Biogeography and Adaptation

In this thoughtful and wide-ranging discussion of evolutionary process and adaptive response, Geerat Vermeij elucidates the general principles that underlie the great diversity of marine forms found in the world's great oceans.

Biogeography and Adaptation

Author: Geerat J. Vermeij

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674073760

Page: 332

View: 268

The driving forces of natural selection leave their traces in the shapes of living creatures and their patterns of distribution. In this thoughtful and wide-ranging discussion of evolutionary process and adaptive response, Geerat Vermeij elucidates the general principles that underlie the great diversity of marine forms found in the world's great oceans.

Evolution and Escalation

Here is one biologist's interpretation of the chronology of life during the last six hundred million years of earth history: an extended essay that draws on the author's own data and a wide-ranging literature survey to discuss the nature ...

Evolution and Escalation

Author: Geerat J. Vermeij

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691224242

Page: 547

View: 959

Here is one biologist's interpretation of the chronology of life during the last six hundred million years of earth history: an extended essay that draws on the author's own data and a wide-ranging literature survey to discuss the nature and dynamics of evolutionary change in organisms and their biological surroundings. Geerat Vermeij demonstrates that escalation--the process by which species adapt to, or are limited by, their enemies as the latter increase in ability to acquire and retain resources--has been a dominant theme in the history of life despite frequent episodes of extinction.

Primate Adaptation and Evolution

Primate Adaptation and Evolution, Third Edition, is a thorough revision of the text of choice for courses in primate evolution.

Primate Adaptation and Evolution

Author: John G. Fleagle

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123786339

Page: 464

View: 317

Primate Adaptation and Evolution, Third Edition, is a thorough revision of the text of choice for courses in primate evolution. The book retains its grounding in the extant primate groups as the best way to understand the fossil trail and the evolution of these modern forms. However, this coverage is now streamlined, making reference to the many new and excellent books on living primate ecology and adaptation - a field that has burgeoned since the first edition of Primate Adaptation and Evolution. By drawing out the key features of the extant families and referring to more detailed texts, the author sets the scene and also creates space for a thorough updating of the exciting developments in primate palaeontology - and the reconstruction through early hominid species - of our own human origins. This updated version covers recent developments in primate paleontology and the latest taxonomy, and includes over 200 new illustrations and revised evolutionary trees. This text is ideal for undergraduate and post-graduate students studying the evolution and functional ecology of primates and early fossil hominids. Long-awaited revision of the standard student text on primate evolution Full coverage of newly discovered fossils and the latest taxonomy Over 200 new illustrations and revised evolutionary trees

High Altitude Tropical Biogeography

ADAPTATIONS According to Bock ( 1965 ) , three concepts of adaptation can be
defined . The first , universal adaptation , “ best describes the essential interaction
between living organisms and their environment . ” The second was called by ...

High Altitude Tropical Biogeography

Author: François Vuilleumier

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN:

Page: 649

View: 961

High Altitude Tropical Biogeography provides research workers and academics with a comprehensive overview of the biogeography of high tropical mountains, covering the origin, ecology, and evolution of plants and animals of this unique ecological zone. The climate in the high altitude mountain regions of the tropics is cold, resulting in flora and fauna which more closely resemble their counterparts thousand of miles to the north or south than comparable species in the lowland jungles only a few thousand meters below. These ecological "islands", besides being very important to the economies of the tropics, pose interesting questions of physiological adaptation, biogeography, and evolutionary relationships. With contributions from twenty-four international specialists who have devoted years to the study of cold mountain tropics, this book describes some of the most characteristic plant and animal components of the ecosystem. No other book of this scope and content exists on these tropical biotas.

Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts

... palaeolimnology , micropalaeontology , biogeography , Ostracoda , Ireland
10440 . zooplankton , plankton surveys ... adaptive radiation , Cichlidae , Africa ,
East , Great Lakes 14574 . evolution , stock identification , Eubalaena glacialis .

Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts

Author:

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Biogeography a Very Short Introduction

The genomic substrate for adaptive radiation in African cichlid fish. Nature 513:
375-81. doi:10.1038/ nature13726. Fryer, G. and T. D. Iles. 1972. The Cichlid
Fishes of the Great Lakes of Africa: Their Biology and Evolution. Oliver & Boyd.

