Bioinspiration and Biomimicry in Chemistry

Beginning with a general overview of the concept of bioinspiration and biomimicry in chemistry, the book tackles such topics as: Bioinspired molecular machines Bioinspired catalysis Biomimetic amphiphiles and vesicles Biomimetic principles ...

Bioinspiration and Biomimicry in Chemistry

Author: Gerhard Swiegers

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118310071

Page: 508

View: 619

Can we emulate nature's technology in chemistry? Through billions of years of evolution, Nature has generated some remarkable systems and substances that have made life on earth what it is today. Increasingly, scientists are seeking to mimic Nature's systems and processes in the lab in order to harness the power of Nature for the benefit of society. Bioinspiration and Biomimicry in Chemistry explores the chemistry of Nature and how we can replicate what Nature does in abiological settings. Specifically, the book focuses on wholly artificial, man-made systems that employ or are inspired by principles of Nature, but which do not use materials of biological origin. Beginning with a general overview of the concept of bioinspiration and biomimicry in chemistry, the book tackles such topics as: Bioinspired molecular machines Bioinspired catalysis Biomimetic amphiphiles and vesicles Biomimetic principles in macromolecular science Biomimetic cavities and bioinspired receptors Biomimicry in organic synthesis Written by a team of leading international experts, the contributed chapters collectively lay the groundwork for a new generation of environmentally friendly and sustainable materials, pharmaceuticals, and technologies. Readers will discover the latest advances in our ability to replicate natural systems and materials as well as the many impediments that remain, proving how much we still need to learn about how Nature works. Bioinspiration and Biomimicry in Chemistry is recommended for students and researchers in all realms of chemistry. Addressing how scientists are working to reverse engineer Nature in all areas of chemical research, the book is designed to stimulate new discussion and research in this exciting and promising field.

Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry covers a broad range of research topics in the emerging discipline of biomimicry.

Engineered Biomimicry

Author: Akhlesh Lakhtakia

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0123914329

Page: 496

View: 450

Engineered Biomimicry covers a broad range of research topics in the emerging discipline of biomimicry. Biologically inspired science and technology, using the principles of math and physics, has led to the development of products as ubiquitous as VelcroTM (modeled after the spiny hooks on plant seeds and fruits). Readers will learn to take ideas and concepts like this from nature, implement them in research, and understand and explain diverse phenomena and their related functions. From bioinspired computing and medical products to biomimetic applications like artificial muscles, MEMS, textiles and vision sensors, Engineered Biomimicry explores a wide range of technologies informed by living natural systems. Engineered Biomimicry helps physicists, engineers and material scientists seek solutions in nature to the most pressing technical problems of our times, while providing a solid understanding of the important role of biophysics. Some physical applications include adhesion superhydrophobicity and self-cleaning, structural coloration, photonic devices, biomaterials and composite materials, sensor systems, robotics and locomotion, and ultra-lightweight structures. Explores biomimicry, a fast-growing, cross-disciplinary field in which researchers study biological activities in nature to make critical advancements in science and engineering Introduces bioinspiration, biomimetics, and bioreplication, and provides biological background and practical applications for each Cutting-edge topics include bio-inspired robotics, microflyers, surface modification and more

Technological Innovations in Sensing and Detection of Chemical Biological Radiological Nuclear Threats and Ecological Terrorism

We will begin this study with an explanation of three related, but different, terms:
bioinspiration, biomimicry, and bioderivation. • Bioinspiration is the development
of a synthetic system that performs the same function of that of a living organism,
 ...

