Colin Yates and Peter K. Smith How serious are bully/victim problems in ... of discipline in schools was considered recently by the Elton Report (1989), ...
Author: Erling Roland
Published in 1989, this book provides an international perspective on bullying. Bullying - defined in the context of this book as psychological or physical violence directed from a group or individual over a period of time against a person who is unable to defend themselves – is a phenomenon that effects countries and cultures worldwide and therefore a subject on which an international perspective is of great value. This book offers an empirical overview of research of its time. This overview includes major research findings in Scandinavia, Britain, and several other European countries as well as including approaches to tackling bullying developed in both Europe and USA. International contributors provide accounts of their work based on practical and proven approaches to prevention and intervention. Their conclusions will interest all who are concerned with this serious problem including those involved in education, psychology, and researchers.
Lane, D. (1989) Violent histories: bullying and criminality. In D. P. Tattum and D. A. Lane (eds), Bullying in Schools. Stoke-on-Trent: Trentham Books.
Author: Peter K. Smith
Originally published in 1991, this book is about bullying and victimisation in children and young people, and ways of dealing with it. With the exception of Chapter 13 which is related to experiences of bullying within the borstal system, superseded by Youth Custody and more recently the Unified Custodial Sentence, it is about bullying in schools. The aim of this book is to help teachers, school governors, and parents work towards reducing the effects of behaviour which can, at worst, blight the lives of victims into adulthood and encourage antisocial and violent behaviour in those who get away with bullying.
... Mike Eslea , and David Thompson Impetus for the intervention , early stages of planning , and funding During 1989–90 school bullying started to become a ...
Author: Peter K. Smith
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
A comparative account carried out by educationalists and researchers of the major intervention projects against school bullying since the 1980s.
Cumulative number of publications generated on the academic search engine Google Scholar using the term “school bullying,” 1989–2018.
Author: Robert A. Brooks
"We hope to provide a broad overview of how criminological theory can enlighten our understanding of school bullying. Given the conflict between the massive amount of academic work about school bullying on the one hand, as noted above, and our space limitations on the other hand, we are not able to delve deeply into all aspects of the phenomenon. We also note that research applying criminological theory to school bullying is a relatively recent development (picking up around 2008 or 2009), and so we do our best to fill in gaps in the literature when necessary. We also include research that was not explicitly criminological but which appears to mirror or invoke criminological theories or principles. We also provide an overall impression of the utility of criminological theory to explain school bullying. We have designed the chapters to be read in conjunction with corresponding chapters in criminology textbooks, but the book also stands alone. Given this focus, we have attempted to devote relatively less space on descriptions of theory and more to applications of it. Chapter 1 offers an overview of school bullying, describing its nature and extent, definitional and measurement issues and challenges, how the phenomenon has been socially constructed, and various methods of response and prevention. The chapter ends with a brief discussion of the social-ecological model. Chapters 2 through 7 apply criminological theories. Chapter 2 discusses victimization, lifestyle, and deterrence theories. Chapter 3 considers individual-level (micro) theories at the biosocial and psychological level. Chapter 4 discusses social structure theories, including social disorganization, strain, and subcultural theories. Chapter 5 looks at social process theories, including social learning, social control and social reaction (or labeling). Chapter 6 explores various critical theories such as feminist theory and critical race theory. Chapter 7 addresses integrated, developmental, and life course theories as well as the social-ecological view that incorporates "nested" levels of theory (i.e., micro to macro). Each of these chapters also includes a discussion of the policy implications that emerge from the theories covered and a Policy Box that asks readers to apply theoretical constructs to school bullying response and prevention"--
This was the first government sponsored research into bullying in the United Kingdom. The project was carried out in ten secondary schools in 1989 with a ...
