It concludes by looking at some of the broader issues associated with the management of CRM. The book's readership includes those who design, deliver or manage CRM and safety-related training within airlines and other companies.
Author: Norman MacLeod
Building Safe Systems in Aviation provides a single source for those who need to progress beyond current models of Crew Resource Management (CRM) to developing safe systems in critical industries. Although the primary focus is on airline pilots, the principles apply to all sectors of aviation, particularly maintenance and cabin crew, as well as other high-risk industries. It systematically sets out the context of CRM and safe systems, the conduct of training, the resources needed by the facilitator and the processes required for the measurement of outcomes. Part One reviews the development of the human factors/CRM domain and examines the concepts of risk and safety. Part Two, primarily for new instructors, gives a guide to training delivery and also considers non-classroom situations, the role of debriefing, facilitation and the design of human factors courses. Part Three examines the measurement of training effectiveness, the design and implementation of behavioural markers and standardizing assessors. It concludes by looking at some of the broader issues associated with the management of CRM. The book's readership includes those who design, deliver or manage CRM and safety-related training within airlines and other companies.
... ( AD - A064138 ] 13 p1698 N79-22317 Fire safety guidelines for vehicles in a
downtown people mover system ( NBSIR - 78-1586 ) 13 p1699 N79-22328 A
theoretical rationalization of a goal - oriented systems approach to building fire
Lists citations with abstracts for aerospace related reports obtained from world wide sources and announces documents that have recently been entered into the NASA Scientific and Technical Information Database.
Building a Safer Health System Institute of Medicine, Committee on Quality of
Health Care in America Molla S. ... The next section describes how attention to
safety issues has been applied in two areas: aviation and occupational health.
Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
Experts estimate that as many as 98,000 people die in any given year from medical errors that occur in hospitals. That's more than die from motor vehicle accidents, breast cancer, or AIDS--three causes that receive far more public attention. Indeed, more people die annually from medication errors than from workplace injuries. Add the financial cost to the human tragedy, and medical error easily rises to the top ranks of urgent, widespread public problems. To Err Is Human breaks the silence that has surrounded medical errors and their consequence--but not by pointing fingers at caring health care professionals who make honest mistakes. After all, to err is human. Instead, this book sets forth a national agenda--with state and local implications--for reducing medical errors and improving patient safety through the design of a safer health system. This volume reveals the often startling statistics of medical error and the disparity between the incidence of error and public perception of it, given many patients' expectations that the medical profession always performs perfectly. A careful examination is made of how the surrounding forces of legislation, regulation, and market activity influence the quality of care provided by health care organizations and then looks at their handling of medical mistakes. Using a detailed case study, the book reviews the current understanding of why these mistakes happen. A key theme is that legitimate liability concerns discourage reporting of errors--which begs the question, "How can we learn from our mistakes?" Balancing regulatory versus market-based initiatives and public versus private efforts, the Institute of Medicine presents wide-ranging recommendations for improving patient safety, in the areas of leadership, improved data collection and analysis, and development of effective systems at the level of direct patient care. To Err Is Human asserts that the problem is not bad people in health care--it is that good people are working in bad systems that need to be made safer. Comprehensive and straightforward, this book offers a clear prescription for raising the level of patient safety in American health care. It also explains how patients themselves can influence the quality of care that they receive once they check into the hospital. This book will be vitally important to federal, state, and local health policy makers and regulators, health professional licensing officials, hospital administrators, medical educators and students, health caregivers, health journalists, patient advocates--as well as patients themselves. First in a series of publications from the Quality of Health Care in America, a project initiated by the Institute of Medicine
Certain safety-critical industries, such as civil aviation and the nuclear industry,
suffer very few accidents. Such domains are sometimes referred to as ultra-safe
systems (Amalberti et al. 2005). What do these industries do that enables them to
Author: Peter Spurgeon
Publisher: Springer Nature
This book offers a new, practical approach to healthcare reform. Departing from the priorities applied in traditional approaches, it instead assesses – both theoretically and practically – the successful lessons learned in other safety-critical industries, and applies them to healthcare settings. The authors focus on the importance of human factors and performance measures to establish proactive, systematic methods for healthcare system design. This approach helps to identify potential hazards before accidents occur, enhancing patient safety. In addition, the book details the new approach on the basis of real-world applications in the NHS and insights from NHS staff. Case studies and results are presented, demonstrating the significant improvements that can be achieved in risk reduction and safety culture. Lastly, the book outlines what steps healthcare organisations need to take in order to successfully adopt this new approach. The approach and experiential learning is brought together through the development of a new holistic patient safety education syllabus.
systems which would make a worthwhile improvement in safety would be
prevented or unduly delayed . aircraft . ... have been developed from many years
of experience of incidents and accidents is a major factor in building safe systems
Author: PEP (Professional Engineering Publishers)
Based on papers presented at a meeting organized by the Engineering Manufacturing Industries Division of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers in association with the Hazards Forum, this book looks at various strategies for the management of safety. Some of the topics looked at include the impetus from legislation, the community's contribution as regards safety and health in the context of completion of the internal market - the social point of view, assessment of a company for safety and minimization of losses, quality risk and safety, the role of human factors and safety culture in safety management, managing professionally and company strategy for the management of safety.
Every 3rd issue is a quarterly cumulation.