Technological Innovations in Sensing and Detection of Chemical  Biological  Radiological  Nuclear Threats and Ecological Terrorism

Author: Ashok Vaseashta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400724888

Page: 406

View: 892

This book arises from the NATO Advanced Study Institute “Technological Innovations in Detection and Sensing of CBRN Agents and Ecological Terrorism” held in Chisinau, Republic of Moldova in June 2010. It comprises a variety of invited contributions by highly experienced educators, scientists, and industrialists, and is structured to cover important aspects of the field that include developments in chemical-biological, and radiation sensing, synthesis and processing of sensors, and applications of sensors in detecting/monitoring contaminants introduced/dispersed inadvertently or intentionally in air, water, and food supplies. The book emphasizes nanomaterials and nanotechnology based sensing and also includes a section on sensing and detection technologies that can be applied to information security. Finally, it examines regional, national, and international policies and ethics related to nanomaterials and sensing. It will be of considerable interest and value to those already pursuing or considering careers in the field of nanostructured materials and nanotechnology based sensing, In general, it serves as a valuable source of information for those interested in how nanomaterials and nanotechnologies are advancing the field of sensing, detection, and remediation, policy makers, and commanders in the field.

Bioinspired Design of Materials Surfaces

Many methods can be used to make surface changes in their physics and
chemistry, including micro-/nanostructures, ... [2] J.F.V. Vincent, O.A. Bogatyreva,
N.R. Bogatyrev, A. Bowyer, A.-K. Pahl, Biomimetics—its practice and theory, J. R.
Soc ...

Bioinspired Design of Materials Surfaces

Author: Yongmei Zheng

Publisher: Materials Today

ISBN: 0128148438

Page: 338

View: 490

Bioinspired Design of Materials Surfaces reviews novel methods and technologies used to design surfaces and materials for smart material and device applications. The author discusses how materials wettability can be impacted by the fabrication of micro- and nanostructures, anisotropic structures, gradient structures, and heterogeneous patterned structures on the surfaces of materials. The design of these structures was inspired by nature, including lotus, cactus, beetle back and butterfly wings, spider silk, and shells. The author reviews the various wettability functions that can result from these designs, such as self-cleaning, directional adhesion, droplet driving, anti-adhesion, non-wetting, liquid repellent properties, liquid separation, liquid splitting, and more. This book presents a key reference on how to fabricate bioinspired structures on materials for desired functions of materials wettability. It also discusses challenges, opportunities and many potential applications, such as oil-water separation devices, water harvesting devices and photonic device applications. Introduces the fundamentals of both bioinspired materials design and the theory behind dynamic materials wettability Reviews the latest methods and technologies used to create functional surfaces and structured materials that impact and potentially control wettability Provides a snapshot of potential device applications, such as oil-water separation, water harvesting, fluid transport, photonic applications, and much more

Drug Delivery Nanosystems

This book presents recent trends and research achievements in the field of pharmaceutical nanotechnology and advanced drug delivery nanosystems, especially for theranostic purposes.

Drug Delivery Nanosystems

Author: Natassa Pippa

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429955227

Page: 418

View: 348

Nanotechnology seeks to exploit distinct technological advances controlling the structure of nanoscale biomaterials at a nanodimensional scale approaching individual molecules and their aggregates or supramolecular structures. The term "nanomedicine" is used to describe those technologies under the umbrella of nanotechnology that have therapeutic applications in human health. This book presents recent trends and research achievements in the field of pharmaceutical nanotechnology and advanced drug delivery nanosystems, especially for theranostic purposes. The applications of drug delivery nanosystems considered carriers of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) (e.g., proteins, peptides, and nucleic acids) are analyzed on the basis of technology, preparation protocols, and biomedical applications. The book also extensively reports on the principles, design protocols, and applications of nanosystems in drug delivery, imaging, and targeting of active molecules of pharmaceutical interest.

Biomimetic and Bioinspired Nanomaterials

6 Bhushan, B. (2009) Biomimetics: lessons from nature –an overview.
Philosophical ... Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 28, 988–94. 8 Cassie,
A.B.D. and ... Bioinspiration and Biomimetics, 2, S126–34. 15 Meyers, M.A., Chen
, P. - Y., Lin, ...

