Beginning with the events immediately following the dark days after the death of Shakyamuni and continuing over a period of 1,000 years, this dynamic tome covers a vast and complex series of events and developments in the history of ...
Author: Daisaku Ikeda
Publisher: Middleway Press
Beginning with the events immediately following the dark days after the death of Shakyamuni and continuing over a period of 1,000 years, this dynamic tome covers a vast and complex series of events and developments in the history of Buddhism. Through a thorough examination of its early development in India, a new light is cast on little-known aspects of Buddhist history and its relevance to the understanding of Buddhism today. Topics include the formation of the Buddhist canon, the cultural exchange between the East and West, and the spirit of the Lotus Sutra.
An Archaeological History of Indian Buddhism is a comprehensive survey of Indian Buddhism from its origins in the 6th century BCE, through its ascendance in the 1st millennium CE, and its eventual decline in mainland South Asia by the mid ...
Author: Lars Fogelin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
An Archaeological History of Indian Buddhism is a comprehensive survey of Indian Buddhism from its origins in the 6th century BCE, through its ascendance in the 1st millennium CE, and its eventual decline in mainland South Asia by the mid-2nd millennium CE. Weaving together studies of archaeological remains, architecture, iconography, inscriptions, and Buddhist historical sources, this book uncovers the quotidian concerns and practices of Buddhist monks and nuns (the sangha), and their lay adherents--concerns and practices often obscured in studies of Buddhism premised largely, if not exclusively, on Buddhist texts. At the heart of Indian Buddhism lies a persistent social contradiction between the desire for individual asceticism versus the need to maintain a coherent community of Buddhists. Before the early 1st millennium CE, the sangha relied heavily on the patronage of kings, guilds, and ordinary Buddhists to support themselves. During this period, the sangha emphasized the communal elements of Buddhism as they sought to establish themselves as the leaders of a coherent religious order. By the mid-1st millennium CE, Buddhist monasteries had become powerful political and economic institutions with extensive landholdings and wealth. This new economic self-sufficiency allowed the sangha to limit their day-to-day interaction with the laity and begin to more fully satisfy their ascetic desires for the first time. This withdrawal from regular interaction with the laity led to the collapse of Buddhism in India in the early-to-mid 2nd millennium CE. In contrast to the ever-changing religious practices of the Buddhist sangha, the Buddhist laity were more conservative--maintaining their religious practices for almost two millennia, even as they nominally shifted their allegiances to rival religious orders. This book also serves as an exemplar for the archaeological study of long-term religious change through the perspectives of practice theory, materiality, and semiotics.
Drawing out the implications of this text, the author offers innovative arguments about the significance of childbirth and fertility in Buddhism, namely that birth is a master metaphor in Indian Buddhism; that Buddhist gender constructions ...
Author: Amy Paris Langenberg
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Recent decades have seen a groundswell in the Buddhist world, a transnational agitation for better opportunities for Buddhist women. Many of the main players in the transnational nuns movement self-identify as feminists but other participants in this movement may not know or use the language of feminism. In fact, many ordained Buddhist women say they seek higher ordination so that they might be better Buddhist practitioners, not for the sake of gender equality. Eschewing the backward projection of secular liberal feminist categories, this book describes the basic features of the Buddhist discourse of the female body, held more or less in common across sectarian lines, and still pertinent to ordained Buddhist women today. The textual focus of the study is an early-first-millennium Sanskrit Buddhist work, "Descent into the Womb scripture" or Garbhāvakrānti-sūtra. Drawing out the implications of this text, the author offers innovative arguments about the significance of childbirth and fertility in Buddhism, namely that birth is a master metaphor in Indian Buddhism; that Buddhist gender constructions are centrally shaped by Buddhist birth discourse; and that, by undermining the religious importance of female fertility, the Buddhist construction of an inauspicious, chronically impure, and disgusting femininity constituted a portal to a new, liberated, feminine life for Buddhist monastic women. Thus, this study of the Buddhist discourse of birth is also a genealogy of gender in middle period Indian Buddhism. Offering a new critical perspective on the issues of gender, bodies and suffering, this book will be of interest to an interdisciplinary audience, including researchers in the field of Buddhism, South Asian history and religion, gender and religion, theory and method in the study of religion, and Buddhist medicine.