Author: Richard Catalano
The Nature of School Bullying provides a unique world-wide perspective on how different countries have conceptualized the issue of school bullying, what information has been gathered, and what interventions have been carried out. Written and compiled by well known experts in the field, it provides a concise summary of the current state of knowledge of school bullying in nineteen different countries, including: * demographic details * definitions of bullying * the nature and types of school bullying * descriptive statistics about bullying * initiatives and interventions. The Nature of School Bullying provides an authoritative resource for anyone interested in ways in which this problem is being tackled on a global scale. It will be invaluable for teachers, educational policy makers, researchers, and all those concerned with understanding school bullying and finding ways of dealing with it.
(A similar article appears in E.Roland and E. Munthe (eds), Bullying: An internationalperspective. London: David Fulton, 1989.) Pitfield, M.A. (1992) An ...
Author: Sonia Sharp
Gives a succinct and authoritative account of research into the nature and extent of bullying in schools, evaluating the success of different approaches to the problem.
SES and unemployment are family stressors that may contribute to bullying (Farrington, 1993; Patterson, et al., 1989). Some studies, however, find no ...
Author: Cheryl E. Sanders
Publisher: Academic Press
In recent years there have been an increasing number of incidents where children have either perpetrated or been the victims of violence in the schools. Often times the children who perpetrated the violence had been the victims of school bullying. If bullying once was a matter of extorting lunch money from one's peers, it has since escalated into slander, sexual harassment, and violence. And the victims, unable to find relief, become depressed and/or violent in return. Despite all the media attention on recent school tragedies, many of which can be traced to bullied children, there has been little in the way of research-based books toward understanding why and how bullying occurs, the effects on all the individuals involved and the most effective intervention techniques. Summarizing research in education, social, developmental, and counseling psychology, Bullying: Implications for the Classroom examines the personality and background of both those who become bullies and those most likely to become their victims, how families, peers, and schools influence bullying behavior, and the most effective interventions in pre-school, primary and middle schools. Intended for researchers, educators, and professionals in related fields, this book provides an international review of research on bullying. KEY FEATURES: * Presents practical ideas regarding prevention/intervention of bullying * Covers theoretical views of bullying * Provides an international perspective on bullying * Discusses bullying similarities and differences in elementary and middle school * Presents practical ideas regarding prevention/intervention of bullying * Provides an international perspective on bullying * Outlines information regarding bullying during the elementary and middle school years * Covers theoretical views of bullying * Presents new approaches to explaining bullying * Contributing authors include internationally known researchers in the field
The parents of a child being bullied may approach the school for advice on how to support the child at home during this difficult period ( Besag , 1989 ...
Author: Michele Elliott
Publisher: Pearson Education
Bullying focuses on providing teachers with tried and tested methods which can be used to cope with the growing problem of bullying. Using the most up-to-date findings and research into the problem, this practical book enables bullying to be effectively addressed.
Quoted in V. Besag (1989) Bullies and Victims in Schools, Milton Keynes: Open University Press. Olweus, D. (1989) 'Bully/victim problems amongst ...
Author: Neil Duncan
Bullying is one of the most destructive but common social practices that young people experience in schools, and one of the most difficult for teachers to manage successfully. Sexual bullying is even more difficult to deal with. Most adults can recall the important part sexual reputation played in the hierarchies of peer-group popularity during secondary schooling. The significance of this formative period of our sexual identities seems obvious, but is largely ignored by education policy makers and rarely appears in staff training programmes. This book draws together a number of theories on gender, adolescent behaviour and schooling to examine social interactions in four comprehensive schools. The original research underpinning this book comprises of group and individual interviews with the pupils, case-studies and classroom-practitioner observations over a seven-year period. This book will stimulate interest amongst all concerned with pupil welfare and social change.
bullying. Invisible girls In stating that boys are competitive but that girls are ... (Besag 1989: 4) Bullying is a relatively new area of research.
