Bautista , Lowell , and Clive Schofield . 2012. Philippine - China Border Relations
: Cautious Engagement amid Tensions . In Beijing's Power and China's Borders :
Twenty Neighbors in Asia , edited by Bruce A. Elleman , Stephen Kotkin , and ...
Author: Stephen E. Gent
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
"This book explores how market power competition between states can create disruptions in the global political economy and potentially lead to territorial aggression and war. When a state's firms have the ability to set prices in a key commodity market like oil or natural gas, state leaders can benefit from increased revenue, stability, and political leverage. Given these potential benefits, states may be motivated to expand their territorial reach in order to gain or maintain such market power. This market power motivation can sometimes lead to war. However, when states are economically interdependent, they may be constrained from using force to achieve their market power goals. This can open up an opportunity for institutional settlements. However, in some cases, institutional rules and procedures can preclude states from reaching a settlement in line with their market power ambitions. When this happens, states may opt for strategic delay and try to gradually accumulate market power over time through salami tactics. To explore how these dynamics play out empirically, we examine three cases of market power competition in hard commodity markets: Iraq's invasion and occupation of Kuwait to seize market power in the oil export market, Russia's territorial encroachment into Georgia and Ukraine to preserve and expand its market power in the natural gas market, and China's ongoing use of strategic delay and gray zone tactics in the South and East China Seas to maintain its dominant position in the global market for rare-earth elements"--
Huasheng, Zhao 2013, “China's View of and Expectations from the Shanghai
Cooperation Organization,” Asian Survey, vol. ... Elleman, B, Kotkin, S &
Schofield, C 2014, Beijing's Power and China's Borders: Twenty Neighbors in
Asia, M.E. ...
Author: Michael Clarke
The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is emerging as a vital lynch-pin in China's efforts to establish a maritime and continental zone of influence in the Indo-Pacific region. The Belt and Road Initiative and the Future of Regional Order in the Indo-Pacific interrogates to what extent BRI represents an achievable vision of a China-centric order in Asia and explores its major security implications for the region. The contributions to this volume provide up-to-date analysis of the effect of BRI on the region's foreign policy and alliance patterns, its connection to geo-economics and domestic Chinese politics, and the policy responses of key Indo-Pacific actors. While acknowledging that BRI remains prey to a variety of internal and exogenous shocks, the contributors conclude that at the very least BRI will continue to disrupt the existing alignments of economic and strategic interests in the Indo-Pacific and that on this minimal basis BRI will likely be judged a success by China. For regional actors, however, the BRI simultaneously enhances choice while presenting strategic and economic risks of greater dependency on China - a dilemma intensified by the disruptive effects of the Trump administration on regional confidence in the longevity of American commitments and leadership.
Twenty Neighbors in Asia Bruce Elleman, Stephen Kotkin, Clive Schofield.
POWER CHINA'S BORDERS Twenty Neighbors in Asia 'ted by Bruce A. E an,
Step Kotkin, and Clive Sch ' Beijing's Power and China's Borders A publication of
Author: Bruce Elleman
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
China shares borders with 20 other countries. Each of these neighbors has its own national interests, and in some cases, these include territorial and maritime jurisdictional claims in places that China also claims. Most of these 20 countries have had a history of border conflicts with China; some of them never amicably settled. This book brings together some of the foremost historians, geographers, political scientists, and legal scholars on modern Asia to examine each of China's twenty land or sea borders.