Biogeography  a Very Short Introduction

Author: Mark V. Lomolino

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198850069

Page: 168

View: 156

Biogeography is the study of geographic variation in all characteristics of life - ranging from genetic, morphological and behavioural variation among regional populations of a species, to geographic trends in diversity of entire communities across our planet's sufrace. From the ancient hunters and gatherers to the earliest naturalists, Charles Darwin, Alfred Russel Wallace, and scientists today, the search for patterns in life has provided insights that proved invaluable for understanding the natural world. And many, if not most, of the compelling kaleidoscope of patterns in biological diversity make little sense unless placed in an explicit geographic context. The Very Short Introduction explains the historical development of the field of biogeography, its fundamental tenets, principles and tools, and the invaluable insights it provides for understanding the diversity of life in the natural world. As Mark Lomolino shows, key questions such as where species occur, how they vary from place to place, where their ancestors occurred, and how they spread across the globe, are essential for us to develop effective strategies for conserving the great menagerie of life across our planet. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Biogeography

CHAPTER 9 THE MARK OF MAN In Chapter 3 it was explained that all
organisms have certain energy and inorganic nutrient requirements and that
each species is adapted in such a way that it is able to obtain these requirements
within its ...

Biogeography

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 377

View: 311

Biogeography

CHAPTER 9 THE MARK OF MAN In Chapter 3 it was explained that all
organisms have certain energy and inorganic nutrient requirements and that
each species is adapted in such a way that it is able to obtain these requirements
within its ...

Biogeography

Author: Christopher Barry Cox

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Page: 234

View: 709

Monographiae Biologicae

These aspects concern themselves on the one hand with man ' s adaptation to
various components of the climate he lives in and on the other hand with his
nutrition . This apparent dichotomy is , however , not to be taken as real , it is just
being ...

Monographiae Biologicae

Author: Wilhelm Foissner

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 983

View: 150

The Natural History of the Crustacea

Present-day biogeography for many crustaceans, therefore, is the result of
maintenance and repositioning of previously adapted species via their individual
dispersal and recruitment strategies that evolved prior to modern estuarine
conditions.

The Natural History of the Crustacea

Author: Martin Thiel

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0190637846

Page: 552

View: 806

This is the eighth volume of a ten-volume series on The Natural History of the Crustacea. The volume examines Evolution and Biogeography, and the first part of this volume is entirely dedicated to the explanation of the origins and successful establishment of the Crustacea in the oceans. In the second part of the book, the biogeography of the Crustacea is explored in order to infer how they conquered different biomes globally while adapting to a wide range of aquatic and terrestrial conditions. The final section examines more general patterns and processes, and the chapters offer useful insight into the future of crustaceans.

Biogeography a Study of Plants in the Ecosphere

We need not become too involved here with the problem of how plants become
adapted to survive in different habitats . Suffice it to note that the majority of
biologists would still support the view of adaptation as the result of natural
selection ...

Biogeography  a Study of Plants in the Ecosphere

Author: Joy Tivy

Publisher: Oliver & Boyd

ISBN:

Page: 394

View: 984

Islands and Snakes

Islands and Snakes contains 13 chapters describing ecological systems with foci on snakes and their ecological roles on islands around the world. Each chapter is written by one or more authors who is an authority on that particular system.

Islands and Snakes

Author: Harvey Lillywhite

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190676426

Page: 400

View: 270

Islands and Snakes contains 13 chapters describing ecological systems with foci on snakes and their ecological roles on islands around the world. Each chapter is written by one or more authors who is an authority on that particular system. Summaries of research on the various islands are written in a narrative manner that includes science as well as personal insights in easily understood language. These varied vignettes of science feature islands around the world, and in all cases, fantastic species of snakes and their roles in the community of insular organisms in which they occur. Both challenges and opportunities associated with island life are discussed, as well as the unique attributes of snakes and their conservation as unique and important parts of nature. Chapters include colorful photographs and illustrations, and collectively they convey information on topics that include ecology, behavior, biogeography, physiology, adaptation, and evolutionary biology. An introductory chapter presents a review and perspective on the historical importance of island ecology and how snakes have contributed to our understanding of evolution and adaptation. The other chapters focus on snakes inhabiting islands associated with Asia, Australia, South America, North America, the Caribbean, and Europe. The final chapter features the unique "table top islands" or tepuis of South America as examples of ecological islands where elements of biota have become isolated by geographic features of landscape similarly to oceanic islands.

Biogeography

4 Adaptation syndromes resulting from automatic selection due to planting
harvested seed of cereals 1 . Selection pressures associated with harvesting
result in : A . Increase in per cent seed recovered Adaptations : ( 1 )
Nonshattering ( 2 ) ...

Biogeography

Author: Ian Gordon Simmons

Publisher: Hodder Education

ISBN:

Page: 400

View: 423

Pacific Basin Biogeography

When the species are tabulated by zones , there are found some strong
correlations between their climatic adaptations and biogeography . The species
from the warmer zones tend to occur in either eastern or western North America ,
not in ...

Pacific Basin Biogeography

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 563

View: 543

Arctic and Alpine Research

Part III includes four chapters on biological processes that are invoked in
biogeography , adaptation ( P. A. Parsons ) , speciation ( N. H. Barton ) ,
extinction ( L. G. Marshall ) , and ecological interactions ( T. W. Schoener ) . All
chapters are ...

Arctic and Alpine Research

Author:

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ISBN:

Page:

View: 735