Author: Besag, Valerie
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
Girlsâ€™ bullying is more subtle and less physical than that perpetrated by boys; however, it can be just as powerful, and the emotional repercussions of bullying among girls can be more destructive and longer lasting than the effects of more obvious forms of bullying. Teachers report that quarrels between girls are far more time-consuming and difficult to resolve than the disputes of boys, yet not enough information is available to guide them on dealing with girlsâ€™ fighting and unhappiness caused by their relationships with other girls, many of whom may have been their closest friends. Understanding Girlsâ€™ Friendships, Fights and Feudsilluminates the issue of girlsâ€™ bullying â€“ an issue that can cause a great deal of distress but which is sometimes ignored or dismissed by adults. Drawing on close observations of girlsâ€™ behaviour, Val Besag provides an in-depth understanding of girlsâ€™ bullying, exploring the mechanisms and language that girls use to entice some into their groups and exclude others. The book offers detailed practical advice for dealing with girlsâ€™ bullying, which will help both students and teachers to understand and combat different kinds of bullying, as well as comprehensive guidance for preventing or reducing bullying activities among girls, including: Whole school approaches Programmes for developing emotional literacy and resilience Approaches for dealing with gangs Using methods such as art and drama Developing conflict resolution skills Student â€“ parent programmes Peer support programmes This is key reading for teachers, trainee teachers, educational psychologists and social workers, academics and researchers in the field, and others who have an interest in creating bully-free schools and societies.
Understanding Bullies and Bullying Dennis Lines. any detail, other than to illustrate the ... (Roland 1989) 5. Bullying is a special case of aggression ...
Author: Dennis Lines
Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
The Bullies attempts to get inside the minds of the bully and victim. By listening to the voices of bullies and victims from all kinds of backgrounds without making judgements, counsellor Dennis Lines provides unique insights into bullying and what makes such domineering and aggressive behaviour so complex.
Besag, V. E. (1989) Bullies and Victims in Schools, Milton Keynes: Open University Press. Björkqvist, K., Ekman, K. and Lagerspetz, K. M. J. (1982) 'Bullies ...
Author: Ian Rivers
Bullying: Experiences and Discourses of Sexuality and Gender provides a valuable insight into the experiences of young people and how bullying can impact upon them in the school environment. The book offers an introduction to the key issues associated with bullying on the grounds of sex and sexual orientation, and points to key policies and guidance on these difficult issues. With cutting-edge research and applied studies from leading academics and practitioners in the field, Bullying combines theory with suggestions for practical intervention for practitioners in education and social work. Chapter by chapter, the book strengthens the reader’s knowledge base, and demonstrates how best to develop both academic and advocacy arguments to confront bullying, formulate intervention through examples of research findings, and recommend advice and guidance in professional contexts. Bullying offers multiple perspectives to challenge bullying related to gender, sexuality, and transgender status. The book includes the latest work on: sexual bullying and the implications for policy and practice sexual dimensions of cyberbullying homophobia sex differences in bullying lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender issues in educational contexts planning and delivering interventions in schools. Bullying: Experiences and Discourses of Sexuality and Gender will appeal to education professionals, as well as researchers and postgraduate students in the social sciences, social work and educational and clinical child psychology.
Roland, E. (1989a) 'Bullying. The Scandinavian Research Tradition', in D. P. Tattum and D. A. Lane (eds), Bullying in Schools. StokeonTrent, Trentham Books.
Author: Tiny Arora
Bullying: Effective Strategies for Long Term Improvement tackles the sensitive issue of bullying in schools and offers practical guidance on how to deal successfully with the issue in the long term. The authors examine how bullying begins, the impact of bullying on the victimised child, and how the extent of bullying in schools can be reliably measured and assessed. They go on to explain how to set up anti-bullying initiatives which will maintain their effectiveness over the years. The complexity of the bullying process is emphasised throughout, but care is taken to outline clearly the actions that can be taken which will substantially reduce bullying in the long term. The book is an outcome of over 10 years research into bullying. The authors draw on their own major studies and international research to provide real workable solutions to the problem of bullying, which are illustrated by case study examples throughout. The book is essential reading for school managers, teachers, student teachers and researchers determined to tackle the issues of bullying head on.
