Market Power Politics

Bautista , Lowell , and Clive Schofield . 2012. Philippine - China Border Relations
: Cautious Engagement amid Tensions . In Beijing's Power and China's Borders :
Twenty Neighbors in Asia , edited by Bruce A. Elleman , Stephen Kotkin , and ...

Market Power Politics

Author: Stephen E. Gent

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0197529801

Page: 280

View: 190

"This book explores how market power competition between states can create disruptions in the global political economy and potentially lead to territorial aggression and war. When a state's firms have the ability to set prices in a key commodity market like oil or natural gas, state leaders can benefit from increased revenue, stability, and political leverage. Given these potential benefits, states may be motivated to expand their territorial reach in order to gain or maintain such market power. This market power motivation can sometimes lead to war. However, when states are economically interdependent, they may be constrained from using force to achieve their market power goals. This can open up an opportunity for institutional settlements. However, in some cases, institutional rules and procedures can preclude states from reaching a settlement in line with their market power ambitions. When this happens, states may opt for strategic delay and try to gradually accumulate market power over time through salami tactics. To explore how these dynamics play out empirically, we examine three cases of market power competition in hard commodity markets: Iraq's invasion and occupation of Kuwait to seize market power in the oil export market, Russia's territorial encroachment into Georgia and Ukraine to preserve and expand its market power in the natural gas market, and China's ongoing use of strategic delay and gray zone tactics in the South and East China Seas to maintain its dominant position in the global market for rare-earth elements"--

The Belt and Road Initiative and the Future of Regional Order in the Indo Pacific

Huasheng, Zhao 2013, “China's View of and Expectations from the Shanghai
Cooperation Organization,” Asian Survey, vol. ... Elleman, B, Kotkin, S &
Schofield, C 2014, Beijing's Power and China's Borders: Twenty Neighbors in
Asia, M.E. ...

The Belt and Road Initiative and the Future of Regional Order in the Indo Pacific

Author: Michael Clarke

Publisher:

ISBN: 1498582761

Page: 250

View: 724

The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is emerging as a vital lynch-pin in China's efforts to establish a maritime and continental zone of influence in the Indo-Pacific region. The Belt and Road Initiative and the Future of Regional Order in the Indo-Pacific interrogates to what extent BRI represents an achievable vision of a China-centric order in Asia and explores its major security implications for the region. The contributions to this volume provide up-to-date analysis of the effect of BRI on the region's foreign policy and alliance patterns, its connection to geo-economics and domestic Chinese politics, and the policy responses of key Indo-Pacific actors. While acknowledging that BRI remains prey to a variety of internal and exogenous shocks, the contributors conclude that at the very least BRI will continue to disrupt the existing alignments of economic and strategic interests in the Indo-Pacific and that on this minimal basis BRI will likely be judged a success by China. For regional actors, however, the BRI simultaneously enhances choice while presenting strategic and economic risks of greater dependency on China - a dilemma intensified by the disruptive effects of the Trump administration on regional confidence in the longevity of American commitments and leadership.

Beijing s Power and China s Borders

Twenty Neighbors in Asia Bruce Elleman, Stephen Kotkin, Clive Schofield.
POWER CHINA'S BORDERS Twenty Neighbors in Asia 'ted by Bruce A. E an,
Step Kotkin, and Clive Sch ' Beijing's Power and China's Borders A publication of
the ...

Beijing s Power and China s Borders

Author: Bruce Elleman

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765627667

Page: 392

View: 509

China shares borders with 20 other countries. Each of these neighbors has its own national interests, and in some cases, these include territorial and maritime jurisdictional claims in places that China also claims. Most of these 20 countries have had a history of border conflicts with China; some of them never amicably settled. This book brings together some of the foremost historians, geographers, political scientists, and legal scholars on modern Asia to examine each of China's twenty land or sea borders.

Under Beijing s Shadow

Another is no doubt Beijing's response to some of its neighbors' increased
activities in the disputed South China Sea, which Beijing interprets as
challenging its ... China's toolbox is loaded with diverse instruments from “soft
power”— economic, cultural, and education ... ambitions and give signals about
how the country, its companies, and its military operate when they move outside
China's borders.

