and, if so, what is it? In this book, David Sobek argues that there is no single explanation for war: factors leading to war in one case may well lead to peace in another.

The Causes of War

Author: David Sobek

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745655467

Page: 240

View: 772

Wars often spring out of nowhere with little warning. One need only look at the recent troubles at the Lebanon-Israeli border for evidence of this claim. At other points in history, such as the run-up to the Second World War, wars seem all but foretold. How does one understand a phenomenon that, at times, seems so random, while at others so predictable? Is there an underlying "cause" of war and, if so, what is it? In this book, David Sobek argues that there is no single explanation for war: factors leading to war in one case may well lead to peace in another. Understanding the onset of war, he contends, requires a movement away from single theories towards one that embraces the multi-faceted causes of war. The characteristics of individual states, the strategic interaction of multiple states, and the broad structure of the international system all affect the risk of war. Throughout the book Sobek draws on a wide range of examples – from the rise of Japan in the 19th century to the emergence of Hamas in the 21st century – to show how both domestic and international politics push states to, or pull them from, the brink of armed conflict. While civil war and terrorism are often viewed as a from of violence distinct from interstate war, Sobek examines them as simply an extreme form of asymmetric warfare. From this perspective terrorism emerges as just another tactic used by actors engaged in armed conflict. The Causes of War will be essential reading for students of security and strategic studies as well as anyone seeking to understand the rise of violent conflict in the contemporary world.

Causes of War

These are contrasted with an examination of the conditions and processes leading to civil war.

Causes of War

Author: Jack S. Levy

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781405175609

Page: 288

View: 514

Written by leading scholars in the field, Causes of War provides the first comprehensive analysis of the leading theories relating to the origins of both interstate and civil wars. Utilizes historical examples to illustrate individual theories throughout Includes an analysis of theories of civil wars as well as interstate wars -- one of the only texts to do both Written by two former International Studies Association Presidents

Causes of War

Stephen Van Evera frames five conditions that increase the risk of interstate war: false optimism about the likely outcome of a war, a first-strike advantage, fluctuation in the relative power of states, circumstances that allow nations to ...

Causes of War

Author: Stephen Van Evera

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801467187

Page: 288

View: 280

What causes war? How can military conflicts best be prevented? A prominent political scientist here addresses these questions, offering ideas that will be widely debated. Stephen Van Evera frames five conditions that increase the risk of interstate war: false optimism about the likely outcome of a war, a first-strike advantage, fluctuation in the relative power of states, circumstances that allow nations to parlay one conquest into another, and circumstances that make conquest easy. According to Van Evera, all but one of these conditions—false optimism—rarely occur today, but policymakers often erroneously believe in their existence. He argues that these misperceptions are responsible for many modern wars, and explores both World Wars, the Korean War, and the 1967 Mideast War as test cases. Finally, he assesses the possibility of nuclear war by applying all five hypotheses to its potential onset. Van Evera's book demonstrates that ideas from the Realist paradigm can offer strong explanations for international conflict and valuable prescriptions for its control.

Theory and Research on the Causes of War

Som et bidrag til konfliktforskningen har de to redaktører samlet 20 udvalgte artikler vedr. kriser og krige/konflikter og årsagerne dertil.

Theory and Research on the Causes of War

Author: Richard Christopher Snyder

Publisher: Englewood Cliffs, N.J : Prentice-Hall

ISBN:

Page: 314

View: 897

Som et bidrag til konfliktforskningen har de to redaktører samlet 20 udvalgte artikler vedr. kriser og krige/konflikter og årsagerne dertil. Artiklerne er udvalgt til at belyse bogens syv afsnit. Part One: The Study of War: Theory and Method; Part Two: Motives and Perceptions underlying into War; Part Three: Movement toward War: From Motives and Perceptions to Actions; Part Four: Restraints against Use of Violence: Military Preparations; Part Five: Nonmilitary Restraints and the Peaceful Resolution of Controversy; Part Six: The Incidence of War: Statistical Evidence; Part Seven: Toward an Integrated Theory and Cumulative Research.