Another is no doubt Beijing's response to some of its neighbors' increased
activities in the disputed South China Sea, which Beijing interprets as
challenging its ... China's toolbox is loaded with diverse instruments from “soft
power”— economic, cultural, and education ... ambitions and give signals about
how the country, its companies, and its military operate when they move outside
Author: Murray Hiebert
Publisher: Center for Strategic & International Studies
China’s rise and stepped-up involvement in Southeast Asia have prompted a blend of anticipation and unease among its smaller neighbors. The stunning growth of China has yanked up the region’s economies, but its militarization of the South China Sea and dam building on the Mekong River has nations wary about Beijing’s outsized ambitions. Southeast Asians long felt relatively secure, relying on the United States as a security hedge, but that confidence began to slip after the Trump administration launched a trade war with China and questioned the usefulness of traditional alliances. This compelling book provides a snapshot of ten countries in Southeast Asia by exploring their diverse experiences with China and how this impacts their perceptions of Beijing’s actions and its long-term political, economic, military, and “soft power” goals in the region.
China , Pakistan , and Myanmar together cover the bulk of India ' s land borders ,
and Beijing also has forged close naval ties with these states . The growth of
Chinese power has three very different implications for the regional states and is
Author: Chinese Council of Advanced Policy Studies
Publisher: Rand Corporation
The papers in this collection were first presented at a conference on "Chinese Security Policy and the Future of Asia." The authors, each representing different countries and regions affected by the growth of Chinese power, were asked to address four major questions: (1) China's position in the present and future security environment of the given country or region; (2) principal sources of tension between China and the particular country or region; (3) prevailing opinion in the country or region toward China's efforts at military modernization; and (4) the principal political, security, and economic strategies for responding to China's emergent power and military role. The purpose was to reveal elements of commonality and difference in national strategies.
China stations no troops beyond its own borders , as it defines them . It
vehemently denies its desire to establish an East Asian order similar to that of the
preWestern colonial era , when Beijing's power overawed China's neighbors .
Author: Selig S. Harrison
Publisher: Brookings Inst Press
The Asian economic "meltdown" that began in 1997 has demonstrated the urgent need for a post-cold war reappraisal of U.S. policy priorities in this critical region.American policy rests on the premise that the United States does not have to choose between economic and security priorities in Asia, because the American military presence is valued by regional powers in its own right. But is this premise justified?This timely book presents mini-debates on the key issues facing the United States in Asia, together with the recommendations of an Economic Strategy Institute Study Group composed of leading scholars, businessmen, diplomats, and military leaders with Asian experience. Among the wide-ranging recommendations are controversial proposals for a gradual disengagement of U.S. combat forces from Japan and Korea. The sixteen specialists who debate U.S. policy options in background papers prepared for the Study Group present conflicting perspectives on U.S. interests in China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Southeast Asia, and South Asia.In a policy-challenging Overview, editors Selig S. Harrison and Clyde V. Prestowitz, Jr., focus on the impact of the cold war on U.S. economic relations with Asia today, and on the diminishing need for the forward deployment of U.S. forces resulting from improvements in U.S. airlift and sealift capabilities.The contributors are Doug Bandow, Barry Bosworth, Ted Galen Carpenter, James Clad, Rear Adm. Eugene Carroll, Jr., Charles W. Freeman, Jr., Chalmers Johnson, Geoffrey Kemp, Paul H. Kreisberg, Nicholas R. Lardy, Martin L. Lasater, Mike Masato Mochizuki, William J. Taylor, Ezra Vogel, Allen S. Whiting, and Jeffrey Winters.Selig S. Harrison is a senior scholar of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and a fellow of The Century Foundation. His many books on U.S. relations with Asia include The Widening Gulf: Asian Nationalism and U.S. Policy. Clyde V. Prestowitz, Jr., is president of the Economic Strategy Institute and former counselor to the Secretary of Commerce. He is the author of Trading Places: How We Allowed Japan to Take the Lead.
Fortunately for Beijing , China ' s participation in the Cambodian settlement
helped abate general suspicion of China ' s intentions . ... and China cooperated
against Moscow , the way was open to a coalition of these two external powers
with the indigenous nations of the area . ... territory to shore up the Khmer Rouge
remnants along the Thai - Cambodian border , and stationing a strong Chinese
Author: Debra E. Soled
Publisher: Cq Press
Essays discuss Chinese history, politics, economy, foreign policy, foreign relations, society, and military