Under Beijing s Shadow

Author: Murray Hiebert

Publisher: Center for Strategic & International Studies

ISBN: 1442281405

Page: 608

View: 766

China’s rise and stepped-up involvement in Southeast Asia have prompted a blend of anticipation and unease among its smaller neighbors. The stunning growth of China has yanked up the region’s economies, but its militarization of the South China Sea and dam building on the Mekong River has nations wary about Beijing’s outsized ambitions. Southeast Asians long felt relatively secure, relying on the United States as a security hedge, but that confidence began to slip after the Trump administration launched a trade war with China and questioned the usefulness of traditional alliances. This compelling book provides a snapshot of ten countries in Southeast Asia by exploring their diverse experiences with China and how this impacts their perceptions of Beijing’s actions and its long-term political, economic, military, and “soft power” goals in the region.

Bulletin

Robinson , " The Sino - Soviet Border Conflict , " in DiUpon its publication in the
Chinese press it plomacy of Power ... Time will “ The Sino - Soviet Border Dispute
: Background , Develtell whether Beijing's intention to move opment and the ...

Bulletin

Author:

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ISBN:

Page:

View: 458

Contemporary Southeast Asia

The Soviet Union may be a power in relative decline , but Beijing will not be
satisfied until the reality of developing Soviet weakness is matched by greater
Soviet strategic retrenchment on China ' s borders . Chinese analysts continue to
await ...

Contemporary Southeast Asia

Author:

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Page:

View: 971

Beijing Review

The two sides will continue to strengthen and deepen cooperation in the border
areas and at the local level , work ... first phase power supply project from Russia
to China and restoration of Russia ' s sale of electricity to China ' s border areas .

Beijing Review

Author:

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China Strategic Review

Russia won a contract to build a nuclear power plant in the northeastern province
of Liaoning , which reportedly will upon completion be largest nuclear facility ... A
higher level of economic cooperation between Moscow and Beijing needs
encouragement . ... China's Top - down approach to solving its border disputes
Economic center piece and the strategic middle road The two countries have
pledged to ...

China Strategic Review

Author:

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View: 189

In China s Shadow

China , Pakistan , and Myanmar together cover the bulk of India ' s land borders ,
and Beijing also has forged close naval ties with these states . The growth of
Chinese power has three very different implications for the regional states and is
 ...

In China s Shadow

Author: Chinese Council of Advanced Policy Studies

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN:

Page: 184

View: 199

The papers in this collection were first presented at a conference on "Chinese Security Policy and the Future of Asia." The authors, each representing different countries and regions affected by the growth of Chinese power, were asked to address four major questions: (1) China's position in the present and future security environment of the given country or region; (2) principal sources of tension between China and the particular country or region; (3) prevailing opinion in the country or region toward China's efforts at military modernization; and (4) the principal political, security, and economic strategies for responding to China's emergent power and military role. The purpose was to reveal elements of commonality and difference in national strategies.

Asia After the miracle

China stations no troops beyond its own borders , as it defines them . It
vehemently denies its desire to establish an East Asian order similar to that of the
preWestern colonial era , when Beijing's power overawed China's neighbors .

Asia After the  miracle

Author: Selig S. Harrison

Publisher: Brookings Inst Press

ISBN:

Page: 349

View: 998

The Asian economic "meltdown" that began in 1997 has demonstrated the urgent need for a post-cold war reappraisal of U.S. policy priorities in this critical region.American policy rests on the premise that the United States does not have to choose between economic and security priorities in Asia, because the American military presence is valued by regional powers in its own right. But is this premise justified?This timely book presents mini-debates on the key issues facing the United States in Asia, together with the recommendations of an Economic Strategy Institute Study Group composed of leading scholars, businessmen, diplomats, and military leaders with Asian experience. Among the wide-ranging recommendations are controversial proposals for a gradual disengagement of U.S. combat forces from Japan and Korea. The sixteen specialists who debate U.S. policy options in background papers prepared for the Study Group present conflicting perspectives on U.S. interests in China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Southeast Asia, and South Asia.In a policy-challenging Overview, editors Selig S. Harrison and Clyde V. Prestowitz, Jr., focus on the impact of the cold war on U.S. economic relations with Asia today, and on the diminishing need for the forward deployment of U.S. forces resulting from improvements in U.S. airlift and sealift capabilities.The contributors are Doug Bandow, Barry Bosworth, Ted Galen Carpenter, James Clad, Rear Adm. Eugene Carroll, Jr., Charles W. Freeman, Jr., Chalmers Johnson, Geoffrey Kemp, Paul H. Kreisberg, Nicholas R. Lardy, Martin L. Lasater, Mike Masato Mochizuki, William J. Taylor, Ezra Vogel, Allen S. Whiting, and Jeffrey Winters.Selig S. Harrison is a senior scholar of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and a fellow of The Century Foundation. His many books on U.S. relations with Asia include The Widening Gulf: Asian Nationalism and U.S. Policy. Clyde V. Prestowitz, Jr., is president of the Economic Strategy Institute and former counselor to the Secretary of Commerce. He is the author of Trading Places: How We Allowed Japan to Take the Lead.

East Asian Executive Reports

CHINA Inner Mongolia's Ambitious Power Generation / Export Plans golia ( see
list below ) . ... power produced at a 1,200 - MW plant at Fengzhen on the
province's southern border goes to Beijing and the North China power grid
through 500 ...

East Asian Executive Reports

Author:

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Guide to Indian Periodical Literature

Political commentary : Delhi , Moscow and Beijing . Inder Malhotra il 1 Je ... TI 14
JO ' 89 1 : 2 - 5 + USSR to withdraw troops , missiles from China border . I 18 My '
89 1 : 1 - 3 + Tibet Power struggle over China ' s Tibet policy . S . K . Bahl Tl 16 ...

Guide to Indian Periodical Literature

Author:

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Doing Business in China

September 4 , 2007 " Cross - Border Mergers and Acquisitions in China :
Understanding China ' s Regulatory Framework ... panelist , 3rd Annual China
Power & Alternative Energy Summit 2007 , Beijing , China , May 18 , 2007 • "
Seeking an ...

Doing Business in China

Author:

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South

It points to the attempts to modernise the Chinese People's Army with western
arms One of the key symbols of powers is the ... the Although Beijing says that all
three of restaurant in Moscow's Pekin Hotel : the border clashes of the late 1960s
.

South

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Daily Report

28 December 1995 33 Hydroelectric , Thermal , Nuclear Power Expanded
OW2612121595 Beijing XINHUA in English 1143 GMT 26 ... Dec 95 ( FBIS
Transcribed Text ] Beijing , December 26 ( XINHUA ) - China will have a power
generating capacity totalling 300 million kw ... border cities that have opened to
the outside world , economic cooperation zones along borders , all inland cities
and cities along ...

Daily Report

Author:

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Asia Pacific Community

Beijing has also suggested the possibility of coleadership with the Kuomintang in
a unified China . ... Concerns about national security were also heightened in
recent years because of increasing unrest among national minorities in China's
border regions . ... as a late - comer to the superpower status and an ascending
power , is more aggressive and expansionist ; and fourth , the declining U.S.
power ...

Asia Pacific Community

Author:

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ISBN:

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View: 401

Daily Report

5 December 1994 Hong Kong Sino-UK Committee on Cross-Border
Infrastructure Set Up OW0212162994 Beijing XINHUA ... Coordinating
Committee on Cross-Border Infrastructure between Hong Kong and the Chinese
Mainland was reported as having been established here today. ... the border of
the mainland and Hong Kong, but it will not have any decision-making powers,
the announcement said.

Daily Report

Author: United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 875

China

Fortunately for Beijing , China ' s participation in the Cambodian settlement
helped abate general suspicion of China ' s intentions . ... and China cooperated
against Moscow , the way was open to a coalition of these two external powers
with the indigenous nations of the area . ... territory to shore up the Khmer Rouge
remnants along the Thai - Cambodian border , and stationing a strong Chinese
force ...

China

Author: Debra E. Soled

Publisher: Cq Press

ISBN:

Page: 418

View: 163

Essays discuss Chinese history, politics, economy, foreign policy, foreign relations, society, and military