Conflict After the Cold War

7.2 The Offensive/Defensive Balance of Military Technology -- 7.3 Why Nuclear Proliferation May Be Good -- 7.4 Drones: Technology Serves Strategy -- 7.5 Drones: Tactics Undermine Strategy -- PART VIII Terrorism, Revolution, and ...

Conflict After the Cold War

Author: Richard K. Betts

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351864874

Page: 666

View: 206

7.2 The Offensive/Defensive Balance of Military Technology -- 7.3 Why Nuclear Proliferation May Be Good -- 7.4 Drones: Technology Serves Strategy -- 7.5 Drones: Tactics Undermine Strategy -- PART VIII Terrorism, Revolution, and Unconventional Warfare -- 8.1 The Strategic Logic of Terrorism -- 8.2 Speech to the American People -- 8.3 Science of Guerrilla Warfare -- 8.4 On Guerrilla Warfare -- 8.5 Patterns of Violence in World Politics -- 8.6 Insurgency and Counterinsurgency -- 8.7 Principles, Imperatives, and Paradoxes of Counterinsurgency -- 8.8 A Strategy of Tactics: The Folly of Counterinsurgency -- PART IX Threat Assessment and Misjudgment: Recurrent Dilemmas -- 9.1 The German Threat? 1907 -- 9.2 The German Threat? 1938 -- 9.3 The Threat to Ukraine From the West -- 9.4 The Threat From Russia -- 9.5 How Could Vietnam Happen? An Autopsy -- 9.6 Afghanistan's Legacy : Emerging Lessons -- 9.7 China: Can the Next Superpower Rise Without War? -- PART X New Threats and Strategies for Peace -- 10.1 Environmental Changes as Causes of Acute Conflict -- 10.2 Why Cyberdeterrence Is Different -- 10.3 A World of Liberty Under Law -- 10.4 Peace Among Civilizations?

The Causes of Wars and Other Essays

Never have we been more in need of information and perspective, for if we wish to avoid war we must understand it. Michael Howard offers an analysis of our present predicament by discussing those issues that cause war and make peace.

The Causes of Wars and Other Essays

Author: Michael Howard

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674104174

Page: 286

View: 295

Public consciousness of the threat of nuclear war is rising steadily. Responses to the nuclear dilemma are conflicting and often confusing. Never have we been more in need of information and perspective, for if we wish to avoid war we must understand it. Michael Howard offers an analysis of our present predicament by discussing those issues that cause war and make peace. His book includes an examination of nuclear strategy today, views of the past about the conduct of international relations, ethics, modes of defense, and studies of military thinkers and leaders. The Causes of Wars illuminates the interrelationship between men and ideas, between war and other social forces, and between our present situation and its roots in the past.

The Causes of War

The peace that passeth understanding -- Paradise is a bazaar -- Dreams and delusions of a coming war -- While waterbirds fight -- Death-watch and scapegoat wars -- War chests and pulse beats -- A calendar of war -- The abacus of power -- ...

The Causes of War

Author: Geoffrey Blainey

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 325

View: 203

The peace that passeth understanding -- Paradise is a bazaar -- Dreams and delusions of a coming war -- While waterbirds fight -- Death-watch and scapegoat wars -- War chests and pulse beats -- A calendar of war -- The abacus of power -- War as an accident -- Aims and arms -- A day that lives in infamy -- Vendetta of the Black Sea -- Long wars -- And shorter wars -- The mystery of wide wars -- Australia's Pacific war -- Myths of the nuclear era -- War, peace and neutrality.

International and Regional Security

Finally, the book addresses the debate on the future of war and peace in the 21st century. This book will be essential reading for students of international security, regional security, Middle Eastern politics, foreign policy and IR.