London, University of London. Stephenson, P. and Smith, D. (1989) Bullying in the junior school. In D. Tattum and D. Lane (eds) Bullying in Schools.
Author: George Robinson
Previously referred to as the No Blame Approach, the pioneering work of George and Barbara has been popular amongst practitioners seeking an alternative method to punishment for dealing with bullying in their setting. This publication incorporates an updated edition of their best selling 'Crying for Help' and provides a clear practical guide and an explanation of the theory and values underpinning the work. For those who are interested in understanding, using and evaluating the method this book: - Explains how the Support Group Method began - Charts the recent controversy over the approach - Gives step by step guidance on using the SGM - Includes real life accounts from a practitioner using the method - Answers frequently asked questions. The publication includes George and Barbara's submission to the House of Commons Education Select Committee and a research report provided by Professor Peter K Smith who was commissioned to evaluate the use of the method. Also available: The Support Group Method Training Pack by Barbara Maines and George Robinson
Tattum, D.P. and Lane, D.A. (eds) (1989) Bullying in Schools, Stoke-on-Trent: Trentham. Tedeschi, J.T. (1983) Social influence theory and aggression, ...
Author: Peter Randall
The frequency and severity of personal harrassment is a problem that is only just beginning to be uncovered. In Adult Bullying, psychologist Peter Randall uses the voices of both bullies and victims to reveal the misery that many adults endure. He describes the processes that turn child bullies into adult bullies, often aware of their behaviour but unable to stop it. The workplace and the neighbourhood replace the playground, but the tactics and patterns of reward remain the same. The adult victim has little or no more power than the child counterpart, often changing jobs to escape the attentions of the bully. Similarly, managers like teachers, often fail to tackle the complaints of the victim with the seriousness the problem deserves, preferring to believe that the fuss is unwarranted. Adult Bullying will be welcomed by managers, counsellors, social workers and anyone who has experienced personal harrassment. Effective ways to deal with bullying in the community and the workplace are discussed, with particular attention given to the implications for managers and employees.
INSTRUMENTS Bully/Victim Behavior In this study, “bullying” was defined according to ... of “bullying” provided in the Olweus Bullying Inventory (1989).2 ...
Author: Charles A Maher
A comprehensive examination of theory, research, prevention and intervention, and professional practice issues - in one source. Teasing, shunning, and bullying can have serious detrimental effects on both victim and perpetrator. Bullying, Victimization, and Peer Harassment: A Handbook of Prevention and Intervention comprehensively gathers emerging research, theory, and effective practice on this subject into one invaluable source. This thorough review of a wide spectrum of innovative, evidence-based practices targets the complex problems of victimization, peer harassment, and bullying in our schools. Interventions range from individuals and their peers to broad, systems-level change within schools and communities. The challenge of prevention is also explored, using the latest studies as a practical foundation. Suggestions are provided detailing effective strategies to make changes in the culture within schools while offering directions for future research and practice. Bullying, Victimization, and Peer Harassment discusses research on current intervention programs now in place that, until now, has never been evaluated. Several of the studies address middle school issues and multi-ethnic populations, including those from the United States, Canada, and Europe. Peer sexual harassment and dating-related aggression are examined that includes and goes beyond traditional views of bullying and peer intimidation. This valuable handbook provides concise yet extensive information on the most current theory, empirical research, practice guidelines, and suggestions for preparing schools for programmatic initiatives. Topics in Bullying, Victimization, and Peer Harassment include: theory and conceptual issues in victimization, bullying, and peer harassment assessment results from a four-year longitudinal study on peer victimization in early adolescents youth perceptions toward bullying high school students’ victimization profiles immigrant children and victimization evaluating an adolescent violence prevention program a school-based intervention program peer group intervention interventions for victims multiple perspectives involving sexual harassment school-wide approaches to prevention and intervention and much more! Bullying, Victimization, and Peer Harassment is a crucial resource for researchers and mental health professionals who work in schools and who work with children and their families, such as school psychologists, counselors, clinical child psychologists, social workers, and community psychologists.
provided in the Olweus Bullying Inventory (1989). 2 Self-ratings. Participants were presented with four subscales of the Bully/Victim Questionnaire (BVQ; ...