Biomimetic and Bioinspired Nanomaterials

Author: Challa S. S. R. Kumar

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527321675

Page: 586

View: 312

These ten volumes provide an excellent, in-depth overview of all nanomaterial types and their uses in the life sciences. Each volume is dedicated to a specific material class and covers fundamentals, synthesis strategies, structure-property relationships, material behaviour finetuning, biological effects and applications in the life sciences. All important material classes are covered: metallic, metal oxide, magnetic, carbon, polymeric, composite and semiconducting nanomaterials as well as nanostructured surfaces and films. It serves as a major reference work in the field that brings together pertinent knowledge formerly widely spread out over many different sources.

Interdisciplinary Expansions in Engineering and Design With the Power of Biomimicry

The twenty-first century has conceived many new and amazing designs. The book in your hands will surely be an important guide to take a quick look at the future possibilities.

Interdisciplinary Expansions in Engineering and Design With the Power of Biomimicry

Author: Gulden Kokturk

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9535139355

Page: 194

View: 319

People have been finding inspiration in nature in solving their problems, from the very beginning of their existence. In the most general sense, biomimicry, defined as "inspire from the nature," has brought together the engineers and designers nowadays. This collaboration creates innovative and creative outcomes that encourage people with their interdisciplinary relationships. Accordingly, the aim of this book is to bring together different works or developments on biomimetics in interdisciplinary relationship between different areas, especially biomimicry, engineering, and design. The twenty-first century has conceived many new and amazing designs. The book in your hands will surely be an important guide to take a quick look at the future possibilities.

On Biomimetics

Aimed at physicists, chemists and biologists interested in biomineralization, biochemistry, kinetics, solution chemistry. This book is also relevant to engineers and doctors interested in research and construction of biomimetic systems.

On Biomimetics

Author: Lilyana Pramatarova

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9533072717

Page: 656

View: 356

Bio-mimicry is fundamental idea "How to mimic the Nature" by various methodologies as well as new ideas or suggestions on the creation of novel materials and functions. This book comprises seven sections on various perspectives of bio-mimicry in our life; Section 1 gives an overview of modeling of biomimetic materials; Section 2 presents a processing and design of biomaterials; Section 3 presents various aspects of design and application of biomimetic polymers and composites are discussed; Section 4 presents a general characterization of biomaterials; Section 5 proposes new examples for biomimetic systems; Section 6 summarizes chapters, concerning cells behavior through mimicry; Section 7 presents various applications of biomimetic materials are presented. Aimed at physicists, chemists and biologists interested in biomineralization, biochemistry, kinetics, solution chemistry. This book is also relevant to engineers and doctors interested in research and construction of biomimetic systems.

Biomimetic Organic Synthesis

In this exciting 2 volume set, the approach and methodology of bio-inspired synthesis of complex natural products is laid out, backed by abundant practical examples from the authors' own work as well as from the published literature.

Biomimetic Organic Synthesis

Author: Erwan Poupon

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527634762

Page: 1024

View: 904

In this exciting 2 volume set, the approach and methodology of bio-inspired synthesis of complex natural products is laid out, backed by abundant practical examples from the authors' own work as well as from the published literature. Volume 1 describes the biomimetic synthesis of alkaloids. Volume 2 covers terpenes, polyketides, and polyphenols. A discussion of the current challenges and frontiers in biomimetic synthesis concludes this comprehensive handbook. Key features: Biomimetic Strategies have become an every-day tool not only for chemists but also for biologists. The synthetic applications are overwhelming, making this comprehensive 2 volume work a must-have for everyone working in the field. Unifying both synthetic and biosynthetic aspects, this book covers everything from organocatalysis and natural product synthesis to synthetic biology and even green chemistry.

Engineered Biomimicry

In a sense, the archetype of bioinspiration for materials design and use is textiles.