International and Regional Security

Author: Benjamin Miller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317285549

Page: 294

View: 423

This volume is a collection of the best essays of Professor Benjamin Miller on the subjects of international and regional security. The book analyses the interrelationships between international politics and regional and national security, with a special focus on the sources of international conflict and collaboration and the causes of war and peace. More specifically, it explains the sources of intended and unintended great-power conflict and collaboration. The book also accounts for the sources of regional war and peace by developing the concept of the state-to-nation balance. Thus the volume is able to explain the variations in the outcomes of great power interventions and the differences in the level and type of war and peace in different eras and various parts of the world. For example, the book’s model can account for recent outcomes such as the effects of the 2003 American intervention in Iraq, the post-2011 Arab Spring and the conflicts between Russia and Ukraine. The book also provides a model for explaining the changes in American grand strategy with a special focus on accounting for the causes of the invasion of Iraq in 2003. Finally, the book addresses the debate on the future of war and peace in the 21st century. This book will be essential reading for students of international security, regional security, Middle Eastern politics, foreign policy and IR.

An Introduction to the Causes of War

This pioneering book explains the causes of war through a sustained combination of theoretical insights and detailed case studies.

An Introduction to the Causes of War

Author: Greg Cashman

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9780742555099

Page: 423

View: 861

Explains the causes of war through a sustained combination of theoretical insights and detailed case studies. This work through the examples of World War I, World War II in the Pacific, the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, and others, uncovers the complex multi-level processes by which disputes between countries evolve into bloody conflicts.

War and Punishment

What makes wars drag on and why do they end when they do? Here H. E. Goemans brings theoretical rigor and empirical depth to a long-standing question of securities studies.

War and Punishment

Author: H. E. Goemans

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400823951

Page: 368

View: 420

What makes wars drag on and why do they end when they do? Here H. E. Goemans brings theoretical rigor and empirical depth to a long-standing question of securities studies. He explores how various government leaders assess the cost of war in terms of domestic politics and their own postwar fates. Goemans first develops the argument that two sides will wage war until both gain sufficient knowledge of the other's strengths and weaknesses so as to agree on the probable outcome of continued war. Yet the incentives that motivate leaders to then terminate war, Goemans maintains, can vary greatly depending on the type of government they represent. The author looks at democracies, dictatorships, and mixed regimes and compares the willingness among leaders to back out of wars or risk the costs of continued warfare. Democracies, according to Goemans, will prefer to withdraw quickly from a war they are not winning in order to appease the populace. Autocracies will do likewise so as not to be overthrown by their internal enemies. Mixed regimes, which are made up of several competing groups and which exclude a substantial proportion of the people from access to power, will likely see little risk in continuing a losing war in the hope of turning the tide. Goemans explores the conditions and the reasoning behind this "gamble for resurrection" as well as other strategies, using rational choice theory, statistical analysis, and detailed case studies of Germany, Britain, France, and Russia during World War I. In so doing, he offers a new perspective of the Great War that integrates domestic politics, international politics, and battlefield developments.

Causes of War

Theories on the origins of war are often based on the premise that the rational actor is in pursuit of material satisfaction, such as the quest for power or for wealth.

Causes of War

Author: Thomas Lindemann

Publisher: ECPR Press

ISBN: 1907301011

Page: 176

View: 756

Theories on the origins of war are often based on the premise that the rational actor is in pursuit of material satisfaction, such as the quest for power or for wealth. These perspectives disregard the need for homo symbolicus – meaning the preservation of a positive self-image for both emotional and instrumental reasons. A good reputation ensures authority and material resources. Non-recognition can be as much as an explanation of war as that of other explicative 'variables'. Two empirical studies examining the role of non-recognition in great power conflicts and in international crises will demonstrate the value of this symbolic approach.

War and Its Causes

This interdisciplinary book assesses the causes of war, considering what war actually is—key for understanding its causes.

War and Its Causes

Author: Jeremy Black

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1538117924

Page: 256

View: 898

This interdisciplinary book assesses the causes of war, considering what war actually is—key for understanding its causes. Black marshals global examples from the fifteenth century to the present, analyzing the three main types of war—between cultures, within cultures, and civil—emphasizing the social and cultural factors leading to conflict.

The Causes of the War of 1812

This volume offers the first analysis of the causes of the war from both the British and American points of view, showing clearly that, contrary to the popular misconception, the war’s basic causes are to be found not in America but in ...