Author: Joseph Zins
Bullying and harassment threaten academic achievement and mental health in our schools. Look beyond your work with individual students to address these problems in their larger context! This book presents enlightening empirical studies and reviews of the literature on peer harassment, bullying, and victimization. Designed to expand our knowledge and understanding of these topics, Bullying, Peer Harassment, and Victimization in the Schools: The Next Generation of Prevention documents the widespread nature of the phenomena both inside and outside the United States, identifies risk and protective factors, and provides practitioners with specific, evidence-based guidelines for effective preventive action. From the editors: The problem of bullying, peer harassment, and victimization is a serious one in our schools. It greatly affects the climate for learning and productivity and the emotional health of students and staff. This book presents empirical data and theoretical and legal case reviews to show how pervasive and serious these problems are and how they threaten both academic achievement and mental health within many of our schools. Taking a longitudinal and developmental perspective, the authors begin to outline the next generation of research in this field that will shape knowledge and practice for the next few decades. For practitioners, the book is a call to action, particularly at the school-wide level, focusing on reducing the substantial social/emotional harm done to perpetrators, bystanders, and especially, victims. Bullying, Peer Harassment, and Victimization in the Schools provides vital information on: what mental health professionals can do to prevent and respond to sexual harassment in schools the relationship between middle-school adjustment and bullying aggressive behavior and friendship patterns in immigrant children school-based intervention strategies the relationship between the cultures of childhood and sexual harassment—from developmental, domestic violence, and legal perspectives risk factors and protective factors affecting victimization and more! It has been estimated that bullying affects more than half of the students in American schools. This book can add significantly to your ability to combat and prevent this pervasive problem. Use it to improve the quality of education received by students in your community!
The bully-victim is a victim in one situation and a bully in another situation. (Besag, 1989, p. 14) Passive Victim Olweus (2003) found that 80% to 85% of ...
Author: Azadeh F. Osanloo
Across the United States, schools face the daunting issue of confronting the widespread effects of bullying, which threaten the physical, emotional, and intellectual well?being and development of youth. Creating and Negotiating Collaborative Spaces for Socially?Just Anti?Bullying Interventions for K?12 Schools is a theoretically and empirically grounded edited volume that describes practical ways to address bullying at both systemic and individual levels. Central to the scope of the book is a diversity?focused approach to assessing and conceptualizing discrimination and bullying among marginalized youth, such as LGBTQ, mixed race, gifted and talented, and special needs populations. Interspersed with concrete, real?life examples, each chapter in the volume expands on the multiple dimensions of bullying as well as research?backed anti?bullying interventions. The book advances previous literature by addressing contemporary issues in bullying. Special topics include teacher?to?student bullying, cyberbullying, restorative justice practices, and assessment of attitudes toward addressing bullying.
Matthiesen, S. B., Raknes, B. I. and Røkkum, O. (1989) Mobbing på arbeid- splassen (Bullying in the workplace). Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening, 26, ...
Author: Stale Einarsen
Publisher: CRC Press
Over the last decade or so research into bullying, emotional abuse and harassment at work, as distinct from harassment based on sex or race and primarily of a non-physical nature, has emerged as a new field of study. Two main academic streams have emerged: a European tradition applying the concept of 'mobbing' or 'bullying' and the American traditi
Askew, S. (1989) 'Aggressive behaviour in boys: to what extent is it institutionalised?' in Tattum, D. and Lane, D. (eds) Bullying in Schools.
Author: Chris Lee
This resource offers tried-and-tested strategies based on the author's school-based research and regular work in schools training staff who deal with incidents of bullying.