Among his more important writings are Guidance Memo ( 1966 ) ; The Human
Revolution ( 1972-74 ) ; Buddhism : The First Millennium ( 1977 ) ; and Daily
Guidance ( 1983 ) . A volume of poetry was published as Songs of My Heart (
1978 ) ...
Author: J. Gordon Melton
Publisher: Gale Group
This reference by noted scholar J. Gordon Melton provides more than 1,200 detailed biographical profiles of the contemporary and historical men and women responsible for influencing American religion. Features a comprehensive index and a religious affiliation appendix.
This book examines catalysts for Buddhist formation in ancient South Asia and expansion throughout and beyond the northwestern Indian subcontinent to Central Asia by investigating symbiotic relationships between networks of religious ...
Author: Jason Neelis
This book examines catalysts for Buddhist formation in ancient South Asia and expansion throughout and beyond the northwestern Indian subcontinent to Central Asia by investigating symbiotic relationships between networks of religious mobility and trade.
After the turn of the millennium and into the Middle Ages , contentious issues
similar to those affecting the earliest communities would eventually give birth to
two revolutionary developments within Buddhism . The first of these distinctly new
Author: Glenn Wallis
Publisher: Random House Digital, Inc.
Since 1917 The Modern Library prides itself as "The modern Library of the world's Best Books". Its paperback series feature treasured classics, major translations of great works, and rediscoveries of keen literary and historical merit.Featuring introduc
Theravada Buddhism : A Social History from Ancient Benares to Modern
Colombo . New York : Routledge , 1991 . Ikeda , Daisaku . Buddhism : the First
Millennium . Trans . Burton Watson . Tokyo , Japan : Kodansha , 1978 . Ling ,
Author: Jerry William Frost
"Frost (Swarthmore College) has written widely about peace and Quakers. Here he compiles perspectives from the major world religions on war and peace for general readers who are not specialists in the history of religions, the evolution of wars, the relationship between the two, but are interested in how faith communities in the past dealt with issues similar to those in effect now. In addition, he says particular chapters could be used in undergraduate courses and seminars. Volume two focuses on what it calls a century of wars, from World War I into the post-Cold-War era. The two volumes are paged together, and the index and bibliography for both are contained in each." -- Amazon.
During the last centuries of the first millennium CE , Buddhist civilization
developed a new , somewhat independent center in China that reached its peak
during the Sui and Tang dynasties . Thus , when Buddhist texts and images were
Author: Joseph Mitsuo Kitagawa
Publisher: Simon & Schuster Books For Young Readers
One of the first volumes in a series covering the history, practices and beliefs of religion, this book provides an account of the rise of Buddhism and its spread throughout Asia. It includes surveys of the practice of Buddhism in many countries, together with a study of a variety of Buddhist schools and sects.
51 Central Asian Buddhism and one visualizes the buddha as possessing the
qualities that one strives to actualize through ... During the early part of the first
millennium C.E. Buddhism flourished in a number of Central Asian centers .
Author: John Powers
Publisher: Oneworld Publications Limited
In this accessible guide, Buddhism is presented both in its historical context and as a religion with great contemporary diversity, covering figures and events of the earliest years to 20th century, from eastern worship to western movements.
Art and Values : a Collection of Research Papers and Keynote Addresses on the
Evolution of Buddhist Art and ... with Central Asia and China as early as the
second millennium BC and these contacts increased in the first millennium BC .