The Causes of the War of 1812

Author: Reginald Horsman

Publisher: Pickle Partners Publishing

ISBN: 1789121957

Page: 264

View: 248

In the years immediately preceding the War of 1812, England was dominated by a faction that pledged itself not only to defeat Napoleon but also to maintain British commercial supremacy. The two main points of contention between England and America—impressment and the restrictions imposed by the Orders in Council—were direct results of these commitments. America finally had no alternative but to oppose with force British maritime policy. In addition to tracing the gradual drift to war in America, Professor Horsman shows that the Indian problem and American expansionist designs against Canada played small part in bringing about the struggle. He examines the efforts made by America to avoid conflict through means of economic coercion, efforts the failure of which confronted the nation with two alternatives: war or submission to England. This volume offers the first analysis of the causes of the war from both the British and American points of view, showing clearly that, contrary to the popular misconception, the war’s basic causes are to be found not in America but in Europe.

Germany and the Causes of the First World War

This book encourages us to re-think the events that led to global conflict in 1914.Historians in recent years have argued that German leaders acted defensively or pre-emptively in 1914, conscious of the Reich's deteriorating military and ...

Germany and the Causes of the First World War

Author: Mark Hewitson

Publisher: Berg Publishers

ISBN: 9781859738702

Page: 280

View: 380

How can we understand what caused World War I? What role did Germany play? This book encourages us to re-think the events that led to global conflict in 1914.Historians in recent years have argued that German leaders acted defensively or pre-emptively in 1914, conscious of the Reich's deteriorating military and diplomatic position. Germany and the Causes of the First World War challenges such interpretations, placing new emphasis on the idea that the Reich Chancellor, the German Foreign Office and the Great General Staff were confident that they could win a continental war. This belief in Germany's superiority derived primarily from an assumption of French decline and Russian weakness throughout the period between the turn of the century and the eve of the First World War. Accordingly, Wilhelmine policy-makers pursued offensive policies - at the risk of war at important junctures during the 1900s and 1910s. The author analyses the stereotyping of enemy states, representations of war in peacetime, and conceptualizations of international relations. He uncovers the complex role of ruling elites, political parties, big business and the press, and contends that the decade before the First World War witnessed some critical changes in German foreign policy. By the time of the July crisis of 1914, for example, the perception of enemies had altered, with Russia - the traditional bugbear of the German centre and left - becoming the principal opponent of the Reich. Under these changed conditions, German leaders could now pursue their strategy of brinkmanship, using war as an instrument of policy, to its logical conclusion.

The Causes and Prevention of War

In this unique book, Seyom Brown applies the analytical tools of the social and behavioral sciences to the study of international violence.

The Causes and Prevention of War

Author: Seyom Brown

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9780312102692

Page: 260

View: 569

In this unique book, Seyom Brown applies the analytical tools of the social and behavioral sciences to the study of international violence. Within this theoretical framework, he considers the phenomenon of war itself; its behavioral, political, institutional, and structural determinants; and the issues involved in the reduction of international conflict. This second edition, which focuses especially on the challenges and opportunities for maintaining peace in the post-Cold War world, incorporates three new chapters. New topics include the forms of collective violence, the culture of war, and the role of diplomacy. The concluding section has also been extensively revised to accommodate an integrated strategy for the prevention and control of war.

An Introduction to the Causes of War

This pioneering book explains the causes of war through a sustained combination of theoretical insights and detailed case studies from WWI to the Iraq War.

An Introduction to the Causes of War

Author: Greg Cashman

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1538127806

Page: 466

View: 794

This pioneering book explains the causes of war through a sustained combination of theoretical insights and detailed case studies from WWI to the Iraq War. Cashman and Robinson find that, while all wars have multiple causes, specific factors typically combine in identifiable “dangerous patterns” that lead to bloody conflicts between countries.

Why Vietnam Invaded Cambodia

Written in a clear and accessible style, the book should appeal not only to the Asian specialist, but also to the general reader interested in world affairs.

Why Vietnam Invaded Cambodia

Author: Stephen J. Morris

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804730495

Page: 315

View: 129

Morris examines the, "first and only extended war between two communist regimes."