Engineered Biomimicry

Author: Michael S. Ellison

Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters

ISBN: 0128072687

Page: 496

View: 781

In a sense, the archetype of bioinspiration for materials design and use is textiles. The field of biomimesis has spawned many new materials and continues to be a fruitful field of investigation. This chapter presents the current state of bioinspiration in textiles, how this has resulted in improved fibrous materials, how it may inform our continued progress. Because I have found many preconceived notions about the field that need addressing before the application of biomimetics to textiles can be truly appreciated, I begin with an introduction to textiles. Next, naturally enough, the discipline of biomimesis is introduced and then fleshed out in terms of its textile engineering importance. Following this, some details on fiber and textile science and engineering are discussed and biological concepts germane to our topic are presented. In the last step in this journey, the marriage of biomimesis and textiles is performed and some consequences revealed. Finally, I offer some prognostications on the topic.

Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

W. Yim , J. Lee , and K. J. Kim , An artificial muscle actuator for biomimetic
underwater propulsors , Bioinspiration and ... of charge separation in bacterial
photosynthetic reaction centers , Journal of Physical Chemistry B , 101 , 5031 (
1997 ) .

Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Author: Gabor L. Hornyak

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Page: 1593

View: 528

PerspectivesIntroductionNanoscience and Nanotechnology-The DistinctionHistorical PerspectivesAdvanced MaterialsTools of NanoNature's Take on Nano and the Advent of Molecular BiologyThe Nano PerspectiveSocietal Implications of NanoIntroduction to Societal IssuesEthical ImplicationsLegal ImplicationsEnvironmental ImplicationsPublic PerceptionFuture of Nanotechnology NanotoolsCharacterization MethodsCharacterization of NanomaterialsElectron Probe MethodsScanning Probe Microscopy MethodsSpectroscopic MethodsNonradiative and Nonelectron Characterization MethodsFabrication MethodsFabrication of Nano.

Olfaction and Electronic Nose

Probably at the present stage of development , currently used techniques still
largely outperform bioinspired methods . ... 15 B . Raman , P . Sun , A . Gutierrez -
Galvez and R . GutierrezOsuna , “ Processing of Chemical Sensor Arrays with a
Biologically ... D . De Rossi , “ Assessment of bioinspired models for pattern
recognition in biomimetic systems ” , Bioinspiration and Biomimetics 3 ( 2008 )
11p .

Olfaction and Electronic Nose

Author: Matteo Pardo

Publisher: American Inst. of Physics

ISBN:

Page: 614

View: 398

ISOEN addresses research in the fields of gas sensors and artificial olfactory systems. In this edition we broadened the participation spectrum to all kinds of analytical instrumentation for odor measurement and to biological olfaction. We also had a strong involvement in industry. The audience comprises materials scientists, chemists, physicists, engineers, biologists, computer scientists, and application specialists (e.g. food, medical, environmental, security).

The Nano Micro Interface

Biomimetic. Hierarchies. in. Diamond-Based. Architectures. Andrei P. Sommer,
Matthias Wiora, and Hans-Jörg Fecht 18.1 Introduction Biomimetics, also referred
to as bionics, biomimicry, bioinspiration or bioinspired design, can be regarded
as a multidisciplinary strategy to extract ... In contrast to the HPHT route, chemical
vapor deposition (CVD) uses a low pressure process to synthesize diamonds.

The Nano Micro Interface

Author: Hans-Jörg Fecht

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527336338

Page: 768

View: 727

The Science Teacher

... the study can be found in the journal Bioinspiration and Biomimetics . ( Brown
... Published in The Journal of the American Chemical Society , the work could
improve the sensitivity for fluorescence - based imaging and medical diagnostics
.

The Science Teacher

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 792

SCC Library has 1964-cur.

Designing with Natural Materials

The book serves as an introduction to natural materials within the context of design. The chapters include case studies, research, and a historical perspective.