Author: Lokesh Chandra
This Volume Explores The Relation Of Buddhism To Greek Cosmology, Its Contacts With West Asia, And Parallels To Christianity. The Interpretation In Adibuddha As A Theistic Concept Has Been Elucidated. Buddhist Period Of Classical Afghanistan, A New Identification Of The Colossi Of Bamiyan, And The 108 Symbols On The Feet Of The Buddhas Are The Way On The Physical And Divine Planes. Several Khotanese Panels, Murals And Icons Have Been Identified Anew On The Basis Of The Six Annals Of The Kingdom In Tibetan. The Role Of The Suvarabhasa-Sutra In The Polity Of Central Asia And Thence In East Asia Has Been Discussed. The Lotus Sutra Was Transmitted To China And Japan And Became A Dominant Underpinning Of Their Political And Religious Culture. The Mind-Ground Of East Asian Art Is A General Survey Of The Aesthetic Principles Evolved In This Region. The Walling Up Of The Library Cave Of Tun-Huang Was Due To A Fundamentalist Threat. The Artistic Journey Of Fourteen Centuries Of Japanese Buddhism Is Presented. Silent Letters In Tibetan Orthography And The Ambulatory Of The Tabo Cella Are Discussed. Buddhism In Mongolia Gave A Splendid Art And Rich Literature To The People. Ajanta As The Aesthesis Of Beauty And Beyond, The Thirtythree Koti Deities, Tantas As Transcendence And Tumescence, The Cousin Cultures Of India And Iran, Chandi Sukuh As A Political Statement, The Indonesian Word Candi As An Architectural Term, Identification Of Buddhist Bronzes Of Java, And Central Asia As The Path Of Sutras (And Not As The Silk Route), And Other Studies Enrich Our Understanding Of The Art And Thought, Polity And Civilization Of The Countries Of Asia. This Volume Of 477 Pages Is A Collection Of The Research Papers Of Prof. Lokesh Chandra Written Over The Last Fifteen Years On The Evolution Of Buddhist Thought And Its Spread Over Vast Areas Of Asia. Areas Of Interest: Buddhism, History Of Art, Philosophy, And The General History Of Various Countries (India, Afghanistan, Iran, Central Asia, China, Japan, Tibet, Mongolia, Cambodia, Indonesia), And Cultural Globalism.
... mission to Sri Lanka to Mongolian by 1749 . renew the valid ordination line of
the Samgha . JPL , PMH Although still intellectually developing in the later first
millennium AD , Buddhism had declined in popularity ; the Muslim Turkish
Author: W. Zwalf
Publisher: Macmillan Publishing Company
Features art works from the collection of Buddhist art from the British Museum ; paintings, drawings, sculptures, prints, pottery, manuscripts, masks, images, and textiles.
The Samantapāsādikā explains that during the first millennium Buddhists can
have access to analytical knowledge of the truths ( pratisamvid ) which brings
about Buddhahood and to the four fruits of the religious life , namely , in
Author: Etienne Lamotte
Publisher: Peeters Pub & Booksellers
The History of Indian Buddhism is undoubtedly Msgr. E. Lamotte's most brilliant contribution to the field of Buddhist exegesis. The work contains a vivid, vigorous and fully-detailed description of early Buddhism and its teachings, the material organization of the Community, the formation and further developments of the writings, the conciliar traditions, the evolution of Buddhist sculpture and architecture, the origins of the sects, the Buddhist dialects and the constitution of the legends, and sets them in the historical background in which buddhist doctrines originated and expanded in India and in the neighbouring countries. Using the material evidence provided by Indian epigraphy and archaeological remains on the one hand, and taking into account the data supplied by Western (Latin and Greek) and Far Eastern (Tibetan and Chinese) sources on the other, Msgr. E. Lamotte has succeeded in producing a lucid and basic book that is unanimously considered as a classic of contemporary Buddhist studies. After thirty years, the work has retained all its value, but, in order to meet the requirements of recent Buddhist scholarship, the History of Indian Buddhism has been supplemented with an additional bibliography, an index of technical terms and revised geographical maps.