Designing with Natural Materials

Author: Graham A. Ormondroyd

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429853483

Page: 340

View: 382

In a world now forced to address the issues of sustainability, environmental impact, and the widespread pollution of land and oceans with manmade materials, alternative resources must be considered for the future of the planet. A vast array of natural materials is available throughout the world with properties that are often superior to the man-made alternatives. Designing with Natural Materials fills the gap between the current scientific knowledge of the use of natural materials and product design and acts as a bridge between the two disciplines. The book serves as an introduction to natural materials within the context of design. The chapters include case studies, research, and a historical perspective. It develops ideas of designing with natural materials in specific areas and looks to the future of new biobased materials and how these will influence design. The work offers insight to designers of biobased materials across a range of different design disciplines while also providing insights to scientists on the process of design, production, and the needs of a material beyond those traditionally analyzed in the laboratory. The final chapters touch on the use of bioinspiration and biomimicry in the development and use of biobased materials and how natural design will influence both material design and products in the future. The book will be of interest to engineers, scientific researchers, professional designers, students, those working in industry who are considering using natural materials as an alternative to current unsustainable options, and anyone who has an interest in the subject.

Biomimetics

Bioinspired Hierarchical-Structured Surfaces for Green Science and Technology
Bharat Bhushan ... da Vinci Look deep into nature and you will understand
everything—Albert Einstein Biomimetics means mimicking biology or nature.

Biomimetics

Author: Bharat Bhushan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364225408X

Page: 350

View: 466

This book presents an overview of the general field of biomimetics - lessons from nature. It presents various examples of biomimetics, including roughness-induced superomniphobic surfaces which provide functionality of commercial interest. The major focus in the book is on lotus effect, rose petal effect, shark skin effect, and gecko adhesion. For each example, the book first presents characterization of an object to understand how a natural object provides functionality, followed by modeling and then fabrication of structures in the lab using nature’s route to verify one’s understanding of nature and provide guidance for development of optimum structures. Once it is understood how nature does it, examples of fabrication of optimum structures using smart materials and fabrication techniques, are presented. Examples of nature inspired objects are also presented throughout.

Inspired by Biology

... allow the creation of reliable sensors to detect biological and chemical threats,
and facilitate the transition to energy ... may help to realize the potential of
biomolecular materials and processes: biomimicry, bioinspiration, and
bioderivation.

Inspired by Biology

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309134293

Page: 170

View: 441

Scientists have long desired to create synthetic systems that function with the precision and efficiency of biological systems. Using new techniques, researchers are now uncovering principles that could allow the creation of synthetic materials that can perform tasks as precise as biological systems. To assess the current work and future promise of the biology-materials science intersection, the Department of Energy and the National Science Foundation asked the NRC to identify the most compelling questions and opportunities at this interface, suggest strategies to address them, and consider connections with national priorities such as healthcare and economic growth. This book presents a discussion of principles governing biomaterial design, a description of advanced materials for selected functions such as energy and national security, an assessment of biomolecular materials research tools, and an examination of infrastructure and resources for bridging biological and materials science.

Bio Inspired Innovation and National Security

This volume is about applications of the biological sciences, here called "biologically inspired innovations," to the military.

Bio Inspired Innovation and National Security

Author: National Defense University

Publisher: NDU Press

ISBN: 1780390408

Page: 372

View: 962

Despite the vital importance of the emerging area of biotechnology and its role in defense planning and policymaking, no definitive book has been written on the topic for the defense policymaker, the military student, and the private-sector bioscientist interested in the "emerging opportunities market" of national security. This edited volume is intended to help close this gap and provide the necessary backdrop for thinking strategically about biology in defense planning and policymaking. This volume is about applications of the biological sciences, here called "biologically inspired innovations," to the military. Rather than treating biology as a series of threats to be dealt with, such innovations generally approach the biological sciences as a set of opportunities for the military to gain strategic advantage over adversaries. These opportunities rangefrom looking at everything from genes to brains, from enhancing human performance to creating renewable energy, from sensing the environment around us to harnessing its power.